RegionNortheastern France, Belgium
Early forms
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Lorrain, at the east among other oïl languages

Lorrain is a language (often referred to as patois) spoken by now a minority of people in Lorraine in France, small parts of Alsace and in Gaume in Belgium.[3] It is a langue d'oïl.

It is classified as a regional language of France and has the recognised status of a regional language of Wallonia, where it is known as Gaumais.[2] It has been influenced by Lorraine Franconian and Luxembourgish, West Central German languages spoken in nearby or overlapping areas.[citation needed]


Linguist Stephanie Russo noted the difference of a 'second' imperfect and pluperfect tense between Lorrain and Standard French.[4] It is derived from Latin grammar that no longer is used in modern French.


The Linguasphere Observatory distinguishes seven variants :

After 1870, members of the Stanislas Academy in Nancy noted 132 variants of Lorrain from Thionville in the north to Rupt-sur-Moselle in the south, which means that main variants have sub-variants.

See also


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian (2022-05-24). "Oil". Glottolog. Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Archived from the original on 2022-10-08. Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  2. ^ a b "Le gaumais". Commune de Meix-devant-Virton en Gaume. Archived from the original on 2022-03-20. Retrieved 2022-10-07.
  3. ^ Séguy, Jean (1973). "LES ATLAS LINGUISTIQUES DE LA FRANCE PAR RÉGIONS". Langue Française. 18 (18): 65–90. doi:10.3406/lfr.1973.5631. ISSN 0023-8368. JSTOR 41557628.
  4. ^ Russo, Stephanie C. (May 2017). The imparfait lorrain in the context of grammaticalization (Thesis thesis).