This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (June 2013)

This is a partial index of Wikipedia articles treating natural languages, arranged alphabetically and with (sub-) families mentioned. The list also includes extinct languages.

For a published list of languages, see ISO 639-1 (list of ISO 639 language codes for 136 major languages), or for a more inclusive list, see ISO 639-3 (list of ISO 639-3 codes, 7,874 in total as of June 2013). The enumeration of languages and dialects can easily be taken into the five-digit range; the Linguasphere Observatory has a database (LS-2010) with more than 32,800 coded entries and more than 70,900 linguistic names.

List

Languages with at least 50 million first-language speakers, millions (according to: Ethnologue[1])
  Amerind languages (various families)
  Australian Aboriginal languages (various families)
  Languages of the Caucasus (various families)
  Khoisan languages (various families)
  Nilo-Saharan languages (possibly various families)
  Paleosiberian languages (various families)
  Papuan languages (various families)
Language Group

![edit]

!Xóõ or Taa Khoisan

'[edit]

'Are'are Malayo-Polynesian
'Auhelawa Malayo-Polynesian

A[edit]

A-Pucikwar Great Andamanese
A'Tong Tibeto-Burman
Aari Omotic
Abanyom Bantu
Abaza Northwest Caucasian
Abenaki Eastern Algonquian
Abkhaz or Abkhazian Northwest Caucasian
Abujmaria or Madiya or Maria Dravidian
Acehnese Malayo-Polynesian
Adamorobe Sign Language Language isolate
Adele Kwa
Adyghe or West Circassian Northwest Caucasian
Afar Cushitic
Afrikaans Germanic
Afro-Seminole Creole English-based creole
Aguaruna Chicham
Ahom Kra–Dai
Aimaq or Barbari Iranian
Ainu, Hokkaido Ainu
Ainu, Kuril Ainu
Ainu, Sakhalin Ainu
Ajawa Chadic
Ajem-Turkic or Ajami Turkic Turkic
Aka-Bea Great Andamanese
Aka-Bo Great Andamanese
Aka-Cari Great Andamanese
Aka-Jeru Great Andamanese
Aka-Kede Great Andamanese
Aka-Kol Great Andamanese
Aka-Kora Great Andamanese
Akan Kwa
Akar-Bale Great Andamanese
Akateko Mayan
Akawaio Cariban
Akkadian Semitic
Aklanon Bisayan
Alabama Muskogean
Albanian Indo-European
Alchuka Tungusic
Aleut Eskimo–Aleut
Algonquin Algonquian
Alsatian Germanic
Altay Turkic
Alyutor or Alutor Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Alzenau German Germanic
Amdang Nilo-Saharan
American Sign Language Francosign
Amharic Semitic
Ammonite Semitic
Amorite Semitic
Amuzgo Oto-Manguean
Angami Naga Sign Language Language isolate
Angika Indo-Aryan
Anyin Kwa
Ao Tibeto-Burman
Aquitanian Basque
Arabic Semitic
Arabic, Algerian Semitic
Arabic, Algerian Saharan Semitic
Arabic, Anatolian Semitic
Arabic, Andalusian or Andalusi Arabic Semitic
Arabic, Bahrani Semitic
Arabic, Bareqi Semitic
Arabic, Bimbashi or Mongallese Semitic
Arabic, Central Asian Semitic
Arabic, Chadian Semitic
Arabic, Classical Semitic
Arabic, Cypriot Semitic
Arabic, Dhofari Semitic
Arabic, Egyptian Semitic
Arabic, Gilit Semitic
Arabic, Gulf Semitic
Arabic, Hadhrami Semitic
Arabic, Hassaniya Semitic
Arabic, Hejazi Semitic
Arabic, Jebli Semitic
Arabic, Jijel Semitic
Arabic, Juba or South Sudanese Arabic Semitic
Arabic, Judeo-Iraqi or Yahudic Semitic
Arabic, Judeo-Moroccan Semitic
Arabic, Judeo-Tripolitanian Semitic
Arabic, Judeo-Yemeni Semitic
Arabic, Khuzestani Semitic
Arabic, Levantine Semitic
Arabic, Libyan Semitic
Arabic, Maridi Semitic
Arabic, Modern Standard Semitic
Arabic, Moroccan Semitic
Arabic, Nabataean Semitic
Arabic, Najdi Semitic
Arabic, Qeltu or North Mesopotamian Arabic Semitic
Arabic, Northwest Arabian, Levantine Bedawi Arabic, or Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic Semitic
Arabic, Nubi or Ki-Nubi Semitic
Arabic, Omani Semitic
Arabic, Sanʽani Semitic
Arabic, Saʽidi Semitic
Arabic, Shihhi Semitic
Arabic, Shirvani Semitic
Arabic, Sicilian or Siculo-Arabic Semitic
Arabic, Sudanese Semitic
Arabic, Taʽizzi-Adeni or Southern Yemeni Arabic Semitic
Arabic, Tihamiyya Semitic
Arabic, Tunisian Semitic
Aragonese Romance
Aramaic Semitic
Are Malayo-Polynesian
Argobba Semitic
Arin Yeniseian
Aromanian Romance
Armazic Semitic
Armenian Indo-European
Armenian, Eastern Armenian
Armenian, Western Armenian
Arvanitika or Arvanitic Albanian
Ashkun Indo-Iranian
Assamese Indo-Iranian
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic Semitic
Ateso or Teso Nilotic
Asháninka Arawakan
Ashokan Prakrit Indo-Aryan
Asi Malayo-Polynesian
Asturian Romance
Asturleonese Romance
Auslan BANZSL
Austro-Bavarian Germanic
Avar Northeast Caucasian
Avestan Iranian
Awadhi Indo-Iranian
Aymara Aymaran
Äynu Turkic
Ayoreo Zamucoan
Azerbaijani or Azeri Turkic

