Cyrillic letter ІА
Cyrylicka ligatura ia.PNG

Cyrillic letter Initial Ya.png

Handwritten IA.svg

Cyrillic letter Iotated A.svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АА́А̀А̄ӒБВГ
ҐДЂЃЕЕ́ЀЕ̄
ЁЁ́ЄЄ́ЖЗЗ́Ѕ
ИІІ́І̄І̀ЇЇ́И́
ЍӢЙЈКЛЉМ
НЊОО́О̀ŌӦП
РСС́ТЋЌУУ́
У̀ӮЎӰӰ́ФХЦ
ЧЏШЩЪЪ̀Ъ̈Ъ̄
ЫЫ́ЬѢЭЭ́Э̀Ю
Ю́Ю̀ЯЯ́Я̀
Non-Slavic letters
ӐА̊А̃Ӓ̄А̨ӔӘӘ́
Ә̀Ә̃ӚӘ̄Б̣В̌ҒГ̑
Г̣Г̌ Г̂Г꙼Г̆Г̈ҔӺ
Ғ̌ӶД́Д̀Д̌Д̈Д̣Д̆
ӖЕ̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖӜЖ̣
Ж̓ҘӞЗ̌З̣З̓З̆З̀
ԐԐ́Ԑ̈ӠИ̃ҊӤІ̄́
І̨ҚК̈ӃК̂К̅ҠҞ
ҜК̣ԚЛ́Л̀ӅԮԒ
Л̈ӍН́Н̀Н̃Н̄ӉҢ
ԨӇҤО̆О̂О̃Ӧ̄Ө
Ө̄Ө́Ө̆ӪҨԤП̈Р́
Р̌ҎС̀С̌ҪС̣Т́Т̀
Т̈Т̌Т̣ҬТ‍ЬУ̃ӲУ̊
Ӱ̄ҮҮ́Ү̈ҰХ̣Х̱Х̮
Х̑Х̌ҲӼӾҺҺ̈Һ̌
ԦЦ́Ц̌Ц̈ҴЧ̀ҶҶ̣
ӴӋҸЧ̇Ч̣ҼҾШ̆
Ш̈Ш̣Ы̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄
Э̇ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈Я̈́ԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺОУ
ѠѼѾѢ́
Ѣ̈Ѣ̆ѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮѰѲ
ѴѶԘ
ԀԔ
ԖԠԢҦ
ԂԄԈԊ
ԌԎԆԞ
ԪԬГ̧Г̄

Iotated A (Ꙗ, ꙗ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, used today only in Church Slavonic. It is unusual among early Cyrillic letters in having no direct counterpart in Glagolitic: Ⱑ (jat’) is used for both /ě/ and /ja/. Accordingly, many early Cyrillic texts (particularly those with Glagolitic antecedents) may use Ѣ for both these purposes; this practice continues into the fourteenth century, but is much more common in the South Slavonic than the East Slavonic area. Nevertheless, is attested in the earliest extant Cyrillic writings, including for example the Codex Suprasliensis and Savvina Kniga - this was not supported to other fonts in other applications.

It continued in use in Serbian until the orthographical reforms of Vuk Karadžić, and in Bulgarian (where it also acquired a civil script glyph variant) until the late nineteenth century.[1] Among the Eastern Slavs, the denasalisation of [ę], probably to [æ], and the subsequent coalescence of this sound with the /a/ phoneme meant that the letter Ѧ acquired the same function as , and the two came to be regarded as variants of the same letter. This is still the case in modern Church Slavonic, where, broadly speaking, is used initially and Ѧ elsewhere, though exceptionally they may be used to make other distinctions, such as that between ѧ҆зы́къ 'tongue' and ҆зы́къ 'people'.[2]

Computing codes

Character information
Preview
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER
IOTIFIED A
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER
IOTIFIED A
Encodings decimal hex dec hex
Unicode 42582 U+A656 42583 U+A657
UTF-8 234 153 150 EA 99 96 234 153 151 EA 99 97
Numeric character reference Ꙗ Ꙗ ꙗ ꙗ

References

  1. ^ Любомир Андрейчин, Из историята на нашето езиково строителство, София, 1977, p.157ff.
  2. ^ Иеромонах Алипий (Гаманович), Грамматика церковно-славянского языка, С-Петербург, 1997, p.18