|Alternative names||Bobbattu, obbattu, holige, ubbatti, vedmi, poli, puranachi poli, god poli, boli, pappu bakshalu, bakshalu, oliga, abatulu.|
|Place of origin||India|
|Region or state||Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, Goa, Telangana, Kerala and Tamil Nadu|
|Serving temperature||Hot or Cold|
|Main ingredients||Wheat flour, sugar, chana, ghee, jaggery|
Puran poli (पुरण पोळी), Puran puri (પુરણ પુરી), Holige (ಹೋಳಿಗೆ), Obbattu (ಒಬ್ಬಟ್ಟು), or Bobbattlu (బొబ్బట్లు), Poley (పోళె), Bakshamulu (బక్ష్యములు), Boli (ബോളി), is an Indian sweet flatbread that originates from South India and Maharashtra.
The various names for the flatbread include puran puri (પુરણ પુરી) or vedmi in Gujarati, bobbattlu or baksham or oliga in Telugu, Andhra Pradesh holige or obbattu in Kannada, puran poli (पुरणपोळी) in Marathi, payasabolli or simply bolli in Malayalam , poli or uppittu Tamil, bhakshalu or pole or polae in Telugu, Telangana and ubbatti or simply poli in Konkani.
There is a reference to this dish in the Sanskrit encyclopedia Manasōllāsa in the 12th-century written by King Someshvara in Karnataka .
Its recipe (as bakshyam) is mentioned in Manucharitra, a 14th-century Telugu encyclopaedia compiled by Allasani Peddanna hailing from present-day Andhra Pradesh. Bhavaprakash and Bhaishajya Ratnavali written by Govind dasa states recipe while explaining as part of Ayurvedic preparations.
Holige is made from senaga pappu, plain flour (wheat flour), jaggery or cane sugar, cardamom powder and/or nutmeg powder, ghee and water. Sometimes pigeon pea is used in Gujarat. It is commonly used in the state of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu as well. In Andhra Pradesh and other places, pesara pappu, chickpea (senaga pappu) or a mix is used. Other ingredients that may or may not be used are: nuts, dates, and turmeric powder.
The predominant ingredients are chana, plain flour, jaggery or sugar.
1. Chana: It is a variant of chickpea. It provides fiber, is a major source of protein, may help reduce cholesterol and also contains zinc, folate and calcium. Toor dal can be used in place of chana dal and it has similar properties as of chana dal.
2. Plain flour, jaggery or sugar: These are the major sources of carbohydrates. While plain flour adds complex carbohydrates, jaggery and sugar are simple carbohydrates.
The method of preparation varies from place to place. There are many varieties of Obbattu including peanut, sugar, coconut, sesame and groundnut flavours. Sometimes grated coconut is added in Konkan, Maharashtra. Coconut palm jaggery may be used. Similarly, a mix of sugar and jaggery can be used as a sweetening agent. Normally nutmeg is used as a flavouring along the coast which is replaced by cardamom or sometimes both elsewhere. Methods of rolling the stuffed dough also differ. It can be rolled using rice flour which makes the rolling very convenient. In some recipes flour is not used at all; oil or ghee is used to roll it into a flatbread instead. The rolled bread can be roasted with or without any ghee or oil, which sometimes is smeared after its completely cooked. In some places, all-purpose flour dough is used after adding a pinch of turmeric which gives it a traditional yellow color. The dish is produced using a sweet filling inside flour dough. This is then rolled out and cooked on a hot griddle, usually with ghee.
The size and thickness of puran puri also vary greatly. In Gujarat where the stuffing used is toor dal, it is smaller in size and thicker, whereas in holige with coconut stuffing it is larger in size and thinner.
It is the special dish of Maharashtra which is prepared on every occasion at every house especially during festivals such as Gudhi Padwa, Akshaya Tritiya, Ganesh Chaturthi and Holi. It is eaten with Basundi, Aamras, Kadhi, Amti, etc. In Maharashtra, Puran Poli is eaten with a variant of Amti (flavored sour curry) known as Katachi Amti is prepared with the remaining water of Chana Dal used to make Puran Poli. Mainly jaggery is used in puran poli for sweetness, it is eaten with Wada (Bhaji) - a pakora made of all lentils. In some regions of Maharashtra, Puran Poli is served with a dollop of ghee on top, which enhances its flavor and richness. The texture and taste of Puran Poli can vary from region to region, with some areas making it thinner and crispier, while others make it thicker and softer. The process of making Puran Poli can also differ slightly depending on the region, with some using a rolling pin to flatten the dough while others use their hands to shape it. The North-Maharashtra (Khandesh) region makes it using hand and call it as a Khapar chi Puran Poli or simply Mande which is huge in size and difficult to make.
It is popularly called bobbattu and served on major festive and other occasions. It is one of the sweets of Coastal Andhra. The stuff used inside the bobbattu varies according the region. It is served hot and eaten by applying a layer of ghee to it. Rava bobbattu is another variant of bobbattu. It is called as poli in Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh and obbattu in northeast Andhra Pradesh.
It is a special dish served in the state of Karnataka on all occasions, especially during Yugadi (ಯುಗಾದಿ). Different varieties of holige are served in various parts of Karnataka and the most common is the one prepared with yellow gram and sugar or jaggery and obbattu is also prepared using coconut and sugar as the ingredients.
Opputtu in Tamil Nadu and payasaboli in Kerala is a golden-yellow sweet pancake from Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It is eaten during a traditional sadhya along with payasam. Several varieties of opputtu are prepared, including thenga (coconut) boli and sharkara (brown sugar).
Opputtu is eaten mostly after lunch or as an evening snack. It is popularly sold in trains by hawkers.
Trivandrum boli is also a variety from Kerala.
Varieties of opputtu are available throughout the Deccan states.