Maghrib prayer
Our sunset.jpg
Official nameصلاة المغرب
Also calledSunset prayer
Observed byMuslims
TypeIslamic
SignificanceA Muslim prayer offered to God at the sunset hour of the day.
ObservancesSunnah prayers
BeginsSunset
EndsDusk
FrequencyDaily
Related toSalah, Wazifa, Five Pillars of Islam
Maghrib prayer at Masjid al-Haram in Saudi Arabia.
Maghrib prayer at Masjid al-Haram in Saudi Arabia.

The Maghrib Prayer (Arabic: صلاة المغرب ṣalāt al-maġrib, "sunset prayer") is one of the five mandatory salah (Islamic prayer). As an Islamic day starts at sunset, the Maghrib prayer is technically the first prayer of the day.[1][better source needed] If counted from midnight, it is the fourth prayer of the day.[2][better source needed][3][better source needed]

According to Sunni Muslims, the period for Maghrib prayer starts just after sunset, following Asr prayer, and ends at the beginning of night, the start of the Isha prayer. As for Shia Muslims, since they allow Maghrib and Isha prayers to be performed one after another, the period for Maghrib prayer extends until the start of the new day (midnight). Except for the Hanafi school, however, Sunni Muslims are also permitted to combine Maghrib and Isha prayers if they are traveling and incapable of performing the prayers separately. In this case, the period for Maghrib prayer extends from sunset to dawn, as with Shiites. Amongst Sunnis, Salafis allow the combining of two consecutive prayers (Maghrib & Isha'a, Dhuhr & 'Asr) for a wide range of reasons; such as when various needs arise or due to any difficulty (taking precedence from Hanbali and Shafiite schools).

The formal daily prayers of Islam comprise different numbers of units, called rakat.[2] The Maghrib prayer has three obligatory (fard) rak'at and two sunnah and two non-obligatory nafls. The first two fard rak'ats are prayed aloud by the Imam in congregation (the person who misses the congregation and is offering prayer alone is not bound to speak the first two rak'ats aloud), and the third is prayed silently.[2]

To be considered valid salat, the formal daily prayers must each be performed within their own prescribed time period. People with a legitimate reason have a longer period during which their prayers will be valid.[3]

The five daily prayers collectively are one pillar of the Five Pillars of Islam, in Sunni Islam, and one of the ten Practices of the Religion (Furū al-Dīn) according to Shia Islam.

Name variations

Language Main
Albanian Namazi i akshamit, Namaz i mbrëmjes
Arabic صلاة المغرب (Ṣalāh al-Maghrib)
Azeri Şam namazı
Bashkir Аҡшам намаҙы (Akşam namazı)
Bengali মাগরিব (Magrib, Mugrib)
Hindustani Urdu نماز مغرب (Namaz-e-Maghrib)
मग़रिब नमाज़ (Maghrib namaz)
Kazakh Акшам намазы (Aksham namazy)
Central Kurdish (Sorani) نوێژی مەغریب
Northern Kurdish (Kurmanji) Nimêja Êvar, Nimêja Mexreb
Malay Solat Maghrib
Pashto ماښام ،مګبیبی دعا
Persian, Dari, Tajik نماز مغرب (Namaz-e Maghreb), نماز شام (Namaz-e Sham)
Намози Мағриб (Namozi Maghrib), Намози Шом (Namozi Shom)
Punjabi شام دی نماز (Sham di namaz)
Bosnian Akšam-namaz
Serbian Akšam-namaz
Croatian Akšam-namaz
Somali Salaada Magrib
Tarifit Řemɣaạb
Tashelhit ⵜⴰⵥⴰⵍⵍⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵜⵉⵡⵡⵓⵜⵛⵉ (Taẓallit n tiwwutci)
Tatar Ахшам намазы (Axşam namazı)
Turkish Akşam namazı
Uyghur شام نامىزى
Kashmiri شام نماز
Uzbek Shom namozi

Sunni tradition

Time begins

Time ends

Shia tradition

Time begins

Time ends

Despite the relatively long period in which valid prayers can be recited, it is considered important to recite the prayer as soon as the time begins.

Shia doctrine permits the mid-day and afternoon and evening and night prayers to be prayed in succession, i.e. Zuhr can be followed by Asr once the mid-day prayer has been recited and sufficient time has passed, and Maghrib can be followed by Isha'a once the evening prayer has been recited and sufficient time has passed.

After the Maghrib pray begins, a special meal is eaten to break the fast. This is called Iftar.

See also

References

  1. ^ The Islamic date (Hijri date) starts after Maghrib – Permanent Committee, AbdurRahman website, Published 9 September 2009, Retrieved 23 May 2020
  2. ^ a b c d e see 'Glossary', Retrieved 12 July 2020
  3. ^ a b Significance of Offering The Isha Prayer and Its Benefits, QuranReading website, Published 29 January 2015, Retrieved 14 May 2017
  4. ^ Ibn Rushd. Bidayat al-Mujtahid wa an-niyahata al Muqtasid. ISBN 1873938136.
  5. ^ Chart of Prayer Times for anywhere in the world available on IslamicFinder website, Retrieved 14 May 2017