B[edit]

Babuza Western Plains Formosan
Bactrian Iranian
Badaga Dravidian
Badeshi Indo-Iranian
Baekje Unclassified language, perhaps Koreanic, Puyŏ, and/or Han
Bahnar Austroasiatic
Bailang Lolo-Burmese
Bala Tungusic
Balinese Malayo-Polynesian
Balochi Indo-Iranian
Balti Tibeto-Burman
Bambara or Bamanankan Mande
Banjar Malayo-Polynesian
Banyumasan Malayo-Polynesian
Barranquenho or Barranquenhu Alentejan Portuguese, Extremaduran Spanish, and Andalusian Spanish-based mixed language
Bartangi Iranian
Basaa Bantu
Basay East Formosan
Bashkardi Iranian
Bashkir Turkic
Ba–Shu Chinese Sinitic
Basque or Euskara/Euskera Language isolate
Batak Karo Malayo-Polynesian
Batak Toba Malayo-Polynesian
Bats North Caucasian
Bawean and Bawean Creole Madurese
Beja Cushitic
Belarusian Slavic
Belhare Tibeto-Burman
Berta Nilo-Saharan
Bemba Bantu
Bengali Indo-Aryan
Bezhta Northeast Caucasian
Berber Afroasiatic
Betawi Malayo-Polynesian
Bete Niger–Congo
Bété Niger–Congo
Bhili Indo-Aryan
Bhojpuri Indo-Aryan
Bijil Neo-Aramaic Semitic
Bikol Malayo-Polynesian
Bikya or Furu Bantu
Bissa Mande
Blackfoot Algonquian
Bodo Bodo
Boholano Malayo-Polynesian
Bohtan Neo-Aramaic Semitic
Bonan or Paoan Mongolic
Bororo Bororoan
Bosnian Slavic
Brahui Dravidian
Breton Celtic
British Sign Language BANZSL
Bru Austroasiatic
Bua Niger–Congo
Buginese Malayo-Polynesian
Bukusu Bantu
Bulgar Turkic
Bulgarian Slavic
Bunjevac Slavic
Burmese Tibeto-Burman
Burushaski Language isolate
Buryat Mongolic
Buyeo Puyŏ

C[edit]

Caluyanon or Caluyanun Malayo-Polynesian
Canaano-Akkadian Akkadian and Canaanite-based mixed language
Cantonese Sinitic
Cape Verdean Creole or Kabuverdianu Portuguese-based creole
Carrier or Dakelh Athabaskan
Catalan Romance
Catalan Sign Language Catalan Sign
Cavineña Tacanan
Cayuga Iroquoian
Cebuano Malayo-Polynesian
Chabacano or Chavacano Creole (Spanish-based)
Chaga or Kichagga Bantu
Chagatai Turkic
Chakavian Slavic
Chakma Indo-Aryan
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic Semitic
Cham Chamic
Chamorro or Chamoru Malayo-Polynesian
Chaouia or Tachawit Berber
Chatino Oto-Manguean
Chechen Northeast Caucasian
Chenchu Dravidian
Chenoua Berber
Cherokee Iroquoian
Cheyenne Algonquian
Chhattisgarhi Indo-Aryan
Chichimeca Jonaz Oto-Manguean
Chickasaw Muskogean
Chinese Kyakala Tungusic
Chintang or Chhintang Kiranti
Chilcotin or Tsilhqot'in Athabaskan
Chinantec Oto-Manguean
Chinese Sinitic
Chinese Kyakala Tungusic
Chiricahua or Mescalero-Chiricahua Apache Athabaskan
Chichewa or Nyanja Bantu
Chimané or Tsimané or Mosetén Language isolate
Chipaya Uru-Chipaya
Chipewyan Athabaskan
Chiquimulilla Xincan
Chiquitano Language isolate
Chittagonian Indo-Aryan
Chocho or Chocholtec Oto-Manguean
Choctaw Muskogean
Ch'ol Mayan
Chontal de Oaxaca Tequistlatecan
Chontal de Tabasco Mayan
Chorasmian or Khwarezmian Iranian
Christian Palestinian Aramaic Semitic
Chuj Mayan
Chukchi or Chukot Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Chulym Turkic
Church Slavonic Slavic
Chuukese or Trukese Malayo-Polynesian
Chuvan Yukaghir
Chuvash Turkic
Cochin Portuguese Creole or Vypin Indo-Portuguese Portuguese-based creole language
Cocoma or Cocama Tupian
Cocopah Yuman-Cochimí
Coeur d’Alene Salishan
Comanche Uto-Aztecan
Comorian Bantu
Coptic Egyptian
Cora Uto-Aztecan
Cornish Celtic
Corsican Romance
Cree Algonquian
Cree, East or James Bay Cree Algonquian
Cree, Moose Algonquian
Cree, Plains Algonquian
Cree, Swampy Algonquian
Cree, Woods or Woodland Cree Algonquian
Crimean Tatar or Crimean Turkish Turkic
Croatian Slavic
Cuicatec Oto-Manguean
Cuyonon Malayo-Polynesian
Czech Slavic

