This is a list of military conflicts in which Hungarian armed forces participated in or took place on the historical territory of Hungary.

The list gives the name, the date, the Hungarian allies and enemies, and the result of these conflicts following this legend:

  Victory
  Defeat
  Result of civil or internal conflict
  A treaty or peace without a clear result, status quo ante bellum, an unknown or indecisive result
  Ongoing conflict

Middle Ages

Wars under the Árpád dynasty's rule

Date Conflict Allies Enemies Result
~800–970 Hungarian invasions of Europe
Hungarian invasions of Europe in the 9–10th century
Hungarian invasions of Europe in the 9–10th century
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Hungarian Tribes
Kingdom of Italy
Flag of the March of Verona and Aquileia.png
East Francia
West Francia
Middle Francia
Great Moravia
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Al-Andalus
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (version by constitution).svg
First Bulgarian Empire
Principality of Serbia
More than a century of raids and decisive wars
  • Between 899–970, according to contemporary sources, the researchers count 47 (38 to West and 9 to East)[1] raids in different parts of Europe. From these campaigns only 8 were unsuccessful and the others ended with success.[2]
  • Many tributes were paid to the Hungarians.
  • Many times the rulers of Europe hired the Hungarian warriors against each other.
  • The most significant result of the Battle of Pressburg is that the Hungarians secured their lands in 907, prevented a future German invasion, the Germans did not attack Hungarian land until 1030.
  • The Hungarians also used a preemptive war against the Germans and the German unification.
  • A Hungarian army was defeated in German land at the Battle of Lechfeld in 955. Seven years later Otto I was rewarded for stopping the Hungarians and he was crowned Emperor by Pope John XII in 962 and the Holy Roman Empire (962–1806) was established.[1]
  • The Hungarian military presence stabilized the Hungarian state in the Carpathian Basin.
811 Battle of Pliska
The Battle of Pliska (Manasses Chronicle, 12th century)
The Battle of Pliska (Manasses Chronicle, 12th century)
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (version by constitution).svg
First Bulgarian Empire
Hungarian Tribes
Avar mercenaries
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Decisive Bulgarian victory
~830 Hungarian – Khazar War Hungarian Tribes Khazars Hungarian victory
894 Byzantine – Bulgarian War
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Hungarian Tribes
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (version by constitution).svg
First Bulgarian Empire
895 Campaign of Kiev
The Hungarians at Kiev (painting by Pál Vágó, 1885)
The Hungarians at Kiev (painting by Pál Vágó, 1885)
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Hungarian Tribes
Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
Kievan Rus'
Hungarian victory
~895–902 Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Hungarian Tribes
Flag of the March of Verona and Aquileia.png
East Francia
Great Moravia
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (version by constitution).svg
First Bulgarian Empire
Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin
899 Battle of Brenta
Hungarian mounted archer shooting a knight who chases him (fresco in Basilica of Aquileia, 12th century)
Hungarian mounted archer shooting a knight who chases him (fresco in Basilica of Aquileia, 12th century)
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Kingdom of Italy Hungarian victory
  • Berengar I of Italy accepts to pay tribute. He started to pay to the Hungarian tribute regularly, and until his death in 924, and in exchange the Hungarians helped him against every enemies that he had. The Hungarians became Berengar's friends.
  • The returning Hungarian army had a role also in the conquering of Pannonia, as part of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin, from the Bavarians by the Hungarians in late 900.
901 Carinthian campaign
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Flag of the March of Verona and Aquileia.png
East Francia
Duchy of Carinthia
Hungarian victory
  • Both sides suffered a heavy casualties at the Battle of Laibach, Duke Eberhard and Duke Gottfried died.
  • After the battle, Hungarian raid to Carinthia, Carniola, Styria.
907 Battle of Pressburg / Pozsony
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Flag of the March of Verona and Aquileia.png
East Francia
Armoiries Bavière.svg
Duchy of Bavaria
Decisive Hungarian victory
  • The most significant result of the Battle of Pressburg is that the Hungarians secured the lands they gained during the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin, and prevented a future German invasion, the Germans did not attack Hungary until 1030.
  • This battle is considered one of the most significant battles in the history of Hungary. The Hungarian victory forced the new Bavarian prince, Luitpold's son, Arnulf to conclude a peace treaty, the prince recognized the loss of Pannonia and Ostmark, pushing Hungary's borders deep in Bavarian territory, the river Enns became borderline, paid tribute, and agreed to let the Hungarian armies, which went to war against Germany or other countries in Western Europe, to pass through the duchies lands.
  • The establishment of the future Kingdom of Hungary.
908 Battle of Eisenach
Hungarian horse archers, a detail of the Arrival of the Hungarians (Feszty Panorama) (painting by Árpád Feszty, 1894)
Hungarian horse archers, a detail of the Arrival of the Hungarians (Feszty Panorama) (painting by Árpád Feszty, 1894)
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Flag of the March of Verona and Aquileia.png
East Francia
Hungarian victory
  • After this victory the Hungarian campaigns against the German duchies continued until 910, the battles of Augsburg and Rednitz, ended with disastrous German defeats, after which the German king Louis the Child concluded peace with the Principality of Hungary, accepting to pay tribute to the latter, and recognizing the Hungarian territorial gains during the war.[1]
910 Battle of Lechfeld / Augsburg
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Flag of the March of Verona and Aquileia.png
East Francia
Swabia
Hungarian victory
910 Battle of Rednitz
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Flag of the March of Verona and Aquileia.png
East Francia
Duchy of Franconia
Duchy of Lotharingia
Armoiries Bavière.svg
Duchy of Bavaria
Hungarian victory
917 Battle of Achelous
The Bulgarian victory at Anchialus (13th century)
The Bulgarian victory at Anchialus (13th century)
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (version by constitution).svg
First Bulgarian Empire
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Pechenegs
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Bulgarian victory
919 Battle of Püchen
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Flag of the March of Verona and Aquileia.png
East Francia
Hungarian victory
933 Battle of Merseburg / Riade
Henry the Fowler fights against the Hungarians, (Sächsische Weltchronik, 1270)
Henry the Fowler fights against the Hungarians, (Sächsische Weltchronik, 1270)
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Flag of the March of Verona and Aquileia.png
East Francia
German victory
934 Battle of W.l.n.d.r
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Pechenegs
Muslim auxiliary troops
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (version by constitution).svg
First Bulgarian Empire
Muslims converted to Christianity
Decisive Hungarian – Pecheneg victory
942 Battle of Fraxinet
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Muslims Hungarian victory
955 Battle of Lechfeld / Augsburg
Miniature of the story of Lehel's Horn (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Miniature of the story of Lehel's Horn (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Flag of the March of Verona and Aquileia.png
Kingdom of Germany
Coat of arms of Lower Saxony.svg
Duchy of Saxony
Duchy of Thuringia
Armoiries Bavière.svg
Duchy of Bavaria
Duchy of Swabia
Přemyslovci erb.svg
Duchy of Bohemia
Hungarian defeat
  • Upon destruction of the Hungarian forces, the German army proclaimed Otto I father of the fatherland and emperor.[8] In 962, on the strength of this, Otto I went to Rome and had himself crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope John XII.[9]
  • End of the Hungarian invasions towards the West.
960 Battle of Drina
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Principality of Serbia Serbian victory
  • Hungarian leader named Kisa was defeated by Časlav, the Prince of Serbia.
960 Battle of Syrmia
Illustration of Časlav being thrown into the Sava by the Hungarians (19th century)
Illustration of Časlav being thrown into the Sava by the Hungarians (19th century)
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Principality of Serbia Hungarian victory
  • A Hungarian army defeated Časlav, the Prince of Serbia by avenge of the widow of Kisa.
970 Battle of Arcadiopolis
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
Kievan Rus'
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (version by constitution).svg
First Bulgarian Empire
Pechenegs
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Byzantine victory
  • End of the Hungarian invasions of Europe.
984 Hungarian – German border conflict at Melk
Leopold the Illustrious fighting the Hungarians and defending Melk (Babenberger Stammbaum, 1489–1492)
Leopold the Illustrious fighting the Hungarians and defending Melk (Babenberger Stammbaum, 1489–1492)
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Altösterreich Adalbert Babenberger Stammbaum.svg
Margraviate of Austria
Hungarian defeat
997 Koppány's revolt
The execution of Koppány (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
The execution of Koppány (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Principality of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Koppány's Army Koppány's defeat
1002 King Stephen I's military campaign against Gyula of Transylvania
King Saint Stephen of Hungary captures his uncle Gyula, the ruler of Transylvania (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
King Saint Stephen of Hungary captures his uncle Gyula, the ruler of Transylvania (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Hungarian Royal Army
Gyula III of Transylvania Successful campaign of King Saint Stephen of Hungary
1008 (?),

1029 (?)

