Kh-45 "Lightning"
TypeAir-to-surface missile
Anti-ship missile
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
Used byNever entered service
Production history
VariantsSee Variants

The Kh-45 Molnija "Lightning" was a Soviet hypersonic anti-ship air-to-surface missile project. It was developed from 1971 as the main armament for the ICD "Raduga"'s T-4 missile carrier bomber. The designers were A. Y. Bereznyak, G. K. Samokhvalov and V. A. Larionov.[1]


The Kh-45 was intended to be carried on the Tu-160, but the integration was cancelled in 1976–77.[2] The Kh-45 was cancelled and replaced by a nuclear version of the Kh-55 missile.[3]

Basic tactical and technical characteristics

The Kh-45 weighed 4,500 kg and was 10.8m long.[2]

See also


  1. ^ "Kh-45".
  2. ^ a b Piotr Butowski (February 2016) "‘Blackjack’ Attack." Combat Aircraft Magazine.
  3. ^ "Kh-45".