|Elimination half-life||8 hours|
|Excretion||70% Renal, 30% Fecal|
|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||371.393 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Isradipine (tradenames DynaCirc, Prescal) is a calcium channel blocker of the dihydropyridine class. It is usually prescribed for the treatment of high blood pressure in order to reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack.
It was patented in 1978 and approved for medical use in 1989.
Isradipine is given as either a 2.5 mg or 5 mg capsule.
Common side effects include: 
Serious side effects include: 
It is advised that those using Isradipine not take Anzemet (Dolasetron), as both agents can cause a dose-dependent PR interval and QRS complex prolongation.
Itraconazole exhibits a negative inotropic effect on the heart and thus could spur an additive effect when used concomitantly with Isradipine. Onmel/Sporanox also inhibits an important cytochrome liver enzyme (CYP 450 3A4) which is needed to metabolize Isradipine and other Calcium Channel Blockers. This will increase plasma levels of Isradipine and could cause an unintentional overdose of the medication. Caution is advised when administering both agents together.
Tizanidine demonstrates anti-hypertensive effects and should be avoided in patients taking Isradipine due to the possibility of synergism between both medications.
The anti-biotic Rifampin lowered plasma concentrations of Isradipine to below detectable limits.
Cimetidine increased Isradipine mean peak plasma levels. A downward dose adjustment may be necessary with this particular instance of polypharmacy.
Severe hypotension was reported with Fentanyl anesthesia when it was combined with other Calcium Channel Blockers. Even though Isradipine, another Calcium Channel Blocker, has not been used in conjunction with Fentanyl anesthesia in any studies, caution is advised.
Note: There was no significant interaction between Isradipine and Warfarin (Coumadin), Isradipine and Microzide Hydrochlorothiazide, Isradipine and Lanoxin (Digoxin), and Isradipine and Nitrostat (Nitroglycerin).
Symptoms of an Isradipine overdose include:
Isradipine contains a stereocenter and consists of two enantiomers, more precisely atropisomers. This is a racemate, i.e. a 1: 1 mixture of ( R ) - and the ( S ) - Form:
|Enantiomers of Isradipine|