King Stephen I's military campaign against Ajtony, a tribal leader in the Banat
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Ajtony's Army Successful campaign, Ajtony's defeat
1017–1018 Hungarian – Polish war
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg
Duchy of Poland
Stalemate
~1018 Pecheneg attack against Hungary
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Pecheneg tribes Hungarian victory
1018 Hungarian – Bulgarian War
King Saint Stephen of Hungary defeats Kean "Duke of the Bulgarians and Slavs" (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
King Saint Stephen of Hungary defeats Kean "Duke of the Bulgarians and Slavs" (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (version by constitution).svg
First Bulgarian Empire
Hungarian – Byzantine victory
1018 The intervention of Boleslaw the Brave, Duke of Poland in the Kievan succession crisis
POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg
Duchy of Poland
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Pechenegs
Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
Kievan Rus'
Temporary victory for Sviatopolk and Bolesław, Polish sack of Kiev
1030–1031 Emperor Conrad II's military campaign against Hungary
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Hungarian victory
1041 Uprising against King Peter Orseolo
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Hungarian Army
Hungarian nobles Suppression of King Peter
1042–1043 German – Hungarian wars
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Hungarian defeat
1044 Henry III's military campaign against Hungary
Battle of Ménfő, on the right side of the picture Emperor Henry III gives thanks for victory, on the left a soldier executes King Samuel Aba (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Battle of Ménfő, on the right side of the picture Emperor Henry III gives thanks for victory, on the left a soldier executes King Samuel Aba (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
The army of King Samuel Aba
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Peter Orseolo and his allies
Defeat of Samuel Aba, restoration of Peter
1046 War between King Peter and Prince Andrew
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
King Peter's army
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Prince Andrew's army
Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
Kievan Rus'
Hungarian victory
1046 Vata pagan uprising
Pagans slaughtering priests and the martyrdom of Bishop Gerard of Csanád (Anjou Legendarium, 1330)
Pagans slaughtering priests and the martyrdom of Bishop Gerard of Csanád (Anjou Legendarium, 1330)
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
King Peter, later King Andrew I
Paganic rebels Prince Andrew's victory
  • During this rebellion, Vata gained power over a group of rebels who wished to abolish Christian rule and revert to paganism.
  • Bishop Gerard of Csanád invited Vazul's exiled sons to the country.
  • Prince Andrew and Levente returned to Hungary from their exile and quickly gained popular support for the throne, especially among the pagan populace, despite the fact that Andrew was Christian (Levente had remained pagan). On their return, a rebellion began, which Andrew and Levente initially supported. The princes accepted the claims of the rebellers in exchange for fighting against King Peter.
  • King Peter decided to flee from Hungary and take refuge in Austria. Andrew's envoys tricked the king before he reached the frontier. King Peter fled to a fortified manor at Zámoly, but his opponents captured him. King Peter was blinded, which caused his death.
  • The pagans slaughtered priests and Bishop Gerard of Csanád.
  • Prince Andrew pronounced himself king.
  • King Andrew soon broke with his pagan supporters, restored Christianity and declared pagan rites illegal.
1051–1052
  • 1051
  • 1052
Emperor Henry III's military campaigns against Hungary
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Přemyslovci erb.svg
Duchy of Bohemia
Hungarian victory
1056–1058 German – Hungarian border war
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Stalemate, treaty of Marchfeld
1060 Civil war between King Andrew I and his brother, Prince Béla
  • Battle of Moson
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
King Andrew I's army
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Prince Béla's army
POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg
Kingdom of Poland
Prince Béla's victory
1061 Second paganic uprising
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Hungarian army
Paganic rebels Uprising suppressed
1063 German invasion of Hungary
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Hungarian defeat
1067 Croatian campaign
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Duchy of Carinthia Hungarian victory
1068 Hungarian – Bohemian war
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Přemyslovci erb.svg
Duchy of Bohemia
King Solomon of Hungary occupies Bohemia[12][13]
1068 Pecheneg attack against Hungary
Saint Ladislaus is fighting a duel with a Cuman warrior (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Saint Ladislaus is fighting a duel with a Cuman warrior (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Pechenegs
Ouzes
Hungarian victory
1071–1072 Hungarian – Byzantine war
King Solomon and Prince Géza receive gifts from the locals at Niš (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
King Solomon and Prince Géza receive gifts from the locals at Niš (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Pechenegs
Hungarian victory
  • Pecheneg troops pillaged Syrmia in 1071. The king and the duke suspected that the soldiers of the Byzantine garrison at Belgrade incited the marauders against Hungary, they decided to attack the fortress.
  • The Hungarian army crossed the river Sava, although the Byzantines used Greek fire against their boats. The Hungarians defeated the Pechenegs who helped the Byzantines to relief the siege. Finally the Hungarians took Belgrade after a siege of three months.
  • King Solomon and Prince Géza marched along the valley of the river Great Morava as far as Niš. The Hungarians seized the Byzantine city without any resistance.[14]
1074 Civil war between King Solomon and his cousins Géza and Ladislaus
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
King Solomon's army
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Přemyslovci erb.svg
Duchy of Bohemia
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Prince Géza's army
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Prince Ladislaus's army
Banner of the Margraviate of Moravia.svg
Prince Otto's army
Prince Géza and Ladislaus defeat the armies of King Solomon and Emperor Henry IV. King Solomon was dethroned.
1075 Henry IV's military campaign against Hungary
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Solomon's army
Hungarian victory
1079 Henry IV's military campaign against King Saint Ladislaus
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Hungarian victory[15]
1085 Cuman attack against Hungary
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Cuman tribes
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Solomon's army
Hungarian victory
  • The first five Hungarian saints, including the first king of Hungary, Stephen I, and Stephen's son, Emeric, were canonized during Ladislaus's reign. Ladislaus released Solomon at the time of the ceremony. After his release, Solomon made a final effort to regain his crown. He persuaded a Cuman chieftain, Kutesk, to invade Hungary. Solomon promised Kutesk, that he would give him the right of possession over the province of Transylvania and would take his daughter as wife. King Ladislaus defeated the invaders.
  • At the head of a large contingent Solomon joined a huge army of Cumans and Pechenegs who invaded the Byzantine Empire in 1087. The Byzantines routed the invaders, Solomon seems to have died fighting in the battlefield.
1091 Hungarian occupation of Croatia
King Saint Ladislaus of Hungary crosses the river Drava to conquer Croatia (painting by Bertalan Székely, 19th century)
King Saint Ladislaus of Hungary crosses the river Drava to conquer Croatia (painting by Bertalan Székely, 19th century)
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coa Croatia Country History.svg
Kingdom of Croatia
Hungarian victory
  • The widow of King Zvonimir, Helen tried to keep her power in Croatia during the succession crisis. Several Dalmatian cities and Croatian nobles around Helen asked King Ladislaus I to help Helen and offered him the Croatian throne, which was seen as rightfully his by inheritance rights.
  • In 1091 Ladislaus I crossed the Drava river and conquered the entire province of Slavonia without encountering opposition, Ladislaus I had success in his campaign, yet he wasn't able to establish his control over entire Croatia.
  • Ladislaus I appointed his nephew Prince Álmos to administer the controlled area of Croatia, established the Diocese of Zagreb as a symbol of his new authority and went back to Hungary.
  • Petar Snačić uprised against the Hungarian rule between 1093–1097.
1091 Cuman attack against Hungary
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Cuman tribes Hungarian victory
1091 Battle near Severin / Szörényvár against the Cumans
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Cuman tribes Hungarian victory
1092 Ruthenian campaign by King Saint Ladislaus
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
Kievan Rus'
Hungarian victory
1094 King Ladislaus I's intervention in a conflict between Władysław I Herman, Duke of Poland, and the duke's illegitimate son, Zbigniew.
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg
Kingdom of Poland
Hungarian victory
1095 Campaign in Apulia
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Arms of Philippe de Tarente.svg
Principality of Taranto
Hungarian victory
1096 King Coloman's defensive operations against the different armies of the crusaders
King Coloman's meeting with Godfrey of Bouillon (13th century)
King Coloman's meeting with Godfrey of Bouillon (13th century)
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
French and German crusaders Hungarian victories
  • The first group of crusaders was led by Walter Sans Avoir with 150,000 troops. King Coloman received them in a friendly way and allowed them into the kingdom. They proceeded through Hungary without any major conflicts, the only incident occurred near the Hungarian–Byzantine border at Zimony.[19]
  • The next group was headed by Peter the Hermit with 40,000 troops. King Coloman permitted them to enter Hungary only after Peter pledged that he would prevent them from pillaging the countryside, but Peter could not keep his promise, the crusaders plundered and raped locals. They reached Zimony, where they learned of the story of the previous conflict. The crusaders besieged and took the town, where they massacred many thousand Hungarians. They only withdrew when Coloman's troops approached them.[19]
  • The third band of crusaders was led by Folkmar with 12,000 men reached Nyitra and when they saw the richness of the countryside they began plundering the region. These were soon routed by the local Hungarians.[19]
  • A fourth army that came to Moson was led by Gottschalk with 15,000 men. They camped near Pannonhalma, to seize food and wine, the crusaders made frequent pillaging raids against the nearby settlements. King Coloman attacked and massacred the majority of them. The crusader mob of Gottschalk fled with 3,000 men from Hungary.[19]
  • Following these incidents, King Coloman forbade the crusaders who arrived under the leadership of Count Emicho with 200,000 men to enter Hungary. The crusaders besieged Moson, their catapults destroyed the walls in two places, enabling them to storm into the fortress. King Coloman defended the fortress. After six weeks the morale of the crusader mob began to fail, which inspired the Hungarians, a panic broke out among the attackers that enabled the garrison to carry out a sortie and rout them, and most of the mob was slaughtered or drowned in the river. [19]
  • The first crusader army organized by the Holy See was led by Godfrey of Bouillon with 80,000 troops. King Coloman agreed to meet with Godfrey in Sopron. The king allowed the crusaders to march through his kingdom but stipulated that Godfrey's younger brother Baldwin and his family should stay with him as hostages. The crusaders passed through Hungary peacefully along the right bank of the Danube, King Coloman and his army followed them on the left bank. He only released his hostages after all the crusaders had crossed the river Sava. The uneventful march of the main crusader army across Hungary established Coloman's good reputation throughout Europe.[19]
1096 Occupation of Biograd na Moru / Tengerfehérvár
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coa Croatia Country History.svg
Kingdom of Croatia
Hungarian occupation of Biograd na Moru
1097 Battle of Gvozd Mountain
Death of the Last Croatian King (painting by Oton Iveković, 1894)
Death of the Last Croatian King (painting by Oton Iveković, 1894)
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coa Croatia Country History.svg
Kingdom of Croatia
Decisive Hungarian victory
1098–1099 King Coloman's war against the Kievan Rus'
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Davyd Ihorevych's army
Mstyslav Sviatopolkovych's army
Pecheneg tribes
Hungarian defeat
1105 Siege of Zara and occupation of Dalmatia
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Dalmatian cities
Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Hungarian victory
1107 Campaign in Apulia
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Arms of Philippe de Tarente.svg
Principality of Taranto
Hungarian victory
1108 Hungarian war with the Holy Roman Empire
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Přemyslovci erb.svg
Duchy of Bohemia
Hungarian victory
1115–1119 Hungarian – Venetian wars
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Hungarian defeat
1123 Stephen II's intervention in the Kievan Rus' internal conflict
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary

