|Cyrillic letter Shcha|
|Phonetic usage:||[ɕ], [ʃtʃ], [ʃt]|
|The Cyrillic script|
|Archaic or unused letters|
Shcha (Щ щ; italics: Щ ɯ̡), Shta or Sha with descender is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In Russian, it represents the long voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative /ɕː/, similar to the pronunciation of ⟨sh⟩ in Welsh-sheep. In Ukrainian and Rusyn, it represents the consonant cluster /ʃt͡ʃ/, something like cash-chest. In Bulgarian, it represents the consonant cluster /ʃt/. Other non-Slavic languages written in Cyrillic use this letter to spell the few loanwords that use it or foreign names; it is usually pronounced /ʃ/ and is often omitted when teaching those languages.
In English, Shcha is romanized as ⟨shch⟩ or ⟨šč⟩ (with háčeks) or occasionally as ⟨sch⟩, all reflecting the historical Russian pronunciation of the letter (as a combined Ш and Ч). English-speaking learners of Russian are often instructed to pronounce it in this way although it is no longer the standard pronunciation in Russian (it still is in Ukrainian and Rusyn, as above). The letter Щ in Russian and Ukrainian corresponds to ШЧ in related words in Belarusian.
The Cyrillic letter Shcha was derived from the Glagolitic letter Shta Ⱋ ().
The name in the Early Cyrillic alphabet was шта (šta) and is preserved in modern Bulgarian; it is pronounced штъ.
This letter was also used in Komi /t͡ʃ/ (harder than ч), which is now represented by the digraph ⟨тш⟩.
The form of the letter Shcha is the letter Cyrillic Sha (Ш ш) with a descender (cf. the Cyrillic letters De (Д д), Tse (Ц ц), Qaf (Қ қ), and En with descender (Ң ң)./
|Unicode name||CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHCHA||CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHCHA|
|UTF-8||208 169||D0 A9||209 137||D1 89|
|Numeric character reference||Щ
|Named character reference||Щ||щ|
|KOI8-R and KOI8-U||253||FD||221||DD|
|Code page 855||250||FA||249||F9|
|Code page 866||153||99||233||E9|