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The following is a list of contemporary ethnic groups. There has been constant debate over the classification of ethnic groups. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be associated with shared ancestry, history, homeland, language or dialect and cultural heritage; where the term "culture" specifically includes aspects such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing (clothing) style and other factors.

By the nature of the concept, ethnic groups tend to be divided into subgroups, which may themselves be or not be identified as independent ethnic groups depending on the source consulted.

Ethnic groups

This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.

See also: List of languages by number of native speakers

The following groups are commonly identified as "ethnic groups",[citation needed] as opposed to ethno-linguistic phyla, national groups, racial groups or similar.

Ethnicity Language & Origin[citation needed] Primary homeland[citation needed] Subgroups, tribes & castes[citation needed] Majority (plurality) religion and sect[citation needed]
!Kung Kxʼa!Kung[note 1] Namibia (Kalahari Desert) Animism
Abagusii Niger-CongoBantuGusii Kenya (Kisii County) Christianity, Traditional African religion
Abazins Northwest CaucasianAbazgiAbaza Russia (Abazinia) Significant populations in Turkey, Egypt, and Ukraine IslamSunni Islam
Abelam SepikNduAbelam Papua New Guinea (Sepik River Basin) Christianity, Animism
Abenaki AlgicAlgonquianWestern Abenaki Canada (Quebec), United States (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont) Abenaki religion
Abkhazians Northwest CaucasianAbazgiAbkhaz Georgia (Abkhazia)[note 2] Sadz ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, IslamSunni Islam
Acehnese AustronesianChamicAcehnese Indonesia (Aceh) IslamSunni Islam
Acholi Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoAcholi South Sudan, Uganda (Acholiland) Christianity
Adjoukrou Niger–CongoKwaAdjukru Ivory Coast (Dabou) Christianity
Afar Afro-AsiaticCushiticAfar Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia (Afaria) Islam
Afemai Niger–CongoEdoidAfenmai Nigeria (Edo State) Christianity
African-Americans Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Louisiana Creole, Gullah, Afro-Seminole Creole, Francosign → ASLic → American SignBlack American Sign United States African-American Jews, African-American Muslims, Black Seminoles, Cherokee Freedmen, Creoles of color, Gullah, Mascogos, and Sierra Leonean Americans, with significant populations in France, the United Kingdom, Africa (including Ghana), and Israel ChristianityProtestantismBaptists,[1] Methodism, Pentacostalism, Jehovah's Witnesses, IslamSunni Islam, Judaism
Afrikaners Indo-EuropeanGermanicAfrikaans South Africa Boers ChristianityProtestantismCalvinism
Afro-Brazilians Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceCafundó Brazil Zambo ChristianityCatholicism, ProtestantismPentecostalism Candomble, Umbanda, Batuque, Xango, Tambor de Mina
Afro-Caribbean Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishEnglish Creole, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCaribbean Spanish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchFrench Creole, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchSurinamese Dutch, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguesePapiamento, Niger–CongoYoruba, Niger–CongoIgbo Caribbean Afro-Antiguan and Barbudan, Afro-Arubans, Afro-Bahamians, Afro-Barbadians, Afro-Bermudians, Afro-Colombians, Afro-Costa Ricans, Afro-Cubans (including Ganga-Longoba), Afro-Curaçaoans, Afro-Dominicans (Dominica), Afro-Dominicans (Dominican Republic), Afro-Grenadians, Afro-Guatemalans, Afro-Guyanese, Afro-Haitians, Afro-Hondurans, Afro-Jamaicans, Afro-Kittitians and Nevisians, Afro-Panamanian, Afro-Puerto Ricans, Afro-Saint Lucian, Afro-Salvadoran, Afro-Surinamese, Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians, Afro-Venezuelans, Afro-Vincentians, and Afro-Antiguans and Barbudans (including Afro-Antiquans and Afro-Barbudans) Christianity, Islam, Rastafari, Obeah, Santería, Orisha, Trinidad Orisha, Yoruba, Vodou, Traditional African religion, Afro-American religion, Baháʼí
Afro-Russians Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian Russia ChristianityOrthodox ChristianityRussian Orthodoxy
Afro-Turks TurkicOghuzTurkish Turkey Afro-Abkhazians Islam
Agaw Afro-AsiaticCushiticAgaw[note 1] Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea)[note 3] Bilen, Ximre, Awi, Qemant ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Ahom Kra–DaiTaiAhom[note 4] India (Assam) Hinduism
Aikanã Aikanã language Brazil (Rondônia)
Aimaq Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianAimaq Afghanistan Aimaq Hazara, Firozkohi, Jamshidi, Aimaq Kipchaks, Timuri, Taymani IslamSunni Islam
Ainus Ainu languages[note 1] Japan (Hokkaido, Tōhoku region), Russia (Sakhalin, Kamchatka Peninsula, Khabarovsk Krai), Kuril Islands (Russia or Japan) Hokkaido Ainu (including Ishikari Ainu, Menasunkur Ainu, and Sumunkur Ainu), Tokyo Ainu, Sakhalin Ainu, and Russian Ainu AnimismAinu folk religion, BuddhismNichiren Shōshū, Shinto, ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Aja Niger–CongoKwaGbeAdja Benin, Togo West African Vodun
