|мыхӀабишды чӀел |
|Native to||North Caucasus, Azerbaijan|
|Region||Southern Dagestan, Russian–Azerbaijani border|
|36,400 (2010 census)|
Official language in
Rutul in the Caucasus
Rutul is classified as Definitely Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger (2010)
Rutul is a language spoken by the Rutuls, an ethnic group living in Dagestan (Russia) and some parts of Azerbaijan. It is spoken by 30,000 people in Dagestan (2010 census) and 17,000 (no date) in Azerbaijan. The word Rutul derives from the name of a Dagestani village where speakers of this language make up the majority.[full citation needed]
Rutul is endangered in Russia and classified as "definitely endangered" by UNESCO's Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger.
Rutul belongs to the Lezgic group of the Northeast Caucasian language family. The Rutuls call their language myxʼabišdy čʼel.
Rutul was not a written language until the writing system for it (based on Cyrillic) was developed in 1990. A Latin alphabet was developed in 2013 based on the Shin-Shorsu dialect. Speakers are often bilingual or multilingual, having a good command of the Azeri, Lezgian and/or Russian languages. There are 8 dialects and 2 subdialects of Rutul. The literary version of the language remains in the process of development. In the Rutul-populated regions of southern Russia, Rutul is taught in primary schools (grades 1 to 4).[full citation needed]
|Close||i iː||y||ɨ ɨː||u uː|
Among the languages of the Lezgic group, Tsakhur appears to be the closest relative of Rutul.[full citation needed] Other than these two, there are seven more languages in the Lezgic group, namely: Lezgian, Tabasaran, Aghul, Budukh, Kryts, Udi and Archi.
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