Police of Armenia
Հայաստանի ոստիկանություն
Emblem of the Police of Armenia
Emblem of the Police of Armenia
Common namePolice of Armenia
AbbreviationArmenian Police
Agency overview
Formed2002
Operational structure
Headquarters130 Nalbandyan St Yerevan
Agency executive
  • Vahe Ghazaryan, Chief of Police
Parent agencyGovernment of Armenia
Website
police.am
A 2018 stamp dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Police of Armenia, featuring its logo to the left
A 2018 stamp dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Police of Armenia, featuring its logo to the left

The Police of the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետության ոստիկանություն, romanizedHayastani Hanrapetut’yan vostikanut’yun) is the national police of Armenia.[1][2] The acting head is Vahe Ghazaryan, in office since 8 June 2020.[3]

History

Soviet era

The first police service of Armenia was formed in 1918, under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the First Republic of Armenia. On April 21, 1920, a Militia was formed in Yerevan based on the Soviet model. It was later renamed to the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Armenian SSR or the NKVD of the Armenian SSR, which was the Armenian subordinate to the NKVD headquarters in Moscow. In 1929, the NKVD of the Armenian SSR was dissolved and was reestablished in July 1934 as a reorganized political department. During World War II, the present-day building of the Armenian Police was built. The Armenian Regiment of Interior Forces of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs was established in 1963, and the Headquarters of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Armenian SSR was founded in 1965.

Modern Armenia

On June 21, 1992, by order of President Levon Ter-Petrosyan, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Armenia was formed from the former Soviet Internal Troops.[4] The ministry was active until December 2002, when the ministry, along with the Ministry of National Security, was reorganised into a non-ministerial institution, with the Ministry of Internal Affairs becoming the Police of the Republic of Armenia.[5] The Armenian Ministry of Justice recommended the re-establishment of the ministry headed by a cabinet member in a three-year strategy of police reforms proposed to the government in 2019.[6] As part of a major structural reform of the national police service, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian announced plans to recreate the Interior Ministry.[7][8] A patrol service became active in June 2021.[9]

On 16 September 2021, the Armenian Government signed a strategic cooperation agreement with Europol.[10][11]

Leadership

The activities of the police are directed by the chief of the police, who is appointed by the president of Armenia at the nomination of the prime minister of Armenia.[1] The chief has one first deputy and several deputies,[12] appointed by the president upon nomination by the chief.[1]

The commander of the police troops is appointed by the president and serves as ex officio deputy chief of the police.[1] Each of the deputy chiefs is assigned a sphere of responsibility by the chief of police, who is also assisted by a group of Advisers.[1]

List of leaders (since 2003)

See also: List of chiefs of the Police of Armenia

Central Body and Regional Divisions

The Police are organised into the Central Body, and 11 geographic divisions.[1] There is one police department for the city of Yerevan, and one for each of the 10 Provinces. The Departments of the Central Body are:[1]

National Central Bureau

The NCB is divided into three divisions:[12][13]

Armenian Police Honor Guard.
Armenian Police Honor Guard.

Public Relations and Press Department

The Committee of Public Relations (part of the Public Relations and Press Department) was founded on 21 March 1994.[14]

The department also maintains a 42-member Police Band (Հայաստանի ոստիկանության նվագախումբը, Vostikanutyan Nvagaxumb) based in Yerevan which is currently led by Baghdasar Grigoryan. The band was created on 1 August 1972. It performs similar functions to the Band of the Armenian Army General Staff, taking part in the most important events of the police and the state.[15] In 2019, it performed at the graduation party of Dubai Police Academy.[16]

Police Troops

The Armenian Police Troops (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետության ոստիկանության զորքեր) are composed mainly of personnel from the former Police Special Forces (SDFs) and the Rapid Reaction Forces (SDFs), who have actively participated in all combat operations carried out by the former Armenian Internal Troops and the Soviet Internal Troops. On 21 June 1992, the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs were formed by decree of Levon Ter-Petrosyan.[5] The day of formation of the police troops is celebrated every year, on 21 June. In February 1999 the Deputy Minister of the Interior and Commander of the Internal Troops, Major General Artsrun Makarian, was found shot dead. On 14 December 2004, the Internal Troops were renamed to the Police Troops.[17] In 2009, there was a transition from conscription to contract service. In 2013 the International Institute for Strategic Studies attributed the force with four paramilitary battalions, 55 AIFV including 44 BMP-1, and 24 wheeled armoured personnel carriers.[18]

