This table lists the vowel letters of the International Phonetic Alphabet.

name height backness roundness IPA number IPA text IPA image Entity X-SAMPA Sound sample
Close front unrounded vowel close front unrounded 301 i i i Sound sample
Close front rounded vowel close front rounded 309 y y y Sound sample
Close central unrounded vowel close central unrounded 317 ɨ ɨ 1 Sound sample
Close central rounded vowel close central rounded 318 ʉ ʉ } Sound sample
Close back unrounded vowel close back unrounded 316 ɯ ɯ M Sound sample
Close back rounded vowel close back rounded 308 u u u Sound sample
Near-close front unrounded vowel near-close front unrounded 319 ɪ ɪ I Sound sample
Near-close front rounded vowel near-close front rounded 320 ʏ ʏ Y Sound sample
Near-close back rounded vowel near-close back rounded 321 ʊ ʊ U Sound sample
Close-mid front unrounded vowel close-mid front unrounded 302 e e e Sound sample
Close-mid front rounded vowel close-mid front rounded 310 ø ø 2 Sound sample
Close-mid central unrounded vowel close-mid central unrounded 397 ɘ ɘ @\ Sound sample
Close-mid central rounded vowel close-mid central rounded 323 ɵ ɵ 8 Sound sample
Close-mid back unrounded vowel close-mid back unrounded 315 ɤ ɤ 7 Sound sample
Close-mid back rounded vowel close-mid back rounded 307 o o o Sound sample
Mid central vowel mid central undefined 322 ə ə @ Sound sample
Open-mid front unrounded vowel open-mid front unrounded 303 ɛ ɛ E Sound sample
Open-mid front rounded vowel open-mid front rounded 311 œ œ 9 Sound sample
Open-mid central unrounded vowel open-mid central unrounded 326 ɜ ɜ 3 Sound sample
Open-mid central rounded vowel open-mid central rounded 395 ɞ ɞ 3\ Sound sample
Open-mid back unrounded vowel open-mid back unrounded 314 ʌ ʌ V Sound sample
Open-mid back rounded vowel open-mid back rounded 306 ɔ ɔ O Sound sample
Near-open front unrounded vowel near-open front unrounded 325 æ æ { Sound sample
Near-open central vowel near-open central undefined 324 ɐ ɐ 6 Sound sample
Open front unrounded vowel open front unrounded 304 a a a Sound sample
Open front rounded vowel open front rounded 312 ɶ ɶ & Sound sample
Open back unrounded vowel open back unrounded 305 ɑ ɑ A Sound sample
Open back rounded vowel open back rounded 313 ɒ ɒ Q Sound sample

See also