This is a list of World Heritage Sites in Egypt with properties of cultural and natural heritage in Egypt as inscribed in UNESCO's World Heritage List or as on the country's tentative list. As of 2021, seven sites in Egypt are included.[1] All of the sites are in the Cultural Criteria except for the Whale Valley which is listed in the Natural Criteria. In addition to its inscribed sites, Egypt also lists thirty-four properties on its tentative list.[1]

World Heritage Sites

  † In danger
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Abu Mena EgyptAlexandria Governorate,
30°51′00″N 29°40′00″E / 30.85000°N 29.66667°E / 30.85000; 29.66667
183 (450) 1979 The ruins of the former Christian holy city contain a church, a baptistery, basilicas, public buildings, streets, monasteries, houses, and workshops, and were built over the tomb of Menas of Alexandria.[2]
Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis EgyptLuxor Governorate,
25°44′00″N 32°36′00″E / 25.73333°N 32.60000°E / 25.73333; 32.60000
7,390 (18,300) 1979 The former capital of Egypt and the city of Amun, Thebes contains temples and palaces at Karnak and Luxor, as well as the necropolises at the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, bearing witness to the height of the Egyptian civilization.[3]
Historic Cairo EgyptCairo Governorate,
30°03′00″N 31°15′40″E / 30.05000°N 31.26111°E / 30.05000; 31.26111
524 (1,290) 1979 One of the world's oldest Islamic cities and in the middle of urban Cairo, the site dates from the 10th century and reached its golden age in the 14th century. It contains mosques, madrasah, hammams and fountains.[4]
Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur EgyptGiza Governorate,
30°03′00″N 31°15′40″E / 30.05000°N 31.26111°E / 30.05000; 31.26111
16,358.52 (40,422.8) 1979 The capital of the Old Kingdom of Egypt has some extraordinary funerary monuments, including rock tombs, ornate mastabas, temples and pyramids. In ancient times, the site was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.[5]
Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae EgyptAswan Governorate,
22°20′11″N 31°37′34″E / 22.33639°N 31.62611°E / 22.33639; 31.62611
374 (920) 1979 Located along the Nile, the site contains monuments such as the Temple of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel and the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae, saved from being submerged by Lake Nasser as a result of the construction of the Aswan Dam.[6]
Saint Catherine Area EgyptSouth Sinai Governorate,
28°33′22″N 33°58′32″E / 28.55611°N 33.97556°E / 28.55611; 33.97556
60,100 (149,000) 2002 The orthodox monastery of Saint Catherine is among the oldest Christian monasteries still in function. Dating from the 6th century, it is positioned near Mount Horeb where, according to the Old Testament, Moses received the Tablets of the Law. The region is sacred for Christians, Muslims and Jews.[7]
Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley) EgyptFaiyum Governorate,
29°20′00″N 30°11′00″E / 29.33333°N 30.18333°E / 29.33333; 30.18333
20,015 (49,460) 2005 Located in western Egypt, Wadi Al-Hitan contains fossil remains of the now extinct Archaeoceti, mapping the evolution of the whales from a land-based to an aquatic mammal.[8]

Tentative list

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage List, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage List are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[9] As of 2016, Egypt lists thirty-three properties on its tentative list:[1]

Name Date
Siwa archaeological area 1994
Temple of Serabit Khadem 1994
North Sinai Archaeological Sites Zone 1994
Temple of Hator built by Ramses III 1994
Dahshour archaeological area 1994
El Fayoum : Kom Aushim (Karanis), Dimai (Soknopaiou Nesos), Qasr Qarun (Dionysias), Batn I hrit (Theadelphia), Byahma-Medinet el Fayoum (Crocodilopolis or Arsinoe), Abgig-Hawara, Seila-Medinet Madi (Narmouthis), tell Umm el-Breigat (Tebtunis) 1994
El-Gendi Fortress 1994
Rutho Monastery 1994
Wadi Feiran 1994
Pharaoh's Island 1994
Dahab 1994
Minia 1994
Newibah castle 1994
Ras Mohammed 2002
Gebel Qatrani Area, Lake Qaroun Nature Reserve 2003
Southern and Smaller Oases, the Western Desert 2003
Bird Migration Routes 2003
Desert Wadis 2003
Mountain Chains 2003
Great Desert Landscapes 2003
Alexandria, ancient remains and the new library 2003
Abydos, city of pilgrimage of the Pharaohs 2003
Pharaonic temples in Upper Egypt from the Ptolemaic and Roman periods 2003
Necropolises of Middle Egypt, from the Middle Empire to the Roman period 2003
Raoudha nilometre in Cairo 2003
The monasteries of the Arab Desert and Wadi Natrun 2003
Two citadels in Sinai from the Saladin period (Al-Gundi and Pharaoh's island) 2003
The An-Nakhl fortress, a stage on the pilgrimage route to Mecca 2003
Oasis of Fayoum, hydraulic remains and ancient cultural landscapes 2003
Historic quarters and monuments of Rosetta/Rachid 2003
Dababiya 2008
Helwan Observatory 2010
Kharga Oasis and the Small Southern Oases 2015

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Egypt". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Abu Mena". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  3. ^ "Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  4. ^ "Historic Cairo". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  5. ^ "Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur". UNESCO. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  7. ^ "Saint Catherine Area". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  8. ^ "Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  9. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 October 2010.