Akan Niger–CongoKwaCentral Tano,[note 1][note 5] Niger–CongoKwaAvikamAlladian,[note 1] Niger–CongoKwaAvatime, Niger–CongoKwaAbé, Niger–CongoKwaAbidji, Niger–CongoKwaAttié, Niger–CongoKwaM'Bato, Niger–CongoKwaAbure, FrancosignAmerican SignGhanaian Sign, Adamorobe Sign, Nanabin Sign Ghana (Gold Coast])[note 6] Twi (including Ashanti and Akuapem), Fante, Abbé, Abidji, Ahafo, Ahanta, Akwamu, Akyem, Anyi, Aowin, Assin, Attie, Avatime, Avikam, Baoulé, Brong, Chakosi, Evalue, M'Bato, Nzema, Sefwi (including House of Israel), Tchaman, Wasa, Abure, Alladian Christianity
Akha Sino-TibetanLoloishHaniAkha China (Pu'er and Xishuangbanna)[note 7] Akeu Animism
Alaskan Creoles Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussianAlaskan Russian United States (Alaska) ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Alavi Bohras Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujaratiLisan ud-Dawat India (Gujarat) IslamShia IslamIsma'ilism
Alawites Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicLevantine Arabic Syria, Lebanon IslamAlawite
Albanians Indo-EuropeanPaleo-BalkanAlbanian[note 1] Albania, Kosovo, North Macedonia (Ilirida), Greece (Chameria), Serbia (Preševo Valley) Ghegs (including Arbanasi and Kosovars), Tosks (including Arbëreshë, Cham Albanians, Arvanites), along with significant populations in Turkey, Egypt, Syria, France, the United Kingdom Italy, Spain, Germany, the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Nordic countries, Switzerland, Greece (including Western Thrace), Ukraine, Romania, Hungary, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Australia, Canada, and the United States Islam, Christianity
Aleuts EskaleutAleut United States (Aleutian Islands) ChristianityOrthodox Christianity
Altaians TurkicKipchakSouthern Altai, TurkicSiberian TurkicNorthern Altai Russia (Altai Republic and Altai Krai), Mongolia (Altai Mountains), China (Altay Prefecture) Altai faith
Alur Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoAlur Uganda (West Nile sub-region), Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ituri Province) Christianity
Alutiiq Eskaleut → Eskimo → Alutiiq United States (Alaska) Chugach Christianity
Alyutors Chukotko-KamchatkanAlyutor Russia (Koryak Okrug) Shamanism, ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Ambonese AustronesianMalayicMalayAmbonese Malay Indonesia (Ambon Island) ChristianityProtestantismCalvinism
Ambundu Niger–CongoBantuKimbundu Angola Christianity, Traditional African religions
Americo-Liberians Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishMerico, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishLiberian Kreyol Liberia ChristianityProtestantism
Amhara Afro-AsiaticSemiticEthiopicAmharic Ethiopia (Amharia) ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Amis AustronesianFormosanAmis Taiwan (Taitung and Hualien Counties) Animism, Christianity
Amish Indo-EuropeanGermanicPennsylvania Dutch, Indo-EuropeanGermanicAlemannic GermanAlsatian United States (Pennsylvania) Old Order Amish (including Swiss Amish, Nebraska Amish, Swartzentruber Amish, Buchanan Amish, Andy Weaver Amish, Troyer Amish, Byler Amish, Renno Amish, Holmes Old Order Amish, Elkhart-LaGrange Amish, Lancaster Amish, and Tobe Amish), New Order Amish, ChristianityAnabaptism
Amung Trans-New GuineaAmung Indonesia (Mimika, Puncak) Christianity
Andalusians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishAndalusian Spanish Spain (Andalusia) ChristianityCatholicism
Aneuk Jamee AustronesianMalayicMinangkabauAneuk Jamee[note 8] Indonesia (Aceh)
Anglo-Burmese Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Sino-TibetanLolo-BurmeseBurmese Myanmar Christianity, Buddhism
Anglo-Canadian Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishCanadian English Canada Ontarian, Quebecer, Nova Scotian, New Brunswicker, Manitoban, British Columbian, Prince Edward Islander, Saskatchewanian, Albertan, Newfoundlander, Labradorian, Anglo-Métis, Northwest Territorian, Yukoner, Anglo-Nunavummiut ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism

ChristianityCatholicism

Anglo-Indians Indo-EuropeansGermanicEnglish India significant populations in the United Kingdom, Australia, and Bangladesh Christianity
Anglo-Irish Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Ireland ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism
Angu Trans-New GuineaAngan Papua New Guinea (Kratke Range) Animism
Antiochian Greek Christians Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicLevantine Arabic Levant (Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Jordan, Turkey) ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyGreek Orthodoxy, CatholicismMelkite Catholicism
Anuak Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoAnuak Ethiopia (Anuakia), South Sudan (lanBoma) Christianity
Apache Dené–YeniseianNa-DeneApachean[note 9] United States (Apacheria) Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains Apache, Western Apache Native American religionNative American Church
Apanyekra Macro-JêCanela Brazil (Northeast Region)
Apinajé Macro-JêApinayé Brazil (Tocantins) Animism