D[edit]

Dadanitic Semitic
Dagaare Niger-Congo
Dagbani Gur
Dahlik Semitic
Dalecarlian Germanic
Dalmatian Romance
Dameli Indo-Aryan
Danish Germanic
Dargin Northeast Caucasian
Dari or Dari Persian Iranian
Daur or Dagur Mongolic
Daylami Iranian
Dena'ina or Tanaina Athapaskan
Dhatki Indo-Aryan
Dhivehi or Maldivian Indo-Aryan
Dicamay Agta Northern Luzon
Dida Kru
Dioula or Jula Mande
Dogri Indo-Aryan
Dogrib or Tli Cho Athapaskan
Dolgan Turkic
Domaaki or Dumaki Indo-Aryan
Dongxiang or Santa Mongolic
Duala Bantu
Dungan Sinitic
Dura Greater Magaric
Dutch Germanic
Dzhidi or Judeo-Persian Iranian
Dzongkha Tibetic

E[edit]

Eblaite Semitic
Edomite Semitic
Egyptian Afroasiatic
Ekoti Bantu
Elfdalian Germanic
Enets or Yenisey Samoyed Samoyedic
English Germanic
Erzya Uralic
Estonian Uralic
Even Tungusic
Evenk or Evenki Tungusic
Ewe Volta–Niger
Extremaduran Romance

F[edit]

Faetar or Faetar–Cigliàje Romance
Faifi Semitic
Faliscan Latino-Faliscan
Fang Bantu
Faroese Germanic
Favorlang Western Plains Formosan
Fijian Malayo-Polynesian
Filipino Central Philippine
Finland-Swedish Sign Language Swedish Sign
Finnish Uralic
Finnish Sign Language Swedish Sign
Flemish Germanic
Flemish, East Germanic
Flemish, French Germanic
Flemish, West Germanic
Foodo Kwa
Fon Kwa
Franco-Provençal or Arpitan Romance
French Romance
French Sign Language Francosign
Frisian, East Germanic
Frisian, Hindeloopen Germanic
Frisian, North Germanic
Frisian, Saterland Germanic
Frisian, Schiermonnikoog Germanic
Frisian, Terschelling Germanic
Frisian, West or Mainland West Frisian Germanic
Friulian Romance
Fula, Fulfulde, or Fulani Senegambian
Fur Nilo-Saharan
Futunan Polynesian
Futuna-Aniwa Polynesian

G[edit]

Ga Kwa
Gadaba Dravidian
Gagauz Turkic
Galatian Celtic
Galician Romance
Galindian Baltic
Gan Chinese Sinitic
Ganda Bantu
Gangte Kuki-Chin
Garhwali Indo-Aryan
Gaya Unclassified language
Gayo Malayo-Polynesian
Gen or Gẽ or Mina Volta–Niger
Georgian South Caucasian
German Germanic
German Sign Language DGSic
Gikuyu or Kikuyu Bantu
Gilbertese or Kiribati Malayo-Polynesian
Gilaki Iranian
Gitxsan Tsimshianic
Goaria Indo-Aryan
Goguryeo Puyŏ
Gondi Dravidian
Gorani language (Našinski) Slavic
Gorani or Hawrami Kurdish
Gawar-Bati or Gowari or Narsati Indo-Aryan
Greenlandic or Kalaallisut Eskaleut
Greenlandic Norse Germanic
Greek Hellenic
Greek, Aeolic Hellenic
Greek, Apulian or Griko Hellenic
Greek, Ancient Macedonian Hellenic
Greek, Arcadocypriot Hellenic
Greek, Attic Hellenic
Greek, Byzantine or Medieval Greek Hellenic
Greek, Calabrian Hellenic
Greek, Cappadocian Hellenic
Greek, Cypriot Hellenic
Greek, Doric or West Greek Hellenic
Greek, Homeric or Epic Greek Hellenic
Greek, Ionic Hellenic
Greek, Italiot Hellenic
Greek, Jewish Koine Hellenic
Greek, Koine Hellenic
Greek, Mariupolitan or Crimean Greek Hellenic
Greek, Mycenaean Hellenic
Greek, Pamphylian Hellenic
Greek, Pontic Hellenic
Greek, Romani Hellenic
Greek, Tsakonian Hellenic
Greek, Yevanic Hellenic
Guaraní Tupian
Guaruyu Tupian
Guazacapán Xincan
Guinea-Bissau Creole Portuguese-based creole
Gujarati Indo-Aryan
Gula Iro or Kulaal Adamawa
Gullah or Sea Island Creole English English-based creole
Gusii Bantu
Gwichʼin Athabaskan

