2021 West Midlands Mayoral Election
← 2017 6 May 2021 2024 →
Turnout31.2% Increase4.5%
 
Candidate Andy Street Liam Byrne Steve Caudwell
Party Conservative Labour Green
1st Round vote 299,318 244,009 35,559
Percentage 48.7% 39.7% 5.8%
2nd Round vote 314,669 267,626
Percentage 54.04% 45.96%

Results by local authority

Mayor before election

Andy Street
Conservative

Elected Mayor

Andy Street
Conservative

The 2021 West Midlands Mayoral Election was held on 6 May 2021 to elect the mayor of the West Midlands, on the same day as other local elections across England and Wales, including councillors in six of its seven boroughs and the police and crime commissioner for the West Midlands city region.[1] This was the second election for the post, which had its first election in 2017 due to the Cities and Local Government Devolution Act 2016. The mayor was elected using the supplementary vote system. The election was originally due to take place in May 2020, but was postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic.[2]

The incumbent Conservative mayor Andy Street was seeking re-election. The Labour Party selected the Member of Parliament (MP) for Birmingham Hodge Hill, Liam Byrne, a former Cabinet minister under Prime Minister Gordon Brown, who ran as a Labour and Co-operative Party candidate, whilst the Liberal Democrats chose previous Parliamentary candidate for Sutton Coldfield Jenny Wilkinson.

Background

The West Midlands is the second most populous city-region of the United Kingdom after Greater London.[3] The position of Mayor of the West Midlands was created in 2017 following a devolution agreement between the UK government and the West Midlands Combined Authority (WMCA). The Cities and Local Government Devolution Act 2016 required a directly elected metro mayor for combined authorities to receive additional powers from central government.[4] Under the terms of the devolution deal, the first mayoral term was set to last until 2020, followed by elections every four years.[5] In the inaugural election in 2017, the Conservative candidate Andy Street defeated Labour's Siôn Simon in the final round with 50.4% of the vote.

Prior to the election, the think tank Centre for Cities looked at the results of local elections in West Midlands for 2018 and 2019 to make a prediction of the result and found little movement for Labour and the Conservatives, describing the election as remaining on a "knife-edge".[6] On 12 December 2019 a general election took place in which the Conservatives secured an 80-seat majority, making it the worst seat performance for the Labour Party since the 1935 general election.[7][8] In further analysis, the Centre for Cities assessed the two parties performance in the West Midlands city region, saw the Conservatives having an advantage going into this election.[9] Paul Waugh of the Huffington Post saw the election as a "tough mountain for [Liam] Byrne to climb".[10] In contrast, writer for the New Statesman, Stephen Bush argued this is a difficult election for the Conservatives saying that the change in Labour's national leadership and being several months after Brexit would change the dynamic of the election.[11]

The election was postponed until 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[2][12] The change in election date is to be ignored when calculating the four-yearly election cycle, so the following election will be held in 2024 and the Mayoral Term of Office in 2021 will accordingly be reduced to three years.[13]

Street lobbied the government to integrate the Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC) role within the mayoral position in time for the 2020 election. This would have put the role's powers on policing in line with both the mayors of London and Greater Manchester. However, this broke down as the Combined Authority struggled with Street's lack of transparency.[14][15] A public consultation ran in 2019 saw over 6,000 respondents and 58% supported the integration of the PCC role into the metro mayor. However, concern was expressed that local Conservative groups had encouraged people to fill in multiple responses.[16] In June 2020, Street signed a plan to create a West Midlands National Park, in cooperation with councils in and around the city-region.[17] In February 2021, the WMCA and mayor agreed on a budget and digital strategy for the project.[18][19] That same month, a five year plan for decarbonising industry in the West Midlands was drafted for the WMCA.[20]

Electoral system

The election uses a supplementary vote system, in which voters express a first and a second preference of candidates:

This means that the winning candidate has the support of a majority of voters who expressed a preference among the top two.

All registered electors (British, Commonwealth, Irish and European) living the metropolitan boroughs of Birmingham, Coventry, Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull, Walsall, and Wolverhampton aged 18 or over are entitled to vote in the mayoral election.

