Broadcast areaGreater Grand Forks
Frequency1440 kHz
Branding1440 The Fan
ESPN Radio
Minnesota Vikings
Minnesota Wild
First air date
November 1, 1941 (as KILO)[1]
Former call signs
KILO (1941–1973)
Call sign meaning
Abbreviation for EXtra Large
Technical information
Facility ID20324
Power600 watts day
300 watts night
Transmitter coordinates
47°57′52″N 97°01′46″W / 47.96444°N 97.02944°W / 47.96444; -97.02944
WebcastListen Live
WebsiteFacebook Page

KKXL (1440 kHz, "1440 The Fan") is an AM radio station broadcasting a sports format serving Grand Forks, North Dakota. The station is currently owned by iHeartMedia, Inc.

Most of the station's daytime programming is from co-owned KFAN in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and nighttime programming is from ESPN Radio.



Further information: KWTL

In 1923, the University of North Dakota started KFJM. This station carried educational as well as commercial programming, which had since 1929 been overseen by Dalton LeMasurier of Grand Forks. As part of this venture, in addition to studios and a transmitter on the university campus, KFJM maintained studios in the First National Bank building downtown.[1]

The University of North Dakota began planning in March 1941 to unwind this arrangement and exit the commercial broadcasting business, which resulted in the award to LeMasurier of a second license. On November 1, 1941, KILO signed on, sharing the 1440 kHz frequency with KFJM.[1] Under the arrangement, KFJM broadcast from 3 to 5 p.m. each day, with KILO broadcasting at other times and frequently assuming those hours in the summer.[2] In a 10-year contract with the university, LeMasurier was responsible for the maintenance of the transmitter shared by the two licenses, as well as other equipment which was owned by the university, and paid $250 a month to UND.[1] The entire KFJM commercial operation transferred to the new license, including staff and advertising contracts; no new construction was involved.[3] A national network affiliation was stated as being in the offing when KILO launched,[1] and this came to fruition on January 1, 1942, when KILO became an affiliate of the Mutual Broadcasting System.[4] Jack Horner, who later worked in Minnesota, worked at commercial KFJM prior to the split and returned to KILO in 1942 to call Grand Forks Chiefs baseball games.[5]

LeMasurier sold KILO in 1948 to the Grand Forks Herald newspaper, which surrendered a construction permit it held to build a station at 1260 kHz.[6] KFJM was authorized to move to 1370 kHz and resume full-time broadcasts in February 1957, leaving KILO alone on 1440; the end of the arrangement also saw KILO move to a new transmitter site.[2] The Herald owned KILO until 1962, when it sold the station to Carl Bloomquist of Eveleth, Minnesota.[7] Bloomquist, through KILO, Inc., paid $125,000.[8]


The Ingstad family acquired KILO from Bloomquist in 1973, paying $300,000 for the station.[9] It was the Tom Ingstad Radio Group's first purchase.[10] Immediately upon the Red River Valley Broadcasting Company assuming control, the call letters were changed to KKXL.[2] Under Ingstad, KKXL added a simulcasting FM, KKXL-FM 105.3 (known as KKDQ between 1975 and 1981), which started on December 23, 1974.[11] A 1982 windstorm collapsed the station's tower on the Fourth of July; the AM returned the next day and the FM a night later.[12]

In 1985, Vaughns, Inc., acquired six Ingstad-owned radio stations, including KKXL-AM-FM, for nearly $9 million; general manager Duane Cariveau was tapped to head the new station group from Grand Forks.[13] Cariveau and other managers of the KKXL stations, organized as Excel Broadcasting, bought the pair from Vaughns three years later.[14] KKXL AM was broadcasting country music by 1994[15] but flipped to talk and sports in 1996.[16]

In 1997, Excel sold the stations—to the Ingstads, who at the time were also buying two other Grand Forks radio stations, for $2.75 million.[17] That year, the stations were off air for months as the result of another tower collapse and the flooding of the Red River.[10] Upon returning to the air, the station aired an adult standards format from Westwood One.[18] In a 10-station transaction involving stations in the Grand Forks market and in the state of Washington in 1999, Clear Channel acquired KKXL-AM-FM; the stations together fetched $19.71 million.[19]

In 2002, KKXL, which had returned to a talk format, became a sports talk outlet using KFAN programming.[20]


  1. ^ a b c d e "New Radio Station Opens At Grand Forks Saturday". Bismarck Herald. Associated Press. October 31, 1941. p. 2. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c FCC History Cards for KKXL
  3. ^ "KILO, Grand Forks, Makes Inaugural" (PDF). Broadcasting. November 17, 1941. p. 45. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  4. ^ "KILO Joins MBS" (PDF). Broadcasting. January 12, 1942. p. 12. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  5. ^ "Behind the Mike" (PDF). Broadcasting. May 11, 1942. p. 74 (70). Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  6. ^ "WOOD Sale" (PDF). Broadcasting. April 19, 1948. p. 30. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  7. ^ "Grand Forks Radio Station Will Be Sold". Bismarck Tribune. Associated Press. June 8, 1962. p. 13. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  8. ^ "For the Record" (PDF). Broadcasting. September 3, 1962. p. 80. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  9. ^ "Changing Hands" (PDF). Broadcasting. p. 25. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  10. ^ a b Sholin, Dave (July 18, 1997). "Championing Top 40 In Small Markets Midwest" (PDF). Gavin Report. p. 12. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  11. ^ "KKXL Boosts Power" (PDF). Radio & Records. December 13, 1974. p. 3. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  12. ^ "Street Talk" (PDF). Radio & Records. July 9, 1982. p. 14. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  13. ^ "Vaughns Buys Six Ingstad Stations" (PDF). Radio & Records. June 21, 1985. p. 8. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  14. ^ "Transactions" (PDF). Radio & Records. October 28, 1988. p. 10. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  15. ^ "Format Changes & Updates" (PDF). M Street Journal. March 23, 1994. p. 2 (28). Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  16. ^ "Format Changes & Updates" (PDF). M Street Journal. March 20, 1996. p. 2 (22). Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  17. ^ "Transactions" (PDF). Radio & Records. August 22, 1997. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  18. ^ "Format Changes & Updates" (PDF). M Street Journal. March 4, 1998. p. 2. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  19. ^ "Transactions" (PDF). Radio & Records. October 1, 1999. p. 8. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  20. ^ "Format Changes & Updates" (PDF). M Street Journal. August 7, 2002. p. 5. Retrieved March 28, 2020.