|Type||Sponge cake, kue|
|Place of origin||Indonesia|
|Serving temperature||room temperature|
|Main ingredients||Wheat flour, eggs, sugar, butter or margarine, yeast or baking powder|
Kue bolu or simply Bolu is an Indonesian term to describes a wide variety of sponge cakes, tarts and cupcakes.
Kue bolu might be steamed or baked. There are wide variety of kue bolu, and most of the texture is soft and fluffy akin to sponge cake or chiffon cake.
The ingredients for kue bolu may includes wheat flour, rice flour, sugar, milk, coconut milk, egg, and butter or margarine. Flavourings might include vanilla, chocolate or pandan.
Kue bolu is known for its soft and fluffy texture, contributed from the foaming effect of bubbles created by leavening agent that lightens and softens the dough mixture. Traditionally kue bolu uses yeast as leavening agent, today however, baking powder or baking soda is more commonly used.
Today in Indonesia, bolu is mostly refer to a bare sponge cake without any frosting. Cakes that coated in frosting is called keik (derived from English "cake") instead.
Hundred years of colonisation in Indonesian archipelago has left its legacy in local culinary tradition. European influences upon Indonesian cuisine is most prevalent in baking, pastry, cake and bread making technique, introduced by Portuguese and Dutch colonials. The term bolu in Indonesian is derived from Portuguese bolo to describe cake, or more precisely sponge cake. This loanword describe the historic Portuguese influence in Indonesia.
After the Dutch take over, the Dutch word taart was also entered Indonesian vocabulary, as a similar kind of kue snack or cake, thus today the term bolu and tar or tart is used interchangeably to describe cakes or tarts.
In Indonesian cuisine bolu is categorized under kue, which includes wide variety of traditional snacks, cakes, and sweets. Kue bolu or simply bolu is often used as an umbrella term to identify wide varieties of cakes and tarts in Indonesia. Variations include: