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This is a list of flags used by and in Egypt. For more information about the national flag, visit the article Flag of Egypt.

National flags

Flag Date Use Description
1984–present Flag of Egypt Tricolour made of three equal horizontal bands—coloured red (top), white (middle) and black (bottom)—with the golden Eagle of Saladin centered in the white band.[1]
1984–present Vertical display of the flag of Egypt

Standards

Presidential standards

Throughout the republican era, the standard of the president of Egypt has been identical to the national flag, with the addition of the coat of arms (eagle or hawk) in the upper-left corner.[1] Even though the Constitution of Egypt states that the President is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces (article 150), the flag of the Supreme Commander differs from the Presidential Standard. It is identical to the national flag, with the addition in the upper-left corner of a white Eagle of Saladin contained between two crossed swords. The Supreme Commander also has his own naval ensign, air force flag and air defence flag. Military ordinances state that the flags of the Supreme Commander must be hoisted during the President's visits to each military unit. The national flag must be hoisted in the middle, with the Presidential Standard on its right side, and the flag of the Supreme Commander on its left side.[2]

Flag Date Use Description
1984–present Current presidential standard Identical to the current national flag—tricolour featuring the golden Eagle of Saladin—with a second Eagle of Saladin added in the upper-left corner of the red band.[2]
1972–1984 Federation of Arab Republics presidential standard Identical to Federation of Arab Republics' flag—tricolour featuring the golden Eagle of Quraish on the upper-left corner of red band.[2]
1958–1972 Standard of the president of Egypt at sea

Royal standards

Flag Date Use Description
1923–1953 Standard of the King of Egypt
(adopted by Royal Ordinance No. 90 of 1923)
Identical to the national flag of the Kingdom of Egypt, with the royal crown added in the upper-left corner.
?–1953 Naval Ensign of the King of Egypt
1946–1953 Flag of the King's Air Force
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 40 of 1946)
1946–1953 Flag of the King's Airplane
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 40 of 1946)
1946–1953 Standard of the Crown Prince
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 28 of 1946)
1946–1953 Naval Ensign of the Crown Prince
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 28 of 1946)
1946–1953 Flag of the Crown Prince's Air Force and Airplane
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 28 of 1946)
12 till 14th century Reconstruction of Saladin's personal standard

Military

Army

Flag Date Use Description
1984–present War flag of Egypt The flag of Egypt with two crossed swords in white in the canton[3][4]
1972–1984 War flag of Egypt The flag of Egypt within the Federation of Arab Republics with two crossed swords in white in the canton[3]
1958–1972 War flag of the United Arab Republic The flag of the United Arab Republic with two crossed swords in white in the canton[3][5]
1922–1958 War flag of Egypt The flag of Egypt from 1922 to 1958 with two crossed swords in white in the canton[3]
1922–1958 Flag of major general
1922–1958 Flag of lieutenant general

Navy

Flag Date Use Description
1984–present Flag of the Egyptian Navy The flag of Egypt in the canton on a blue field with the two crossed white anchor surrounded by a wreath at the fly[4]
1984–present Naval ensign and jack of Egypt The flag of Egypt with two crossed anchors in white in the canton[3][4]
1972–1984 Naval ensign and jack of Egypt The flag of Egypt within the Federation of Arab Republics with two crossed anchors in white in the canton[3]
1958–1972 Naval ensign and jack of the United Arab Republic The flag of the United Arab Republic with two crossed anchors in white in the canton[3][5]
1922–1958 Naval ensign and naval jack of Egypt The flag of Egypt from 1922 to 1958 with two crossed anchors in white in the canton[3]
1984–present Masthead pennant of the Egyptian Navy
1984–present Flag of vice admiral
1984–present Flag of rear admiral
1984–present Flag of senior officer
1922–1958 Flag of admiral
1922–1958 Flag of vice admiral
1922–1958 Flag of senior officer

Air Force

Flag Date Use Description
1984–present Air force ensign of Egypt The flag of Egypt in the canton on a sky blue field with the roundel at the fly[4]
1958–1972 Air force ensign of the United Arab Republic The flag of the United Arab Republic in the canton on a sky blue field with the roundel at the fly[5]
1922–1958 Royal flight flag The flag of Egypt from 1922 to 1958 in the canton on a sky blue field with the roundel at the fly[6]
1922–1958 Air force ensign of Egypt
1932–1958 Air Force rank flag of the Commander in Chief
1932–1958 Air Force rank flag of Wing Commander
1932–1958 Air Force rank flag of senior flight officer

Air Defense Forces

Flag Date Use Description
1984–present Flag of the Egyptian Air Defense Forces

Government Department

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Supreme Council of Antiquities

Corporations

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Suez Canal Authority

Governorates

Main article: Flags of regions of Egypt

Political flags

Flag Date Party Description
1953–present Hizb ut-Tahrir
1975–present Egyptian Communist Party
1928–present Muslim Brotherhood
1919–1952
2003–2011
Wafd Party
Liberal Egyptian Party

Historical flags

Flag Date Use Description
1972–1984 Flag of Egypt as part of the Federation of Arab Republics
(adopted by Law No. 3 of 1971)
Tricolour made of three equal horizontal bands—coloured red (top), white (middle) and black (bottom)—with the golden Hawk of Quraysh centered in the white band.[1]
1958–1972 Flag of Egypt as part of the United Arab Republic due to the unity between Egypt and Syria, under the rule of President Gamal Abd El Nasser.
(adopted by Law by Resolution No. 12 of 1958)
Tricolour made of three equal horizontal bands—coloured red (top), white (middle) and black (bottom)—with two five-pointed green stars in the white band, symbolizing Egypt and Syria.[7]
1952–1958 Flag of the 1952 Egyptian Revolution and the Republic of Egypt
The green monarchical flag (see above) remained the national flag of Egypt until 1958, even after the proclamation of the Republic.[7]
Following the Revolution of 1952, the Free Officers retained the flag of the Kingdom, but also introduced the former Republic of Egypt flag colors of red, white, and black horizontal bands, with the emblem of the Revolution, the Eagle of Saladin, in the center band, with a green escutcheon with a white crescent and five stars.
1923–1958 Flag of the Kingdom of Egypt and the Co-Official Flag of the Arab Republic of Egypt
(adopted by Law No. 47 of 1923)
Green flag with a white crescent containing three five-pointed white stars.[8]
1914–1923 Flag of the Sultanate of Egypt Red Flag with Three white crescents, each containing a five-pointed white star.[8]
1881–1914 Flag of the Khedivate of Egypt under British occupation Identical to the national flag used between 1826 and 1867 (see description below).[8]
1867–1881 Flag of the Khedivate of Egypt Red flag with a white crescent, containing three five-pointed white stars.[8]
1844–1867 Flag of self-declared Khedivate of Egypt introduced by Muhammad Ali Red flag with a white crescent containing a five-pointed white star.[8]
1793–1844 Flag of Ottoman Egypt Red flag with a white crescent containing a seven-pointed white star.[8]
14th century Flag of pre-Ottoman Mamluk Egypt (1341-1517), according to the Catalan Atlas (1375)
14th century Another Flag of pre-Ottoman Mamluk Egypt (1341-1517), according to the Catalan Atlas (1375)
12 till 14th century Flag of Egypt under the Ayyubid Dynasty (1171-1341)

Other

Flag Date Use Description
14th century A nautical flag of Mamluk Egypt
19th century Cecil Rhodes' personal flag symbolising his "Cape to Cairo" dream
1914–1922 Sultanate of Egypt Protectorate Ensign

Ancient Standards Present in Art

Flag Date Use Description
3200–3000 BC Narmer Palette

Proposed flags

Flag Date Use Description
1919 Flag used during the anti-British Revolution of 1919 Green flag with a white crescent and a white cross symbolizing the common struggle of Egyptian Muslims and Egyptian Christians against the British occupation.[8] Associated with the Wafd Party.
1950s Proposed flag for the Republic of Egypt following the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 Egypt became a republic in 1953, the year after King Farouk was toppled in the revolution, and several proposals for a new national flag were made combining elements of the old flag of the kingdom with the 1952 Egyptian Revolution Flag. This design features the entire flag of the Kingdom of Egypt in the canton of the 1952 Egyptian Revolution tricolour (i.e. the 1952 Egyptian Revolution Flag without the Eagle of Saladin).
Egypt became a republic in 1953, the year after King Farouk was toppled in the revolution, and several proposals for a new national flag were made combining elements of the old flag of the kingdom with the 1952 Egyptian Revolution Flag. This design features the 1952 Egyptian Revolution tricolour in the canton of the flag of the Kingdom of Egypt, the latter modified with the white crescent and stars re-positioned to the right to accommodate the tricolour in the canton.
Egypt became a republic in 1953, the year after King Farouk was toppled in the revolution, and several proposals for a new national flag were made combining elements of the old flag of the kingdom with the 1952 Egyptian Revolution Flag. This design features the flag of the Kingdom of Egypt - white crescent and stars on a green field - inverted horizontally on the left, and the 1952 Egyptian Revolution tricolour as an elongated chevron on the right.
Egypt became a republic in 1953, the year after King Farouk was toppled in the revolution, and several proposals for a new national flag were made combining elements of the old flag of the kingdom with the 1952 Egyptian Revolution Flag. This design features the Arab Liberation tricolour, with the flag of the Kingdom of Egypt inverted horizontally as a chevron on the right.
Egypt became a republic in 1953, the year after King Farouk was toppled in the revolution, and several proposals for a new national flag were made combining elements of the old flag of the kingdom with the 1952 Egyptian Revolution Flag. This design features the white crescent and stars on a green field of the flag of the Kingdom of Egypt rotated 90° crowned by a white representation of the three Pyramids of Giza all appearing on the left, and the Arab Liberation tricolour on the right.
Egypt became a republic in 1953, the year after King Farouk was toppled in the revolution, and several proposals for a new national flag were made combining elements of the old flag of the kingdom with the 1952 Egyptian Revolution Flag. This design features a white representation of the River Nile on the green field of the flag of the Kingdom of Egypt, with the 1952 Egyptian Revolution symbolic tricolour in a right-hand side canton onto which the crescent and three stars of the flag of the Kingdom of Egypt are placed and rendered in gold.

References

  1. ^ a b c el Ansary 2001, p. 146
  2. ^ a b c el Ansary 2001, p. 147
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Breschi, Roberto. "Egitto". Bandiere, Passato E Presente. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Egypt: Armed Forces flags". FOTW. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Pedersen, Christian Fogd (1971). The international flag book in color (in English and Danish). New York, Morrow. pp. 64. ISBN 0688018831. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  6. ^ Flags of all Nations BR20. Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1955. scan of original page available at Alamy stock photos.
  7. ^ a b el Ansary 2001, p. 145
  8. ^ a b c d e f g el Ansary 2001, p. 144

Bibliography