Native toMainland China
Republic of China (Taiwan)
RegionTaiwan: Taoyuan
Guangdong: Huizhou, Lufeng
Hainan: Sanya, Changjiang, Danzhou, Dongfang, Lingao
Native speakers
(undated figure of ~150,000[citation needed])
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
ISO 639-6jnha

Junjiahua, Junhua,[2] Junsheng, or "military speech" in English, is any of a number of isolated dialects in Guangdong, Guangxi, HainanFujian, and Taiwan. Some[who?] believe that they are a Mandarin dialect group that assimilated to local Chinese variants in southern China.[citation needed] Junhua began as a lingua franca in the army, being spoken between soldiers dispatched to various parts of China during the Ming dynasty. It was subsequently spread to areas around the camps where the army settled. It is now an endangered language. In Hainan, it is still spoken by about 100,000 people. These speakers mainly live in Sanya (in Yacheng 崖城 and other locations[3]), Changjiang Li Autonomous County, Danzhou, Dongfang, and Lingao.

Some also consider the Dapenghua spoken in Dapeng Peninsula of Shenzhen to be a form of Junjiahua.


  1. ^ "Tái Yuè liǎng de jūnhuà de diàochá yánjiū" 台粵兩地軍話的調查研究 [An Investigation of Military Vernaculars in Taiwan and Guangdong] (PDF) (in Chinese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-12-14.
  2. ^ Qiu, Xueqiang 丘学强. 2005. Junhua yanjiu 军话研究. Beijing: Chinese Social Sciences Academy Press 中国社会科学出版社.
  3. ^ Liu, Chuntao 刘春陶. 2021. Hainan Sanya Yacheng Junhua yuanliu yanjiu 海南三亚崖城军话源流研究. Nankai University Press 南开大学出版社.