H[edit]

Hachijō or shima kotoba Japonic
Hadramautic Semitic
Hadza or Hatsa Language isolate
Haida or Masset Language isolate or Na-Dené
Haitian Creole French-based creole
Hakka Sinitic
Hän Athabaskan
Hani Lolo-Burmese
Harappan Unclassified language
Harari Semitic
Harauti Indo-Aryan
Harsusi Semitic
Haryanavi Indo-Aryan
Harzani Iranian
Hasaitic Semitic
Hattic Unclassified language
Hausa Chadic
Havasupai or Upland Yuman Hokan
Hawaiian Polynesian
Hawaiʻi Sign Language Language isolate or small language family
Hazaragi Iranian
Hebrew Semitic
Hebrew, Ashkenazi Semitic
Hebrew, Biblical Semitic
Hebrew, Italian Semitic
Hebrew, Medieval Semitic
Hebrew, Mishnaic Semitic
Hebrew, Mizrahi Semitic
Hebrew, Modern Semitic
Hebrew, Samaritan Semitic
Hebrew, Sephardi Semitic
Hebrew, Tiberian Semitic
Hebrew, Yemenite Semitic
Herero Bantu
Hértevin Semitic
Hiligaynon Bisayan
Himyaritic Semitic
Hindi Indo-Aryan
Hindustani Indo-Aryan)
Hinukh Northeast Caucasian
Hiri Motu Motu-based pidgin
Hismaic Semitic
Hittite Anatolian
Hixkaryana Cariban
Hmong Hmong–Mien
Hmu Hmong-Mien
Ho Austroasiatic
Hobyót Semitic
Hokkien Sinitic
Hopi Uto-Aztecan
Hoti Malayo-Polynesian
Huastec or Teenek Mayan
Huave Language isolate
Huiliche Araucanian
Hulaulá Semitic
Hungarian Uralic
Hunnic Unclassified language
Hutterisch or Tirolean Germanic

I[edit]

Ibibio Cross River
Iban Malayic
Ibanag Northern Luzon
Icelandic Germanic
Ifè Yoruboid
Igbo or Ibo or Biafra Igboid
Ikalanga or Kalanga Bantu
Ili Turki Turkic
Illyrian Indo-European
Ilokano or Ilocano Northern Luzon
Indonesian Malayic
Indo-Portuguese Creole of Bombay Portuguese-based creole language
Ingrian or Izhorian Uralic
Ingush Northeast Caucasian
Inuktitut Eskimo–Aleut
Inupiaq Eskimo–Aleut
Inuvialuktun Eskimo–Aleut
Iraqw Cushitic
Irish or Irish Gaelic Celtic
Irish Sign Language Francosign
Irula Dravidian
Isan or Northeastern Thai Kra–Dai
Ishkashimi or Ishkashmi Iranian
Istriot Romance
Istro-Romanian Romance
Italian Romance

J[edit]

Jacaltek, Jakalteko or Popti' Mayan
Jalaa Unclassified language, possibly Niger–Congo
Japanese Japonic
Japhug Sino-Tibetan
Jaqaru Aymaran
Jarai Malayo-Polynesian
Javanese Malayo-Polynesian
Jeju Koreanic
Jemez or Towa Tanoan
Jewish Babylonian Aramaic Aramaic
Jewish Neo-Aramaic dialect of Zakho Semitic
Jibbali or Shehri Semitic
Jicarilla Athabaskan
Juang Austroasiatic
Judeo-Georgian South Caucasian
Jumaytepeque Xincan
Jurchen Tungusic

K[edit]