The military units of the Internal Troops of the Armenian Ministry of Internal Affairs had a wide range of activities: including the protection of special facilities, maintenance of public order, public security service, preliminary training of conscripts, and training of non-commissioned officers. The Internal Troops had a helicopter (aviation) unit, which, being provided with appropriate helicopters, performed various transportation services during combat operations.[19]

Wars

It took part in the Four-Day War and the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War. During the latter war, sixty-five policemen were killed and six were considered missing. About 3,000 officers from the police troops went to the battlefront in shifts and took part in battles for Karvachar, Haterk, Jrakan, Berdzor and Shushi-Lisagor road.[20] In 2018, it was deployed to the in the Armenian-Azerbaijani border.[21][22] It also took part in the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.[23]

Special Operations Forces

It has carried out raids in the places of alleged "thieves' gatherings".[24] It took part in the "Cobalt-2016" joint exercise of special forces units of the CSTO at the Marshal Baghramyan Training Ground of the Ministry of Defense.[25]

Personnel

Oath

Persons serving in the Police, in front of the state flag of Armenia, in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of Armenia, take an oath with the following content:[26]

"I (name, patronymic, surname), taking service in the Police of the Republic of Armenia, swear:

To be faithful to the constitutional order of the Republic of Armenia, to be unconditionally governed by laws, to defend my homeland, to keep state and official secrets.

To exercise my powers fairly and impartially, to perform my official duties honestly and conscientiously."

Uniforms

Decrees passed in October 2002 and April 2003 set the rules for police officers' uniforms.[1]

Weapons

Police personnel are armed primarily with Soviet-made firearms and ammunition, including Makarov PM and Tokarev TT-33 handguns, and AKS, AKM, and AK-74 automatic rifles.[1]

Police Workers Day

Celebrated on 16 April, Police Workers Day (Armenian: Ոստիկանության օր) in Armenia commemorates personnel of the Police Central Body and the Police Troops. It was first celebrated in 2002 and was introduced year earlier by the National Assembly of Armenia. Traditionally, the President of Armenia and/or the Prime Minister of Armenia receives the salute at a ceremony in the Yerevan police headquarters.[27]

Ranks

Police ranks are classified into the following groups:[28]

Education

The Police Academy of Armenia, is the successor to the Secondary School of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which was founded in 1984. During the Soviet era, the Yerevan Higher School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs operated in the country.[29]

Equipment

Small arms

Name Origin Type Photo
Pistols and submachine guns
MP-443 Grach  Russia 9×19mm
9-мм Пистолет Ярыгина ПЯ 6П35 02.jpg
Glock  Austria 9×19mm
GLOCK 17 Gen 4 Pistol MOD 45160305.jpg
M1911  USA .45 ACP
GA M1911.jpg
Makarov  Soviet Union 9×18mm
9-мм пистолет Макарова с патронами.jpg
Tokarev TT-33  Soviet Union 9×19mm
Tokarev TT33 (6825679152).jpg
AK-74U  Soviet Union 5.45×39 mm
Aks74u.png
Assault Rifles
AK-74M  Russia 5.45×39 mm
Ak-74mpdomain.JPG
AK-74  Soviet Union 5.45×39 mm
Ak74l.png
AKS-74  Soviet Union
AKS-74.png
AKM  Soviet Union 7.62×39 mm
AKM NTW 4 92.jpg
Sniper rifles
Dragunov SVD  Soviet Union
 Russia
7.62×54 mm
SVD Dragunov.jpg