Arabs Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabic,[note 1] Arab Sign,[note 1] Al-Sayyid Bedouin Sign Arabian Peninsula[2] and Syrian Desert[3] Bedouins (including Al-Sayyid Bedouins, Palestinian Bedouins, Negev Bedouins, Galilee Bedouins), Israeli-Arabs, Palestinians (including Palestinian Bedouins, Palestinian Chileans, Palestinian Brazilians, Palestinian Nicaraguans, Palestinian Mexicans, Palestinian Americans, Palestinian Haitians, Palestinian Salvadorans, Pakistani Palestinians, Palestinian Egyptians, Palestinian Iraqis, Palestinian Pakistanis, Palestinian Australians), Egyptian Arabs, Maghrebi Arabs, Iranian Arabs (including Khuzestani Arabs, Khorasani Arabs, and Khamseh Arabs), Sudanese Arabs, Marsh Arabs, Alawites, Hadharem, Mhallami, Rashaida, Baggara Arabs, Abbala Arabs, Azawagh Arabs, Diffa Arabs, Manga Arabs, Ababda, Arab-Persians, Arab-Berbers, with diaspora populations (including the Palestinian diaspora) in Europe (including the United Kingdom, the Caucasus, Sweden, Spain), Turkey, Pakistan (including Palestinians), India, Colombia, Chile (including Palestinians), Nicaragua, Brazil (including Palestinians), Mexico (including Palestinians), Venezuela, the United States (including Palestinians), Canada, Haiti (including Palestinians), Cuba, El Salvador (including Palestinians), Australia (including Palestinians), New Zealand, Singapore IslamSunni Islam
Aragonese Indo-EuropeanRomanceAragonese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish Spain (Aragon) ChristianityCatholicism
Arameans Afro-AsiaticSemiticNeo-Aramaic[note 1] Israel ChristianityEastern ChristianitySyriac Christianity
Arapaho AlgicAlgonquianArapahoanArapaho United States (Colorado, Wyoming) Christianity, Native American Church
Arará Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCuban Spanish Cuba Arara
Argobba Afro-AsiaticSemiticEthiopicArgobba[note 10] Ethiopia (Afar, Harari, Amhara, and Oromia Regions)[note 3] IslamSunni Islam
Armenians Indo-EuropeanArmenian,[note 1] Armenian Sign Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey[note 11] Turkish Armenians (including Armenians in Istanbul, Hemshin, and Hidden Armenians), Cherkesogai, Armeno-Tats, Hayhurum Karabakhis, along with significant populations in Russia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Serbia, Poland, Greece, Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Ukraine (including Crimea), Cyprus, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, France, Spain, the United Kingdom Sweden, Switzerland, Italy, Malta, Georgia (including Samtskhe–Javakheti, Abkhazia, and Tbilisi), Azerbaijan, (including Baku), Egypt, Lebanon, Pakistan, Iran, Qatar, Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, Israel, Jordan, Ethiopia, China, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Singapore, Australia, Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Aromanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceAromanian Balkans (Greece, Albania, North Macedonia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania)[note 3] Significant populations in Greece, Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, and North Macedonia, along with diaspora populations ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Arrernte Pama-NyunganArandicArrernte Australia (Arrernte Land) Alcheringa
Assiniboine SiouanWestern SiouanAssiniboine Canada (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta), United States (North Dakota, Montana) Bizebina, Insaombi, Wokpanbi Traditional Assiniboine religion
Assyrians Afro-AsiaticSemiticNeo-Aramaic[note 1][note 12] Assyria (Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey)[note 13] Iraqi Assyrians, Turkish Assyrians, Syrian Assyrians and Iranian Assyrians. Groupings include Chaldean Assyrians from Nineveh and Bohtan, Syriac Assyrians from Tur Abdin, Hakkari and Urmia tribes including; Tyari, Jilu, Baz, Tkhuma, Nochiya. Majority in diaspora ChristianityEastern ChristianitySyriac Christianity
Asturians Indo-EuropeanRomanceAsturleoneseAsturian, Indo-EuropeanRomanceGalician and AsturleoneseEonavian[note 14] Spain (Asturias) Eonavians ChristianityCatholicism
Atacama Kunza Chile (Atacama Desert, Altiplano), Argentina (Altiplano), Bolivia (Antofagasta Region) Inca Religion
Atayals AustronesianFormosanAtayal Taiwan Animism, Christianity
Atikamekw AlgicAlgonquianAtikamekw Canada (Nitaskinan)
Atoni AustronesianTimoricUab Meto Indonesia (West Timor), East Timor (Oecusse) Amarasi Christianity
Atyap Niger–CongoPlateauAtyap Nigeria (Kaduna State) Christianity
Austral Islanders AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianPolynesianAustral France (Austral Islands) Christianity
Austrians Indo-EuropeanGermanicBavarian, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Austrian Sign Austria, Italy (South Tyrol) Significant populations in United States, Canada, and Australia ChristianityCatholicism
Avars Northeast CaucasianAvar Russia (Dagestan) IslamSunni Islam
Awa BarbacoanAwanAwa Colombia (Nariño), Ecuador (Carchi) Christianity
Awadhis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniAwadhi India (Awadh) Barhai Hinduism
Aymara AymaranAymara Bolivia, Peru, Chile ChristianityCatholicism
Äynu Turkic and Indo-EuropeanKarluk and IranianUyghur and PersianÄynu, TurkicKarlukUyghur China (Xinjiang) IslamSunni IslamAlevism
