Koiarian
Koiari – Managalas Plateau
Geographic
distribution
Southeastern peninsula of Papua New Guinea:
Central Province and Oro Province
Linguistic classificationTrans–New Guinea
Subdivisions
  • Koiari
  • Baraic (Managalas Plateau)
Glottologkoia1260

The Koiarian languages /kɔɪˈɑːriən/[2] Koiari are a small family of Trans–New Guinea languages spoken in the "Bird's Tail" (southeastern peninsula) of New Guinea. They are classified within the Southeast Papuan branch of Trans–New Guinea.

Languages

The languages are:

Dutton (2010) classifies the Koiarian languages as:[3]:3

Proto-language

Pronouns

Usher (2020) reconstructs the pronouns as:[1]

sg pl
1 *na *no
2 *a *ja
3 *aɸu *[i/e]abu

Vocabulary

The following basic vocabulary words of Proto-Koiarian and other lower-level reconstructions are from the Trans-New Guinea database:[4]

gloss Proto-Koiarian Proto-Koiariac Proto-Baraic
head *kina
hair *fómo
ear *gada
eye *ni
nose *uri
tooth *gubai
tongue *bitarV
leg *díʔ-
louse *ʔumu
dog *to *(ʔ,k)uo
pig *ofo *mafV
bird *ugu[fa]
egg *uni
blood *taɣo
bone *(ʔ)adV
skin *vata
breast *amu *m(u,o)sV
tree *idí
man *ata *baru
woman *maɣina *nigi
sun *vani *maja-; *ve
moon *bata
water *[i]do
fire *vené
stone *muni
road, path *ɣuma
name *ifí
eat *i-
one *(i,o)gau
two *abu(t)i *inoki

Evolution

Koiarian reflexes of proto-Trans-New Guinea (pTNG) etyma are:[5]

Koiari language:

Managalasi language:

Phonotactics

Like the Binanderean languages, Barai and other Koiarian languages only allow for open syllables and do not allow final CVC.[5]:87

References

  1. ^ a b New Guinea World, Owen Stanley Range
  2. ^ Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh
  3. ^ Dutton, Tom. 2010. Reconstructing Proto Koiarian: The history of a Papuan language family. (Pacific Linguistics, 610.) Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University
  4. ^ Greenhill, Simon (2016). "TransNewGuinea.org - database of the languages of New Guinea". Retrieved 2020-11-05.
  5. ^ a b Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.

Further reading