Armenian Police Vehicles

Name Origin Type Photo Notes
Vehicles and Aircraft
Škoda Octavia  Czech Republic Patrol Car
Skoda Octavia IV liftback.jpg
The latest models issued to the traffic police also known as Patrol. Slowly replacing Toyota Corolla and Camry models.[30]
Toyota Corolla  Japan Patrol Car
Toyota Corolla E180 sedan 01 China 2015-04-06.jpg
Used as primaries.
Toyota Camry  Japan Patrol Car
07-09 Toyota Camry XLE.jpg
Used as secondaries.
Kia Forte / Cadenza  South Korea Patrol Car
Gifted by South Korea to the Armenian Patrol Sentry Service Regiment.[31]
Chevrolet Sonic / Aveo  United States Patrol Car
Chevrolet Sonic sedan NAIAS 2011.1.jpg
General Department of State Protection of the Police.[32]
Hyundai Elantra  South Korea Patrol Car
2010 Hyundai Elantra China edition.jpg
Used also by the Military Police.
Lada VAZ  Soviet Union Patrol Car
Lada VAZ 2107.jpg
Currently being replaced. A few are still in service.
Lada Priora  Russia Patrol Car
2010 Lada Priora.jpg
Used in rare situations.
IKCO  Iran Patrol Car
Samand white rear.jpg
Used by some units, being replaced widely.
Dodge Charger  United States Patrol Car
Dodge Charger SRT8 white in Berlin Germany 1of2.jpg
Tested in 2019. 300 units being delivered. Not seen in the public.
Ford Crown Victoria  United States Patrol Car
2006 Ford Crown Victoria.jpg
10 Vehicles in service in Yerevan only. Rarely used.
Toyota Prado  Japan Police SUV
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado J150 LWB facelift II China 2019-04-03.jpg
Used as a VIP transport. Old variants used by patrol and special units.
Hyundai Tucson  South Korea Police SUV
Hyundai ix35 (aka in some markets Hyundai Tucson) LM in Oostburg.jpg
UAZ-469  Soviet Union Police SUV
UAZ 469B.JPG
Used mostly in rural areas.
Chevrolet Niva  Russia United States Police SUV
Chevrolet Niva 2012.JPG
Distributed to different divisions.[33]
UAZ Patriot  Russia Police SUV
UAZ Patriot Police.jpg
Used in support roles.
Toyota C-HR  Japan Police SUV
20200512 Toyota C-HR Hybrid.jpg
New in service.
Chevrolet Tahoe  United States Unmarked Vehicle
08-09 Chevrolet Tahoe Hybrid.png
Unmarked.
Mercedes-Benz G-Class  Germany Unmarked Vehicle
Mercedes-Benz G-Class W463 facelift II 55 AMG China 2012-08-09.jpg
Used as VIP transport.
Chevrolet Express  United States Transportation Vehicle
Chevrolet Express Van.jpg
Unmarked transportation vehicle. Also used as prisoner transport.[34]
Hyundai Starex  South Korea Transportation Vehicle
15 Hyundai Starex.jpg
Used by the Armenian Patrol Sentry Service Regiment.
GAZelle  Russia Transportation Vehicle
GAZelle-van.jpg
Used by specialized units. Some unmarked.[34]
Toyota Hiace  Japan Transportation Vehicle
Toyota Hiace (Jamaica) (35681469501).jpg
Support roles.[34]
UAZ-452  Soviet Union Transportation Vehicle
ParkPatriot2015part4-14.jpg
Mostly used in support roles.
Volkswagen Transporter  Germany Transportation Vehicle
Volkswagen Transporter TDI T5 (México).jpg
Limited use.[34]
PAZ-3205  Soviet Union Transportation Vehicle
PAZ-3205 Uzhhorod 3.jpg
Used for riot roles and transport.
Ural-4320  Soviet Union Transport / Cargo Truck
Ural 4320 of the Hungarian Army.JPG
Few converted to riot trucks.
KamAZ-43501  Russia Transport / Cargo Truck
Kamaz P9190209.JPG
Very limited usage.
CNHTC Riot Control  China Riot Control Vehicle
CNHTC Sinotruk Howo, Jamaica.jpg
Fitted with armored and riot equipment. Used for riot control.[34]
GMC Grumman  United States Riot Control Vehicle
Gmcstepvan.jpg
Fitted with armored and riot equipment. Used for riot control and prisoner transport.[34]
GAZ-2975 "Tigr"  Russia Armored Vehicle
GAZ-2975 Tigr.jpg
Used by special forces, riot police, and rapid response units.
BTR-80  Soviet Union Armored Personnel Carrier
BTR-80 TEK.jpg
Used for riot control and counter-terrorism. Most APCs have their guns replaced with water cannons.
BRDM-2  Soviet Union Armored Personnel Carrier
BRDM-2 armored vehicle.jpg
Used for riot control. Guns replaced with water cannons.
Mi-8  Soviet Union Transport Helicopter
Mi-8 RH.jpg
Few used by the Armenian Police for transport.[34]
Eurocopter EC130  France Transport Helicopter
S2-AGO, Eurocopter EC 130T2, Impress Aviation.jpg
Few used for transporting and other operations.[35]
Eurocopter EC635 / EC 135  France Transport Helicopter
SMURD 345 - Airbus Helicopter EC 135 in Hateg, Romania-9018.jpg
Few used for transporting and other operations.[36]