Azerbaijanis TurkicOghuzAzeri[note 1] Azerbaijan, Iran (Iranian Azerbaijan) Ayrums, Bayat, Karadaghis, Qajars, Küresünni, Padar, Qarapapaqs, Shahsevan, Terekeme, Yeraz, Afshar (including Javanshir Qizilbash), Iranian Azeris, along with significant populations in Georgia, Russia, and historically Armenia Islam → Shia Islam
Babur and Bura AfroasiaticChadicBura Nigeria (Borno State and Adamawa State) Babur, Bura
Baharna Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicBahrani Arabic Bahrain Significant population in Kuwait IslamShia Islam
Bahnar AustroasiaticBahnaricBahnar Vietnam (Central Highlands) Animism
Bai Sino-TibetanGreater BaiBai[note 1] China (Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, Bijie, Sangzhi County) Buddhism
Bakossi Niger–CongoBantuAkoose Cameroon (Bakossi Mountains) ChristianityCatholicism
Balanta Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianBalanta[note 1] Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, The Gambia Traditional African religions
Balinese AustronesianBalinese Indonesia (Bali) Bali Aga HinduismBalinese Hinduism
Balkars TurkicKipchakBalkar Russia (Kabardino-Balkaria) IslamSunni Islam
Balochs Indo-EuropeanIranianBalochi Balochistan (Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan) Askani, Bajkani, Bangulzai, Barazani, Bhurgari, Bugti, Buledi, Chandio, Darzada, Dehwar, Dodai, Dombki, Gabol, Ghazini, Jamali, Jatoi, Kalmati, Khetran, Kunara, Langhani, Lango, Lashkrani, Loharani, Lund, Marri, Mazari, Mengal, Mirali, Mugheri, Muhammad Shahi, Mullazai, Nothazai, Pitafi, Qaisrani, Rind, Sadozai, Sethwi, Shaikhzadah, Talpur, Tauki, Umrani, Yarahmadzai, Zardari, Makrani, along with significant populations in the United Arab Emirates (including Al Balushi) and Turkmenistan IslamSunni Islam
Balondo-ba-Konja Niger–CongoBantuLondo Cameroon CreationismBalondo-ba-Konja religion
Balti Sino-TibetanTibeticBalti Pakistan (Gilgit-Baltistan) IslamShia Islam
Bamars Sino-TibetanBurmese Myanmar Taungyo, Yaw, Intha, Danu, Anglo-Burmese BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Bambara Niger–CongoMandeMandingBambara Mali Haratin Islam
Bamileke Niger–CongoGrassfieldsBamileke[note 1] Cameroon (West and Northwest regions) Mengaka, Ngiemboon, Ngombale, Ngomba, Ngwe, Yemba, Fe'fe', Ghomala', Kwaʼ, Nda’nda', Medumba Christianity
Bamum Niger–CongoGrassfieldsBamum Cameroon (West Region) Islam
Banda Niger–CongoUbangianBanda[note 1] Central African Republic, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo Central Banda, South Banda, West Banda Christianity
Bangweulu Twa Niger-CongoBantuBemba Zambia (Bangweulu Wetlands) Traditional African Religion
Banjarese AustronesianMalayicMalayBanjarese Indonesia (South Kalimantan) IslamSunni Islam
Banjara Indo-EuropeanRajasthaniLambadi India (Mewar)
Barak Turkmens TurkicOghuzTurkish Turkey, Syria IslamSunni Islam
Bari Nilo-SaharanNiloticBari South Sudan (Central Equatoria), Uganda Pojulu, Kakwa, Nyangwara, Mandari, Kuku Christianity
Bariba Niger–CongoGurBariba Borgu (Benin, Nigeria) Islam
Bashkirs TurkicKipchakBashkir Russia (Bashkortostan) Islam
Basques Basque[note 15] Basque Country (Spain, France) Navarreans, Alavans, Biscayans, Gipuzkoans, Northern Basques, along with significant populations in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Venezuela, and Uruguay ChristianityCatholicism
Bassa Niger–CongoKruBassa Liberia (Bassaland) ChristianityProtestantismAnglicanism
Basters Indo-EuropeanGermanicAfrikaans Namibia ChristianityProtestantism
Batak AustronesianNorthwest Sumatra–Barrier IslandsBatak[note 1] Indonesia (North Sumatra) Angkola, Karo, Mandailing, Pakpak, Simalungun, Toba, Alas, Kluet, Singkil ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Bateri Indo-EuropeanDardicBateri Pakistan (Kohistan) IslamSunni Islam
Bauzi East Geelvink BayBauzi Indonesia (Papua) Animism
Batwa Niger-CongoBantuKirundi, Niger–CongoBantuKiga African Great Lakes Traditional African religion
Bazigar Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBazigar India (Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan), Pakistan (Punjab)
Beja Afro-AsiaticCushiticBeja Sudan, Egypt, Eritrea Bishari, Hadendoa, Hedareb, Amarar, Beni-Amer IslamSunni Islam
Belarusians Indo-EuropeanSlavicBelarusian[note 16] Belarus Significant populations in the United States, Ukraine, and Russia ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Belizean Creoles Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishBelizean Creole Belize ChristianityProtestantism
Bemba Niger–CongoBantuBemba Zambia (Northern, Luapula, and Copperbelt Provinces), Democratic Republic of the Congo (Katanga Province) ChristianityProtestantism
Bembe Niger–CongoBantuBembe Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania Christianity
Bena Niger–CongoBantuBena Tanzania (Njombe Region)
Bengalis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBengali, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSylheti, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniDhakaiya Urdu Bengal (Bangladesh, India) Bengali Muslims, Bengali Hindus, Bangladeshis, along with the Bengali Hindu diaspora, (British Bangladeshis, Middle Eastern Bangladeshis, Malaysian Bangladeshis, Bangladeshi Canadians, Italo-Bangladeshis, Polish Bangladeshis, Bangladeshi New Zealanders, Bangladeshi Australians, Maldivian Bangladeshis, Japanese Bangladeshis, Bengali Americans and Bangladeshi Americans), Bangals, Ghotis, Dhakaiyas, Sylhetis IslamSunni Islam, Hinduism