Kaaps Germanic
Kabardian Northwest Caucasian
Kabiye Gur
Kabyle Berber
Kachin or Jingpo Tibeto-Burman
Kaingáng
Kajkavian Slavic
Kalami or Gawri or Dirwali Indo-Aryan
Kalahsa-mun Indo-Aryan
Kalašma Anatolian
Kalmyk Mongolic
Kalto or Nahali Indo-Aryan
Kamassian Uralic
Kamchadal, Eastern Khukotko-Kamchatkan
Kamchadal, Southern Khukotko-Kamchatkan
Kamchadal, Western or Itelmen Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Kankanaey Northern Luzon
Kannada Dravidian
Kanuri Saharan
Kaonde or Chikaonde Bantu
Kapampangan Malayo-Polynesian
Karachay–Balkar Turkic
Karagas Turkic
Karaim Turkic
Karakalpak Turkic
Karelian Uralic
Karen Tibeto-Burman
Kashmiri Indo-Aryan
Kashubian Slavic
Kasiguranin or Casiguran Central Philippine
Kawésqar or Alacaluf Language isolate
Kazakh Turkic
Kerek Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Keres or Keresan Language isolate or small language family
Ket Yeniseian
Khakas Turkic
Khalaj Turkic
Kham or Sheshi Tibeto-Burman
Khandeshi Indo-Aryan
Khanty or Ostyak Uralic
Khasi Austroasiatic
Khitan Mongolic
Khmer Austroasiatic
Khmu Austroasiatic
Khowar Indo-Aryan
Kimatuumbi Bantu
Kinaray-a or Hiraya Malayo-Polynesian
Kinyarwanda Bantu
Kirombo Bantu
Kirundi Bantu
Kivunjo Bantu
Klallam or Clallam Salishan
Koasati or Coushatta Muskogean
Kodava Takk or Kodagu or Coorgi Dravidian
Kohistani or Khili Indo-Aryan
Kolami Dravidian
Komi or Komi-Zyrian Uralic
Konkani Indo-Aryan
Kongo or Kikongo Bantu
Koraga Dravidian
Korandje Nilo-Saharan
Korean Koreanic
Korku Austroasiatic
Korowai Trans–New Guinea
Korwa Austroasiatic
Koryak Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Kosraean Malayo-Polynesian
Kota Dravidian
Koyra Chiini or Western Songhay Nilo-Saharan
Koy Sanjaq Christian Neo-Aramaic Semitic
Koya Dravidian
Krymchak or Judeo-Crimean Tatar Turkic
Kujarge Unclassified language, perhaps Chadic
Kui Dravidian
Kukkuzi Uralic
Kumauni Indo-Aryan
Kumeyaay or Kumiai Yuma-Cochimí (Hokan?)
Kumyk Turkic
Kumzari Iranian
Kung Khoisan
Kurdish Kurdish
Kurukh or Kurux Dravidian
Kusunda Language isolate
Kutenai or Kootenay or Ktunaxa Language isolate
Kuy Austroasiatic
Kven Uralic
Kwak'wala Wakashan
Kwanyama or Ovambo Bantu
Kxoe Khoe
Kyrgyz or Kirghiz Turkic

L[edit]

Laal Unclassified language
Lacandon Mayan
Ladakhi Tibeto-Burman
Ladin Romance
Ladino or Judeo-Spanish Romance
Lak Northeast Caucasian
Laki Iranian
Lakota or Lakhota or Teton Siouan
Lambadi or Lamani or Banjari Indo-Aryan
Lanuvian Latino-Faliscan
Lao or Laotian Kra–Dai
Larestani Iranian
Latin Latino-Faliscan
Latgalian Baltic
Latvian Baltic
Laz or Lazuri South Caucasian
Lenca, Honduran Lencan
Lenca, Salvadoran Lencan
Leonese Romance
Lezgi or Agul Northeast Caucasian
Ligbi or Ligby Mande
Limburgish Germanic
Lingala Bantu
Lipan Athabascan
Lisan al-Dawat Indo-Aryan
Lishanid Noshan or Lishana Didan Semitic
Lithuanian Baltic
Livonian or Liv Uralic
Livvi-Karelian, Olonets Karelian, or Livvi Uralic
Lobala or Bala Bantu
Lombard Romance
Lotha Tibeto-Burman
Low German Germanic
Lower Sorbian Slavic
Lozi or Silozi Bantu
Ludic or Ludian Uralic
Lunda or Chilunda Bantu
Luri Iranian
Lushootseed Salishan
Lusoga or Soga Bantu
Luvale Bantu
Luwati Indo-Iranian
Luxembourgish Germanic


M[edit]

Macedonian Slavic
Machiguenga Arawakan
Madí or Jamamadí or Kapaná Arauan
Madurese Malayo-Polynesian
Magadhi Indo-Aryan
Maguindanao Malayo-Polynesian
Maithili Indo-Aryan
Makasar Malayo-Polynesian
Makhuwa or Makua Bantu
Makhuwa-Meetto Bantu
Malagasy Malayo-Polynesian
Malay Malayic
Malay, Brunei Malayic
Malayalam Dravidian
Malaysian Sign Language Francosign
Maltese or Maltese Arabic Semitic
Malto or Sauria Paharia Dravidian
Malvi, Malavi, or Ujjaini Indo-Aryan
Mam Mayan
Manchu Tungusic
Mandaic Semitic
Mandarin Sinitic
Mandinka Mande
Mansi or Vogul Uralic
Manx Celtic
Manyika Bantu
Māori Malayo-Polynesian
Mapudungun or Mapuche Araucanian
Maranao Malayo-Polynesian
Marathi Indo-Aryan
Mari or Cheremis Uralic
Maria Dravidian
Marquesan Malayo-Polynesian
Marshallese or Ebon Malayo-Polynesian
Martha's Vineyard Sign Language Language isolate
Masaba Bantu
Masbatenyo or Minasbate Malayo-Polynesian
Median Iranian
Meitei or Manipuri or Meithei Tibeto-Burman
Mauritian Creole or Morisyen French-based creole
Mayan Sign Language Language isolate or small language family
Mayo Uto-Aztecan
Mazandarani or Tabari Iranian
Mazahua Oto-Manguean
Mazatec Oto-Manguean
Meänkieli or Tornedalian Finnish Uralic
Megleno-Romanian Romance
Megrelian or Mingrelian South Caucasian
Mehri or Mahri Semitic
Menominee Algonquian
Mentawai Malayo-Polynesian
Meroitic Unclassified language, maybe Nilo-Saharan or Language isolate
Mescalero Athabaskan
Meru or Kimeru Bantu
Michif Métis French and Plains Cree-based mixed language
Mikasuki or Miccosukee Muskogean
Mi'kmaq or Micmac Algonquian
Minaean Semitic
Minangkabau Malayo-Polynesian
Mirandese Romance
Miskito or Miskitu Misumalpan
Mnong or M'Nong Austroasiatic
Mobilian Jargon Choctaw and French-based pidgin
Moghol Mongolic
Mohawk Iroquoian
Moksha Uralic
Molengue Bantu
Mon Austroasiatic
Middle Mongol Mongolic
Mongolian Mongolic
Mongolian, Classical Mongolic
Mono Ubangian
Mono Uto-Aztecan
Mono Malayo-Polynesian
Montagnais or Innu Algonquian
Montenegrin Slavic
Mopan Mayan
Motu Papuan Tip
Moxo Arawakan
Muher Semitic
Mundari Austroasiatic
Mundurukú Tupian
Munji Iranian
Muong Austroasiatic
Muria Dravidian
Muscogee or Creek Muskogean

