Jinan dialect
Native toUrban Jinan in the People's Republic of China
RegionNortheastern China
Language codes
ISO 639-3
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The Jinan dialect (simplified Chinese: 济南话; traditional Chinese: 濟南話; pinyin: Jǐnánhuà) is a Mandarin Chinese dialect spoken in Jinan in Shandong province, China. It is a variety of Jilu Mandarin.

Phonetics and phonology


Consonants of the Jinan dialect
  Labial Alveolar Alveolo-palatal Retroflex Velar
Nasal m n ɲ   ŋ
Plosive voiceless unaspirated p t     k
voiceless aspirated    
Affricate voiceless unaspirated   ts  
voiceless aspirated   tsʰ tɕʰ tʂʰ  
Fricative voiced       ʐ
voiceless f s ɕ ʂ x
Approximant   l    


Tone chart of the Jinan dialect
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˨˩˧ (213) dipping
2 yang ping (陽平) ˥ (5) high
3 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˦ (24) rising
4 qu sheng (去聲) ˨˩ (21) low

See also