Iaroslav from Vladimir

Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
Kievan Rus'
Hungarian retreat
1124–1125 Hungarian – Venetian war
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Hungarian defeat
1127–1129 Byzantine-Hungarian War (1127–29)
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Grand Principality of Serbia
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Stalemate, peace agreement
1132 Hungarian – Polish war[22]
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Austria coat of arms simple.svg
Duchy of Austria
POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg
Kingdom of Poland
Hungarian victory
1136–1137 Béla II's balcanic campaigns (against Venice and the Byzantine Empire)
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Hungarian victory
1146 Battle of the Fischa
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Armoiries Bavière.svg
Duchy of Bavaria
Austria coat of arms simple.svg
Duchy of Austria
Hungarian victory
1149–1152 Géza II's intervention in the conflict between the Principality of Halych and Kievan Rus'
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Kievan Rus'
Alex K Halych-Volynia.svg
Principality of Halych
Peace agreement
1148–1155 Hungarian – Byzantine wars
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Grand Principality of Serbia
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Ceasefire
1162–1165 Hungarian civil war between Stephen III and his uncles Ladislaus and Stephen
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Ladislaus and Stephen's army

Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire

Stephen III's victory
1167 Battle of Sirmium
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Banate of Bosnia
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Serbian Grand Principality
Decisive Byzantine victory, Hungary lost Dalmatia
1168 Hungarian – Bohemian war
Coat of arms of the Árpád dynasty of Hungary (c. 855–1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Přemyslovci erb.svg
Duchy of Bohemia
Hungarian victory
1176 Battle of Myriokephalon
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Coa Hungary Country History Bela III (1172-1196).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Banner of the Principality of Antioch.png
Principality of Antioch
Grand Principality of Serbia
Sultanate of Rum Seljuk victory
  • Military balance maintained.
1180–1184 Hungarian – Byzantine war
Coa Hungary Country History Bela III (1172-1196).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Hungarian victory, Hungary reoccupied Dalmatia
1188–1189 King Béla III's military campaign against Halych
Coa Hungary Country History Bela III (1172-1196).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Alex K Halych-Volynia.svg
Principality of Halych
Hungarian victory, occupation of Halych
1190 Battle of Iconium
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Coa Hungary Country History Bela III (1172-1196).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Sultanate of Rum Crusader victory
1197–1199 Civil war between King Emeric and his brother Andrew
Coa Hungary Country History Imre (1196-1204).svg
Emeric's army
Coa Hungary Country History Andrew II (1205-1235).svg
Andrew's army
Emeric's victory
1201–1205 Emeric's balcanic wars
Coa Hungary Country History Imre (1196-1204).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of arms of the Second Bulgarian Empire.svg
Second Bulgarian Empire
Grand Principality of Serbia

Bosnia

Hungarian victories
1202 Siege of Zara
The crusaders conquering the City of Zara in 1202 (painting by Andrea Vicentino, 16th century)
The crusaders conquering the City of Zara in 1202 (painting by Andrea Vicentino, 16th century)
Coa Hungary Country History Imre (1196-1204).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coa Croatia Country History.svg
Kingdom of Croatia
St George
Soldiers of the Fourth Crusade
Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Hungarian defeat
  • Venetians and Crusaders sacked the city
1213–1214, 1219,

1233–1234

King Andrew II's military campaigns against Halych
Coa Hungary Country History Andrew II (1205-1235).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Alex K Halych-Volynia.svg
Principality of Halych
Hungarian retreat
1217–1218 King Andrew II's participation in the Fifth crusade
  • Battle of Bethsaida
King Andrew II at the head of his crusader army (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
King Andrew II at the head of his crusader army (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Coa Hungary Country History Andrew II (1205-1235).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Austria coat of arms simple.svg
Duchy of Austria
Blason Empire Latin de Constantinople.svg
Latin Empire of Constantinople
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg
Ayyubids
Hungarian victories on the battlefields. Muslim forces retreated to their fortresses and towns.
1225 King Andrew II expels the Teutonic Knights from Transylvania, the order had to move to Poland
Coa Hungary Country History Andrew II (1205-1235).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Teuton flag.svg
Teutonic Knights
Hungarian victory
1237–1241 Bosnian Crusade The Hungarian successes were followed by quick Hungarian retreat because of the Mongol invasion of Hungary
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Coloman of Galicia-Lodomeria
"Heretics" within the Banate of Bosnia Stalemate after the quick Hungarian retreat due to the Mongol attacks
1241 Battle of Mohi
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Mongols Hungarian defeat
1241–1242 First Mongol invasion of Hungary
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Mongols Mongol victory at the Battle of Mohi. Mongols retreated within a year from Hungary due to the local Hungarian withstand. Both sides suffered a heavy casualties.[23]
1242 Battle of Grobnik Field
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coa Croatia Country History.svg
Kingdom of Croatia
Mongols Hungarian – Croatian victory[23]
1242 King Béla IV's punishing campaign against Frederick II, Duke of Austria
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Austria coat of arms simple.svg
Duchy of Austria
Hungarian victory[24]
1243 Siege of Zara
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Hungarian defeat
1246 Battle of the Leitha River
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Austria coat of arms simple.svg
Duchy of Austria
Hungarian victory
1250–1278 Hungarian – Bohemian wars
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
Kingdom of Bohemia
Austria coat of arms simple.svg
Duchy of Austria
Bohemian defeat
1259 Battle of Pelagonia Empire of Nicaea
Cuman cavalry
Hungarian mounted archers
Turkish cavalry
Serbian horsemen
German knights
Tocco stemma.svg
Despotate of Epirus
Coa Greece Country History Principality of Achaea.svg
Principality of Achaea
Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Athens (de la Roche family).svg
Duchy of Athens
Coat of Arms of the House of Sanudo.svg
Duchy of the Archipelago
Triarchy of Negroponte
Arms of the Aragonese Kings of Sicily (Shape Variant).svg
Kingdom of Sicily
Decisive Nicaean victory
1261–1262 Occupation of Konstantin Tih's Bulgarian Empire by King Béla IV.
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of arms of the Second Bulgarian Empire.svg
Second Bulgarian Empire
Hungarian victory[25][26]
1264–1265 Internal conflict between King Béla IV and his son, Stephen
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
King Béla IV's army
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Duke Stephen's army
Stephen's victory, he got eastern Hungary as a duchy
1268 Mačva War Béla IV 's army captures Stefan Uroš I. Their conflict was solved with dynastic marriage. Béla IV of Hungary  Kingdom of Serbia (medieval), Stefan Uroš I Hungarian victory
1272–1279 Feudal anarchy
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
King Ladislaus IV
Csák noble family
Kőszegi noble family
Gutkeled noble family
Royal victory
1277 Stefan Dragutin – Stefan Uroš I conflict Stefan Dragutin
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
 Kingdom of Serbia (medieval) Stefan Uroš I Hungarian victory
1277 Hungary's war with Litovoi in Cumania
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Litovoi's army Hungarian victory
1278 Battle on the Marchfeld, at Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Austria coat of arms simple.svg
Duchy of Austria
Kingdom of Germany
Burgraviate of Nuremberg
Royal banner of the Kingdom of Bohemia.svg
Czech lands
Duchy of Głogów
Duchy of Lower Bavaria
Duchy of Silesia
Decisive Hungarian – German victory
1282 Cumanic uprising
Cumans arriving to Hungary (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Cumans arriving to Hungary (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Cumanic tribes Hungarian victory
1285–1286 Second Mongol invasion of Hungary
Mongols in Hungary in 1285 (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Mongols in Hungary in 1285 (Chronicon Pictum, 1358)
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Golden Horde flag 1339.svg
Golden Horde
Decisive Hungarian victory
1291 German – Hungarian war
Coa Hungary Country History Endre III (1290-1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Hungarian victory
1290–1301 Croato–Hungarian war of succession after the death of king Ladislaus IV of Hungary and Croatia
Coa Hungary Country History (855-1301).svg
Árpád dynasty
Šubić family
Arms of Jean dAnjou.svg
House of Anjou
Kőszegi family
Indecisive
  • Árpáds were winning militarily, but Andrew III's death in 1301 extinguished the Árpád dynasty and triggered the Árpád war of succession in Hungary (1301–1308)
  • Paul I Šubić of Bribir became de facto independent ruler of Croatia
1298 Battle of Göllheim
Austria coat of arms simple.svg
Duchy of Austria
Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
Kingdom of Bohemia
Coa Hungary Country History Endre III (1290-1301).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
County of Nassau
Electoral Palatinate
Habsburg victory

Wars between 1301 and 1526

Date Conflict Allies Enemies Result
1301–1308 Árpád war of succession, after the extinction of the Árpád dynasty
Coa Hungary Country History Charles I (1310-1342).svg
Charles Robert of Anjou
Austria coat of arms simple.svg
Duchy of Austria
Matthew III Csák's army
László Kán's army
Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
Kingdom of Bohemia
Armoiries Bavière.svg
Duchy of Bavaria
Kőszegi Hungarian noble family
Angevin victory
  • Charles Robert of Anjou became Hungarian king
1310–1321 King Charles I's wars for the centralized power against the Hungarian aristocracy
Coa Hungary Country History Charles I (1310-1342).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Flag of the Order of St. John (various).svg
Order of Saint John
Zipser Saxons
Matthew III Csák
Aba dynasty
Borsa family
Apor family
Kőszegi family
Royal victory
  • Centralization of the Hungarian Kingdom
1312 Battle of Rozgony
Coa Hungary Country History Charles I (1310-1342).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Flag of the Order of St. John (various).svg
Order of Saint John
Zipser Saxons
Aba dynasty
Matthew III Csák
Decisive victory for King Charles I, weakening of the magnates
1319 Belgrade and Banate of Mačva
Coa Hungary Country History Charles I (1310-1342).svg
Charles I of Hungary
 Kingdom of Serbia (medieval), Stefan Milutin Victory for Charles I
1322–1337 Hungarian – Austrian War, restoration of the western borders, defeat of Austria, Kőszegi and Babonić families
Coa Hungary Country History Charles I (1310-1342).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Austria coat of arms simple.svg
Duchy of Austria
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Kőszegi family
Babonić Croatian noble family
Hungarian victory
1321–1324 Hungarian–Serbian War
Coa Hungary Country History Charles I (1310-1342).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Bosnia
Stephen Vladislav II of Syrmia
 Kingdom of Serbia (medieval) Hungarian defeat
1330 Battle of Posada
Coa Hungary Country History Charles I (1310-1342).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coa Romania Country Wallachia History 2 (14th century).svg
Wallachia
Hungarian defeat
  • The Wallachian army led by Basarab, formed of cavalry, peasants and foot archers, ambushed and defeated the 30,000-strong Hungarian army, in a mountainous region
1344 King Louis the Great's invasion and occupation of Wallachia and Moldavia[27]
Coa Hungary Country History Lajos I (1364).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coa Romania Country Wallachia History 2 (14th century).svg
Wallachia
Coat of arms of Moldavia.svg
Moldavia
Hungarian victory, Wallachia and Moldavia became vassal states of King Louis the Great[28]
1345–1358 Hungarian – Venetian War, Venice had to pay annual tribute to Louis. Venetians also had to raise the Angevin flag on Piazza San Marco.
Coa Hungary Country History Lajos I (1364).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Decisive Hungarian victory Treaty of Zadar
1345 Hungary's war with the Golden Horde
Coa Hungary Country History Lajos I (1364).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Golden Horde flag 1339.svg
Golden Horde
Hungarian victory
  • The Golden Horde was pushed back behind the Dniester River, the Golden Horde's control of the lands between the Eastern Carpathians and the Black Sea weakened
  • The establishment of Moldavia in 1346 as a Hungarian vassal state.
1347–1349, 1350–1352 Hungarian-Naples Wars
Coa Hungary Country History Lajos I (1364).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Arms of Jean dAnjou.svg
Kingdom of Naples
First campaign: temporary Hungarian victory
Second campaign: status quo ante bellum
1348 Battle of Capua
Coa Hungary Country History Lajos I (1364).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Arms of Jean dAnjou.svg
Kingdom of Naples
Hungarian victory, occupation of the kingdom
1360–1369 Louis I's balcanic wars (against Serbia, Bulgaria, Wallachia and Bosnia)
Coa Hungary Country History Lajos I (1364).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
 Serbian Empire
Coat of arms of the Second Bulgarian Empire.svg
Second Bulgarian Empire
Bosnia
Wallachia Wallachia
Temporary Hungarian victories
1366–1367 Hungarian – Ottoman War
Coa Hungary Country History Lajos I (1364).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason duche fr Savoie.svg
 Duchy of Savoya
Wappen Padua.png
 Padova
Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg
Kingdom of France
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
War Flag of the Ottoman Empire (c. 1500–1793).svg
Ottoman Empire
BG-gerb1483.png
Second Bulgarian Empire
Christian victory
1369 Wallachian campaign
Coa Hungary Country History Lajos I (1364).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coa Romania Country Wallachia History 2 (14th century).svg
Wallachia
Hungarian victory
1372–1381 War of Chioggia, Hungary defeated the Venetians in several times, and finally expelled Venetians from Dalmatia, however Genoa, Padoa and Austria lost the War. The war resulted in the Treaty of Turin (1381)
Coa Hungary Country History Lajos I (1364).svg
Kingdom of Hungary