Campaign

Prior to the election campaign in December 2019, Street stated that council tax across the city region may have to increase in 2021.[14] Street set targets of delivering 215,000 homes in the city region by 2030 as well as the West Midlands becoming carbon neutral by 2041.[21] On 4 February, Street released a prospective metro map for the West Midlands, planned to be built by 2040 should he get elected. The plan featured eight lines for the West Midlands Metro tram network and 21 new train stations.[22] The branding used on the map puts Street's name in green rather than blue and with no branding associated with the Conservatives.[23]

Liam Byrne, an MP and former minister, was selected as the Labour candidate in February 2020. He made reducing homelessness in the city region a core part of his campaign and making the city carbon neutral by introducing a Green New Deal for the West Midlands.[24][25] He appointed Beverley Nielsen, who had been the Liberal Democrat candidate in the 2017 mayoral election, to be his climate lead.[26]

Ashvir Sangha, a social entrepreneur and former organiser in the 'Brum Young Leaders' programme, is standing as an independent candidate. He laid out his launch into politics with the slogan "Our West Midlands", and set out his six key commitments for the city-region.[27] In early April, Sangha withdrew his candidacy and endorsed Andy Street.[28]

In February 2021, Green candidate Steve Caudwell was critical of government restrictions on campaigning - such as a restriction on volunteers to distribute leaflet; as it restricts smaller, more financially constrained parties.[29]

Candidates and party selections

Candidates were required to be aged 18 or over and be a British, Commonwealth or European Union citizen. In addition they should fulfil one of the following: be registered to vote in the WMCA area; own or occupy land in the area for 12 months before their nomination; work in the WMCA for 12 months before their nomination; or have lived in the WMCA during the 12 months before their nomination.[30] Candidates are also required to present 100 signatures of people on the electoral register, with 10 from each constituent authority, and provide a £5,000 deposit to be returned if the candidate receives more than 5% in the first round.[30][31]

Conservative Party

Andy Street was re-selected as the Conservative candidate in September 2019.[32] He was previously the managing director of John Lewis.[11]

Labour Party

Liam Byrne, MP for Birmingham Hodge Hill, was selected as Labour's candidate in February 2020.[25] Five politicians showed interest in standing. Two of them: Neena Gill a Member of the European Parliament and Lynda Waltho, former MP for Stourbridge[33][34] withdrew their candidacy. The candidates for selection were Byrne,[35] Pete Lowe, a former leader of Dudley Council and vice chair of the West Midlands Combined Authority[36][37] and Salma Yaqoob, the former leader of the Respect Party.[38][39]

The Labour Party delayed their plan to announce their candidate in November 2019 due to the 2019 General Election.[40] The candidates were voted on by Labour Party members in the West Midlands, with the result announced in February 2020.[37] This was considered late as Labour selected their candidate for the previous election in August 2016 ahead of the May 2017 election.[41] Byrne was announced as the party's candidate on 6 February, with 6,948 valid votes being cast, a significant increase from the 3,817 recorded for the 2017 candidate selection. There was also five rejected ballots from the first round and a total of 698 votes non-transferable for the second round.[25]

Byrne was considered more centrist than the other two candidates, who were seen as being on the left of the party.[10][42][43] In Byrne's selection campaign he promoted ideas including the West Midlands being a "region of sanctuary" for refugees and municipal socialist policies for the city region.[41] He also promoted his positive relationship and endorsement from the then shadow chancellor John McDonnell.[44] Journalists including Sienna Rodgers and Stephen Bush noted that his success in the selection could be seen as a boost for Keir Starmer's campaign for national Labour leadership.[25][44][45]

Selection results

2021 Labour West Midlands mayoral candidate selection [25]
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Labour Liam Byrne 3,105 43.2% 425 3,530 56.5%
Labour Pete Lowe 2,034 28.9% 686 2,720 43.5%
Labour Salma Yaqoob 1,809 26.2%

Liberal Democrats

Jenny Wilkinson, who stood for the party in Sutton Coldfield at the 2017 and 2019 general elections was selected in December 2020.[46] She also stood for the party for the West Midlands region in the 2019 European Parliament Election.[47] This was after their original selection of Beverley Nielsen, the party's candidate in the 2017 West Midlands mayoral election (announced as the party's candidate in January 2020,[48]) stood down as Mayoral Candidate in July 2020 citing the struggle to balance the added year of campaigning brought on by the election delay to due the COVID-19 pandemic.[49] She subsequently resigned from the party, along with three other Malvern Hills District Council Lib Dems, in protest after the group's new leader pulled out of the authority's ruling coalition administration.[50] Nielsen was later appointed Liam Byrne's Climate Tsar for the Labour candidate's campaign.[51]

Wilkinson was well known in her local area, notably for a campaign to save public libraries from closure, as she believed they played a vital part in local communities.[52]

Green Party

Steve Caudwell, the party's group leader on Solihull Council and the party's only opposition leader in the West Midlands was announced as the party's candidate in January 2021.[53] He was standing for: "An end to the West Midlands Poverty Scandal, a genuinely Green Industrial Revolution, and a transport system you can actually use."[54] They had originally selected the chair of Hednesford Town Council, Kathryn Downs.[55] Downs and other councillors resigned their party memberships to create a new independent group of councillors in June 2020.[56]

Reform UK

Pete Durnell, who stood as UKIP's candidate in 2017 and finished 4th but saved his desposit with 5.6% of the 1st round vote, was announced as Reform UK's candidate on April 1.

