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Cartoon Network
CountryUK[1]
Germany
Broadcast areaRussia (1996-2022)
CIS
Bulgaria
Georgia
Ukraine
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia
North Macedonia
Belarus
Montenegro
Serbia
Slovenia
Albania
Kosovo
Estonia
Latvia (2009-2023)
Lithuania[2]
HeadquartersLondon: Building 2, 566 Chiswick High Road[3]
München: Leopoldstraße 57
Programming
Language(s)Russian
Bulgarian
English
Serbian (continuity and bumpers in English)
Croatian (continuity and bumpers in English)
Slovene (continuity and bumpers in English)
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 16:9 576i for the SDTV feed)
Ownership
OwnerWarner Bros. Discovery EMEA
Sister channelsCartoonito
CNN International
History
Launched1 October 1996; 27 years ago (1996-10-01)
1 October 2009; 14 years ago (2009-10-01) (as its own channel)
Closed9 March 2022; 23 months ago (2022-03-09) (Russia) (due to the ongoing Russian invasion of Ukraine)
17 April 2023; 10 months ago (2023-04-17) (Latvia)
Links
Websitewww.cartoonnetwork.ru (Closed due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine)
www.cartoonnetwork.bg
Availability
Terrestrial
Balticum (Lithuania)Channel 21

Cartoon Network[4] is a children's pay television channel in CIS & Southeast Europe which was launched on 1 October 2009, replacing the pan-European feed of Cartoon Network in those regions. Cartoon Network is available in Bulgarian, Croatian, English, Russian, Serbian and Slovene.

History

Block

From 14 April 1996 to 6 April 1997, the Russian channel TV-6 broadcast the Cartoon Network block with the channel's bumpers dubbed in Russian, as well as two multi-part projects — the animated series The Jetsons and the classic Tom and Jerry short cartoons.[5]

Channel

In October 1996, Cartoon Network Europe began to be rebroadcast in English by the pay-TV operator Kosmos-TV (owned by an American company Metromedia International),[6][7][8] the duration of the broadcasts was not fixed. Broadcasting was carried out from 5:00 to 21:00 Moscow time, and the TNT UK TV channel was broadcast in the evening.[9][10][11] In October 1999, the channel TCM Europe began broadcasting during non-working airtime instead of TNT UK.

On 1 November 1999, the pan-European version of Cartoon Network officially began broadcasting on the territory of Russia and in the CIS and Baltic countries on the platform of the Russian satellite operator NTV Plus and in other cable networks, broadcasting from the Sirius 2[12][13][14] (partially duplicated).[15][16] Broadcasting was from 8:00 to 00:00 Moscow time, with the TV channel TCM Europe being broadcast at overnight hours. The distributor of the channel in the CIS and the Baltic States was Chello Zone.[17][18][19]

On 1 April 2005, the pan-European Cartoon Network received a full-fledged Russian audio track.[20][21] 

In mid-May 2006, a rebranding was carried out, which included an updated version of the logo and a new design. Later, the Cartoon Network Cinema block appeared.

In 2008, a representative office of Turner Broadcasting System Russia opened in Moscow, which began distributing the channel.[22]

On 1 October 2009, a separate feed was established — Cartoon Network Russia and Southeastern Europe (CN RSEE), broadcasting in the CIS, Baltic States and Southeastern Europe.[23] There is also a new block Cartoon Toon Toon. Both the CIS countries and Bulgaria received separate advertising.

On 26 November 2010, a new corporate identity was introduced, as well as a new design.[24] In the same year, a website was launched - cartoonnetwork.ru and cartoonnetwork.bg, the site is controlled and maintained in London.[25][26]

Since March 2011, with the switch of the channel to 24-hour broadcasting, timesharing with TCM Europe on its frequencies ceased.[27][28]

As of 2014, the editorial office of the TV channel was located in Munich,[29][30] however, the broadcasting center is still located in London. In the same year, the Marathon Mix block appeared.

At the end of 2015, it became known that the distributor of the channel in Russia and the CIS would be Media Alliance, a subsidiary of the state media holding National Media Group and Discovery Inc.[31][32][33] The transaction was completed in May 2016.[34] The company managed the Russian legal entity of the channel — Turner Children's Programs LLC, which was headed by Discovery representative Grigory Lavrov, who was also the general director of Media Alliance.[35]

Since 18 November 2020, Cartoon Network RSEE has a Czech license (RRTV) in order to ensure the continuation of legal broadcasting in the European Union (EU) in accordance with the EU Directive on Audiovisual Media Services (AVMSD) and the law on the single market following the withdrawal of the UK from the EU. Since the Czech Republic has minimum broadcasting rules, it was chosen for licensing purposes in the EU. The broadcasting center of the channel is still located in London.[1][36]

Croatian, Serbian and Slovene audio tracks were added on 6 November 2021.

On 9 March 2022, the channel ceased broadcasting in Russia, along with Boomerang and Discovery channels, as part of a response by WarnerMedia and Discovery Inc. on the actions of the Russian invasion of Ukraine.[37] It continues broadcasting in other CIS and Baltic countries.