N[edit]

Nafaanra Senufo
Nagarchal Dravidian
Nahuatl Uto-Aztecan
Nama or Khoekhoe Khoe
Nanai Tungusic
Nauruan Micronesian
Navajo or Navaho Na-Dené
Ndau or Southeast Shona Bantu
Ndonga Bantu
Neapolitan Romance
Negidal Tungusic
Nenets or Yurak Samoyedic
Nepal Bhasa or Newari Newaric
Nepali Indo-Aryan
New Zealand Sign Language BANZSL
Nihali or Nahali Language isolate
Nisga'a Tsimshianic
Nganasan or Tavgi Samoyedic
Ngumba Bantu
Nheengatu or Geral or Modern Tupí Tupian
Nias Northwest Sumatra–Barrier Islands
Nicaraguan Sign Language Language isolate
Niellim Adamawa
Nigerian Pidgin English-based pidgin
Nisenan Maiduan
Niuean or Niue Polynesian
Nivkh or Gilyak Language isolate
Nogai Turkic
Norfuk or Norfolk cant, English-Tahitian based
Norman or Norman-French Romance
Norn Germanic
Northern Ndebele Bantu
Northern Sotho or Sepedi Bantu
Northern Straits Salish Salishan
Norwegian (Bokmål, Nynorsk, Riksmål) Germanic
Northeast Malakula Central Vanuatu
Nǀu Tuu
Nuer Nilotic
Nuxálk or Bella Coola Salishan
Nyabwa Kru
Nyah Kur Austroasiatic
Nyangumarta Pama–Nyungan
Nyoro Bantu

O[edit]

Occitan or Provençal Romance
Odia Indo-Aryan
Ojibwe, Ojibwa, or Chippewa Algonquian
Okinawan Japonic
Oko-Juwoi Great Andamanese
Omagua Tupian
Omok Yukaghir
Ongota Afroasiatic
O'odham Uto-Aztecan
Ormuri Iranian
Oroch Tungusic
Orok Tungusic
Oromo or Afaan Oromoo Cushitic
Ossetic or Ossetian Iranian

P[edit]

Páez or Nasa Yuwe Language isolate
Palauan Malayo-Polynesian
Pame Oto-Manguean
Pangasinan Malayo-Polynesian
Papiamento or Papiamentu Iberian Romance-based creole
Parachi Iranian
Parthian Iranian
Parya Indo-Aryan
Pashto, Pushto, or Pashtu Iranian
Paya or Pech Chibchan
Peninsular Japonic Japonic
Pennsylvania Dutch or Pennsylvania German Germanic
Persian or farsi, as it is referred to in the Persian language Iranian
Phalura Indo-Aryan
Phoenician Semitic
Phuthi Bantu
Picard Romance
Pipil or Nawat Uto-Aztecan
Pirahã Mura
Plautdietsch or Mennonite Low German Germanic
Podlachian or Podlashuk Slavic
Polabian Slavic
Polish Slavic
Popoloca Oto-Manguean
Portuguese Romance
Pothohari or Pahari-Potwari Indo-Aryan
Pradhan or Pardhan Dravidian
Praenestinian Latino-Faliscan
Puelche Language isolate or Chonan
Puma Tibeto-Burman
Punic, Phoenicio-Punic, or Carthaginian Semitic
Punjabi, Panjabi, or Gurmukhi Indo-Aryan
Purépecha or Tarascan Language isolate

Q[edit]

Q'anjob'al Mayan
Qashqai or Ghashghai Turkic
Qatabanian Semitic
Q'eqchí Mayan
Quebec Sign Language Francosign
Quechua Quechuan

R[edit]

