WRFF
CityPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania
Broadcast areaGreater Philadelphia (Delaware Valley)
Frequency104.5 MHz (HD Radio)
BrandingAlt 104.5
Programming
FormatAlternative rock
SubchannelsHD2: WDAS simulcast "The Gambler" (Sports)
Ownership
OwneriHeartMedia
(iHM Licenses, LLC)
History
First air date
1965 (as WRCP-FM)
Former call signs
WRCP-FM (1965-1977)
WSNI (1977-1990)
WYXR (1990-1999)
WLCE (1999-2002)
WSNI (2002-2006)
WUBA (2006-2007)
Call sign meaning
We're Radio One O Four Five (Previous Branding)
Technical information
Facility ID53969
ClassB
ERP11,500 watts (analog)
458 watts (digital)[1]
HAAT308 meters (1,010 ft)
Transmitter coordinates
40°02′30.4″N 75°14′22.6″W / 40.041778°N 75.239611°W / 40.041778; -75.239611 (WRFF)
Links
WebcastListen live (via iHeartRadio)
Websitealt1045philly.iheart.com

WRFF (104.5 FM, "ALT 104.5") is an American commercial FM radio station located in and licensed to serve Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The station is owned by iHeartMedia, and broadcasts an alternative rock format. The broadcast tower used by the station is located in the Roxborough section of Philadelphia at (40°02′30.9″N 75°14′21.9″W / 40.041917°N 75.239417°W / 40.041917; -75.239417),[2] while studios are in Bala Cynwyd.

History

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WRCP-FM

The station first signed on in February 1965 as WRCP-FM simulcasting WRCP (AM) 1540. Both stations offered MOR formats. The stations were owned by Associated Communications, a subsidiary of Rust Craft Greeting Cards. In 1967, the stations switched to country music formats. Tightened Federal Communications Commission (FCC) restrictions on AM-FM simulcasting led to a new format for the FM in 1977.

WSNI, first time

WRCP-FM broke away from WRCP (AM) in 1977 and became WSNI. WSNI initially had a soft country/easy listening hybrid format before evolving to instrumental-based easy listening.

On January 1, 1980, WSNI became known as Sunny 104 at first, then later Sunny 104 1/2, and eventually Sunny 104.5, a name which was reused later on in the station's history. "Sunny" dumped easy listening in favor of an Adult Contemporary format playing the Top 40 hits of the 1960s, Top 40/Adult contemporary crossovers of the 1970s, and the Adult Contemporary hits of the 1980s up to and including then-current product.

Six years later, the stations were sold to Pyramid Broadcasting. The AM sister station, which still had the WRCP call sign, was eventually sold also and got a new call sign. In 1988, singer Teddy Pendergrass performed some of the station's jingles.

WYXR

On December 10, 1990, WSNI's call sign was changed to WYXR and the format switched to Hot AC. The new station rebranded as Star 104.5.

In a group deal, WYXR became owned by Evergreen by 1993. The station experimented and leaned toward Top 40/CHR in 1996, but kept the "Star" branding. The station quietly evolved back to Hot AC in 1997; unlike most Hot AC stations, WYXR played more rhythmic cuts. In 1997, WYXR became owned by Chancellor as a result of a merger.

In April 1999, Chancellor (known then as AMFM, Inc.) was going to switch the station to a Jammin' Oldies format. This never happened because another station owned by Greater Media beat them to it. As a result, the Hot AC format remained until November 4, 1999 at Noon. After playing Madonna's "Who's That Girl," the station began stunting with a heartbeat for the next three hours.

WLCE

At 3 p.m. that same day, the station flipped to a Gold-based "Rock AC", branded as Alice 104.5, WLCE. The first song on "Alice" was The Cars' "Let's Go".[3][4] The new format was described as "Rockin' Hits" of the 70s, 80s, and 90s. The "Rockin' Hits" format was designed to compete against Greater Media's WMGK. WMGK was Greater Media's most successful station in Philadelphia at the time, and this was viewed as "punishment" against Greater Media after they flipped WXXM to "Jammin' Gold." Initially, only a couple of current songs were played, but by 2001, the station was playing a large number. By late 2001, the station evolved to more of a rock-based Hot AC format. Also in 2001, as a result of a merger, WLCE came under the ownership of Clear Channel Communications (now iHeartMedia).

WSNI, second time/oldies version

On August 1, 2002, at 6 a.m., after a 24-hour loop of The Beatles' "Here Comes the Sun," 104.5 flipped to Soft AC, reverting to the Sunny 104.5 branding with a plan to compete for some of B101's listeners. The first song on Sunny was "Build Me Up Buttercup" by The Foundations.[5][6]

This incarnation of WSNI is locally famous for completely abandoning the format as early as the first week in November to play continuous Christmas music until December 26. The idea was very successful and starting the very next year, B101—which in years past played only 36 hours of continuous Christmas music—copied it and has done it every year since.

"Sunny" was a low-budget station and nearly all air personalities were voicetracked, meaning the "DJ banter" heard between songs had been recorded in advance in a whole other part of the country and was being played from a hard drive just like the music. The low operating costs helped the station be successful even with only middling ratings. "Sunny 104.5" continued for just over four years.