Wappen Padua.png
 Padua
Flag of Genoa.svg
Republic of Genoa
Armoiries Habsbourg.svg
Duchy of Austria

Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Flag of Milan.svg
Milan
War Flag of the Ottoman Empire (c. 1500–1793).svg
 Ottoman Empire
Armoiries Chypre.svg
 Kingdom of Cyprus
Hungarian victory, Venice had to pay annual tribute to King of Hungary
1375–1377 Hungarian–Ottoman War
Victory of Louis the Great of Hungary against the Ottomans in Bulgaria
Victory of Louis the Great of Hungary against the Ottomans in Bulgaria
Coa Hungary Country History Lajos I (1364).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png
Second Bulgarian Empire
Hungarian victory
1377 Hungarian – Lithuanian war
Coa Hungary Country History Lajos I (1364).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of Arms of Lithuania.svg
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Hungarian victory, Louis I enters Vilnius[29]
1384–1394 Civil war between a part of the Hungarian nobility and Mary, Queen of Hungary and Sigismund king
Coa Hungary Country History Charles I (1310-1342).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Horváti family
Arms of Jean dAnjou.svg
Kingdom of Naples
Sigismund's victory
1394–1395 Wallachian campaign
Sigismund Arms Hungarian Czech per pale.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coa Romania Country Wallachia History 2 (14th century).svg
Wallachia
Wallachia became a Hungarian vassal, Mircea I the Great accepted the lordship of King Sigismund without any fight.
1394–1395 Moldavian campaign
Sigismund Arms Hungarian Czech per pale.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of arms of Moldavia.svg
Moldavia
Hungarian victory
1396 Battle of Nicopolis
Battle of Nicopolis (painting by Sébastien Mamerot, 1472–1475)
Battle of Nicopolis (painting by Sébastien Mamerot, 1472–1475)
Sigismund Arms Hungarian Czech per pale.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Flag of France (XIV-XVI).svg
Kingdom of France
Flag of the Order of St. John (various).svg
Knights Hospitaller
Arms of Eudes de Bourgogne.svg
Duchy of Burgundy
Arms of the House of Savoy-Aosta.svg
Duchy of Savoy
Coa Romania Country Wallachia History 2 (14th century).svg
Wallachia
Coat of Arms of the Crown of Bohemia.png
Lands of the Bohemian Crown
Coat of Arms of the Polish Crown.svg
Kingdom of Poland
Coa Croatia Country History.svg
Kingdom of Croatia
Early Swiss cross.svg
Swiss Confederacy
Flag of England.svg
Kingdom of England
Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Flag of Genoa.svg
Republic of Genoa
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg
Crown of Castile
Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Crown of Aragon
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Navarre.svg
Kingdom of Navarre
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png
Second Bulgarian Empire
Insignia Germany Order Teutonic.svg
Teutonic Order
Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century.svg
Byzantine Empire
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Coat of arms of Moravian Serbia.svg
Moravian Serbia
Crusader defeat
  • King Sigismund of Hungary had experience fighting with the Ottomans, but the French knights refused his battle plan. The French knights rushed to the Ottoman lines, while the other allies stayed with the Hungarian forces under King Sigismund, this caused confusion and divided the strength of the Crusader army.
  • Ottomans defeat Crusades and no new Anti-Ottoman alliance is formed till the 1440s.
  • Ottomans maintain pressure on Constantinople, tightened control over the Balkans, and became a greater threat to central Europe.
  • Collapse of Second Bulgarian Empire.
1407–1408 Bosnian campaign
  • Battle of Dobor
Sigismund Arms Hungarian Czech per pale.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of arms of Kingdom of Bosnia.svg
Kingdom of Bosnia
Hungarian victory
1411–1433 Hungarian – Venetian War
Sigismund Arms Hungarian Czech per pale.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Flag of Milan.svg
Milan
Flag of the Republic of Venice.svg
Republic of Venice
Dalmatia became part of Venice
1415–1419 Hungarian – Ottoman War
Sigismund Arms Hungarian Czech per pale.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Stalemate
1419–1434 Hussite Wars
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Sigismund Arms Hungarian Czech per pale.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Hussites Eventual defeat for Radical Hussites, victory for Moderate Hussites
1428–1432 War of the South Danube
Sigismund Arms Hungarian Czech per pale.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of arms of Wallachia Voivodship.png
Wallachia
Alex K Grundwald flags 1410-03.svg
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Armistice
1437 Transylvanian peasant revolt of Budai Nagy Antal
Sigismund Arms Hungarian Czech per pale.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Transilvanian peasants Defeat of the rebels
1437–1442 Hungarian–Ottoman border conflicts, Ottoman raids in South-Hungary and Transylvania
Coat of Arms of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian victory
1440 Siege of Belgrade
Coa Hungary Country History Vladislaus I (1440–1444).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian victory
1440–1442 Civil war between Wladyslaw I and Ladislaus
Coa Hungary Country History Vladislaus I (1440–1444).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Hungarian nobles
Cillei family and other Hungarian nobles Peace agreement, Wladyslaw is accepted as Hungarian king
1442 Battle of Hermannstadt / Szeben
John Hunyadi is fighting with the Turks (lithography by József Marastoni, 19th century)
John Hunyadi is fighting with the Turks (lithography by József Marastoni, 19th century)
Coa Hungary Country History Vladislaus I (1440–1444).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian victory
  • John Hunyadi marked his third victory over the Ottomans after the relief of Smederevo (1437) and the defeat of Ishak Beg midway between Semendria and Belgrade (1441).
1442 Battle near the Iron Gate / Vaskapu
Coa Hungary Country History Vladislaus I (1440–1444).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian victory
  • John Hunyadi and his 15,000 men defeated the 80,000-strong army of Begler Bey Sehabeddin at Zajkány (Zeicani), near the Iron Gate of the Danube river.
  • Hunyadi gained a huge booty. He put lots of treasures and weapons on a wagon that ten horses could hardly pull and sent it to King Vladislaus I of Hungary to Buda.
1443–1444 Long campaign
Coa Hungary Country History Vladislaus I (1440–1444).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Temporary Hungarian victories.
1443 Battle of Nish
Coa Hungary Country History Vladislaus I (1440–1444).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of Arms of the Polish Crown.svg
Kingdom of Poland
Despot of Serbia.png
Serbian Despotate
Coat of arms of Wallachia Voivodship.png
Wallachia
Coat of arms of Moldavia.svg
Moldavia
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Crusader Victory
1443 Battle of Zlatitsa
Coa Hungary Country History Vladislaus I (1440–1444).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of Arms of the Polish Crown.svg
Kingdom of Poland
Despot of Serbia.png
Serbian Despotate
Coat of arms of the Papal States (Renaissance shape).png
Papal States
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman victory, halting of the Crusader advance
1444 Battle of Kunovica
Coa Hungary Country History Vladislaus I (1440–1444).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of Arms of the Polish Crown.svg
Kingdom of Poland
Despot of Serbia.png
Serbian Despotate
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Crusader Victory
1444 Battle of Varna
Coa Hungary Country History Vladislaus I (1440–1444).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of Arms of the Polish Crown.svg
Kingdom of Poland
Coa Croatia Country History.svg
Kingdom of Croatia
Lesser version of Grand Duchy of Lithuania Coat of Arms.svg
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Coat of Arms of the Crown of Bohemia.png
Crown of Bohemia
Coat of arms of Wallachia Voivodship.png
Wallachia
Coat of Arms of the Emperor of Bulgaria (by Conrad Grünenberg).png
Bulgarian rebels
Coat of arms of Kingdom of Bosnia.svg
Kingdom of Bosnia
Coat of arms of the Papal States (Renaissance shape).png
Papal States
Insignia Germany Order Teutonic.svg
Teutonic Knights
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Crusader defeat
  • Vladislaus I of Hungary, the young king, ignoring Hunyadi's advice, rushed 500 of his Polish knights against the Ottoman center. They attempted to overrun the Janissary infantry and take Murad II prisoner, and almost succeeded, but in front of Murad's tent Vladislaus's horse either fell, and the king was slain.
  • Murad's casualties at Varna were so heavy, it was not until three days later that he realized he was victorious.
  • The Ottoman victory in Varna, followed by the Ottoman victory in the Second Battle of Kosovo in 1448, deterred the European states from sending any substantial military assistance to the Byzantines during the Ottoman Siege of Constantinople in 1453.
