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Northern Catalan
(Roussillonese)
català septentrional
rossellonès
Street sign in Formiguera.
Native toFrance
RegionNorthern Catalonia
EthnicityCatalans
Early form
Catalan alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3
IETFca-FR
The areas of French Oriental Pyrenees where Catalan is spoken in orange.
This article contains phonetic transcriptions in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA. For the distinction between [ ], / / and ⟨ ⟩, see IPA § Brackets and transcription delimiters.

Northern Catalan (Catalan: català septentrional),[b] also known as Roussillonese (rossellonès),[c] is a Catalan dialect mostly spoken in Northern Catalonia (roughly corresponding with the region of Roussillon), but also extending in the northeast part of Southern Catalonia in a transition zone with Central Catalan.

Phonetics

Phonetic features of Northern Catalan include:

Morphology

Some subdialects keep the singular masculine definite article lo, as in North-Western Catalan and many varieties of Occitan.

Northern Catalan has a large body of words imported from French and Occitan. It also features some grammatical forms and structures that are typical of Occitan, such as the use of a lone post-verbal pas, rather than a lone preverbal no to express basic negation (Northern Catalan canti pas vs. Central Catalan no canto, 'I don't sing' or 'I'm not singing'); pas is also used in some other Catalan dialects for emphasis but always with no before the verb (Central Catalan no canto pas, 'I do not sing' or 'I am not singing').

Notes

  1. ^ a b Some Iberian scholars may alternatively classify Catalan as Iberian Romance/East Iberian.
  2. ^ Catalan pronunciation: [kətəˈla səptəntɾiuˈnal]
  3. ^ Catalan pronunciation: [rusəʎuˈnɛs]

References