Churu district
Blackbucks at Tal Chhapar sanctuary
Blackbucks at Tal Chhapar sanctuary
Location of Churu district in Rajasthan
Location of Churu district in Rajasthan
Country India
StateRajasthan
DivisionBikaner
HeadquartersChuru
TehsilsChuru, Sidhmukh, Ratangarh, Taranagar, Rajgarh, Sardarshahar, Sujangarh, Bidasar
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesChuru[1]
Area
 • Total13,858 km2 (5,351 sq mi)
Population
 • TotalIncrease 2,039,547 (2,011) [2]
  • Increase 2,112,316 (2,018 est.)
 • Urban
Increase 576,480
Demographics
 • LiteracyIncrease 67.46%
 • Sex ratio940
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH-52
Average annual precipitation43cm mm
Websitechuru.rajasthan.gov.in

Churu district is a district of the Indian state of Rajasthan in northern India. It was founded by Banirot Rajputs. Some believe it was a village of jats known as kalera ka bas.[3] Thakur Kushal Singh constructed the Churu fort in 1649 and during the battle of 1871 the area came under dominance of Bikaner State. The town of Churu is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Churu lies in the Bikaner region of northern Rajasthan and shares boundaries with the Hanumangarh District to the north, the Haryana state to the east, the Jhunjhunun and Sikar districts to the southeast, the Nagaur District to the south, and the Bikaner District to the west.

The district has an area of approximately 16,830 km2, with a road length of 1901 km. The 2011 population was approximately 2,039,547. The gender ratio is 938 females per 1,000 males; literacy among residents is 67.46%. There are 8 tehsils in the district: Churu, Sidhmukh, Ratangarh, Taranagar, Rajgarh, Sardarshahar, Sujangarh, and Bidasar. Sardarshahar is the biggest Tehsil and Sidhmukh is the newest Tehsil Headquarter in Churu District . The major crops include bajra and guar.

Attractions

Sujangarh On South Side, Ratangarh On Southwest Side, Sardarshahar On North Side, Tarangar On Northeast Side, Rajgarh On East Side, Ratannagar, Chapper, Bidasar and Rajaldesar are the other major towns in the district. The Tal Chhapar Sanctuary, a blackbuck sanctuary, has more than 1,680 black bucks and migratory birds. It is a major attraction for wildlife enthusiasts. Other attractions include the grand palatial Havelies in the towns of Ratannagar, Ratangarh and Sardarshahar, the Hanuman temple at Salasar and the Venkateshwar temple at Sujangarh, the birthplace of local deity, Gogaji, in Dadrewa. The Bhadrakali Temple at Rajaldesar is popular among Shakta Tantra followers from all over India, which was established by Anant Shri Vibhushit Dandi Swami Jogendrashram ji Maharaj. Baba Phool Nath Temple at Nawa, Rajgarh is popular and related to the Nath community.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901234,165—    
1911269,411+1.41%
1921269,157−0.01%
1931329,062+2.03%
1941409,890+2.22%
1951471,279+1.41%
1961592,209+2.31%
1971782,149+2.82%
19811,054,415+3.03%
19911,373,150+2.68%
20011,696,039+2.13%
20112,039,547+1.86%
source:[4]
Religions in Churu district (2011)[5]
Religion Percent
Hindus
87.17%
Muslims
12.24%
Other or not stated
0.59%

According to the 2011 census, Churu district has a population of approximately 2,039,547,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Botswana[7] or the US state of New Mexico.[8] This gives it a ranking of 224th in India (out of a total of 640 districts).[6] The district has a population density of 148 inhabitants per square kilometre (380/sq mi).[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-11 was approximately 6.1%.[6] Churu has a sex ratio of 938 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of about 67.46%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 22.15% and 0.55% of the population respectively.[6]

Languages

Languages of Churu district (2011)[9]

  Rajasthani (94.56%)
  Marwari (2.86%)
  Hindi (1.48%)
  Others (1.10%)

Bagad language is used mainly in Sardarshahar, Taranagar, Ratangarh and Sadulpur. Rajasthani languages such as Shekhawati and marwari major speaking Language in Churu, Sujangarh, Chapar, Bidasar.

Percentage distribution of local work force

Local industries

Major crop production

Communication facilities

Educational facilities and institutions

Industrial scenario

Infrastructure

A majority of the district's power supply is provided by the Bhakra Hydel Complex through 132 kV lines coming via Hissar in Haryana. 902 of the district's 926 villages have access to electricity. Water is available at the depth of 30 to 48 metres, with the exception of places such as Sujangarh and Taranagar Tehsils.

The district has good connections within and outside the state. Mega Highway (Bathinda-Ajmer) National Highway Nos. 11 (Agra-Bikaner), 65 (Ambala-Pali), and 709 Ext. (Rohtak-Rajgarh) pass through the district. The total length of roads in the district is 3,010 km and is 240 km from Delhi via Hisar and 210 km. via Behal. The Churu district is served by broad gauge lines of the Northern-Western Railway. The total length of rail line is 363 km. The broad gauge is operational in the district. The nearest airport is at Jaipur (approximately 245 km outside the district).

Churu was ranked as 423rd in a ranking of 423 districts for the National Urban Sanitation Policy in 2009-2010. In the absence of citizen awareness, it continues to hold that rank, making it officially India's dirtiest district.(Report)

Primary industries

Notable people

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See also

References

  1. ^ "Parliamentary Constituencies of Rajasthan" (PDF). 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
  2. ^ "Name Census 2011, Rajasthan data" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  3. ^ "The history of cultural geography", Understanding Cultural Geography, Routledge, pp. 37–50, 24 March 2015, ISBN 978-1-315-81994-5, retrieved 19 January 2022
  4. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  5. ^ "Table C-01 Population By Religion - Rajasthan". census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook 2011 - Churu" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Botswana 2,065,398
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Mexico - 2,059,179
  9. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Rajasthan". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.

Coordinates: 28°17′24″N 74°57′36″E / 28.29000°N 74.96000°E / 28.29000; 74.96000