Northern Catalan
català septentrional
A street sign with the words CAMI DE FRANÇA.
Street sign in Formiguera.
Native toFrance
RegionNorthern Catalonia
Early forms
Catalan alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3
A map of the French department of Oriental Pyrenees with most of the areas highlighted but for the middle north.
The areas of French Oriental Pyrenees where Catalan is spoken in orange.

Northern Catalan (Catalan: català septentrional),[a] also known as Rossellonese (rossellonès),[b] is a Catalan dialect mostly spoken in Northern Catalonia (roughly corresponding with the region of Roussillon), but also extending in the northeast part of Southern Catalonia in a transition zone with Central Catalan.[1][2] All speakers of Catalan from North Catalonia are at least natively bilingual with French.[3]


Phonetic features of Northern Catalan include:


Some subdialects keep the singular masculine definite article lo, as in North-Western Catalan and many varieties of Occitan.

Northern Catalan has a large body of words imported from French and Occitan.[4] It also features some grammatical forms and structures that are typical of Occitan, such as the use of a lone post-verbal pas, rather than a lone preverbal no to express basic negation (Northern Catalan canti pas vs. Central Catalan no canto, 'I don't sing' or 'I'm not singing'); pas is also used in some other Catalan dialects for emphasis but always with no before the verb (Central Catalan no canto pas, 'I do not sing' or 'I am not singing').


  1. ^ Catalan pronunciation: [kətəˈla səptəntɾiuˈnal]
  2. ^ Catalan pronunciation: [rusəʎuˈnɛs]


  1. ^ Argenter, Joan A.; Lüdtke, Jens (2020-04-06). Manual of Catalan Linguistics. de Gruyter. pp. 382–383. ISBN 978-3-11-045040-8.
  2. ^ Feldhausen, Ingo (2010-11-25). Sentential Form and Prosodic Structure of Catalan. John Benjamins Publishing. p. 5. ISBN 978-90-272-8759-5.
  3. ^ Kircher, Ruth; Zipp, Lena (2022-07-07). Research Methods in Language Attitudes. Cambridge University Press. p. 342. ISBN 978-1-108-49117-4.
  4. ^ Hawkey, James (2018-04-12). Language Attitudes and Minority Rights: The Case of Catalan in France. Springer. pp. 29–37. ISBN 978-3-319-74597-8.