Candidates who intended to stand, but did not

Withdrawn Candidate

Ashvir Sangha, a social entrepreneur, was an independent candidate, under the 'Our West Midlands' slogan, before his withdrawal on April 6, 2021, to endorse the incumbent mayor Andy Street.[27]

Opinion polling

First Preferences

Graph of opinion polls conducted

Final Round

Graph of opinion polls conducted
Pollster Client Date(s)
conducted
Sample size First preference Final round
Street Byrne Wilkinson Caudwell Others Lead Street Byrne Lead
Con Lab Lib Dem Green Con Lab
Election 6 May 2021 48.7% 39.7% 3.6% 5.8% 2.2% 9% 54% 46% 8%
Opinium The Times 19-26 April 971 54% 37% 3% 4% 3% 14% 59% 41% 18%
Redfield and Wilton N/A 18-21 April 1,000 46% 37% 6% 5% 3% 9%
Find Out Now/Electoral Calculus Daily Telegraph 1-7 April 1,000 45% 38% 4% 8% 5% 7% 52% 48% 4%
Election 4 May 2017 41.9% 40.8% 5.9% 4.7% 6.7% 1.1% 50.4% 49.6% 0.8%

Results

2021 West Midlands Mayoral election vote share map by Metropolitan Borough(2nd round).
2021 West Midlands Mayoral election vote share map by Metropolitan Borough(2nd round).
West Midlands Mayoral Election - 6 May 2021 [59]
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Conservative Andy Street 299,318 48.73% 15,351 314,669 54.04%
Labour Liam Byrne 244,009 39.72% 23,617 267,626 45.96%
Green Steve Caudwell 35,559 5.79%
Liberal Democrats Jenny Wilkinson 21,836 3.55%
Reform UK Pete Durnell 13,568 2.21%
Majority 47,043 8.08%
Turnout 614,290
Total votes 626,180 31.23%

Results by Local Authority

Birmingham

West Midlands Mayoral Election 2021, City of Birmingham
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Labour Liam Byrne 102,276 48.2% 9,816 112,092 55.63%
Conservative Andy Street 84,817 39.9% 4,583 89,400 44.37%
Green Steve Caudwell 12,435 5.9%
Liberal Democrats Jenny Wilkinson 9,294 4.4%
Reform UK Pete Durnell 3,496 1.6%
Majority 22,692 11.26%
Turnout 212,318
Total votes 217,153

Coventry

West Midlands Mayoral Election 2021, City of Coventry
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Labour Liam Byrne 32,358 43.6% 3,585 35,943 51.77%
Conservative Andy Street 31,380 42.2% 2,111 33,491 48.23%
Green Steve Caudwell 5,824 7.8%
Liberal Democrats Jenny Wilkinson 2,815 3.8%
Reform UK Pete Durnell 1,895 2.6%
Majority
Turnout 74,272
Total votes 75,964

Dudley

West Midlands Mayoral Election 2021, Metropolitan Borough of Dudley
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Conservative Andy Street 50,787 63.3% 1,821 52,608 68.54%
Labour Liam Byrne 21,940 27.4% 2,210 24,150 31.46%
Green Steve Caudwell 3,360 4.2%
Reform UK Pete Durnell 2,083 2.6%
Liberal Democrats Jenny Wilkinson 2,005 2.5%
Majority
Turnout 80,175
Total votes 81,541

Sandwell

West Midlands Mayoral Election 2021, Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Labour Liam Byrne 33,047 47.6% 1,916 34,963 54.43%
Conservative Andy Street 27,876 40.2% 1,401 29,277 45.57%
Green Steve Caudwell 2,589 3.7%
Reform UK Pete Durnell 2,281 3.3%
Liberal Democrats Jenny Wilkinson 1,647 2.4%
Majority
Turnout 67,440

Solihull

West Midlands Mayoral Election 2021, Metropolitan Borough of Solihull
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Conservative Andy Street 41,664 67.6% 3,033 44,697 78.38%
Labour Liam Byrne 9,512 15.4% 2,815 12,327 21.62%
Green Steve Caudwell 6,475 10.5%
Liberal Democrats Jenny Wilkinson 2,823 4.6%
Reform UK Pete Durnell 1,119 1.8%
Majority
Turnout 61,596