1447 Wallachian campaign
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of arms of Wallachia Voivodship.png
Wallachia
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian victory
  • Hunyadi placed Vladislav II on the throne of Wallachia.
  • Hunyadi also drove a small Ottoman army out of Wallachia.
1448 Second Battle of Kosovo / Rigómező
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of arms of Wallachia Voivodship.png
Wallachia
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Coat of arms of Wallachia Voivodship.png
Wallachia (Switched to the Ottoman side on the third day of the battle)[30][31][32][33][34]
Ottoman victory
1456 Siege of Belgrade / Nándorfehérvár
The self-sacrifice of Titusz Dugovics (painting by Sándor Wagner, 1853)
The self-sacrifice of Titusz Dugovics (painting by Sándor Wagner, 1853)
Coa Hungary Country History (15th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian victory
  • The Siege of Belgrade was a major issue for the entire Europe, especially after the fall of Constantinople in 1453. The fall of the fortress city of Belgrade would have opened the gates of Europe to the Turks and that would have certainly changed the history of the world.
  • The Battle of Belgrade deserves to be remembered. Hungarians played a key role in the defense of Europe against the invasion of the Turks in the 15th century.
  • Pope Callixtus III ordered the bells of every European church to be rung every day at noon, as a call for believers to pray for the defenders of the city. But because in many European countries the news of victory arrived before the Pope's order for prayer, the ringing of the church bells was believed to be in celebration of the victory. Therefore, the significance of the church bells ringing is now the commemoration of Hunyadi's victory against the Turks.
  • Plague broke out in the camp, from which John Hunyadi himself died three weeks later.
1458–1459 Matthias I's war with Ján Jiskra
Coa Hungary Country History Mathias Corvinus 5(1458-1490).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Jiskra's soldiers Royal victory
1458–1465 War in Bosnia
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Partial Bosnian territory occupied by the Ottoman Empire.
1460 Battle at Pojejena / Alsópozsgás
Szilagyi Mihaly cimere.jpg
Troops of Michael Szilágyi
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman raiding army of Ali Bey Mihaloğlu
Ottoman victory
1464 Siege of Jajce
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian victory
1465–1471 Hussite uprising in North-Hungary
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Czech hussite rebels Hungarian victory
1467 Hungarian - Moldavian war
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of arms of Moldavia.svg
Moldavia
Moldavian victory [35][36]
1468–1478 Bohemian War (1468-1478)
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
Kingdom of Bohemia
Treaty of Olmütz, Matthias became king of Bohemia
1471 Hungarian – Polish war. King Matthias I forced King Casimir IV to withdraw from Hungary
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of Arms of the Polish Crown.svg
Kingdom of Poland
Hungarian victory
1471–1476 Matthias's intervention in the Moldovian – Ottoman War
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of arms of Moldavia.svg
Moldavia
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
After initial Hungarian-moldavian victories Hungary stopped the advocating of Moldavia, so Stephen III moldavian ruler became vasal of the Ottoman Empire.
1474 Siege of Wrocław / Breslau / Boroszló
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of Arms of the Polish Crown.svg
Kingdom of Poland
Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
Kingdom of Bohemia
Between 1469 and 1490, Wrocław was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. In 1474, the city was besieged by combined Polish–Czech forces. Kings Casimir IV of Poland, his son Vladislaus II of Bohemia, and Matthias Corvinus of Hungary met in the nearby village, and a ceasefire was signed according to which the city remained under Hungarian rule.
1475 Battle of Vaslui
Coat of arms of Moldavia.svg
Moldavia
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coat of Arms of the Polish Crown.svg
Kingdom of Poland
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Coat of arms of Wallachia Voivodship.png
Wallachia
Moldavian–Hungarian–Polish victory
1476 Siege of Šabac / Szabács
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
King Matthias besieged and seized Šabac, an important Ottoman border fort
1479 Battle of Breadfield / Kenyérmező
Battle of Breadfield (Colorized lithography from Eduard Gurk after Ion Osolsobie)
Battle of Breadfield (Colorized lithography from Eduard Gurk after Ion Osolsobie)
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Coat of arms of Wallachia Voivodship.png
Wallachia
Hungarian victory
  • Hungary defeats the highly outnumbered Ottoman army in Transylvania. Ottoman casualties were extremely high. The battle was the most significant victory for the Hungarians against the raiding Ottomans, and as a result, the Ottoman Turks did not attack southern Hungary and Transylvania for many years thereafter.
1480–1481 Battle of Otranto
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Arms of Ferdinand I of Naples.svg
Kingdom of Naples
Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Crown of Aragon
Arms of the Aragonese Kings of Sicily (Shape Variant).svg
Kingdom of Sicily
Coat of arms of the Papal States (Renaissance shape).png
Papal States
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Christian victory
1482–1488 Austrian – Hungarian War
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Decisive Hungarian victory
  • At the end of the campaign, Hungary controlled all of Upper Austria as well, which remained under the control of King Matthias until his death, in 1490.
1485 Siege of Vienna / Bécs
The triumphant Matthias (painting by Gyula Benczúr, 1919)
The triumphant Matthias (painting by Gyula Benczúr, 1919)
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Hungarian victory
  • The Black Army captures Vienna. The city is then merged into Hungary from 1485 to 1490. where Matthias moved his royal court.
1486 Siege of Retz
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Hungarian victory
1486–1487 Siege of Wiener Neustadt / Bécsújhely
Flag of Matthias I of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire
Hungarian victory
  • City surrenders
1490–1491 War of the Hungarian Succession
Coa Hungary Country History (14th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
Kingdom of Bohemia
Coat of Arms of the Polish Crown.svg
Kingdom of Poland
Treaty
1490 Battle of Csontmező The supporters of John Corvinus The supporters of Beatrice of Naples The supporters of Beatrice of Naples, Stephen Báthory and Paul Kinizsi defeated John Corvinus.
1491–1495 Hungarian – Ottoman war
Coa Hungary Country History (14th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Stalemate
1492–1493 The Black Army's uprising
Coa Hungary Country History (14th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Black Army Destruction of the Black Army
1499–1504 Hungarian – Ottoman war
Coa Hungary Country History (14th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Stalemate
1512–1520 Hungarian – Ottoman war
Coa Hungary Country History (14th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Successful defensive operations against the Ottomans
1514 Peasants revolt, led by György Dózsa
The execution of György Dózsa (Stephanus Taurinus: Stauromachia, id est, Cruciatorum servile bellum, 1519)
The execution of György Dózsa (Stephanus Taurinus: Stauromachia, id est, Cruciatorum servile bellum, 1519)
Coa Hungary Country History (14th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Peasants Revolt suppressed
  • Royal power declined in favour of the magnates, who used their power to curtail the peasants' freedom. Gyorgy led a revolt but was eventually caught, tortured, and executed and became known as a martyr or a dangerous criminal.[37]
1521 Siege of Belgrade
Coa Hungary Country History (14th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian defeat
1526 Battle of Mohács
Discovering the Body of King Louis II of Hungary (painting by Bertalan Székely, 1860)
Discovering the Body of King Louis II of Hungary (painting by Bertalan Székely, 1860)
Coa Hungary Country History (14th century).svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian defeat
  • Decisive downward turning point in Hungarian history.
  • Destruction of the Kingdom of Hungary as an independent and powerful European nation.
  • The territory of Hungary was split into two parts in 1529 and into three parts in 1541.
  • Around two hundred years of constant warfare with and between two empires, Habsburg and Ottoman, turned Hungary into a perpetual battlefield. The countryside was regularly ravaged by armies moving back and forth devastating the population.

