Pizzoccheri
TypePasta
Place of origin
Region or state
Main ingredientsBuckwheat, wheat flour, water
VariationsPizzoccheri della Valtellina, pizzoccheri bianchi
A dish of pizzoccheri

Pizzoccheri (Italian: [pitˈtsɔkkeri]; Lombard: pizzòcher, Lombard: [piˈtsɔkɐr]) is a type of short tagliatelle, a flat ribbon pasta, made with a blend of buckwheat flour and wheat flour. It is believed to have originated in Valtellina, a valley in the northern Italian region of Lombardy. They are also popular in Val Poschiavo, a side valley of Valtellina which belongs to the Swiss canton of Grisons.

Pizzoccheri can be made by hand or can be purchased pre-made.[1][2]

History

The dish was first identified in 1550, in the Category of Inventories of Things that May be Eaten in Italy by Ortensio Lando.[3]

In the 1799 book Die Republik Graubündent (The Republic of Graubünden), German historian Heinrich L. Lehmann wrote about a "perzockel" dough made from buckwheat flour and egg.[4]

In popular culture

Two pizzoccheri fairs (or sagre) take place in Teglio: La Sagra dei Pizzoccheri, celebrated annually in July and the festival of The Golden Pizzocchero, celebrated annually in September.

In 2002, the Accademia del Pizzocchero di Teglio was founded to promote traditional preparations of pizzocchero.[5]

In 2016, the dish gained the European Union's recognition of protected geographical indication (IGP).[6]

Variations

Pizzoccheri della Valtellina, the original variation from Valtellina, are cooked along with greens (often Swiss chard, but also Savoy cabbage), and cubed potatoes. This mixture is layered with pieces of Valtellina Casera cheese and ground Grana Padano or Parmesan, and dressed with garlic lightly fried in butter.[1][4]

Pizzoccheri bianchi, from the area around Chiavenna, are quite distinct, being a form of gnocchetti, often made from white wheat flour and dry bread.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Henry, Diana (3 February 2023). "Pizzoccheri della Valtellina (pasta with cabbage and potatoes) recipe". The Daily Telegraph.
  2. ^ "Pass the buck(wheat): Yotam Ottolenghi's pizzoccheri recipes". The Guardian. 5 November 2022.
  3. ^ "Pizzoccheri | (Traditional Italian Buckwheat Pasta Recipe)". www.nonnabox.com. 2017-01-04.
  4. ^ a b Shemaria, Liz (8 September 2022). "Pizzoccheri: Italy's debated buckwheat pasta recipe". BBC News.
  5. ^ "Accademia del Pizzocchero di Teglio - Storia e tradizione - Teglio". Accademia del Pizzocchero di Teglio (in Italian).
  6. ^ "Gazzetta Ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana". 4 October 2016.
  7. ^ Cipriani, Bruna. "Pizzoccheri bianchi di Chiavenna (o gnocchetti)". Coquinaria.it.