Walsall

West Midlands Mayoral Election 2021, Walsall
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Conservative Andy Street 35,010 60.0% 1,258 36,268 62.84%
Labour Liam Byrne 19,887 32.4% 1,556 21,443 37.16%
Green Steve Caudwell 2,126 3.5%
Liberal Democrats Jenny Wilkinson 1,676 2.7%
Reform UK Pete Durnell 1,512 2.5%
Majority
Turnout 61,447

Wolverhampton

West Midlands Mayoral Election 2021, City of Wolverhampton
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Conservative Andy Street 27,784 47.7% 1,144 28,928 52.00%
Labour Liam Byrne 24,989 42.9% 1,719 26,708 48.00%
Green Steve Caudwell 2,750 4.7%
Liberal Democrats Jenny Wilkinson 1,576 2.7%
Reform UK Pete Durnell 1,182 2.0%
Majority 2,228 4.00%
Turnout 58,281

References

  1. ^ "West Midlands Combined Authority Mayor: What you need to know". ITV News. 24 April 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Local elections postponed for a year over coronavirus". BBC News. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Estimates of the population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  4. ^ "Everything you need to know about metro mayors: an FAQ". Centre for Cities. 27 June 2016.
  5. ^ Walker, Jonathan (19 July 2016). "West Midlands mayor to be elected on May 4 2017". BirminghamLive. Reach. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
  6. ^ Jeffrey, Simon; Bell, Owen (22 May 2019). "What do the local elections tell us about the upcoming metro mayor elections?". Centre for Cities. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  7. ^ Wainwright, Daniel (13 December 2019). "How Labour's 'red wall' turned blue". BBC News. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  8. ^ Rodger, James (13 December 2019). "General Election: All the results from Birmingham and West Midlands". BirminghamLive. Reach. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  9. ^ Jeffrey, Simon (17 December 2019). "2020 vision — What does Thursday's vote mean for May's Metro Mayor elections". Centre for Cities. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  10. ^ a b Waugh, Paul (6 February 2020). "Why The West Midlands Mayoral Election Matters For Labour - And The Tories". HuffPost UK. Huffington Post. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  11. ^ a b Bush, Stephen (13 January 2020). "What should we expect from this year's mayoral elections?". New Statesman. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  12. ^ "May's local and mayoral elections postponed for a year due to coronavirus". ITV News. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Coronavirus Act 2020". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  14. ^ a b Dare, Tom (6 January 2020). "2020 to be the biggest year in the brief history of the mayor". BirminghamLive. Reach. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  15. ^ Guttridge, Richard (30 January 2020). "Tory candidate would work with Mayor Andy Street despite plan to abolish PCC role". Express and Star. MNA Media. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  16. ^ Dare, Tom (15 March 2019). "Controversial police consultation backs merger with mayor". BirminghamLive. Reach plc. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  17. ^ Robinson, Jon (12 June 2020). "Combined authority adopts national park plans". Insider Media Ltd. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  18. ^ Evenstad, Lis (1 February 2021). "West Midlands refreshes digital strategy". Computer Weekly. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  19. ^ Parkes, Thomas (15 February 2021). "West Midlands Combined Authority's £900 million budget approved". Express and Star. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  20. ^ Jones, Tamlyn (4 February 2021). "Green masterplan for West Midlands could create 92,000 jobs". Business Live. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  21. ^ Rosser, Emma (31 January 2019). "West Midlands mayor Andy Street sets out his 2020 agenda". Estates Gazette. Reed Business Information. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  22. ^ "Billion pound transport plans for West Midlands include underground lines and 21 new rail stations". ITV News. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  23. ^ Elledge, Jonn (5 February 2020). "The mayor of the West Midlands has released a map of his £15bn transport plan and it's so, so beautiful". CityMetric. NS Media Group. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  24. ^ Pidd, Helen (6 February 2020). "Labour selects Liam Byrne as West Midlands mayoral candidate". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  25. ^ a b c d e Rodgers, Sienna (6 February 2020). "Liam Byrne wins Labour's West Midlands metro mayor selection race". LabourList. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  26. ^ Madeley, Peter (21 September 2020). "Byrne appoints former Liberal Democrat as climate tsar". Express and Star. Midland News Association. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  27. ^ a b Haynes, Jane (22 February 2020). "Surprise candidate launches bid to become West Mids Mayor on platform of "youth and inclusivity"". BirminghamLive. Reach. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  28. ^ Madeley, Peter (8 April 2021). "West Midland mayoral candidate quits race and endorses Andy Street". Express and Star. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  29. ^ Crawford, Ross (7 February 2021). "Green Party's West Midlands Mayor candidate accuses Tories of 'trying to buy local elections'". Coventry Observer. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  30. ^ a b "Candidates". West Midlands Combined Authority. Combined Authority Returning Officer. Archived from the original on 6 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  31. ^ "West Midlands mayoral race 2021: The candidates who say they will be standing". BBC News. 12 February 2021. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  32. ^ Mason, Sarah (17 September 2019). "Andy Street to stand for re-election as Conservative candidate at next year's West Midlands Mayoral elections". Solihull Observer. Bullivant Media. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  33. ^ Walker, Jonathan (5 May 2019). "Birmingham MP Liam Byrne hopes to stand for West Midlands Mayor". BirminghamLive. Reach. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  34. ^ Madeley, Peter. "Former MP Lynda Waltho pulls out of West Midlands mayoral race". Express & Star. MNA Media.
  35. ^ Walker, Jonathan (5 September 2019). "MP Liam Byrne wins backing of Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell in bid to become West Midlands Mayor". BirminghamLive. Reach. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  36. ^ Madeley, Peter (3 June 2019). "Dudley councillor Pete Lowe joins West Midlands mayoral race as 'anti-austerity' candidate". Express and Star. MNA Media. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  37. ^ a b Madeley, Peter (28 January 2020). "Proud Socialist Pete Lowe: I'm the man to win West Midlands Mayoral contest for Labour". Express & Star. MNA Media. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  38. ^ Parveen, Nazia (18 September 2019). "Former Respect party leader plans to run for Labour in mayoral election". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  39. ^ Yaqoob, Salma (22 January 2020). "Salma Yaqoob: Whitehall will not be able to ignore me as Labour Mayor for the West Midlands". Left Foot Forward. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  40. ^ Walker, Jonathan (31 July 2019). "Labour gives the Conservatives a two-month head-start in the contest to become West Midlands Mayor". BirminghamLive. Reach. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  41. ^ a b Chappell, Elliot (24 January 2020). "Who is running to be Labour's West Midlands mayoral candidate?". LabourList. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  42. ^ "Labour announces West Midlands mayoral candidate". BBC News. 6 February 2020. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  43. ^ Carlon, John (6 February 2020). "Labour ex-minister Liam Byrne to take on Andy Street in mayoral election". Solihull Observer. Bullivant Media. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  44. ^ a b Bush, Stephen (6 February 2020). "Liam Byrne's victory is good news for Keir Starmer, but not for the reasons you think". New Statesman. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  45. ^ Sabbagh, Dan (23 February 2020). "Keir Starmer leads the Labour race after unspectacular campaign". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  46. ^ "Lib Dems announce mayoral candidate for West Midlands". Express and Star. MNA Media. 8 December 2020. Retrieved 8 December 2020.[permanent dead link]
  47. ^ "Jenny Wilkinson". Liberal Democrats. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  48. ^ Walker, Jonathan (16 January 2020). "Liberal Democrats pick Beverley Nielsen for West Midlands Mayor candidate". BirminghamLive. Reach. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  49. ^ Robinson, Jon (30 July 2020). "FORMER CBI DIRECTOR DROPS OUT OF MAYORAL RACE". Insider Media. Newsco Insider Limited. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  50. ^ Barnett, Christian (9 July 2020). "Four councillors in Malvern quit Lib Dems over new leader's decision to leave administration". Worcester News. Newsquest Media Group Limited. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  51. ^ Madeley, Peter (21 September 2020). "Byrne appoints former Liberal Democrat as climate tsar". Express and Star. Midland News Association. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  52. ^ "Trustees – FOLIO Sutton Coldfield". Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  53. ^ Caudwell, Caudwell (10 January 2021). "A Green Party Mayor for the West Midlands". Crowdfunder. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  54. ^ "#Steve4Mayor - Campaign Video #1" – via www.youtube.com.
  55. ^ Smith, Martyn (10 November 2019). "Green Party candidate for mayor launches her election campaign". Halesowen News. Newsquest Media Group.
  56. ^ Madeley, Peter (15 June 2020). "Labour, Green and Lib Dem councillors quit parties to form new group". Express and Star. Midland News Association. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  57. ^ "Halesowen campaigner to stand for West Midlands Mayor elections". Halesowen News. Halesowen News. 20 November 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  58. ^ Rankine, Colin (28 May 2019). "West Midlands Combined Authority Mayor Election 2021".
  59. ^ "Results West Midlands Combined Authority Mayor". West Midlands Combined Authority. Archived from the original on 8 May 2021. Retrieved 8 May 2021.