Jinxiang dialect
Native toChina
RegionJinxiang, Cangnan county, Wenzhou prefecture-level city, Zhejiang province
Native speakers
(undated figure of 15,000 speakers[citation needed])[citation needed]
Language codes
ISO 639-3

The Jinxiang dialect (Chinese: 金鄉話; pinyin: Jīnxiānghuà) is a Taihu Wu dialect, or a Northern Wu dialect, spoken in the county of Cangnan of the prefecture-level city Wenzhou.[1] It is considered to be a Taihu Wu linguistic exclave within the mostly Min Nan-speaking part of Southern Zhejiang.

The Modern Jinxiang dialect is descended from the speech of soldiers from Northern Zhejiang who settled during the Ming dynasty due to Wokou pirate raids, during the reign of the Jiajing Emperor. These soldiers were sent to Jinxiang to protect the town from raids by the Wokou. The majority of Jinxiang natives today are descended from those soldiers who served under Qi Jiguang.

Isolated from the other Taihu Wu-speaking regions, surrounded by Min Nan-speaking areas, the Jinxiang dialect has some degree of influence from Zhenan Min. It has also some influence from Mandarin Chinese.


  1. ^ Simmons, Richard VanNess (2022-05-18). Studies in Colloquial Chinese and Its History: Dialect and Text. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 232–234. ISBN 978-988-8754-09-0.