Karani script
Karaṇī akṣara
କରଣି ଅକ୍ଷର
Karani script sample from
Purnachandra Odia Bhashakosha
Script type
Time period
c. 1700 - 1900s CE[1]
LanguagesOdia language
Related scripts
Parent systems
Odia script (cursive style)
  • Karani script
 This article contains phonetic transcriptions in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA. For the distinction between [ ], / / and  , see IPA § Brackets and transcription delimiters.

Karani script (Odia: କରଣି ଅକ୍ଷର) (also Chata script ଛଟା ଅକ୍ଷର) was a cursive/calligraphic style variant of Odia script[2][3][4] developed by the Karana (କରଣ) community/ the scribes (professional writer-class) of the Odia royal courts. It was used in the pre-Independence Orissa (Odisha) region of British India and was primarily used by the Karana community who were working for administrative purposes, documentation and keeping records in the royal courts of the Odia princely states (Orissa Tributary States). The name Karani is derived from the metal stylus, Karani that was used for writing on palm leaf.[5][6]

Use in Odia script

Karani diacritic remnant in Odia script
Vowel Letter Diacritic forms
For the vowel (short i), the standard Odia diacritic form is ି. Eg- For consonant (ka) - କି (ki)
But for these consonants - (kha), (tha), (dha), the equivalent diacritic from Karani script is also used.
ଖି (khi)
ଥି (thi)
ଧି (dhi)



  1. ^ "CHAPTER - IV: DEVELOPMENT OF ORIYA SCRIPT, LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE" (PDF). Shodhganga. 27 September 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  2. ^ Tripāṭhī, Kunjabihari (1962). The Evolution of Oriya Language and Script. Utkal University. p. 33. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  3. ^ Chitararijan Behera (2012). "ପ୍ରାଚୀନ ସାହିତ୍ୟଗ୍ରନ୍ଥ ସଂପାଦନା-୧" (PDF). Shodhganga. Utkal University. p. 56. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  4. ^ Diringer, David (1948). Alphabet a key to the history of mankind. p. 366.
  5. ^ Rath, Saraju (2012). "The Oriya Script: Origin, Development and Sources". ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ "Purnachandra Odia Bhashakosha by Gopal Chandra Praharaj (Preface + All 7 Volumes)". archive.org. Retrieved 3 September 2020.