Goilalan
Wharton Range
Geographic
distribution
Wharton Range, Central Province, Papua New Guinea
Linguistic classificationBinanderean–Goilalan[1]
  • Goilalan
Glottologgoil1242
Goilalan languages.svg
Map: The Goilalan languages of New Guinea
  The Goilalan languages
  Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages
  Uninhabited

The Goilalan or Wharton Range languages are a language family spoken around the Wharton Range in the "Bird's Tail" of New Guinea. They were classified as a branch of the Trans–New Guinea languages by Stephen Wurm (1975), but only tentatively retained there in the classification of Malcolm Ross (2005) and removed entirely by Timothy Usher (2020).[2]

Languages

The languages are,[2]

The languages are clearly related, especially northern Biagai, Kunimaipa, and Weri, which might be considered divergent dialects.[citation needed]

Pronouns

Pronouns are:

Tauade also has the possessive pronouns ne-ve, ni-e.

Vocabulary comparison

The following basic vocabulary words are from SIL field notes (1973, 1975, 1980), as cited in the Trans-New Guinea database:[3]

gloss Fuyug Tauade
head hul ha; ondobe kɔrɔtɔ
hair are; hul haluma awutu
ear gadolo kepapaí
eye hul li; im tavai
nose hul hunga; unge kiːtʰ
tooth hul usi nɔtɔvai
tongue hul asese aivi
leg soga lɔ'vai
louse hi dautʰ
dog ho; oi kɔveřa
pig ovo pɔřu
bird Nemba; nembe kide
egg hulombo mutuwu
blood tana il'iví
bone hude keniví
skin hul hoda; ode kɔtipai
breast hul duda data
tree i'i eata
man A'a; an baře
woman Amu; amuri iva
sun evuli vatava
moon hama ɔne
water ʒu ipi
fire oki e'na·m
stone zo evi'ti
road, path enamba; inambe bɔřiƀařa
name ifa ape'te
eat huni nene ɔmei nai
one fida kɔne
two ʒuvalo kupal'iai

Evolution

Fuyuge reflexes of purported proto-Trans-New Guinea (pTNG) etyma are:[4]

References

  1. ^ New Guinea World, Oro – Wharton Range
  2. ^ a b NewGuineaWorld - Wharton Range
  3. ^ Greenhill, Simon (2016). "TransNewGuinea.org - database of the languages of New Guinea". Retrieved 2020-11-05.
  4. ^ Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. Vol. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.