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Sikar district
Clockwise from top-left: Harshnath Temple, Ganesh Haveli in Fatehpur, Harsh Bhairav Mandir, Laxmangarh Fort, Jeen Mata hill
Location of Sikar district in Rajasthan
Location of Sikar district in Rajasthan
Coordinates (Sikar): 27°13′N 74°26′E / 27.21°N 74.44°E / 27.21; 74.44 - 28°07′N 75°15′E / 28.12°N 75.25°E / 28.12; 75.25
Country India
StateRajasthan
DivisionSikar
HeadquartersSikar
Tehsils 7. Ringus
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesSikar[1]
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies
Area
 • Total5,191.44 km2 (2,004.43 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)Neem Ka Thana and Sri Madhopur population not included
 • Total1,694,094
 • Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy72.98
 • Sex ratio944
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationRJ 23
Major highwaysNH-52, State Highway 8
Average annual precipitation459.8 mm
Websitesikar.rajasthan.gov.in

Sikar district is a district of the Indian state Rajasthan in northern India. The city Sikar is the administrative headquarters of the district. Sikar, Laxmangarh, and Fatehpur Shekahwati are the largest cities and tehsils of the district.

Cities and towns

Cities

Large towns

Medium towns

Location

The district is located in the north-eastern part of the state of Rajasthan. It is bounded on the north by Jhunjhunu district, in the north-west by Churu district, in the south-west by Didwana Kuchaman district , in the east NeemKaThana district and in the south-east by Jaipur Rural district.

The district has an area of 5191.44 km2 and a population of 16,94,094 (2011 census, excluding NeemKaThana and Sri Madhopur). Sikar, Churu district and Jhunjhunu district's comprise the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan. The old name of Sikar was "Veer Bhan Ka Bas".

Longitude 74.44 degree to 75.25 degree
Latitude East 27.21 degree to 28.12 degree North

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901466,624—    
1911469,440+0.06%
1921462,595−0.15%
1931521,159+1.20%
1941614,584+1.66%
1951676,318+0.96%
1961820,286+1.95%
19711,042,648+2.43%
19811,377,245+2.82%
19911,842,914+2.96%
20012,287,788+2.19%
20112,677,333+1.58%
source:[3]
Khatu Shyam Temple in Khatoo village, Sikar district
Religion in Sikar district (2011)[4]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
87.48%
Islam
12.24%
Other
0.28%

According to the 2011 census Sikar district has a population of 1,694,094,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Equatorial Guinea[6] or the US state of Nevada.[7] This gives it a ranking of 150th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 330 inhabitants per square kilometre (850/sq mi).[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.04%.[5] Sikar has a sex ratio of 944 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 72.98%. 23.68% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 15.64% and 2.81% of the population respectively.[5]

Languages

Languages in Sikar district (2011)[8]

  Rajasthani (92.60%)
  Hindi (2.78%)
  Marwari (1.94%)
  Urdu (1.94%)
  Others (0.64%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 92.60% of the population spoke Rajasthani, 2.78% Hindi, 1.94% Marwari and 1.94% Urdu as their first language.[8]

Climate

The district has a hot summer, scanty rainfall, a chilly winter season and a general dryness of the air, except in the brief monsoon season. The maximum and minimum temperatures are 47 to 48 and 1 to 0 degrees Celsius, respectively. The average temperature around the year is about 35 degrees Celsius. The normal rainfall, mostly received from the southwest monsoon, is 459.8 mm.

Education

Sikar district has become a hub for education in Rajasthan state. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Shekhawati University situated in the Sikar giving student opportunity to complete their dream of higher education in many field.[citation needed] Along with government colleges providing arts, sciences, and commerce education, private educational institutes play a good role in imparting education in the district. Mody Institute of Technology and Science, which is in the Lakshmangarh town of the district imparts girls' education. Sobhasaria Engineering College is another college in the district.[9][ambiguous] There is one Government Polytechnic College in Sikar district. District is also an emerging hub of coaching IIT-JEE and NEET. Here some famous institutes provide coaching for engineering and medical exams. Some institutes are PCP Sikar, Allen, Matrix, Kautilya, GCI, CLC, Impulse.[10] Sikar is the smallest city which has IIT JEE Advance centre. Youth men (below 35) provide a major role in Indian defense services compared to other districts of Rajasthan.

Administration

Sub divisions, tehsils, sub tehsils, panchayat samitis and villages

Total sub divisions 9

(Sikar, Fatehpur, Laxmangarh, Dantaramgarh, Khandela, Nechwa, Reengus, Ramgarh Sethan, DHOD)

Total tehsils 10(Sikar, Fatehpur, Laxmangarh, Dantaramgarh, , Khandela) Nechwa, Sikar Gramin, Reengus, Ramgarh Sethan,Dhod
Total sub tehsils 2 Palsana,Losal
Blocks (Panchyat Samitis) 8 (Dhod, Piprali, Fatehpur, Laxmangarh, Dantaramgarh, Khandela, Nechwa,Palsana)
Total villages 1183

Local bodies

Total Gram Panchayat 373 (Need Citation)
Total Nagar-Palika 7 Ramgarh Sethan, Khatu, Reengus, Danta, Losal,Khandela,Laxmangarh,
Total Nagar-Parishad 2 Sikar, Fatehpur

Police

Total Police-Thana 23
Police-Chowki 27
Jails (prisons) 333

Villages

References

  1. ^ "Parliamentary Constituencies of Rajasthan" (PDF). 164.100.9.199/home.html. 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  2. ^ "Assembly Constituencies of Sikar district" (PDF). gisserver1.nic.in/. 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  4. ^ "Table C-01 Population by religious community: Rajasthan". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook 2011 - Sikar" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  8. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Rajasthan". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  9. ^ Sobhasaria Engineering College Website
  10. ^ "Swabhiman". Swabhiman NEET & JEE Academy. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  11. ^ "Sigdola Chhota Population - Sikar, Rajasthan". census2011.co.in. Population Census Data. Retrieved 21 August 2023.