Cyrillic letter Oe
Phonetic usage:Turkic: most commonly [ø~œ];
Mongolic: most commonly [o~ɵ];
Komi-Yazva: [ɤ̹̈]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АА̀А̂А̄ӒБВГ
ҐДЂЃЕЀЕ̄Е̂
ЁЄЖЗЗ́ЅИІ
ЇЍИ̂ӢЙЈК
ЛЉМНЊОО̀О̂
ŌӦПРСС́ТЋ
ЌУУ̀У̂ӮЎӰФ
ХЦЧЏШЩЪ
Ъ̀ЫЬѢЭЮЮ̀Я
Я̀
Non-Slavic letters
ӐА̊А̃Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃
ӚВ̌ԜГ̑Г̇Г̣Г̌Г̂
Г̆Г̈ҔҒӺҒ̌Ӷ
Д́Д̌Д̈Д̣Д̆ӖЕ̃
Ё̄Є̈ԐԐ̈ҖӜӁЖ̣
ҘӞЗ̌З̣З̆ӠИ̃Ӥ
ҊҚӃҠҞҜК̣Ԛ
Л́ӅԮԒЛ̈Ӎ
Н́ӉҢԨӇҤО̆О̃
Ӧ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆ӪԤП̈
ҎР̌С̌ҪС̣С̱Т́Т̈
Т̌Т̇Т̣ҬУ̃ӲУ̊
Ӱ̄ҰҮҮ́Х̣Х̱Х̮Х̑
Х̌ҲӼӾҺҺ̈ԦЦ̌
Ц̈ҴҶҶ̣ӴӋҸ
Ч̇Ч̣ҼҾШ̣Ы̆Ы̄
ӸҌҨЭ̆Э̄Э̇Ӭ
Ӭ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̄Я̆Я̄Я̈
Ӏʼˮ
Archaic or unused letters
А̨Б̀Б̣Б̱В̀Г̀Г̧
Г̄Г̓Г̆Ҕ̀Ҕ̆ԀД̓
Д̀Д̨ԂЕ̇Е̨
Ж̀Ж̑Џ̆
Ꚅ̆З̀З̑ԄԆ
ԪІ̂І̣І̨
Ј̵Ј̃К̓К̀К̆Ӄ̆
К̑К̇К̈К̄ԞК̂
Л̀ԠԈЛ̑Л̇Ԕ
М̀М̃Н̀Н̄Н̧
Н̃ԊԢН̡Ѻ
П̓П̀
П́ҦП̧П̑ҀԚ̆Р́
Р̀Р̃ԖС̀С̈ԌҪ̓
Т̓Т̀ԎТ̑Т̧
Ꚍ̆ОУУ̇
У̨ꙋ́Ф̑Ф̓Х́Х̀Х̆Х̇
Х̧Х̾Х̓һ̱ѠѼ
ѾЦ̀Ц́Ц̓Ꚏ̆
Ч́Ч̀Ч̆Ч̑Ч̓
ԬꚆ̆Ҽ̆Ш̀
Ш̆Ш̑Щ̆Ꚗ̆Ъ̄Ъ̈
Ъ̈̄Ы̂Ы̃Ѣ́Ѣ̈Ѣ̆
Э̨Э̂Ю̂
Я̈Я̂Я̨ԘѤѦѪ
ѨѬѮѰѲѴ
Ѷ

Oe or barred O (Ө ө; italics: Ө ө) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

Shape

Its form was copied from the Latin letter barred O (Ɵ ɵ) used in Jaꞑalif and other alphabets.

Despite having a similar shape, it is related neither to the Greek letter theta (Θ θ/ϑ) nor to the archaic Cyrillic letter fita (Ѳ ѳ). However, traditional forms of Cyrillic fita (since the 18th century) and Oe are identical, and designers of Unicode's sample font were probably the first ones who split glyphs of the two letters (providing Oe with a horizontal bar and Fita with a tilde-shaped bar inside). In traditional typography, the shape of the inner line depends on typeface, not on meaning of the letter: the bar in both Oe and fita may either be straight or wavy.

Usage

Oe is used in the alphabets of the Bashkir, Buryat, Kalmyk, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Komi-Yazva, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Sakha, Selkup, Tatar, Tuvan languages.

In Turkic languages, it commonly represents the front rounded vowels /ø/ or /œ/. In Kazakh and Karakalpak, it may also express /wʉ/. In Mongolic languages, it usually represents /o/ or /ɵ/. The letter has also been adopted in the spelling of the Komi-Yazva language, where it represents a close-mid centralized back unrounded or weakly rounded vowel /ɤ̹̈/. In Kyrgyz, Mongolian and Tuvan, the Cyrillic letter can be written as a double vowel.[1][2][3]

Language Sound
Bashkir [ø̝~ʏ̞~ɵ]
Buryat [ɵ]
Kalmyk [o~ø]
Karakalpak [œ], [wʏ]
Kazakh [ø], [wʉ]
Komi-Yazva [ɤ̹̈]
Kyrgyz [ø~œ]
Mongolian [o~ø]
Sakha [ø]
Selkup [ø]
Tatar [ø̆~ɵ̆]
Tuvan [ø]
Uilta [o~ø]

Until a new alphabet was published in 2016, Oe was used to represent /ø/ in Negidal.

Oe is most commonly romanized as ⟨Ö⟩; but its ISO 9 transliteration is ô. In 2018, there were proposals to use ⟨Ó⟩ as a romanization of Oe in Kazakh, but a year later it was certified as ⟨Ö⟩.

The International Phonetic Alphabet uses the identically shaped Latin counterpart, ɵ, to represent the close-mid central rounded vowel, and sometimes also the mid central rounded vowel.

Computing codes

Character information
Preview Ө ө
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER
BARRED O
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER
BARRED O
Encodings decimal hex dec hex
Unicode 1256 U+04E8 1257 U+04E9
UTF-8 211 168 D3 A8 211 169 D3 A9
Numeric character reference Ө Ө ө ө

See also

References

  1. ^ "Tuvan language, alphabet and pronunciation". omniglot.com. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Кыргызский язык / Фонетика / Гласные". Кыргызский язык. TamgaSoft. 2016. Retrieved 1 Sep 2017.
  3. ^ Campbell, George L.; King, Gareth (24 July 2013). Compendium of the World's Languages. Routledge. ISBN 9781136258459. Retrieved 14 June 2016 – via Google Books.