|Police of Armenia|
|Common name||Police of Armenia|
|Headquarters||130 Nalbandyan St Yerevan|
|Parent agency||Government of Armenia|
The Police of the Republic of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետության ոստիկանություն, romanized: Hayastani Hanrapetut’yan vostikanut’yun) is the national police of Armenia. The acting head is Vahe Ghazaryan, in office since 8 June 2020.
The first police service of Armenia was formed in 1918, under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the First Republic of Armenia. On April 21, 1920, a Militia was formed in Yerevan based on the Soviet model. It was later renamed to the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Armenian SSR or the NKVD of the Armenian SSR, which was the Armenian subordinate to the NKVD headquarters in Moscow. In 1929, the NKVD of the Armenian SSR was dissolved and was reestablished in July 1934 as a reorganized political department. During World War II, the present-day building of the Armenian Police was built. The Armenian Regiment of Interior Forces of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs was established in 1963, and the Headquarters of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Armenian SSR was founded in 1965.
On June 21, 1992, by order of President Levon Ter-Petrosyan, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Armenia was formed from the former Soviet Internal Troops. The ministry was active until December 2002, when the ministry, along with the Ministry of National Security, was reorganised into a non-ministerial institution, with the Ministry of Internal Affairs becoming the Police of the Republic of Armenia. The Armenian Ministry of Justice recommended the re-establishment of the ministry headed by a cabinet member in a three-year strategy of police reforms proposed to the government in 2019. As part of a major structural reform of the national police service, Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian announced plans to recreate the Interior Ministry. A patrol service became active in June 2021.
On 16 September 2021, the Armenian Government signed a strategic cooperation agreement with Europol.
The activities of the police are directed by the chief of the police, who is appointed by the president of Armenia at the nomination of the prime minister of Armenia. The chief has one first deputy and several deputies, appointed by the president upon nomination by the chief.
The commander of the police troops is appointed by the president and serves as ex officio deputy chief of the police. Each of the deputy chiefs is assigned a sphere of responsibility by the chief of police, who is also assisted by a group of Advisers.
See also: List of chiefs of the Police of Armenia
The Police are organised into the Central Body, and 11 geographic divisions. There is one police department for the city of Yerevan, and one for each of the 10 Provinces. The Departments of the Central Body are:
The NCB is divided into three divisions:
The Committee of Public Relations (part of the Public Relations and Press Department) was founded on 21 March 1994.
The department also maintains a 42-member Police Band (Հայաստանի ոստիկանության նվագախումբը, Vostikanutyan Nvagaxumb) based in Yerevan which is currently led by Baghdasar Grigoryan. The band was created on 1 August 1972. It performs similar functions to the Band of the Armenian Army General Staff, taking part in the most important events of the police and the state. In 2019, it performed at the graduation party of Dubai Police Academy.
The Armenian Police Troops (Armenian: Հայաստանի Հանրապետության ոստիկանության զորքեր) are composed mainly of personnel from the former Police Special Forces (SDFs) and the Rapid Reaction Forces (SDFs), who have actively participated in all combat operations carried out by the former Armenian Internal Troops and the Soviet Internal Troops. On 21 June 1992, the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs were formed by decree of Levon Ter-Petrosyan. The day of formation of the police troops is celebrated every year, on 21 June. In February 1999 the Deputy Minister of the Interior and Commander of the Internal Troops, Major General Artsrun Makarian, was found shot dead. On 14 December 2004, the Internal Troops were renamed to the Police Troops. In 2009, there was a transition from conscription to contract service. In 2013 the International Institute for Strategic Studies attributed the force with four paramilitary battalions, 55 AIFV including 44 BMP-1, and 24 wheeled armoured personnel carriers.
The military units of the Internal Troops of the Armenian Ministry of Internal Affairs had a wide range of activities: including the protection of special facilities, maintenance of public order, public security service, preliminary training of conscripts, and training of non-commissioned officers. The Internal Troops had a helicopter (aviation) unit, which, being provided with appropriate helicopters, performed various transportation services during combat operations.
It took part in the Four-Day War and the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War. During the latter war, sixty-five policemen were killed and six were considered missing. About 3,000 officers from the police troops went to the battlefront in shifts and took part in battles for Karvachar, Haterk, Jrakan, Berdzor and Shushi-Lisagor road. In 2018, it was deployed to the in the Armenian-Azerbaijani border. It also took part in the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.
It has carried out raids in the places of alleged "thieves' gatherings". It took part in the "Cobalt-2016" joint exercise of special forces units of the CSTO at the Marshal Baghramyan Training Ground of the Ministry of Defense.
Persons serving in the Police, in front of the state flag of Armenia, in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of Armenia, take an oath with the following content:
"I (name, patronymic, surname), taking service in the Police of the Republic of Armenia, swear:
To be faithful to the constitutional order of the Republic of Armenia, to be unconditionally governed by laws, to defend my homeland, to keep state and official secrets.
To exercise my powers fairly and impartially, to perform my official duties honestly and conscientiously."
Decrees passed in October 2002 and April 2003 set the rules for police officers' uniforms.
Police personnel are armed primarily with Soviet-made firearms and ammunition, including Makarov PM and Tokarev TT-33 handguns, and AKS, AKM, and AK-74 automatic rifles.
Celebrated on 16 April, Police Workers Day (Armenian: Ոստիկանության օր) in Armenia commemorates personnel of the Police Central Body and the Police Troops. It was first celebrated in 2002 and was introduced year earlier by the National Assembly of Armenia. Traditionally, the President of Armenia and/or the Prime Minister of Armenia receives the salute at a ceremony in the Yerevan police headquarters.
Police ranks are classified into the following groups:
The Police Academy of Armenia, is the successor to the Secondary School of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which was founded in 1984. During the Soviet era, the Yerevan Higher School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs operated in the country.
|Pistols and submachine guns|
|Tokarev TT-33||Soviet Union||9×19mm|
|AK-74U||Soviet Union||5.45×39 mm|
|AK-74||Soviet Union||5.45×39 mm|
|AKM||Soviet Union||7.62×39 mm|
|Dragunov SVD|| Soviet Union
|Vehicles and Aircraft|
|Škoda Octavia||Czech Republic||Patrol Car||The latest models issued to the traffic police also known as Patrol. Slowly replacing Toyota Corolla and Camry models.|
|Toyota Corolla||Japan||Patrol Car||Used as primaries.|
|Toyota Camry||Japan||Patrol Car||Used as secondaries.|
|Kia Forte / Cadenza||South Korea||Patrol Car||Gifted by South Korea to the Armenian Patrol Sentry Service Regiment.|
|Chevrolet Sonic / Aveo||United States||Patrol Car||General Department of State Protection of the Police.|
|Hyundai Elantra||South Korea||Patrol Car||Used also by the Military Police.|
|Lada VAZ||Soviet Union||Patrol Car||Currently being replaced. A few are still in service.|
|Lada Priora||Russia||Patrol Car||Used in rare situations.|
|IKCO||Iran||Patrol Car||Used by some units, being replaced widely.|
|Dodge Charger||United States||Patrol Car||Tested in 2019. 300 units being delivered. Not seen in the public.|
|Ford Crown Victoria||United States||Patrol Car||10 Vehicles in service in Yerevan only. Rarely used.|
|Toyota Prado||Japan||Police SUV||Used as a VIP transport. Old variants used by patrol and special units.|
|Hyundai Tucson||South Korea||Police SUV|
|UAZ-469||Soviet Union||Police SUV||Used mostly in rural areas.|
|Chevrolet Niva||Russia United States||Police SUV||Distributed to different divisions.|
|UAZ Patriot||Russia||Police SUV||Used in support roles.|
|Toyota C-HR||Japan||Police SUV||New in service.|
|Chevrolet Tahoe||United States||Unmarked Vehicle||Unmarked.|
|Mercedes-Benz G-Class||Germany||Unmarked Vehicle||Used as VIP transport.|
|Chevrolet Express||United States||Transportation Vehicle||Unmarked transportation vehicle. Also used as prisoner transport.|
|Hyundai Starex||South Korea||Transportation Vehicle||Used by the Armenian Patrol Sentry Service Regiment.|
|GAZelle||Russia||Transportation Vehicle||Used by specialized units. Some unmarked.|
|Toyota Hiace||Japan||Transportation Vehicle||Support roles.|
|UAZ-452||Soviet Union||Transportation Vehicle||Mostly used in support roles.|
|Volkswagen Transporter||Germany||Transportation Vehicle||Limited use.|
|PAZ-3205||Soviet Union||Transportation Vehicle||Used for riot roles and transport.|
|Ural-4320||Soviet Union||Transport / Cargo Truck||Few converted to riot trucks.|
|KamAZ-43501||Russia||Transport / Cargo Truck||Very limited usage.|
|CNHTC Riot Control||China||Riot Control Vehicle||Fitted with armored and riot equipment. Used for riot control.|
|GMC Grumman||United States||Riot Control Vehicle||Fitted with armored and riot equipment. Used for riot control and prisoner transport.|
|GAZ-2975 "Tigr"||Russia||Armored Vehicle||Used by special forces, riot police, and rapid response units.|
|BTR-80||Soviet Union||Armored Personnel Carrier||Used for riot control and counter-terrorism. Most APCs have their guns replaced with water cannons.|
|BRDM-2||Soviet Union||Armored Personnel Carrier||Used for riot control. Guns replaced with water cannons.|
|Mi-8||Soviet Union||Transport Helicopter||Few used by the Armenian Police for transport.|
|Eurocopter EC130||France||Transport Helicopter||Few used for transporting and other operations.|
|Eurocopter EC635 / EC 135||France||Transport Helicopter||Few used for transporting and other operations.|