From 1 August 2022, some new cartoon series began to be released without Russian dubbing.[38][39][40]

At the request of the Czech regulator, between Latvian regulator NEPLP, on 17 April 2023 the version of the channel stopped showing in Latvia and was replaced by the Scandinavian version, the original RFB mutation will be removed from this country by 1 May 2023 at the latest.[41]

References

  1. ^ a b "Ofcom | TV Cable and Satellite".
  2. ^ "Информация о Cartoon Network". ТВ Дайджест. 4 September 2009.
  3. ^ "Ofcom | TV Cable and Satellite".
  4. ^ "Cartoon Network News In Brief Late February 2017". Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  5. ^ ""До 16 и старше..."". Теле-Спутник. April 1997. Archived from the original on 2 February 2021. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Kosmos TV". Archived from the original on 5 April 2001.
  7. ^ Спутниковое телевидение: каждый в своей тарелке – Деньги – Коммерсантъ
  8. ^ Детский мир Archived 2020-08-11 at the Wayback Machine // Август 1998г
  9. ^ Rosenbaum, Martin (28 July 1993). "Media: American invaders are targeting your kids: Children's rights and non-stop cartoons will do battle as US cable channels vie for British viewers". The Independent. London. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
  10. ^ "Спутниковое телевидение: каждый в своей тарелке". Коммерсантъ. 30 October 1996. Archived from the original on 8 February 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  11. ^ "Империя Теда Тернера". old.telesputnik.ru. 7 July 1996. Archived from the original on 17 October 2018. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  12. ^ "Cartoon Network теперь на русском языке". old.telesputnik.ru. 3 March 2005. Archived from the original on 6 February 2021. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  13. ^ "CARTOON NETWORK". turnertv.ru. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Кабельная сеть Архангельска и MMDS-система Северодвинска". old.telesputnik.ru.
  15. ^ "Далее на Cartoon Network Russia (1999-2022)". Retrieved 19 November 2023 – via www.youtube.com.
  16. ^ "Вне эфира". Большой город. 8 October 2003. Archived from the original on 24 April 2021. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  17. ^ "Дублировано на Zone Vision". old.telesputnik.ru. 2 February 2000. Archived from the original on 6 February 2021. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  18. ^ ""Здравствуй, племя младое, незнакомое..."". old.telesputnik.ru. 10 October 1999. Archived from the original on 22 March 2022. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  19. ^ "Chello Zone представляет JimJam". old.telesputnik.ru. 4 April 2008. Archived from the original on 1 February 2021. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  20. ^ "CARTOON NETWORK на русском языке с 1 апреля на 100%" (in Russian). Sostav.ru. 21 February 2005. Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  21. ^ "Cartoon Network to Speak Russian". Animation Magazine. 22 February 2005. Archived from the original on 17 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  22. ^ "TURNER BROADCASTING SYSTEM ОТКРЫВАЕТ ОФИС В МОСКВЕ". ТВ Дайджест.
  23. ^ "Запуск новой версии Cartoon Network в России". ТВ Дайджест (in Russian). 4 September 2009. Archived from the original on 8 August 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  24. ^ "Cartoon Network обновляет имидж". telesat-news.net (in Russian). 25 November 2010. Archived from the original on 13 January 2021. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
  25. ^ "Turner Broadcasting раскрыла свои планы в России". ТВ Дайджест (in Russian). 9 February 2010.
  26. ^ "Условия использования". Cartoon Network Russia (in Russian). 23 April 2021. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  27. ^ "Изменение времени вещания канала Cartoon Network". НТВ-Плюс (in Russian). 25 February 2011. Archived from the original on 18 April 2022. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  28. ^ "Cartoon Network круглосуточно вещает в России". «Кабельщик» (in Russian). 15 March 2011. Archived from the original on 20 October 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  29. ^ "Impressum". Turner TV Deutschland (in German). Archived from the original on 27 September 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  30. ^ "Unternehmen". Turner TV Deutschland (in German). Archived from the original on 17 July 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  31. ^ "Discovery и НМГ создали совместную медиакомпанию".
  32. ^ "| Media Alliance". Archived from the original on 21 April 2021.
  33. ^ ""Национальная медиа группа" и Discovery получили контроль над CNN в России". Ведомости (in Russian). 23 December 2015. Archived from the original on 12 April 2021. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  34. ^ "Совладелец "Первого канала" получил контроль над CNN в России". РБК (in Russian). 5 May 2016. Archived from the original on 8 March 2021. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  35. ^ ""Важно творчески подходить к адаптации зарубежного контента для нашего зрителя"". tvkinoradio.ru (in Russian). 14 July 2017. Archived from the original on 3 August 2020.
  36. ^ Rozhodnutí o udělení licence rrtv.cz
  37. ^ "WarnerMedia and Discovery join the stampede of businesses leaving Russia | CNN Business". CNN. 9 March 2022.
  38. ^ "Контент для Cartoon Network перестали переводить.. | TV Archive | VK".[user-generated source]
  39. ^ "Все таки с Cartoon Network убирают русскую.. | TV Archive | VK".[user-generated source]
  40. ^ "Джеллистоун перестали переводить с серии ".. | TV Archive | VK".[user-generated source]
  41. ^ "Změny v distribuci dětských kanálů v Lotyšsku". Parabola.cz (in Czech). 23 February 2023.