Protein-coding gene in the species Homo sapiens
|Aliases||MAP3K8, COT, EST, ESTF, MEKK8, TPL2, Tpl-2, c-COT, AURA2, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 8, Tpl2|
|External IDs||OMIM: 191195 MGI: 1346878 HomoloGene: 3812 GeneCards: MAP3K8 |
Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 8 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MAP3K8 gene.
The gene was identified by its oncogenic transforming activity in cells. The encoded protein is a member of the serine/threonine-specific protein kinase family. This kinase can activate ERK1, ERK2 and p38 MAP kinases. This kinase was shown to activate IkappaB kinases, and thus induce the nuclear production of NF-kappaB. This kinase was also found to promote the production of TNF-alpha and IL-2 during T lymphocyte activation. Studies of a similar gene in rat suggested the direct involvement of this kinase in the proteolysis of NF-kappaB1, p105 (NFKB1). This gene may also start transcription at a downstream in-frame translation start codon, and thus produce an isoform containing a shorter N-terminus. The shorter isoform has been shown to display weaker transforming activity. In mice, the gene is known as TPL2 and is a tumor-suppressor gene whose absence contributes to the development and progression of cancer. However, it functions in other organs as a oncogene, promoting cancer.