Wars between 1526 and 1699

Date Conflict Allies Enemies Result
1532 Siege of Kőszeg / Güns
Siege of Güns (Edward Schön)
Siege of Güns (Edward Schön)
Coat of Arms of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coa Croatia Country History (Fojnica Armorial).svg
Kingdom of Croatia
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian victory
  • Captain Jurisics Miklós defended the small border fort of Kőszeg with only 700–800 men (46 soldiers, 700 peasants) with no cannons and few guns, preventing the advance of the 120,000–140,000 strong Turkish army towards Vienna.
1532 Battle of Leobersdorf
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg
Habsburg monarchy
Coat of Arms of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Coat of arms of Moldavia.svg
Moldavia
Habsburg victory
  • Kazim Bey's Ottoman army was completely destroyed.
1543 Siege of Esztergom
Coat of Arms of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg
Habsburg monarchy
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Flag of France (XIV-XVI).svg
Kingdom of France
Ottoman victory
1552 Siege of Eger
The Women of Eger (painting by Bertalan Székely, 1867)
The Women of Eger (painting by Bertalan Székely, 1867)
Coat of Arms of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian victory
1564–1565 Hungarian war of succession[38]
Coat of Arms of Hungary.svg
Royal Hungary
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg
Habsburg monarchy
Coa Hungary Country History John I of Hungary (Szapolyai) (1526-1540).svg
Eastern Hungarian Kingdom
Coa Hungary Family Szapolyai.svg
Zápolya family
Habsburg victory; Treaty of Szatmár (13 March 1565):
1566 Siege of Szigetvár
Miklós IV Zrínyi's charge from the fortress of Szigetvár (painting by Johann Peter Krafft, 1825)
Miklós IV Zrínyi's charge from the fortress of Szigetvár (painting by Johann Peter Krafft, 1825)
Coat of Arms of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Coa Croatia Country History (Fojnica Armorial).svg
Kingdom of Croatia
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Coa Hungary Country History John I of Hungary (Szapolyai) (1526-1540).svg
Eastern Hungarian Kingdom
Ottoman victory
  • Suleiman the Magnificent dies in his tent before the final assault.
  • The whole Hungarian-Croatian army (2300–3000) is killed, Miklós IV Zrínyi is killed in the final battle.
  • Miklós IV Zrínyi ordered a fuse be lit to the powder magazine. After cutting down the last of the defenders the Ottoman Army entered the remains of Szigetvár and fell into the trap. 3,000 Turks perished in the explosion.[40][41][42][43]
  • 20,000–30,000 Ottomans were killed.
  • Ottomans captured Szigetvár fortress and it became part of Budin Eyalet.
1588 Battle of Szikszó
Coat of Arms of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian victory
1595 Battle of Călugăreni
Coat of arms of Wallachia Voivodship.png
Wallachia
Coa Transylvania Country History v3.svg
Principality of Transylvania
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Wallachian victory
1595 Battle of Giurgiu / Gyurgyevó
Coa Transylvania Country History v3.svg
Principality of Transylvania
Coat of arms of Wallachia Voivodship.png
Wallachia
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian victory
1596 Siege of Eger
Siege of Eger in 1596 (Abraham Ortelius, 16th century)
Siege of Eger in 1596 (Abraham Ortelius, 16th century)
Coat of Arms of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg
Habsburg monarchy
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman victory, Ottomans capture Eger
1652 Battle of Vezekény
Coat of Arms of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Hungarian victory
1664 Siege of Léva
Siege of Léva (17th century)
Siege of Léva (17th century)
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg
Habsburg monarchy
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Habsburg – Hungarian victory
1686 Siege of Buda
The recapture of Buda Castle in 1686 (painting by Gyula Benczúr, 1896)
The recapture of Buda Castle in 1686 (painting by Gyula Benczúr, 1896)
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg
Habsburg monarchy

Blason DE saint empire (une tête).svg
Holy Roman Empire

Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
Holy League victory

Wars between 1700 and 1900

Conflict Belligerents Result
Date Name Allies Enemies Outcome
15 June 1703 – 1 May 1711 Rákóczi's War for Independence
Kuruc prepare to attack traveling coach and riders, c. 1705.
Kuruc prepare to attack traveling coach and riders, c. 1705.
 Kingdom of Hungary  Principality of Transylvania
 Kingdom of France
Sympathetic minority peoples and mercenaries
 Holy Roman Empire: Defeat
  • Crushing of rebellion
January 1716 – 21 July 1718 Austro-Turkish War (1716–1718)
 Habsburg Monarchy  Ottoman Empire Treaty of Passarowitz
1735 – 1 September 1739 Russo-Austro-Turkish War  Russian Empire
 Habsburg Monarchy
 Ottoman Empire Victory
1735–1736 Peasants' Revolt Hungarian peasants  Habsburg Monarchy Defeat
16 December 1740 – 18 October 1748 War of the Austrian Succession
 Habsburg Monarchy

 Great Britain

Province of Hanover Hanover
 Dutch Republic
 Saxony (1743–45)
 Savoy-Sardinia (1742–48)
 Russia (1741–43, 1748)
 France
 Prussia (1740–42, 1744–45)
Spain Spain
Bavaria Bavaria (1741–45)
 Saxony (1741–42)
 Savoy-Sardinia (1741–42)
Kingdom of Naples Naples
 Genoa (1745–48)
Sweden Sweden (1741–43)
  • Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
  • Maria Theresa retains the Austrian, Bohemian and Hungarian thrones
  • Francis of Lorraine, Maria Theresa's husband, confirmed as Holy Roman Emperor
17 May 1756 – 15 February 1763 Seven Years' War  France

Habsburg Monarchy Holy Roman Empire:

 Russia (until 1762)
Spain Spain (from 1762)
Sweden Sweden (1757–62)
Mughal Empire (from 1757)
Abenaki Confederacy

 Great Britain

 Prussia
Portugal Portugal (from 1762)
Province of Hanover Hanover
Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Hesse-Kassel
Schaumburg-Lippe
Iroquois Confederacy

Status Quo Ante Bellum
31 October – 14 December 1784 Revolt of Horea, Cloșca and Crișan  Habsburg Monarchy Transylvanian Romanian rebels Victory
20 April 1792 – 18 October 1797 War of the First Coalition  Holy Roman Empire

 Great Britain
Kingdom of France Army of Condé
Spain Spain (until 1795)[45]
 Dutch Republic (until 1795)
 Portugal
 Sardinia (until 1796)

Kingdom of France (until 1792)
French First Republic French Republic (from 1792)
Spain Spain (from 1796)
 Batavian Republic (from 1795)
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Sister republics
POL COA Ciołek.svg
Polish Legions (from 1797)
Defeat
December 1798 – 25 March 1802 War of the Second Coalition  Holy Roman Empire

 Great Britain (until 1801)
 United Kingdom (from 1801)
 Russia (until 1799)
 Portugal
 Naples
Tuscany Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John (1798)
 Ottoman Empire
Kingdom of France French Royalists

 France
 Spain
POL COA Ciołek.svg
Polish Legions
 Batavian Republic
 Helvetic Republic
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Cisalpine Republic
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Roman Republic (until 1799)
Defeat
April 1805 – 21 July 1806 War of the Third Coalition  Holy Roman Empire

 Russian Empire
 United Kingdom
 Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Kingdom of Sicily
 Sweden