Rajasthani Indo-Aryan
Ratagnon, Datagnon, or Latagnun Bisayan
Razi Iranian
Razihi Semitic
Réunion Creole or Bourbonnais French-based creole
[[Rijal Alma (speech variety)]|Rijāl Almaʿ]] Semitic
Romanian Romance
Romansh Romance
Romani Indo-Aryan
Romblomanon Bisayan
Rotokas East Papuan
Rotuman Central Pacific
Rouran Mongolic
Runyankole language or Nyankore Bantu
Russian Slavic
Russian Sign Language Francosign
Rusyn, Carpathian Slavic
Rusyn, Pannonian Slavic
Rutul Northeast Caucasian languages
Ruthenian Slavic

S[edit]

Sabaic or Sabaean Semitic
Safaitic Semitic
Salar Turkic
Samaritan Aramaic Semitic
Samoan Malayo-Polynesian
Sandawe Language isolate
Sango Ngbandi-based creole
Sanskrit Indo-Aryan, liturgical language
Santali Austroasiatic
Sara Bakati' Land Dayak
Saraiki, Seraiki, or Siraiki Southern Punjabi Indo-Aryan
Saramaccan English-based creole
Sardinian Romance
Sardinian, Campidanese Romance
Sardinian, Logudorese Romance
Sarikoli Iranian
Sart Kalmyk Mongolic
Saurashtra or Sourashtra Indo-Aryan
Savi Indo-Aryan
Sawai South Halmahera–West New Guinea
Scots Germanic
Scots, Shetlandic or Shaetlan Germanic
Scots, Ulster Germanic
Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic or Gaidhlig or Gaelic Celtic
Selangor Sign Language Francosign
Selkup or Ostyak Samoyed Samoyedic
Semnani Iranian
Senaya Semitic
Serbian Slavic
Serbo-Croatian Slavic
Sesotho Bantu
Seto or Setu Uralic
Seychellois Creole French-based creole
Shan Kra–Dai
Shelta Irish and Irish English-based mixed language
Shimaore Bantu
Shina Indo-Aryan
Shipibo or Shipibo-Konibo Panoan
Shona Bantu
Shor Turkic
Shoshoni or Shoshone Uto-Aztecan
Shtokavian Slavic
Shughni Iranian
Shumashti Indo-Aryan
Shuswap or Secwepemctsín Salishan
Siberian Tatar Turkic
Sicilian Romance
Sidamo Cushitic
Sierra Popoluca or Soteapanec Mixe–Zoque
Sika Flores–Lembata
Silesian Slavic
Silla or Old Korean Koreanic
Silt'e or Selti or East Gurage Semitic
Sinacantán Xincan
Sindhi Indo-Aryan
Sinhala Indo-Aryan
Sioux Siouan
Sivandi Iranian
Sámi, Akkala Uralic
Sámi, Inari Uralic
Sámi, Kainuu Uralic
Sámi, Kemi Uralic
Sámi, Kildin Uralic
Sámi, Lule Uralic
Sámi, Northern Uralic
Sámi, Pite Uralic
Sámi, Skolt Uralic
Sámi, Southern Uralic
Sámi, Ter Uralic
Sámi, Ume Uralic
Sentinelese Unclassified language
Slavey Athabaskan
Slavomolisano Slavic
Slovak Slavic
Slovene or Slovenian Slavic
Soddo or Kistane Semitic
Somali Cushitic
Sonjo or Temi Bantu
Sonsorolese or Sonsorol Micronesian
Soqotri Semitic
Sora Austroasiatic
Sorbian, Lower Slavic
Sorbian, Upper Slavic
Sourashtra Indo-Aryan
Southern Ndebele Bantu
South Estonian Uralic
Spanish Romance
Spanish, Amazonic Romance
Spanish, Andalusian Romance
Spanish, Canarian Romance
Spanish, Caribbean Romance
Spanish, Castilian Romance
Spanish, Catalan Romance
Spanish, Chilote Romance
Spanish, Extremaduran or Castúo Romance
Spanish, Galician or Castrapo Romance
Spanish, Gibraltarian or Llanito Romance
Spanish, Mexican Romance
Spanish, Murcian Romance
Spanish, Peninsular Romance
Spanish, Sabine River, Adaeseño Spanish, or Zwolle-Ebarb Spanish Romance
Spanish, Saharan or Western Saharan Spanish Romance
Spanish, Standard Romance
Sranan Tongo English-based creole
St'at'imcets or Lillooet Salishan
Sucite or Sìcìté Sénoufo Senufo
Suba Bantu
Sundanese Malayo-Polynesian
Supyire or Supyire Senoufo Senufo
Surigaonon Bisayan
Susu Mande
Svan South Caucasian
Swahili Bantu
Swati, Swazi, Siswati, or Seswati Bantu
Swedish Germanic
Syriac Semitic

T[edit]

