Majorcan, Minorcan, Ibizan
mallorquí, menorquí, eivissenc
Signs for ermita de Betlem, església, Sant Salvador, aparcament
Catalan-language sign in Artà.
Native toSpain
RegionBalearic Islands
Speakers of any Catalan
dialect in the islands
746,792 (2001)[1]
Early forms
Catalan alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3
The Catalan- speaking regions with the Balearic islands in red ()
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Balearic (Catalan: balear)[a] is the collective name for the dialects of Catalan spoken in the Balearic Islands: mallorquí in Mallorca, eivissenc in Ibiza and menorquí in Menorca.

At the 2011 census, 861,232 respondents in the Balearic Islands claimed to be able to understand either Balearic or mainland Catalan, compared to 111,912 respondents who could not; proportions were similar on each of the islands.[1]


This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2020)

The dialects spoken in the Balearic Islands are mallorquí, spoken on Mallorca, menorquí on Menorca and eivissenc on Ibiza and Formentera.


Distinctive features of Catalan in the Balearic Islands differ according to the specific variant being spoken (Mallorcan, Menorcan, or Ibizan).

Phonetic features

Consonants of Balearic Catalan[3]
Labial Dental/
Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t c ~ k
voiced b d ɟ ~ ɡ
Affricate voiceless ts
voiced dz
Fricative voiceless f s ʃ
voiced v z ʒ
Trill r
Tap ɾ
Approximant j w
Lateral l ʎ


Notice some of these assimilations may also occur in continental Catalan, such as /bm/, /pm/, /dm/, /tm/ [mː]: capmoix /ˌkapˈmoʃ/ [ˌkabˈmoʃ] ~ [ˌkamˈmoʃ] 'crestfallen'.

Morphosyntactic features

Lexical features

Political questions

Some in the Balearic Islands, such as the Partido Popular party member and former regional president José Ramón Bauzà, argue that the dialects of Balearic Islands are actually separate languages and not dialects of Catalan. During the election of 2011, Bauzà campaigned against having centralized or standardized standards of Catalan in public education.[4][better source needed]

See also


  1. ^ Balearic Catalan pronunciation: [bəleˈa]


  1. ^ a b "2011 census, from Institut Balear d'Estadística, Govern de les Illes Balears". Retrieved 2022-06-30.
  2. ^ a b Some Iberian scholars may alternatively classify Catalan as Iberian Romance/East Iberian.
  3. ^ Carbonell & Llisterri (1992:53)
  4. ^ [self-published source]