Jiao–Liao Mandarin
RegionShandong and Liaodong
Native speakers
35,000,000 (2019)
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6jliu
cmn-jia
GlottologNone
huab1238  Central Plain Guanhua
Linguasphere79-AAA-bd
Mandarín jiaoliao.png

Jiaoliao or Jiao–Liao Mandarin (simplified Chinese: 胶辽官话; traditional Chinese: 膠遼官話; pinyin: Jiāo–Liáo Guānhuà) is a primary dialect of Mandarin Chinese, spoken on the Jiaodong Peninsula, from Yantai to Qingdao, Ganyu District in northeastern Jiangsu and the Liaodong Peninsula, from Dalian to Dandong, and in Mishan, Hulin, Fuyuan & Raohe counties of Heilongjiang. Yantai, Dalian, and Weihai dialects are the standard Jiao–Liao Mandarin.[1]

Etymology

Jiao is short for the Jiao River. Liao is short for the Liaodong Peninsula, and the name Liaodong means "East of the Liao River". (Liao is also an abbreviation used for the city of Liaoyang.)

Sub-dialects

Distribution of Jiaoliao Mandarin
Distribution of Jiaoliao Mandarin

References

  1. ^ Margaret Mian Yan Introduction to Chinese Dialectology 2006 - Page 62 "Jiao–Liao Mandarin Group 胶辽官话The estimated number of native speakers of this group is 28.83 million; it is divided into the following subgroups: ; (1) Qingzhou subgroup (2) Deng–Lian subgroup (3) Gai–Huan Subgroup 5. Zhongyuan Mandarin ..."