Metis-M / Metis-M1
Anti-tank missile Metis-M1
TypeAnti-tank guided missile
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service1992–present
Used bySee Operators
Wars2006 Lebanon War
Syrian Civil War[1]
Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)[2]
Production history
ManufacturerKBP Instrument Design Bureau
Unit cost$15,500 per missile (2019, export cost)[3]
MassMissile in launch tube: 13.8 kg
Launcher: 10.2 kg (Metis-M),[4] 9.5 kg (Metis-M1)[5]
Thermal sight: 6.5 kg(Metis-M1)[5]
Length980 mm
Diameter130 mm
WarheadHEAT tandem warhead, Armor penetration behind ERA:
800 mm (Metis-M)[6]
900-980 mm (Metis-M1)[5][6][7]
thermobaric anti-personnel/anti-material warhead is also available

EngineSolid-fuel rocket
1500 m (Metis-M)[6]
80 m - 2000 m (Metis-M1)[5][6][7]
Maximum speed 200 m/s
SACLOS wire-guided missile

The 9K115-2 Metis-M (NATO reporting name AT-13 Saxhorn-2) is a Russian portable[5] anti-tank guided missile system. "9K115-2" is the GRAU designation of the missile system. The Metis-M1 is the latest upgraded variant of Metis-M.[5] The system is designed to augment the combat power of company-level motorized units.


Metis-M1 system with anti-tank missile

The Metis-M / Metis-M1 system adds to the usual positive qualities of a man-portable anti-tank guided missile with significant improvements in range, accuracy and lethality. Owing to the small dimensions and light weight of its components, this manportable system can be carried by its crew in compact packs over any distance and over a wide variety of terrain types, including stream crossing. The three-man crew carries personal weapons and an ammunition load of five missiles. One crew member carries a pack with a missile-loaded launcher, which considerably reduces the time of fire preparation and allows the crew to engage targets whilst moving. In the event of sudden appearance of a target, the operator can fire from the shoulder with the launcher rested against a local object. The two other crew members each carry a pack with two missiles.


The Metis-M / Metis-M1 ATGM system has a semi-automatic missile guidance, with commands transmitted over a wire link. The guidance system is constructed so that the most sophisticated and costly components, such as a gyroscopic coordinator, electronic units and an onboard battery, are excluded from the missile.


The Metis-M system comprises:

The combat assets of the Metis-M system include:


Bangladesh Army Metis-M1

Metis-M1 is the upgraded variant of Metis-M. The new version has greater range of two kilometres (1.2 mi), more armor penetration of 900–980 mm (35–39 in), and reduced weight. It is designed to destroy main battle tanks with Active Protection Systems and Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA), light armored vehicles, fortifications, and other targets in day or night and in any weather condition.[8]

In 2013, Bangladesh Army received large amount of Metis-M1 anti-tank missile systems along with 1200 missiles.[9][10][11] In November 2015, Russia revealed it was formalizing the introduction of the Metis-M1[12][13] and entered service with Russia on March 2, 2016.[14][15]

Operational history


According to accounts by the Israel Defense Forces concerning weapons seized from Hezbollah and from journalists' accounts from Lebanon, the Metis-M was used successfully by Hezbollah fighters during the 2006 Lebanon war against Merkava tanks.[16] Israel has sent a team of officials to Moscow to show the Russians the evidence of what they say can only be Syrian weapons transfers.[17] To date, Russia has not commented on the weapon proliferation, although it has moved to tighten control over the use of Russian-made weapons by the importing states.

South Korea

South Korea purchased a total of 220 Metis-M in two orders—70 in 1995 (Project Brown Bear I) and 150 in 2005 (Project Brown Bear II)—and acquired 9,000 missiles as of 2006. According to the tests, Metis-M was capable of penetrating 850 mm of RHA, providing great firepower for a weapon operated by 2 soldiers. However, between 2009 and 2011, South Korean Army fired 17 missiles for testing, and 10 missiles either missed the target or didn't ignite the warhead upon impact (60% failure). After temporarily removing Metis-M from active service, the Army, the Agency for Defense Development, and the Defense Acquisition Program Administration test fired 43 missiles and achieved 41 hits (7% failure). The joint inspection team hypothesized faulty electronics on the guiding system or failing to maintain in good custody. However, they were not able to identify the cause of the issue, and Metis-M was put back into active service.[18]


On 7 March 2012, Free Syrian Army fighters used a 9K115-2 Metis-M anti-tank guided missile to hit a derelict Syrian Air Force MiG-23MS.[19] Later during the Syrian Civil War, its use became widespread. Insurgents used it with great success, together with other ATGMs, against different targets, including tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, trucks and firing posts with many videos uploaded on to the internet. Initially, Metis missiles originated from looted Syrian army depots, while later external suppliers could have been involved.

It was confirmed that Bulgaria has sold 6 sets of 9K115-2 Metis via the United States to Syrian rebels.[20]


Map with 9K115-2 operators in blue

Current operators

Bangladesh Army is one of the largest users of Metis-M1

Non-State Actors

Former Operators

See also


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  5. ^ a b c d e f "Metis-M1". Rosoboronexport. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d Metis Archived 2016-12-23 at the Wayback Machine -
  7. ^ a b "anti-tank system METIS M-1 (противотанковый комплекс Метис - М1)". YouTube. Archived from the original on 10 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  8. ^ Russian Armed Forces could receive new Metis-M1 anti-tank guided missile system Archived 2015-11-27 at the Wayback Machine -, 24 November 2015
  9. ^ a b "Army gets new SP guns, Metis M-1 missiles". Natun Barta. 2013-12-22. Archived from the original on 2013-12-25. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  10. ^ a b "Trade-Register-1971-2018.rft". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 2019-04-21.
  11. ^ a b "Army gets new SP guns, Metis M-1 missiles". Dhaka Tribune. 2013-12-22. Archived from the original on 22 Apr 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  12. ^ Administrator. "Russian armed forces to receive Kornet-M and 9K115 Metis-M1 anti-tank-guided missiles TASS 12605161 - weapons defence industry military technology UK - analysis focus army defence military industry army". Archived from the original on 2017-10-11. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
  13. ^ Administrator. "Metis-M1 9K115-2 anti-tank guided missile ATGM technical data sheet specifications pictures video 10912156". Archived from the original on 2017-12-07. Retrieved 2017-12-07.
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  15. ^ TulaKirill (21 August 2010). "anti-tank system METIS M-1 (противотанковый комплекс Метис - М1)". Archived from the original on 19 June 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016 – via YouTube.
  16. ^ "Defense Update - Assessing the Assessing Hezbollah anti-armour tactics and weapons - by David Eshel". Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  17. ^ a b "Tough lessons for Israeli armour - BBC". 15 August 2006. Archived from the original on 7 January 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
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  21. ^ a b c International Institute for Strategic Studies (15 February 2023). The Military Balance 2023 (1st ed.). Routledge. ISBN 978-1032508955.
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  28. ^ []
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External videos
video icon Video about Metis-M (in Russian)