The Elymaic alphabet is a right-to-left, non-joining abjad.[1] It is derived from the Aramaic alphabet.[2] Elymaic was used in the ancient state of Elymais,[1] which was a semi-independent state of the 2nd century BCE to the early 3rd century CE, frequently a vassal under Parthian control, in the present-day region of Khuzestan, Iran (Susiana).[3]

Elymaic alphabet
Script type
Time period
2nd century BCE — early 3rd century CE
DirectionRight-to-left script Edit this on Wikidata
LanguagesAchaemenid Aramaic[1]
Related scripts
Parent systems
ISO 15924
ISO 15924Elym (128), ​Elymaic
Unicode alias


Main article: Elymaic (Unicode block)

The Elymaic alphabet was added to the Unicode Standard in March, 2019 with the release of version 12.0.

The Unicode block for Elymaic is U+10FE0–U+10FFF:

Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+10FEx 𐿠 𐿡 𐿢 𐿣 𐿤 𐿥 𐿦 𐿧 𐿨 𐿩 𐿪 𐿫 𐿬 𐿭 𐿮 𐿯
U+10FFx 𐿰 𐿱 𐿲 𐿳 𐿴 𐿵 𐿶
1.^ As of Unicode version 15.1
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points


  1. ^ a b c Pandey, Anshuman (2017-10-23). "L2/17226R2: Proposal to encode the Elymaic script in Unicode" (PDF). Working Group Document, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2 and UTC. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  2. ^ Daniels, Peter T.; Bright, William, eds. (1996). The World's Writing Systems. Oxford University Press, Inc. pp. 89. ISBN 978-0195079937.
  3. ^ Hansman, John F. "ELYMAIS". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 2012-12-24.