 France Defeat
10 April – 14 October 1809 War of the Fifth Coalition
Napoleon at the Battle of Wagram, 1809
Napoleon at the Battle of Wagram, 1809
 Austria
Blason louis II de Hongrie.svg
Hungary
Tyrol[a]
 United Kingdom
Spain Spain
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
 Sardinia
Black Brunswickers
 France
Confederation of the Rhine
 Italy
Polish Legions
Naples
Switzerland Switzerland
Netherlands Holland
Defeat
24 June – 14 December 1812 French invasion of Russia  France
Duchy of Warsaw
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Kingdom of Italy
 Naples
Confederation of the Rhine
Switzerland Swiss Confederation
Napoleonic Spain
 Austria
 Prussia
Denmark Denmark–Norway
 Russian Empire The Habsburg Monarchy joins the Coalition
3 March 1813 – 30 May 1814 War of the Sixth Coalition
 Austria
 Prussia

 United Kingdom
 Sweden
 Russia
Spain Spain
Portugal Portugal
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
 Sardinia

 France
 Napoleonic Italy
 Kingdom of Naples
Duchy of Warsaw
Victory
20 March – 8 July 1815 War of the Seventh Coalition  Austria
 Prussia
 United Kingdom
 Russia
Province of Hanover Hanover

Nassau
Brunswick
 Sweden
 United Netherlands
 Spain
Portugal Portugal
 Sardinia
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
Tuscany Tuscany
Switzerland Switzerland
Kingdom of France French Royalists

 France
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples
Victory
July – August 1831 Cholera Riots Hungarian peasants  Austrian Empire Defeat
15 March 1848 – 4 October 1849 Hungarian Revolution of 1848
Artist Mihály Zichy's painting of Sándor Petőfi recites the National Poem to a crowd on 15 March 1848.
Artist Mihály Zichy's painting of Sándor Petőfi recites the National Poem to a crowd on 15 March 1848.
Kingdom of Hungary (1848–49)
 Hungarian State (1849)
Allied peoples and legions
 Austrian Empire
 Russian Empire
Allied peoples and legions
Defeat
  • Revolution suppressed by Austrian, Russian, and allied forces
  • Reincorporation of Hungary into the Austrian Empire
19 September 1848 – 21 November 1849 Slovak Uprising of 1848–49 Kingdom of Hungary (1848–49)
 Hungarian State (1849)
Slovak National Council
 Austrian Empire
Indecisive settlement
29 April – 11 July 1859 Second Italian War of Independence
Napoleon III at the Battle of Solferino, 1859
Napoleon III at the Battle of Solferino, 1859
 Austrian Empire
Habsburg Tuscany
 France
 Sardinia
supported by
United Provinces of Central Italy
Defeat
  • Sardinia annexed Lombardy from Austria
  • Sardinia occupied and later annexed Habsburg-ruled Tuscany and Emilia
  • France gains Savoy and Nice from Sardinia
14 June – 26 July 1866 Austro-Prussian War
Battle of Königgrätz, by Georg Bleibtreu. Oil on canvas, 1869.
Battle of Königgrätz, by Georg Bleibtreu. Oil on canvas, 1869.
 Austrian Empire
and allied German states
 Prussia
and allied German states
 Italy
Defeat
October 1869 – 11 January 1870 Krivošije Uprising Austria-Hungary Krivošije rebels Stalemate
  • Most rebel demands met
29 July – 20 October 1878 Occupation of Bosnia
Austria-Hungary Bosnia Vilayet
tacit support
 Ottoman Empire
Victory
2 November 1899 – 7 September 1901 Boxer Rebellion
Eight-Nation Alliance
 United Kingdom
 Japan
 Russia
 France
 Germany
 United States
Austria-Hungary
 Italy
 China
Yihetuan
Victory
  1. ^ In rebellion against Bavaria

Wars in the 20th century

Conflict Belligerents Result
Date Name Allies Enemies Outcome
28 July 1914 – 11 November 1918 World War I
Austro-Hungarian mountain corps in Tyrol
Austro-Hungarian mountain corps in Tyrol
Central Powers
Austria-Hungary
 German Empire
 Ottoman Empire
 Bulgaria
Allied Powers
 France
 British Empire
 Russian Empire (1914–17)
 Kingdom of Serbia
 Kingdom of Montenegro
 Belgium
 Japan
 Italy (from 1915)
 Portugal (from 1916)
 Romania (from 1916)
 Greece (from 1917)
Thailand Siam (from 1917)
Co-belligerents
 Hejaz (from 1916)
 United States (from 1917)
 Brazil (from 1917)
Defeat
December 1918 – June 1919 Hungarian–Czechoslovak War  First Hungarian Republic
 Hungarian Soviet Republic
Slovak Soviet Republic
 Czechoslovakia Military Victory
Political Defeat
  • Hungarian advance into Czechoslovakia, then withdraw after negotiations
  • Creation and dissolution of the Slovak Soviet Republic
13 November 1918 – 3 August 1919 Hungarian–Romanian War
Romanian cavalry march through Budapest, 1919.
Romanian cavalry march through Budapest, 1919.
 Hungarian Soviet Republic  Romania Defeat
3 August – 13 October 1921 Uprising in West Hungary  Austria
Hungary Hungary
(disarmament of the rebels in 1921)
Flag of Hungary.svg
Rongyos Gárda
Flag of Banate of Leitha.svg
Lajtabánság
Islam symbol plane2 green.png
Bosnian and Albanian Muslim volunteers
Victory
  • Sopron and its area remained in Hungary
23 – 31 March 1939 Slovak-Hungarian War Hungary Hungary  Slovak Republic Victory
  • Annexation of a border strip between eastern Slovakia and Carpathian Ruthenia
1 September 1939 – 2 September 1945
Hungary entered: 27 June 1941
Hungary exited: 11 May 1945
World War II
Hungarian Arrow Cross militia and a German Tiger II tank in Budapest, October 1944
Hungarian Arrow Cross militia and a German Tiger II tank in Budapest, October 1944
Hungarian Toldi I tank used during the 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union
Hungarian Toldi I tank used during the 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union
Axis Powers
Nazi Germany Germany
 Italy (1940–43)
 Empire of Japan
Affiliate states
 Romania (1941–44)
Hungary Hungary (from 1941)
 Bulgaria (1941–44)
 Thailand (1942–45)
Client States
 Slovak Republic
 Croatia
 Manchukuo
 Mengjiang
 Albania
Co-belligerents
 Finland (1941–44)
 Iraq (1941)
 Vichy France (1940–44)
Active neutrality
 Soviet Union (1939–41)
 Spain (1941–44)
 Argentina (1939–44
Allied Powers
 Soviet Union (from June 1941)
 United States (from December 1941)
 United Kingdom
 China
 France (1939–40, 1944–45)
In exile for part of the war
Poland Poland
Norway
Netherlands
Belgium
 Free France (1940–44)
Luxembourg
Greece
Czechoslovakia
Other important belligerents
 Canada
 India
 Australia
 New Zealand
 South Africa
Yugoslavia
 Ethiopia
Brazil
 Mexico
 Colombia
Cuba
Philippines
Mongolia
Co-belligerents
 Italy (1943–1945)

 Romania (1944–1945)
 Finland (1944–1945)
Bulgaria (1944–1945)

Defeat
23 October – 10 November 1956 Hungarian Revolution of 1956
The flag, with a hole where the communist coat of arms had been cut out, became the symbol of the revolution.
The flag, with a hole where the communist coat of arms had been cut out, became the symbol of the revolution.
Hungarian revolutionaries  Soviet Union
Hungarian People's Republic People's Republic of Hungary
Defeat
20 – 21 August 1968 Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia
Soviet tanks with invasion stripes in Czechoslovakia, 1968
Soviet tanks with invasion stripes in Czechoslovakia, 1968
Warsaw Pact
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Bulgaria Bulgaria
Poland Poland
Hungary Hungary
supported by
 East Germany
 Czechoslovakia Victory

Wars in the 21st century

Conflict Belligerents Result
Date Name Allies Enemies Outcome Losses
March 2003 – 2009 Iraq War

Iraqi National Congress
New Iraqi government

 Iraqi Kurdistan