Kue bolu
Bolu bruder from Manado
TypeSponge cake, kue
CourseSnack, dessert
Place of originIndonesia
Serving temperatureroom temperature
Main ingredientsWheat flour, eggs, sugar, butter or margarine, yeast or baking powder

Kue bolu or simply Bolu is an Indonesian term that describes a wide variety of sponge cakes, tarts and cupcakes.[1][2]

Kue bolu might be steamed or baked. There are wide variety of kue bolu, and most of the texture is soft and fluffy akin to sponge cake or chiffon cake.


The ingredients for kue bolu may includes wheat flour, rice flour, sugar, milk, coconut milk, egg, and butter or margarine. Flavourings might include vanilla, chocolate or pandan.

Kue bolu is known for its soft and fluffy texture, contributed from the foaming effect of bubbles created by leavening agent that lightens and softens the dough mixture. Traditionally kue bolu uses yeast as leavening agent, today however, baking powder or baking soda is more commonly used.

Today in Indonesia, bolu is mostly refer to a bare sponge cake without any frosting. Cakes that coated in frosting is called keik (derived from English "cake") instead.

Etymology and history

Hundred years of colonisation in Indonesian archipelago has left its legacy in local culinary tradition. European influences upon Indonesian cuisine is most prevalent in baking, pastry, cake and bread making technique, introduced by Portuguese and Dutch colonials. The term bolu in Indonesian is derived from Portuguese bolo to describe cake,[3] or more precisely sponge cake. This loanword describe the historic Portuguese influence in Indonesia.

After the Dutch take over, the Dutch word taart was also entered Indonesian vocabulary, as a similar kind of kue snack or cake,[4] thus today the term bolu and tar or tart is used interchangeably to describe cakes or tarts.


Bolu macan, tiger stripes bolu

In Indonesian cuisine bolu is categorized under kue, which includes wide variety of traditional snacks, cakes, and sweets. Kue bolu or simply bolu is often used as an umbrella term to identify wide varieties of cakes and tarts in Indonesia. Variations include:

Bolu bahari
Small bolu cupcake of Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo).
Bolu bruder
Lit:brother's cake, Manado (Minahasan) soft bolu sponge cake. In Manado Malay the term bruder means Christian priest, which derived from brother in Christianity. It is however named after a Dutch dish of the same name broeder.

Spelling variations include brudel or bluder.[5]

Bolu emprit
Small bite-sized bolu of Javanese cuisine tradition, prevalent in Yogyakarta.[6]
Bolu gulung
Rolled bolu akin to Swiss roll.[7]
Bolu klemben
A variant of dry bolu from Banyuwangi, East Java. The shape is elliptical resembles a small sized football or akin to cocoa pod. It is quite similar to kue bahulu.[8]
Bolu kukus
Steamed bolu cupcake, a popular jajan pasar (market buys) in Indonesian traditional market.[9]
Bolu macan or bolu marmer
Tiger stripes or marbled bolu cakes, made by creating stripe pattern using chocolate.[10]
Bolu lapis mandarin
Two layered square bolu cake, usually plain and chocolate.[11]
Bolu pandan
Green coloured pandan flavoured bolu sponge cake.[12]
Bolu pisang
Banana flavoured bolu cake.[13]
Bolu tape keju
Bolu cake enrichen with tape fermented cassava and cheese.[14]
Kue bahulu or Bolu kering
Small bite-sized bolu cake of Malay cuisine, more prevalent in Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo.


See also


  1. ^ Erwin, Lilly T. (2014-07-16). 280 Resep Kue & Jajanan Khas Indonesia (in Indonesian). Gramedia Pustaka Utama. ISBN 978-602-03-0695-7.
  2. ^ "Jakpost guide to Jl. Ahmad Dahlan". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2020-09-21.
  3. ^ "Google Translate bolo-cake". translate.google.com. Retrieved 2020-09-21.
  4. ^ "Google Translate taart-kue". translate.google.com. Retrieved 2020-09-21.
  5. ^ Palmia (2019-11-19). "Bluder Coklat". www.palmia.co.id. Retrieved 2020-09-22.
  6. ^ Okezone (2016-06-17). "Bolu Emprit, Cemilan Mungil Asli Yogya yang Mulai Dilupakan : Okezone Lifestyle". okezone.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-09-21.
  7. ^ Susanto, Sisca (2015-05-13). Bolu Gulung Batik Kukus & Panggang (in Indonesian). Gramedia Pustaka Utama. ISBN 978-602-03-1671-0.
  8. ^ "Jelang Lebaran, penjual bolu klemben Banyuwangi kebanjiran order". merdeka.com. Retrieved 2020-09-22.
  9. ^ Susanto, Sisca (2013-05-06). Kue Mangkuk & Bolu Kukus Mekar (in Indonesian). Gramedia Pustaka Utama. ISBN 978-602-03-5789-8.
  10. ^ Junita (2020-03-02). Homemade Snacks & Desserts ala Xander's Kitchen (SC) (in Indonesian). Gramedia Pustaka Utama. ISBN 978-602-06-3303-9.
  11. ^ Cake Klasik Favorit Sepanjang Masa Cake Lapis Suprabaya (in Indonesian). PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. ISBN 978-979-22-6716-7.
  12. ^ Nulekker, Tim Dapur (2017-08-23). 30 Bolu Khas Indonesia (in Indonesian). Bhuana Ilmu Populer. ISBN 978-602-455-756-0.
  13. ^ "6 Cara membuat bolu pisang yang enak, lembut, dan mudah dengan bahan murah meriah". merdeka.com. Retrieved 2020-09-21.
  14. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Resep Bolu Tape Keju, Rasa Klasik dan Mudah Dibuat". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-09-22.