Tabasaran or Tabassaran Northeast Caucasian
Tacana Tacanan
Tachelhit Berber
Tagalog Central Philippine
Tahitian Polynesian
Tai Lue Kra–Dai
Taíno Arawakan
Taiwanese Sign Language JSLic
Tajik Iranian
Takestani Iranian
Talysh Iranian
Tamil Dravidian
Tanacross Athabaskan
Tangut Tibeto-Burman
Taos or Northern Tiwa Tanoan
Tarahumara Uto-Aztecan
Tarama Japonic
Tarifit or Rifi or Riff Berber Berber
Tat or Tati Iranian
Tatar Turkic
Tausug Bisayan
Taymanitic Semitic
Tehuelche or Aonikenk Chon
Telugu Dravidian
Tetum Malayo-Polynesian
Tepehua Totonacan
Tepehuán or O'otham Uto-Aztecan
Tewa Tanoan
Thai Kra–Dai
Thamudic Semitic
Tharu Indo-Aryan
Tibetan, Lhasa Tibetic
Ticuna Language isolate
Tigre or Xasa Semitic
Tigrinya Semitic
Timbisha or Panamint Uto-Aztecan
Tiv Tivoid
Tlingit Na-Dené
Tobian Micronesian
Toda Dravidian
Tojolab'al Mayan
Tok Pisin English-based creole
Tokelauan Polynesian
Tol or Jicaque Jicaquean
Tonga Bantu
Tongan Polynesian
Torlakian Slavic
Torwali or Turvali Indo-Aryan
Tregami Indo-Aryan
Trique or Triqui Oto-Manguean
Tsat Chamic
Tsez or Dido Northeast Caucasian
Tshiluba, Luba-Kasai, or Luba-Lulua Bantu
Tsimshian, Coast Tsimshianic
Tsimshian, Southern Tsimshianic
Tsonga Bantu
Tswana or Setswana Bantu
Tu or Monguor Mongolic
Tuareg languages or Tamasheq Berber
Tulu Dravidian
Tumbuka Bantu
Tupiniquim Tupian
Turkish Turkic
Turkish, Ottoman Turkic
Turkmen Turkic
Turoyo Semitic
Tuvaluan Polynesian
Tuvan Tuvin or Tyvan Turkic
Tzeltal Mayan
Tzotzil Mayan

U[edit]

Udihe or Ude or Udege Tungusic
Udmurt or Votyak Uralic
Ugaritic Semitic
Ukrainian Slavic
Ulch or Olcha Tungusic
Unserdeutsch or Rabaul Creole German German-based creole
Upper Sorbian Slavic
Urdu Indo-Aryan
Urum Turkic
Ute Uto-Aztecan
Uyghur or Uighur Turkic
Uzbek Turkic

V[edit]

Vafsi Iranian
Valencian Sign Language Catalan Sign
Vasi-vari or Prasuni Indo-Aryan
Vastese Romance
Venda or Tshivenda Bantu
Venetian Romance
Veps Uralic
Vietnamese Austroasiatic
Võro Uralic
Votic or Votian Uralic

W[edit]

Wa Austroasiatic
Waddar Dravidian
Wagiman Language isolate
Waigali or Kalasha-Ala Indo-Aryan
Waima or Roro Malayo-Polynesian
Wakhi Iranian
Wallisian or East Uvean Polynesian
Walloon Romance
Waray or Binisaya Malayo-Polynesian
Washo Language isolate
Welsh Celtic
Western Neo-Aramaic Semitic
West Polesian or Poleshuk Slavic
Wolane (Silt'e) Semitic
Wolof Niger–Congo
Wu Sinitic
Wymysorys Germanic

X[edit]

Xavante
Xhosa Bantu
Xiang Sinitic
Xibe or Sibo Tungusic
Xipaya Tupian

Y[edit]

Yaaku Afroasiatic
Yaeyama Japonic
Yaghan or Yámana Language isolate
Yaghnobi Iranian
Yakut Turkic
Yankunytjatjara Pama–Nyungan
Yanyuwa Pama–Nyungan
Yapese Malayo-Polynesian
Yaqui Uto-Aztecan
Yauma Bantu
Yavapai Yuman
Yazdi Iranian
Yazgulyam or Yazgulami Iranian
Ye-Maek Puyŏ?
Yeni Niger–Congo
Yi language or Nuosu Tibeto-Burman
Yine or Piro Arawakan
Yiddish Germanic
Yidgha Iranian
Yugur, Eastern Mongolic
Yugur, Western or Neo-Uygur Turkic
Yokuts, Yokutsan, or Mariposa Yokutsan
Yokuts, Buena Vista Yokutsan
Yokuts, Delta Yokutsan
Yokuts, Palewyami Yokutsan
Yokuts, Tule–Kaweah Yokutsan
Yokuts, Valley Yokutsan
Yonaguni Japonic
Yorùbá Volta–Niger
Yucatec Maya Yucatecan
Yuchi Language isolate
Yukaghir, Northern or Tundra Yukaghir Yukaghir
Yukaghir, Southern or Forest Yukaghir Yukaghir
Yukjin Koreanic
Yupik Eskimo–Aleut
Yupiltepeque Xincan
Yurats Samoyedic
Yurok Algic

Z[edit]

Záparo Saparoan
Zapotec Oto-Manguean
Zaza or Zazaki Iranian
Zeelandic Germanic
Zhuang Kra–Dai
Zok or Agulis Armenian
Zoque Mixe–Zoquean
Zoroastrian Dari Iranian
Zulu Bantu
Zuñi or Zuni Language isolate
Zway or Zay Semitic

See also

References