Beni Ades Algeria
Berbers Afro-AsiaticBerber,[note 1] Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabic[note 1] Maghreb Central Atlas Berbers, Chaouis, Kabyle, Chenouas, Ghomaras, Hawwara, Matmatas, Mozabite, Nafusis, Rifians, Shilha, Siwi, Tuaregs, Awjila, Arab-Berbers, Sanhaja Berbers, Jerba, Zayanes, with significant populations in Belgium, France, Canada, the Netherlands, the United States, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Burkina Faso (including Tuaregs), Niger (including Tuaregs), and Mali IslamSunni Islam
Berom Niger–CongoPlateauBerom Niger (Plateau State) Christianity
Berta Nilo-SaharanBerta Ethiopia (Benishangul-Gumuz Region), South Sudan Islam
Betawis AustronesianMalayicMalayBetawian Indonesia (Jakarta) IslamSunni Islam
Beti[note 17] Niger–CongoBantuEwondo, Niger–CongoBantuEton Cameroon Ewondo, Eton Christianity
Bezhta Northeast CaucasianTsezicBezhta Russia (Tsuntinsky District) IslamSunni Islam
Bhils Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBhil[note 1] India (Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra) Barda, Bhagalia, Bhilala, Bhil Gametia, Bhil Garasia, Bhil Kataria, Bhil Mama, Bhil Mavchi, Dholi Bhil, Dungri Bhil, Damor, Dungri Garasia, Mewasi Bhil, Nirdhi Bhil, Rawal Bhil, Tadvi Bhil, Vasava, Bhil Meena, Chaudhri, Bagdi Hinduism
Bhojpuris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariBhojpuri India, Nepal Paswan, Teli Hinduism
Bhumijs AustroasiaticMundaBhumij[note 18] India (West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand) Sarnaism
Bicolanos AustronesianPhilippineBikol[note 1] Philippines (Bicol Region) Central Bikol, Sorsoganons, Catandunganons, Rinconada, Albayanon ChristianityCatholicism
Bidayuh AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianLand Dayak[note 1] Malaysia (Sarawak) Kendayan, Selako, Bakatiʼ, Sara Bakati', Laraʼ, Bukar–Sadong, Biatah, Tringgus, Jagoi, Jangkang, Kembayan, Semandang, Ribun, Nyaduʼ, Sanggau Christianity
Bilala Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicNaba Chad (Lake Fitri) Islam
Bishnupriya Manipuris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBishnupriya Manipuri India (Manipur), Bangladesh Hinduism
Bissa Niger–CongoMandeBissa Burkina Faso Islam
Blaan AustronesianPhilippineBlaan Philippines (Soccsksargen) Anitism
Blackfoot AlgicAlgonquianBlackfoot Alberta (Canada), Montana (United States) Kainai Nation, Piegan Blackfeet, Piikani Nation, Siksika Nation Native American Church, Christianity
Boa Niger–CongoBantuBoa Bas-Uélé (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity
Bodo Sino-TibetanSalBodo Bodoland (India) Mech, Kachari Bathouism, Hinduism
Bokota ChibchanBuglere Bocas del Toro (Panama) Native American religion
Bondei Niger–CongoBantuSuetaBondei Pangani District (Tanzania)
Bosniaks Indo-EuropeanSlavicShtokavianBosnian Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sandžak (Serbia, Montenegro) Significant populations in Serbia, Turkey, Austria, Germany and the United States Islam → Sunni Islam
Bouyei Kra–DaiTaiBouyei Guizhou (China) Giáy Moism
Bozo Niger–CongoMandeBozo Mali Islam
Brahuis DravidianBrahui Balochistan (Pakistan) Raisani, Jhalawan, Sarawan, Mengal (including Zagar and Zakria Zae), Sasoli Islam → Sunni IslamHanafi
Bretons Indo-EuropeanCelticBreton[note 19] Brittany (France) Significant populations in Canada and the United States Christianity → Catholicism
Bribri ChibchanTalamancaBribri, Bribri Sign Cordillera de Talamanca (Costa Rica) Talamancan mythology
Bru AustroasiaticKatuicBru Savannakhet province (Laos), Vietnam (Quảng Bình and Quảng Trị provinces) Animism
Bubi Niger–CongoBantuBube Bioko (Equatorial Guinea) Christianity → Catholicism
Budu Niger–CongoBantuBudu Wamba Territory (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity
Buduma Afro-AsiaticChadicYedina Lake Chad (Chad, Nigeria, Cameroon) Islam
Buginese AustronesianSouth SulawesiBuginese South Sulawesi (Indonesia) Islam
Bulgarians Indo-EuropeanSlavicBulgarian, FrancosignBulgarian Sign Bulgaria Pomaks, Paulicians, Macedonian Bulgarians, Bessarabian Bulgarians, Dobrujan Bulgarians, Thracian Bulgarians, along with significant populations in Turkey, Ukraine and Moldova, Romania and Serbia, Croatia, Germany, Spain, and the United States ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Burghers Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSinhala, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseSri Lankan Portuguese Creole Sri Lanka Dutch Burghers, Portuguese Burghers Christianity
Burushos Burushaski Pakistan (Gilgit-Baltistan) IslamShia IslamIsma'ilism
Butonese AustronesianCelebicButonese[note 1] Indonesia (Buton) Islam
Bwa Niger–CongoGurBwa[note 1] Burkina Faso, Mali Traditional African religions
Bwatiye AfroasiaticChadicBacama Nigeria (Adamawa State)
Camminanti Indo-EuropeanRomanceSicilian → Baccagghiu Italy (Sicily) ChristianityCatholicism
Canary Islanders Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCanarian Spanish, Silbo Gomero Spain (Canary Islands) Isleños ChristianityCatholicism
Cape Coloureds Indo-EuropeanGermanicAfrikaans, English Western Cape (South Africa) Christianity
Cape Verdeans Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseCape Verdean Creole Cabo Verde ChristianityCatholicism
