A scaled down model of Brahmos-II at Aero India 2013
TypeHypersonic Cruise missile
Air-launched cruise missile
Anti-ship missile
Land-attack missile
Surface-to-surface missile
Place of origin
  • India
  • Russia
Production history
DesignerDefence Research and Development Organisation
NPO Mashinostroyenia
ManufacturerBrahMos Aerospace Limited
Unit cost$5.6 million

1,500 km (930 mi)
Maximum speed Mach 8 (9,800 km/h; 6,100 mph; 2,700 m/s)
Ship, submarine, aircraft and land-based mobile launchers.

BrahMos-II or BrahMos-2 or BrahMos Mark II (note: Not to be confused with the BrahMos block II) is a hypersonic cruise missile currently under joint development by India's Defence Research and Development Organisation and Russia's NPO Mashinostroyenia, which have together formed BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited. It is the second of the BrahMos series of cruise missiles. The BrahMos-II is expected to have a range of 1,500 kilometres (930 mi; 810 nmi)[1] and a speed of Mach 8. During the cruise stage of flight the missile will be propelled by a scramjet airbreathing jet engine.[2][3] Other details, including production cost and physical dimensions of the missile, are yet to be published.[4][5][1]

The planned operational range of the BrahMos-II had initially been restricted to 290 kilometres as Russia is a signatory to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), which prohibits it from helping other countries develop missiles with ranges above 300 kilometres (190 mi; 160 nmi). However, subsequent to India becoming a MTCR signatory in 2014, the parameters for Brahmos 2 will get enhanced.[6] Its top speed will be double that of the current BrahMos-I, and it has been described as the fastest cruise missile in the world.[7]

Testing was planned to start in 2020, but has been delayed.[8]

Fourth-generation multi-purpose Russian Naval destroyers (Project 21956) are also likely to be equipped with the BrahMos II.[9][better source needed]

BrahMos Aerospace named the missile BrahMos-II (K) in honour of the former President of India, APJ Abdul Kalam.[10]

The CEO of the joint Indo-Russian BrahMos programme, Atul Rane, stated in 2022, a future BrahMos-II will likely have similar characteristics to the 3M22 Zircon.[11][12]

According to a report published on 1 April 2023, India has requested Russia to transfer the technology of Russian 3M22 Zircon hypersonic cruise missile on which the BrahMos-II (K) will be based, to which Russia has reportedly agreed But due to some reasons, such as the relations between Russia and China, and because this missile gives India air superiority in the sea, it has not yet transferred this technology.[13][14][15]

See also


  1. ^ a b "India, Russia to develop new hypersonic cruise missile ::". Official Website of Brahmos. Archived from the original on 12 December 2010. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
  2. ^ "Hypersonic BrahMos version missile to be ready by 2017". 28 June 2012.
  3. ^ "Hypersonic version of Brahmos missile on the way with Mach 7". The Economic Times. 9 October 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  4. ^ "Brahmos to Launch Submarine Version of the Missile, Hike Up Speed to Mach 7 for Hypersonic Version". Archived from the original on 26 April 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  5. ^ "India, Russia work on hypersonic stealth cruise missile". 9 October 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  6. ^ "India joins MTCR: 7 things the country stands to gain". Economic Times. 12 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2021.
  7. ^ "BrahMos 2 Hypersonic Missile to be ready in five years". The Economic Times. 10 January 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
  8. ^ "BrahMos-II Missile Program To Greatly Benefit From The Successful Test Of Russian Zircon Hypersonic Missile". Eurasian Times. 22 July 2021. Retrieved 26 July 2021.
  9. ^ Sandeep Unnithan (18 March 2009). "Govt okays construction of 4 more stealth destroyers". Retrieved 23 February 2012.
  10. ^ Singh, Rahul (8 August 2015). "India's tribute to Missile Man: New BrahMos gets Kalam name". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 8 August 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  11. ^ "Modified Version Of BrahMos Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Successfully Tested; Hits Target With Pinpoint Accuracy". Eurasian Times Desk. 28 November 2020.
  12. ^ Staff, Naval News (2 August 2022). "Hypersonic BrahMos-II missile may include tech from Tsirkon missile". Naval News. Retrieved 26 December 2023.
  13. ^ IgMp (1 April 2023). "Russia to transfer technology of Zircon/Tsirkon hypersonic cruise missile to India for BrahMos-II(K) missile". India's growing Military power Retrieved 2 April 2023.
  14. ^ "India, Russia to jointly develop Brahmos-II Hypersonic Missile Version - Defence & Aerospace Research Forum". 10 April 2023. Retrieved 26 December 2023.
  15. ^ "India to get deadly Zircon missile technology from Russia, may develop BrahMos-II". Firstpost. 5 April 2023. Retrieved 30 April 2023.
  16. ^ "Эксперт рассказал о суперспособности ракеты "Циркон" преодолеть системы ПРО". РЕН ТВ. 15 April 2017.