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Sikar district
Harshnath Temple, Sikar
Location of Sikar district in Rajasthan
Location of Sikar district in Rajasthan
Coordinates (Sikar): 27°13′N 74°26′E / 27.21°N 74.44°E / 27.21; 74.44 - 28°07′N 75°15′E / 28.12°N 75.25°E / 28.12; 75.25
Country India
StateRajasthan
DivisionJaipur
HeadquartersSikar
Tehsils 10. Patan 11. Ringus
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesSikar[2]
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies
Area
 • Total7,742.44 km2 (2,989.37 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,677,333[1]
Demographics
 • Literacy72.98
 • Sex ratio944
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationRJ 23
Major highwaysNH-11, State Highway 8
Average annual precipitation459.8 mm
Websitesikar.rajasthan.gov.in

Sikar district is a district of the Indian state Rajasthan in northern India. The city Sikar is the administrative headquarters of the district. Sikar, Laxmangarh, Sri Madhopur, Neem Ka Thana, and Fatehpur Shekahwati are the largest cities and tehsils of the district.

Cities and towns

Cities

Large towns

Medium towns

Location

The district is located in the north-eastern part of the state of Rajasthan. It is bounded on the north by Jhunjhunu district, in the north-west by Churu district, in the south-west by Nagaur district and in the south-east by Jaipur district. It also touches Mahendragarh district of Haryana on its north-east corner.

The district has an area of 7742.44 km2 and a population of 26,77,737 (2011 census). Sikar, Churu district and Jhunjhunu district's comprise the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan. The old name of Sikar was "Veer Bhan Ka Bas".

Longitude 74.44 degree to 75.25 degree
Latitude East 27.21 degree to 28.12 degree North

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901466,624—    
1911469,440+0.06%
1921462,595−0.15%
1931521,159+1.20%
1941614,584+1.66%
1951676,318+0.96%
1961820,286+1.95%
19711,042,648+2.43%
19811,377,245+2.82%
19911,842,914+2.96%
20012,287,788+2.19%
20112,677,333+1.58%
source:[4]
Religion in Sikar district (2011)[5]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
87.48%
Islam
12.24%
Other
0.28%

According to the 2011 census Sikar district has a population of 2,677,333,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[7] or the US state of Nevada.[8] This gives it a ranking of 150th in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 346 inhabitants per square kilometre (900/sq mi).[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.04%.[6]

Sikar has a sex ratio of 944 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 72.98%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 15.64% and 2.81% of the population respectively.[6]

Languages

Languages in Sikar district (2011)[9]

  Rajasthani (92.60%)
  Hindi (2.78%)
  Marwari (1.94%)
  Urdu (1.94%)
  Others (0.64%)

Climate

The district has a hot summer, scanty rainfall, a chilly winter season and a general dryness of the air, except in the brief monsoon season. The maximum and minimum temperatures are 47 to 48 and 1 to 0 degrees Celsius, respectively. The average temperature around the year is about 35 degrees Celsius. The normal rainfall, mostly received from the southwest monsoon, is 459.8 mm.

Education

Sikar district has become a hub for education in Rajasthan state. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Shekhawati University situated in the Sikar giving student opportunity to complete their dream of higher education in many field.[citation needed] Along with government colleges providing arts, sciences, and commerce education, private educational institutes play a good role in imparting education in the district. Mody Institute of Technology and Science, which is in the Lakshmangarh town of the district imparts girls' education. Sobhasaria Engineering College is another college in the district.[10][ambiguous] There is one Government Polytechnic College in Sikar district. District is also an emerging hub of coaching IIT-JEE and NEET.Here some famous institutes provide coaching for engineering and medical exams. Some institutes are Allen, Matrix, Kautilya, GCI, CLC, Impulse, PCP, Samarpan, Swabhiman.[11] Sikar is the smallest city which has IIT JEE Advance centre. Youth men (below 35) provide a major role in Indian defense services compared to other districts of Rajasthan.

Administration

Sub divisions, tehsils, sub tehsils, panchayat samitis and villages

Total sub divisions 7

(Sikar, Fatehpur, Laxmangarh, Dantaramgarh, Sri Madhopur, Neem Ka Thana, Khandela)

Total tehsils 7 (Sikar, Fatehpur, Laxmangarh, Dantaramgarh, Sri Madhopur, Neem Ka Thana, Khandela)
Total sub tehsils 6 (Patan, Palsana, Ajitgarh, Necchawa, Losal, Ramgarh Shekhawati)
Blocks (Panchyat Samitis) 9 (Dhod, Piprali, Fatehpur, Laxmangarh, Dantaramgarh, Sri Madhopur, Khandela, Neem Ka Thana,Patan)
Total villages 1183

Local bodies

Total Gram Panchayat 342
Total Nagar-Palika 8
Total Nagar-Parishad 1

Police

Total Police-Thana 23
Police-Chowki 27
Jails (prisons) 333

References

  1. ^ "Name Census 2011, Rajasthan data" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  2. ^ "Parliamentary Constituencies of Rajasthan" (PDF). 164.100.9.199/home.html. 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Assembly Constituencies of Sikar district" (PDF). gisserver1.nic.in/. 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  4. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  5. ^ "Table C-01 Population By Religion - Rajasthan". census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook 2011 - Sikar" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  9. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Rajasthan". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  10. ^ Sobhasaria Engineering College Website
  11. ^ "Swabhiman". Swabhiman NEET & JEE Academy. Retrieved 14 January 2020.