At Noon on August 10, 2006, Sunny's sister station WJJZ (106.1 FM) was switched to a Rhythmic AC format, and began identifying itself as "Philly's 106.1." At the same time, Clear Channel dumped WSNI's Soft AC format and started "shadowcasting" the new station at 106.1. The two stations were playing the same songs, but 104.5 was delayed several seconds from what was heard on 106.1. The last song heard on "Sunny" was "Don't Let the Sun Go Down On Me" by Elton John. This was followed by a short pause and slow fade in of "Let's Get It Started" by The Black Eyed Peas. There was a short announcement from a female ("This feels like my own radio station") and an awkward segue into "Get Ready For This" by 2 Unlimited, then Michael Jackson's "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'".[7]

As for the lucrative all-Christmas format Sunny brought to Philadelphia, B101 had it all to themselves. Without having to worry about beating the competition to the punch, they tended to make the switch to all-Christmas much later in the season, typically 1 day to 1 week prior to Thanksgiving. In 2007, during Arbitron's "holiday period," the lack of competition provided B101 enormous rating success. So in 2008, three other stations joined in, giving Philadelphia four all-Christmas stations and forcing B101 to share.

In early January 2007, the WSNI call sign went to the former WOQL-FM in Keene, NH.

WUBA

On August 23, 2006, at Noon, after 13 days of shadowcasting the 106.1 FM signal, 104.5 FM became a Spanish-language radio station branded as Rumba 104.5.[8] The first song on "Rumba" was "Puerto Rico" by Frankie Ruiz. "Rumba" was the first Spanish-language station on FM radio in Philadelphia. They had a format focusing on Tropical and Dance Music, very similar to that of WCAA and WSKQ-FM in New York City. On August 29, WSNI changed call letters to WUBA to match the "Rumba" branding.

Alternative rock

Logo as Radio 104.5, used from 2012 to 2020.
Logo as Radio 104.5, used from 2012 to 2020.

On May 16, 2007, Clear Channel flipped the station to modern rock as Radio 104.5 with the new call letters WRFF, returning the format to Philadelphia after the 2005 flip of WPLY. The previous Rumba format moved to 1480 WDAS. The station solicited suggestions from listeners on artists to be featured in the new format, and the Radio branding and format would be adopted by several other Clear Channel-owned stations.[9][10]

On May 26, 2020, the station rebranded as Alt 104.5 with no change in format, aligned with the current standardized Alt branding used by iHeartMedia modern rock stations.[11]

Birthday Show

Starting in 2017, the station has hosted an annual birthday show one-day music festival, featuring artists frequently played on 104.5 FM.[12] Between 2007 and 2019, the festival has hosted artists like Hozier, Death Cab for Cutie, Florence and the Machine, Passion Pit and others.[13] The festival is usually held in either Camden, New Jersey or Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[14]

References

  1. ^ "FCC 335-FM Digital Notification [WRFF]". fcc.gov. Federal Communications Commission. August 26, 2015. Retrieved 2017-01-11.
  2. ^ "FM Query Results for WRFF". fcc.gov. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2017-01-11.
  3. ^ http://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-RandR/1990s/1999/RR-1999-11-12.pdf
  4. ^ ""Star 104.5" WYXR becomes Rock AC "Alice 104-5" - Format Change Archive". 4 November 1999.
  5. ^ "Alice 104.5 Philadelphia Becomes Sunny 104.5 - Format Change Archive". 1 August 2002.
  6. ^ http://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-RandR/2000s/2002/RR-2002-08-09.pdf
  7. ^ "Sunny 104.5 Signs-Off - Format Change Archive". 10 August 2006.
  8. ^ "WSNI Becomes Rumba 104.5 - Format Change Archive". 23 August 2006.
  9. ^ "Rumba 104.5/Philly Becomes 'Radio 104.5'". All Access. Retrieved 2020-06-03.
  10. ^ "Radio 104.5 Philadelphia Rebrands As Alt 104.5". RadioInsight. 2020-05-26. Retrieved 2020-06-03.
  11. ^ "Radio 104.5 Philadelphia Rebrands As Alt 104.5". RadioInsight. 2020-05-26. Retrieved 2020-06-03.
  12. ^ Moser, John J. "REVIEW: Kings of Leon, Bastille, The 1975, more show Radio 104.5 knows good music for 10th birthday show". mcall.com. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  13. ^ Vanzelst, Jackie (2015-02-03). "Radio 104.5 8th Birthday Show @ Susquehanna Bank Center 5/10 (with Hozier, Death Cab for Cutie, Passion Pit, Of Monsters and Men, Awolnation, Walk the Moon, and Vance Joy) -". mxdwn Music. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  14. ^ Relick, Amanda (2019-05-16). "Radio 104.5 Birthday Show with The Lumineers, Death Cab for Cutie, Grouplove, and more at the BB&T Pavilion -". mxdwn Music. Retrieved 2020-06-24.