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Alternative namesBobbattu, obbattu, holige, ubbatti, vedmi, poli, puranachi poli, god poli, pappu bakshalu, bakshalu, oliga, abatulu.[citation needed]
Place of originIndia
Region or stateMaharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, Goa, Telangana, Kerala and Tamil Nadu
Serving temperatureHot or Cold
Main ingredientsWheat flour, sugar, chana, ghee, jaggery
The preparation of holige
The preparation of holige
Puran poli recipe marathi (chana dal puran poli) or bele obbattu
Puran poli recipe marathi (chana dal puran poli) or bele obbattu

Puran puri (પુરણ પુરી), Puran poli (पुरण पोळी), Holige (ಹೋಳಿಗೆ), Obbattu (ಒಬ್ಬಟ್ಟು), or Bobbattlu (బొబ్బట్టు) , Poley( పోళె) , Bakshamulu( బక్ష్యములు), is an Indian sweet flatbread that originates from Southern India.


The various names for the flatbread include puran puri (પુરણ પુરી) or vedmi in Gujarati, bobbattlu or baksham or oliga in Telugu, Andhra Pradesh holige or obbattu in Kannada, puran poli (पुरणपोळी) in Marathi, payasabolli or simply bolli in Malayalam , poli or uppittu Tamil, bhakshalu or pole or polae in Telugu, Telangana and ubbatti or simply poli in Konkani.

It is usually served with paal payasam in meals and feasts in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.


Its recipe (as bakshyam) is mentioned in Manucharitra, a 14th-century Telugu encyclopaedia compiled by Allasani Peddanna hailing from present-day Andhra Pradesh.[1] Bhavaprakash and Bhaishajya Ratnavali written by Govind dasa states recipe while explaining as part of Ayurvedic preparations.[2] There are other Sanskrit references to the 12th-century texts written by King Someshvar of Southern India.[3]


Holige is made from senaga pappu, plain flour (wheat flour), jaggery or cane sugar, cardamom powder and/or nutmeg powder, ghee and water. Sometimes pigeon pea is used in Gujarat. It is commonly used in the state of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu as well. In Andhra Pradesh and other places, pesara pappu, chickpea (senaga pappu) or a mix is used. Other ingredients that may or may not be used are: nuts, dates, and turmeric powder.[4][5]

Nutritional value

The predominant ingredients are chana, plain flour, jaggery or sugar.

1. Chana: It is a variant of chickpea. It provides fiber, is a major source of protein, may help reduce cholesterol and also contains zinc, folate and calcium.[6] Toor dal can be used in place of chana dal and it has similar properties as of chana dal.

2. Plain flour, jaggery or sugar: These are the major sources of carbohydrates. While plain flour adds complex carbohydrates, jaggery and sugar are simple carbohydrates.

Regional variants

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The method of preparation varies from place to place. There are many varieties of Obbattu including peanut, sugar, coconut, sesame and groundnut flavours. Sometimes grated coconut is added in Konkan, Maharashtra. Coconut palm jaggery may be used. Similarly, a mix of sugar and jaggery can be used as a sweetening agent. Normally nutmeg is used as a flavouring along the coast which is replaced by cardamom or sometimes both elsewhere. Methods of rolling the stuffed dough also differ. It can be rolled using rice flour which makes the rolling very convenient. In some recipes flour is not used at all; oil or ghee is used to roll it into a flatbread instead. The rolled bread can be roasted with or without any ghee or oil, which sometimes is smeared after its completely cooked. In some places, all-purpose flour dough is used after adding a pinch of turmeric which gives it a traditional yellow color. The dish is produced using a sweet filling inside flour dough. This is then rolled out and cooked on a hot griddle, usually with ghee.[7]

The size and thickness of puran puri also vary greatly. In Gujarat where the stuffing used is toor dal, it is smaller in size and thicker, whereas in holige with coconut stuffing it is larger in size and thinner.

Andhra Pradesh

It is popularly called bobbattu and served on major festive and other occasions. It is one of the sweets of Coastal Andhra. The stuff used inside the bobbattu varies according the region. It is served hot and eaten by applying a layer of ghee to it. Rava bobbattu is another variant of bobbattu. It is called as poli in Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh and obbattu in northeast Andhra Pradesh.


It is a special dish served in the state of Karnataka on all occasions, especially during Yugadi/Ugadi. Different varieties of holige are served in various parts of Karnataka and the most common is the one prepared with yellow gram and sugar or jaggery and obbattu is also prepared using coconut and sugar as the ingredients.


It is also the special dish of Maharashtra which is prepared on every occasion at every house especially during festivals such as Ganesh Chaturthi and Holi. It is eaten with Basundi, Aamras, Kadhi, Amti, etc. In Pune, Puran Poli is eaten with a variant of Amti (flavored sour curry) known as Katachi Amti is prepared with the remaining water of Chana Dal used to make Puran. In the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, jaggery is used in puran poli for sweetness, it is eaten with Wada - a pakora made of all lentils.

Tamil Nadu and Kerala

Opputtu in Tamil Nadu and payasaboli in Kerala is a golden yellow sweet pancake from Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It is eaten during a traditional Sadhya along with Payasam. Several varieties of opputtu are prepared including thenga (coconut) boli and sharkara (brown sugar). Opputtu is especially popular in the southernmost districts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, India.

Opputtu is eaten mostly after lunch or as an evening snack. It looks like a flattened chapati, is golden yellow, and is popularly sold in trains by hawkers. "Kadambur opputtu" is available in coconut and brown sugar flavours.[citation needed] "Trivandrum Boli" is also a variety from Kerala.
Varieties of opputtu are available throughout the Deccan states.

See also


  1. ^ K.T. Achaya (2003). The Story of Our Food. Universities Press. p. 85. ISBN 978-81-7371-293-7.
  2. ^ मनोहर, विष्णू. "पुरणपोळी". Retrieved 19 March 2021.
  3. ^ "इतिहास खाद्यपदार्थाचा". Retrieved 19 March 2021.
  4. ^ "Puran Poli". Dassana's Veg Recipes. 9 September 2012.
  5. ^ "How to make Puran Poli". Sanjeev Kapoor Recipes. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  6. ^ S, Pooja (6 November 2014). "Healthy And Nutritious Tips: Health Benefits of Chana Dal". Healthy And Nutritious Tips. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  7. ^ "Bele Holige / Obbattu". Kannada Cuisine. Retrieved 27 December 2012.