Pieces of cifantuan in a traditional steaming basket
Alternative namesChi faan, fantuan
CourseBreakfast, dim sum
Place of originJiangnan, China
Region or stateGreater China
Main ingredientsyoutiao (fried dough), glutinous rice
Traditional Chinese /
Simplified Chinese粢饭团 / 糍饭团
Hanyu Pinyincífàntuán

Cifantuan, also known simply as chi faan or fantuan, is a glutinous rice dish in Chinese cuisine originating in the Jiangnan area of eastern China which encompasses Shanghai and surrounding regions.[1][2] It is made by tightly wrapping a piece of youtiao (fried dough) with glutinous rice. It is usually eaten as breakfast together with sweetened or savory soy milk in its native Jiangnan.

Today, cifantuan is commonly available in two varieties. Whereas the "savory" variety includes ingredients such as zha cai (pickled vegetable), rousong (pork floss) and small pieces of youtiao being wrapped in the rice ball, the "sweet" variety adds sugar and sometimes sesame to the filling. There are many modern variations of the food which are made from purple rice and include fillings such as tuna, kimchi, or cheese.

Cifantuan is a major breakfast food item in Shanghai.[3][4] Cifantuan is also popular in Hubei, Taiwan and Hong Kong.

See also


  1. ^ " Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine." 上海的小吃. Retrieved on 2009-08-15.
  2. ^ Phoenix television. "Phoenix television Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine." 糍飯糰與豆漿. Retrieved on 2009-08-15.
  3. ^ "The Shanghai Breakfast Club: How to Eat Like a Local". The Woks of Life. 2016-05-17. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  4. ^ "The Breakfast Foods You Have to Try in Shanghai". Saveur. Retrieved 2020-10-26.