Carolinians AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianCarolinian Northern Mariana Islands (United States) ChristianityCatholicism
Catalans Indo-EuropeanRomanceCatalan, Catalan Sign[note 1] Catalan Countries (Spain, France, Andorra) Valencians, Balearics, Algherese, Andorrans, with significant populations in the United States Christianity → Catholicism
Cayuga Iroquoian → Northern Iroquoian → Cayuga Ontario (Canada), New York, Oklahoma (United States)
Chaga Niger–CongoBantuChaga[note 1] Tanzania Christianity, Islam, Traditional African religions
Chagossians Indo-EuropeanBourbonnais CreoleChagossian Creole Chagos Archipelago[note 20]
Chaharmahali Turks TurkicOghuzChaharmahali Turkic Chaharmahal (Iran)
Chakmas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanChakma Chittagong Hill Tracts (Bangladesh) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Chamorro AustronesianChamorro Mariana Islands (United States) Christianity → Catholicism
Chams AustronesianChamicCham[note 1] Champa (Cambodia, Vietnam), Hainan (China) Churu, Jarai, Rade, Raglai, Utsul Islam → Sunni Islam
Chechens Northeast CaucasianNakhChechen Chechnya (Russia) Kists, Chechen Kurds, with significant populations in Austria, France, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, and the United States Islam → Sunni Islam
Chelkans TurkicSiberian TurkicNorthern Altai → Chelkan Russia (Altai Republic, Kemerovo Oblast) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, Burkhanism, Shamanism
Cherokee Iroquoian → Southern Iroquoian → Cherokee[note 21] United States (North Carolina, Tennessee)[note 22] Cherokee Nation, Eastern Band, United Keetoowah Band, Cherokee Freedmen Christianity
Chewa Niger–CongoBantuChewa Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique Christianity
Cheyennes AlgicAlgonquianCheyenne, Plains Indian Sign Language United States (Montana, Oklahoma) Native American religion, Native American Church, Christianity
Choctaw MuskogeanChoctaw[note 21] United States (Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana)[note 22] Christianity
Chileans Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishChilean Spanish Chile significant populations in United States, Argentina, Sweden, Australia, and Mexico ChristianityCatholicism
Chokwe Niger–CongoBantuChokwe Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia Christianity
Chukchis Chukotko-KamchatkanChukotkanChukchi Chukchia ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Chulyms TurkicSiberian TurkicChulym Russia (Tomsk Oblast, Krasnoyarsk Krai)
Chumash Chumashan languages[note 1][note 23] California (United States) Christianity
Chutiya Sino-TibetanSalDeori[note 4] India (Assam) Deori Hinduism
Chuukese AustronesianMicronesianChuukese Chuuk Lagoon (Federated States of Micronesia) ChristianityCatholicism
Chuvans Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian, Chukotko-KamchatkanChukotkanChukchi, formerly YukaghirChuvan Russia (Chukotka)
Chuvash TurkicOghurChuvash Russia (Chuvashia) Virjal, Anatri ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Cinta Larga TupianMondeCinta Larga Brazil (Amazon rainforest) Indigenous religion
Circassians Northwest CaucasianCircassian[note 1] Russia (Circassia)[note 2] Abzakhs, Adygeans, Besleneys, Bzhedugs, Chemirgoys, Cherkess, Kabardians, Natukhajs, Shapsugs, Ubykhs, Hatuqways IslamSunni Islam
Cofán Cofán language Sucumbios (Ecuador), Putumayo (Colombia) Animism
Comanche Uto-AztecanNumicComanche, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Comancheria (United States) Native American Church, Christianity
Confederados Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishAmerican English Santa Bárbara d'Oeste, Americana (Brazil) Christianity → Protestantism
Copts Afro-AsiaticCoptic,[note 24] Egyptian Sign Egypt Sudan and Libya along with the Coptic diaspora Christianity → Coptic Orthodoxy
Cornish Indo-EuropeanCelticCornish,[note 25] BANZSLBritish Sign Cornwall (United Kingdom) Significant populations in the United States and Australia Christianity
Corsicans Indo-EuropeanRomanceCorsican[note 19] Corsica (France) Corsican Americans (including Corsican Puerto Ricans} Christianity → Catholicism
Cree AlgicAlgonquianCree[note 1][note 26] Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada) James Bay Cree, Moose Cree, Swampy Cree, Woodland Cree, Papaschase Christianity
Croats Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-Croatian,[note 1][note 27] Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Yugoslav Sign[note 1] Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Bunjevci, Krashovani, Janjevci, Šokci, Bosnian Croats, Croat Muslims, along with significant populations in Italy (including Molise Croats), Austria, United States, Chile, Argentina, Germany, Australia and Canada Christianity → Catholicism
Crow SiouanWestern SiouanCrow Montana (United States) Christianity, Crow religion
Cubans Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCuban Spanish Cuba significant populations in United States ChristianityCatholicism
Czechs Indo-EuropeanSlavicCzech Czech Republic Bohemians, along with significant populations in United States and Canada Christianity → Catholicism[note 28]
Dagaaba Niger–CongoGurDagaare Ghana, Burkina Faso Christianity
Dagombas Niger–CongoGurDagbani Kingdom of Dagbon (Ghana) Islam → Sunni Islam