See also

References

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  2. ^ Interpol entry Retrieved 14 May 2007
  3. ^ "Armenia PM announces names of new police, national security and army chiefs".
  4. ^ See for example http://www.mia.gov.az/index.php?/en/content/278/
  5. ^ a b "FROM THE RA POLICE HISTORY: CHRONICS". Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  6. ^ "Armenian Government Plans to Set up Interior Ministry".
  7. ^ "Process of formation of home affairs ministry on agenda – Armenia's PM - aysor.am - Hot news from Armenia".
  8. ^ "Creation of interior ministry on agenda – Armenian PM on Police reforms | ARMENPRESS Armenian News Agency".
  9. ^ "Nikol Pashinyan: "The patrol service is supposed to bring in a breath of fresh air, new work style and culture"".
  10. ^ "The Republic of Armenia-European Union Partnership".
  11. ^ "Armenia and Europol sign agreement to combat cross-border serious organised crime".
  12. ^ a b "Internet / Home – INTERPOL" (PDF). Interpol.int. 2017-09-26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-07-14. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  13. ^ "Internet / Home – INTERPOL" (PDF). Interpol.int. 2017-09-26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-03-01. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
  14. ^ One, Studio. "ՀՀ ոստիկանության հասարակայնության հետ կապի և լրատվության վարչությունը 20 տարեկան է (ՏԵՍԱՆՅՈՒԹ) – ՆՈՐՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐ – ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆԻ ՀԱՆՐԱՊԵՏՈՒԹՅԱՆ ՈՍՏԻԿԱՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆ". www.police.am (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-03-18.
  15. ^ "The RA Police Orchestra – Tricolor". Retrieved 2021-03-16.
  16. ^ "ՀՀ ոստիկանության զորքերի նվագախումբը՝ Դուբայի ոստիկանության ակադեմիայի ավարտական երեկոյին (լուսանկարներ)". armdaily.am. Retrieved 2021-04-11.
  17. ^ "DocumentView". www.arlis.am. Retrieved 2021-03-16.
  18. ^ IISS Military Balance 2013, 216.
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  20. ^ "Law enforcement: 65 Armenia Police officers died in Artsakh war". news.am. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  21. ^ "Newspaper: Armenia Police Internal Troops to be sent to borders". news.am. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  22. ^ "Police troops assume important mission on providing support to Armenian Armed Forces – PM Pashinyan". armenpress.am. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  23. ^ "Armenia celebrates Day of formation of Police Troops". armenpress.am. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  24. ^ "Полицейский спецназ Армении нагрянул в места «воровских сходок»".
  25. ^ "Полицейский спецназ стран ОДКБ готовится "обезвредить" террористов в Армении".
  26. ^ "Legislation: National Assembly of Armenia".
  27. ^ "День работника полиции Армении".
  28. ^ "Պատմություն - ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆԻ ՀԱՆՐԱՊԵՏՈՒԹՅԱՆ ՈՍՏԻԿԱՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆ".
  29. ^ "Учебные заведения". shieldandsword.mozohin.ru. Retrieved 2021-07-10.
  30. ^ "New police patrol service launches in Yerevan". armenpress.am. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  31. ^ "South Korean Government Gave Kia Car to Armenia's Police as a Present". armedia.am. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  32. ^ One, Studio. "Ոստիկանության պետական պահպանության գլխավոր վարչություն. մարդկանց անվտանգությունն ու գույքի և ունեցվածքի պահպանությունը' հուսալի ձեռքերում (ՏԵՍԱՆՅՈՒԹ) – ՆՈՐՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐ – ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆԻ ՀԱՆՐԱՊԵՏՈՒԹՅԱՆ ՈՍՏԻԿԱՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆ". www.police.am (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  33. ^ One, Studio. "Վանաձորի ոստիկանները կողոպուտի դեպք են բացահայտել (ՏԵՍԱՆՅՈՒԹ) – ՆՈՐՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐ – ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆԻ ՀԱՆՐԱՊԵՏՈՒԹՅԱՆ ՈՍՏԻԿԱՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆ". www.police.am (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g Armenian Police, archived from the original on 2021-12-21, retrieved 2021-03-19
  35. ^ LLC, Helix Consulting. "Ուժեղացված ծառայություն. ՀՀ ոստիկանության պետը ուղղաթիռից հետևել է ծառայությանը (տեսանյութ) – Այսօր' թարմ լուրեր Հայաստանից". www.aysor.am. Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  36. ^ "ՃՈ-ն ուժեղացված ծառայության իրականացմանը ներգրավել է ուղղաթիռ". armenpress.am (in Armenian). Retrieved 2021-02-28.

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