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Sauget
Location of Sauget in Clair County, Illinois.
Location of Sauget in Clair County, Illinois.
Sauget is located in Illinois
Sauget
Sauget
Sauget is located in the United States
Sauget
Sauget
Coordinates: 38°35′13″N 90°10′0″W / 38.58694°N 90.16667°W / 38.58694; -90.16667Coordinates: 38°35′13″N 90°10′0″W / 38.58694°N 90.16667°W / 38.58694; -90.16667
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountySt. Clair
Area
 • Total4.94 sq mi (12.79 km2)
 • Land4.58 sq mi (11.87 km2)
 • Water0.35 sq mi (0.92 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total141
 • Density30.78/sq mi (11.88/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
62201 / 62206
Area code(s)618
FIPS code17-67756
Wikimedia CommonsSauget, Illinois

Sauget (/sɔːˈʒ/ saw-ZHAY) is a village in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States. It is part of Greater St. Louis. The population was 141 at the 2020 census, down from 159 in 2010.

Geography

Sauget is located at 38°35′13″N 90°10′0″W / 38.58694°N 90.16667°W / 38.58694; -90.16667 (38.587013, -90.166690).[2]

According to the 2010 census, Sauget has a total area of 4.594 square miles (11.90 km2), of which 4.23 square miles (10.96 km2) (or 92.08%) is land and 0.364 square miles (0.94 km2) (or 7.92%) is water.[3]

Sauget is located in the American Bottom, the floodplain of the Mississippi River opposite St. Louis, Missouri.

History

Sauget was incorporated as "Monsanto" in 1926. It was formed to provide a lighter regulatory environment and low taxes for Monsanto chemical plants at a time when local jurisdictions had most of the responsibility for environmental rules. It was renamed in honor of Leo Sauget, its first Village President.[4]

The village was incorporated in part in response to the failure of government in adjacent East St. Louis, Illinois to deliver essential services[which?], and in part to take advantage of federal grant funding programs available only to governmental units, as opposed to private industry.[citation needed]

The village of Sauget operates the American Bottoms Treatment Plant, a large sewage treatment plant that serves much of the Illinois side of the St. Louis metropolitan area. In addition, the village operates a municipal physical/chemical treatment plant that receives industrial wastewater from its factories. This has been cited as one of only three municipal treatment plants of this type in the United States.

The Monsanto plant in Sauget was the nation's largest producer of PCBs before a 1977 ban, and the EPA has designated the plant site along Dead Creek as a Superfund site.[4]

Sauget has its own 16-member fire department and 16-member police department; this is despite having a population below 250 people. There is roughly one officer and firefighter for every 15 residents in Sauget. Sauget supplies municipal water and wastewater services.[4]

Sauget is also home to minor league baseball: the Gateway Grizzlies of the Frontier League, which are controlled by the Sauget family.[4]

Located in Sauget is the National Building Arts Center, a historic preservationist and salvage organization which holds one of the largest collections of significant architectural and industrial elements in the US.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930304
194035918.1%
1950357−0.6%
1960324−9.2%
1970220−32.1%
1980205−6.8%
1990197−3.9%
200024926.4%
2010159−36.1%
2020141−11.3%
[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 249 people, 101 households, and 61 families residing in the village. The population density was 60.3 people per square mile (23.3/km2). There were 115 housing units at an average density of 27.8 per square mile (10.8/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 70.28% White, 27.71% African American, 1.20% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.[7]

There were 101 households, out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples living together, 21.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.6% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 23.7% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $35,833, and the median income for a family was $41,875. Males had a median income of $40,833 versus $25,714 for females. The per capita income for the village was $19,330. About 20.0% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.6% of those under the age of eighteen and 11.1% of those 65 or over.

Education

Sauget is in the Cahokia Community Unit School District 187.[8]

In popular culture

Sauget is used as a "stand in" for adjacent St. Louis in the song "I Can't Stand L.A." by Bowling for Soup. (they explain in the song that Sauget is essentially St. Louis).

The song "Sauget Wind" by Uncle Tupelo (from nearby Belleville, Illinois) addresses environmental pollution.

The Matthew Bright film Schwaz starring Billy Bob Thornton and Margo Martindale was filmed in Sauget in 2000, which stood in for the fictional Pine Swallow, Illinois. The local fire department provided their fire truck and over 10,000 gallons of water to stage the climactic firefighting scene.

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  3. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
  4. ^ a b c d Spain, William (Oct 3, 2006). "Yes, in My Backyard: Tiny Sauget, Illinois Likes Business Misfits". Wall Street Journal. p. A1.
  5. ^ "Search Results".
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ Census factsheet
  8. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): St. Clair County, IL" (Archive). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 7, 2014.

EPA