Damara KhoeKhoekhoe Damaraland (Namibia) Christianity
Damia Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDameli Chitral District (Pakistan)
Danes Indo-EuropeanGermanicDanish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEast Danish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicJutish, FrancosignDTSicDanish Sign Denmark Significant populations in the United States, Canada, Greenland, and Germany. Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Dargins Northeast CaucasianDargwa Dagestan (Russia) Kaitag, Kubachi, Itsari, Chirag Islam
Dawoodi Bohra Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanLisan ud-Dawat India, Pakistan IslamShiaIsma'ilism
Deccani Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniDeccani Deccan (South-Central India) Hyderabadi Islam
Dinka Nilo-SaharanNiloticDinka South Sudan Christianity
Dogon Niger–CongoDogon,[note 1] Bangime, Tebul Sign Mali (Bandiagara Escarpment) Ampari Dogon (including Nyamboli), Tebul U, Mombo Dogon, Escarpment Dogon (including Tommo So), Jamsai Dogon, Nanga Dogon, Yanda Bɔlɔm, Walo, Beente, Duleri Dogon, Pinia, Bondum Dogon, Dogul Dogon, Budu, Western Plains Dogon, Toro-tegu Dogon, Bangande Traditional African religions
Dogras Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDogri India (Jammu Division) Hinduism
Dolgans TurkicSiberian TurkicDolgan Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
Doms Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDomari, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGarachi Azerbaijan, Middle East, North Africa Garachi, with significant populations in Egypt, Israel, Libya, Sudan, Syria, and Tunisia
Doukhobors Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian Russia ChristianitySpiritual Christianity
Druze Afro-AsiaticArabicLevantine Arabic, DGSicIsraeli Sign Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Israel) Lebanese Druze, Syrian Druze, Israeli Druze, Jordanian Druze Druzism[4][5]
Dubla Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBhilDubli[note 29] Gujarat (India) Hinduism
Dutch Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutch, Indo-EuropeanGermanicZeelandic, Indo-EuropeanGermanicAfrikaans, Indo-EuropeanGermanicGronings, Indo-EuropeanGermanicLimburgish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicPlautdietsch, FrancosignDutch Sign Netherlands Groningers, Zeeuws, Limburgers, and numerous colonial descendants such as Arubans, Bonairians, Curaçaoans, Sabans, St. Maarteners, St. Eustatians, Indos, Cape Coloureds, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand Christianity[note 28]
Dwe'e Niger–CongoBantuNzime Cameroon Christianity
Dyula Niger–CongoMandeMandingDyula Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali IslamSunni Islam
East Indian Catholics Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanEast Indian Mahratti India (Seven Islands of Bombay) ChristianityCatholicism
Ebira Niger–CongoNupoidEbira Kogi State (Nigeria) Islam
Edo Niger–CongoEdoidEdo Edo State (Nigeria) Ika, Emai Christianity
Efik Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio-EfikEfik Cross River State (Nigeria) Christianity
Egyptians Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicEgyptian Arabic, Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicSa'idi Arabic, Egyptian Sign Egypt Sa'idi IslamSunni Islam
Ekari Trans-New GuineaEkari Indonesia (Wissel Lakes)
Ekoi Niger–CongoBantoidJagham Nigeria, Cameroon Christianity
Emberá ChocoEmberá[note 1] Colombia (Chocó Department), Panama (Darién, Emberá) Shamanism
Enets UralicSamoyedicEnets[note 1] Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
English Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, BANZSLBritish Sign England (United Kingdom)[note 30] Numerous colonial descendants include Americans, Canadians, Australians, New Zealanders, English South Africans, and significant populations in Commonwealth Caribbean, Saint Helena, Botswana, Kenya, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Pakistan, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Christianity → ProtestantismAnglicanism
Esan Niger–CongoEdoidEsan Esanland (Nigeria) Christianity
Estonians UralicFinnicEstonian, UralicFinnicSouth Estonian, FrancosignRSLicEstonian Sign Estonia, Setomaa (Estonia and Russia) Setos, Voros, Hiiumaans, Saaremaans ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism[note 28]
Evenks Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Evenki, Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Negidal Russia, China Negidals Shamanism
Evens Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Even, TurkicSiberian TurkicYakut Russia (Kamchatka Krai, Magadan Oblast, Sakha) Shamanism
Ewe Niger–CongoKwaGbeEwe Togo, Ghana Anlo Ewe, Waci Christianity, West African Vodun
Falkland Islanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishFalkland Islands English British Overseas Territories (Falkland Islands) Christianity
Fang Niger–CongoBantuBetiFang Río Muni (Equatorial Guinea), Gabon Christianity
Faroese Indo-EuropeanGermanicFaroese Faroe Islands Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Fijians AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianFijian Fiji Fijian Americans, Fijian Australians, Fijian British Christianity → ProtestantismMethodism
