Shiqi dialect
石岐話
Native toSouthern China
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6shiq
GlottologNone
Linguasphere79-AAA-maf
Shiqi dialect
Traditional Chinese石岐話
Simplified Chinese石岐话

The Shiqi dialect is a dialect of Yue Chinese.[1] It is spoken by roughly 160,000 people in Zhongshan, Guangdong's Shiqi urban district. It differs slightly from Standard Cantonese, mainly in its pronunciation and lexicon.[2]

Shiqi has the fewest tones of any Yue dialect, perhaps a Hakka influence.[3]

even rising going entering
˥ 55 ˥˩ 51 ˩˧ 13 ˨ 22 ⑦a ˥ 5 ˨ 2

This appears to be due to mergers: the fact that the entering tone has split oddly suggests that it has split twice, as in Cantonese and Taishanese, but that tone ⑦b subsequently merged with ⑧.

References

  1. ^ Lin, Baisong 林柏松 (1997). "Shíqí fāngyīn" 石岐方音. In Huang, Jiajiao 黃家敎 (ed.). Hànyǔ fāngyán lùnjí 汉语方言论集 (in Chinese). Beijing: Beijing yuyan wenhua daxue chubanshe. ISBN 7-5619-0486-X.
  2. ^ "(Fāngyán wénhuà) hézòu yī qū fāngyán jiāoxiǎngyuè" (方言文化)合奏一曲方言交响乐. Nánfāng bàoyè 南方报业 (in Chinese). November 17, 2005. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved May 22, 2007.
  3. ^ Lee, Gina Maureen (1993). Comparative, Diachronic and Experimental Perspectives on the Interaction Between Tone and the Vowel in Standard Cantonese (PDF) (PhD thesis). The Ohio State University. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 21, 2012.