Cyrillic letter Pe
Phonetic usage:[p]
Name (Early Cyrillic alphabet):покои
Numeric value:80
Derived from:Greek letter Pi (Π π)
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АА̀А̂А̄ӒБВГ
ҐДЂЃЕЀЕ̄Е̂
ЁЄЖЗЗ́ЅИІ
ЇЍИ̂ӢЙЈК
ЛЉМНЊОО̀О̂
ŌӦПРСС́ТЋ
ЌУУ̀У̂ӮЎӰФ
ХЦЧЏШЩЪ
Ъ̀ЫЬѢЭЮЮ̀Я
Я̀
Non-Slavic letters
ӐА̊А̃Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃
ӚВ̌ԜГ̑Г̇Г̣Г̌Г̂
Г̆Г̈ҔҒӺҒ̌Ӷ
Д́Д̌Д̈Д̣Д̆ӖЕ̃
Ё̄Є̈ԐԐ̈ҖӜӁЖ̣
ҘӞЗ̌З̣З̆ӠИ̃Ӥ
ҊҚӃҠҞҜК̣Ԛ
Л́ӅԮԒЛ̈Ӎ
Н́ӉҢԨӇҤО̆О̃
Ӧ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆ӪԤП̈
ҎР̌С̌ҪС̣С̱Т́Т̈
Т̌Т̇Т̣ҬУ̃ӲУ̊
Ӱ̄ҰҮҮ́Х̣Х̱Х̮Х̑
Х̌ҲӼӾҺҺ̈ԦЦ̌
Ц̈ҴҶҶ̣ӴӋҸ
Ч̇Ч̣ҼҾШ̣Ы̆Ы̄
ӸҌҨЭ̆Э̄Э̇Ӭ
Ӭ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̄Я̆Я̄Я̈
Ӏʼˮ
Archaic or unused letters
А̨Б̀Б̣Б̱В̀Г̀Г̧
Г̄Г̓Г̆Ҕ̀Ҕ̆ԀД̓
Д̀Д̨ԂЕ̇Е̨
Ж̀Ж̑Џ̆
Ꚅ̆З̀З̑ԄԆ
ԪІ̂І̣І̨
Ј̵Ј̃К̓К̀К̆Ӄ̆
К̑К̇К̈К̄ԞК̂
Л̀ԠԈЛ̑Л̇Ԕ
М̀М̃Н̀Н̄Н̧
Н̃ԊԢН̡Ѻ
П̓П̀
П́ҦП̧П̑ҀԚ̆Р́
Р̀Р̃ԖС̀С̈ԌҪ̓
Т̓Т̀ԎТ̑Т̧
Ꚍ̆ОУУ̇
У̨ꙋ́Ф̑Ф̓Х́Х̀Х̆Х̇
Х̧Х̾Х̓һ̱ѠѼ
ѾЦ̀Ц́Ц̓Ꚏ̆
Ч́Ч̀Ч̆Ч̑Ч̓
ԬꚆ̆Ҽ̆Ш̀
Ш̆Ш̑Щ̆Ꚗ̆Ъ̄Ъ̈
Ъ̈̄Ы̂Ы̃Ѣ́Ѣ̈Ѣ̆
Э̨Э̂Ю̂
Я̈Я̂Я̨ԘѤѦѪ
ѨѬѮѰѲѴ
Ѷ

Pe (П п; italics: П п) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the unaspirated voiceless bilabial plosive /p/, like the pronunciation of ⟨p⟩ in "spin".

History

1799 coin with the monogram of Tsar Paul

The Cyrillic letter Pe was derived from the Greek letter Pi (Π π).[1]

Pe, from Alexandre Benois' 1904 alphabet book

The name of Pe in the Early Cyrillic alphabet was покои (pokoi), meaning "peaceful state".[2]

In the Cyrillic numeral system, Pe had a value of 80.

Form

Handwritten Pe in Russian

The capital Cyrillic letter Pe looks exactly like the Greek capital Pi from which it is derived, and small Pe looks like a smaller version of the same, though with a less prominent horizontal bar (Greek Π π > Cyrillic П п). Pe is not to be confused with the Cyrillic letter El (Л л; italics: Л л), which has a hook on its left leg in some fonts (in others El resembles the Greek Lambda (Λ)).

In italics and handwriting, capital Pe looks identical to the Greek capital Pi in these forms. The lowercase forms, however, differ among the languages that use the Cyrillic alphabet. Small italic Cyrillic Pe п in the majority of fonts or handwritten styles looks like the small italic Latin N n. In handwritten Serbian, however, it appears as a Latin U u with a bar over it ū.

Usage

As used in the alphabets of various languages, Pe represents the following sounds:

The pronunciations shown in the table are the primary ones for each language; for details consult the articles on the languages.

Language Position in
alphabet
Pronunciation
Belarusian 17th /p/, /pʲ/
Bulgarian 16th /p/, /pʲ/
Macedonian 20th /p/
Russian 17th /p/, /pʲ/
Serbian 19th /p/
Ukrainian 20th /p/, /pʲ/
Kazakh 22nd /p/
Abkhaz 19th /pʼ/

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character information
Preview П п
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PE
Encodings decimal hex dec hex
Unicode 1055 U+041F 1087 U+043F
UTF-8 208 159 D0 9F 208 191 D0 BF
Numeric character reference П П п п
Named character reference П п
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 240 F0 208 D0
Code page 855 221 DD 216 D8
Windows-1251 207 CF 239 EF
ISO-8859-5 191 BF 223 DF
Macintosh Cyrillic 143 8F 239 EF

References

  1. ^ Campbell, George L.; Moseley, Christopher (2013-05-07). The Routledge Handbook of Scripts and Alphabets. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-22296-3.
  2. ^ Corbett, Professor Greville; Comrie, Professor Bernard (September 2003). The Slavonic Languages. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-86137-6.