Finns UralicFinnicNuclear Finnish,[note 1][6] Indo-EuropeanGermanicFinland Swedish, SSLicFSLic[note 1] Finland Kvens, Forest Finns, Tornedalians, Ingrian Finns (including Siberian Finns), Savonians, Tavastians, Finns proper, Ostrobothnians, Finnish Karelians, Finland Swedes, Kainuu, and Murmansk Finns, along with significant populations in Sweden, Switzerland, Australia, United States (including Findians), Argentina, and Canada (including Findians). ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Fipa Niger–CongoBantu (Zone M) → Fipa, Niger–CongoBantuMambwe-Lungu Rukwa Region, Tanzania (Sumbawanga Rural District, Nkasi District) ChristianityCatholicism
Flemings Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchFlemish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicWest Flemish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicZeelandic, Francosign → Belgian Sign → Flemish Sign Belgium (Flanders, Brussels), France (French Flanders), Netherlands (Zeelandic Flanders) ChristianityCatholicism
Fon Niger–CongoKwaGbeFon Dahomey (Benin) ChristianityCatholicism, West African Vodun
French Indo-EuropeanRomanceLangues d'oïl,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanRomanceArpitan, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFaetar, FrancosignFrench Sign, FrancosignSwiss-French Sign, Francosign → Belgian Sign → French Belgian Sign France, Romandy (Switzerland), Aosta Valley (Italy) Arpitans (including Savoyards, Faetani, and Cellese), Burgundians, Champenois, Comtois, Gallo, Lorrainers, Normans (including Channel Islanders such as Jèrriais, Guernésiais, and Sercquiais), Picards, Mayennais, Poitevins (including Saintongeais), Barthélemoise, Saint-Martinois, French Guianese, Caldoche, Réunionese (including Zoreilles), Huguenots (including Huguenots in South Africa, Huguenot Australians, and North America), Saint-Pierrais, along with numerous colonial descendants such as Pied-Noirs, French Haitians, French Malagasy, Franco-Mauritians, Franco-Seychellois, French Americans (including French Puerto Ricans), French Senegalese, French Ivorians, French Hongkongers, French Japanese, French Koreans, French Pakistanis, French Lebanese, French Emiratis, French Hungarians, French Britons, French Cubans, French Guatemalans, French Mexicans, French Australians, French New Zealanders, French Argentines, French Brazilians, French Chileans, French Colombians, French Peruvians, French Uruguayans, Christianity → Catholicism
French Canadians Indo-EuropeanRomanceLangues d'oïlFrenchCanadian French Canada (Quebec) Québécois, Acadian, Terreneuvians, Ontarien, Manitobain, Saskois, Albertain, Franco-Colombien, Yukonnais, Ténois, Nunavois, Franco-Métis, Brayon, Muskrat French, French-Canadian Americans ChristianityCatholicism
Frisians Indo-EuropeanGermanicFrisian,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanGermanicEast Frisian Low Saxon, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchWest Frisian Dutch Frisia (Netherlands, Germany, historically Denmark) Westlauwers Frisians (including Terschelling Frisians, Schiermonnikoog Frisians, and Hindeloopen Frisians), East Frisians, North Frisians, Saterland Frisians, with significant populations in the United States Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism, Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Friulians Indo-EuropeanRomanceFriulian Friuli (Italy) Christianity → Catholicism
Fula Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianFula West Africa (Guinea, Senegal, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger, Burkina Faso, Benin, Chad)[note 31] Wodaabe, Haratin, Fula Jalon, Fulakunda, Maasina Fulfulde Islam
Fur Nilo-SaharanFur Darfur (Sudan) Islam → Sunni Islam
Fuyu Kyrgyz TurkicSiberian TurkicFuyu Kyrgyz Fuyu County (Qiqihar, Heilongjiang, China)
Ga-Adangbe Niger–CongoKwaGa–Dangme[note 1] Greater Accra (Ghana) Ga, Adangbe Christianity
Gabrieleños Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish, Uto-AztecanTakicGabrieleño[note 32] Native American religion, Christianity
Gade Niger–CongoNupoidGade Nigeria (Niger State)
Gagauz TurkicOghuzGagauz Gagauzia (Moldova), Budjak (Ukraine) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Galicians Indo-EuropeanRomanceGalician Galicia (Spain) Couto Mistans Christianity → Catholicism
Gamilaraay Pama-NyunganWiradhuricGamilaraay New South Wales, Queensland (Australia) Alcheringa
Ganda Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesLuganda Buganda (Uganda) Abayudaya Christianity
Garhwalis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGarhwali Uttarakhand (India) Hinduism
Garifunas ArawakanTa-ArawakanGarifuna[note 33] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[note 34] Significant populations in the United States Christianity → Catholicism
Garos Sino-TibetanSalGaro Garo Hills (India) Christianity
Gavião (Jê) Macro-JêPará GaviãoParkatêjê, Macro-JêPará GaviãoPykobjê Brazil (Pará, Maranhão) Parkatêjê, Pykobjê
Gavião (Rondônia) TupianMondeGavião of Jiparaná Brazil (Rondônia)
Gayonese AustronesianNorthwest Sumatra–Barrier IslandsGayo Indonesia (Bener Meriah, Central Aceh, and Gayo Lues Regencies) Islam
Gbagyi Niger–CongoNupoidGwari Nigeria Traditional African religions
Gbaya Niger–CongoUbangianGbaya[note 1] Central African Republic, Cameroon Bokoto, Kàrà, Buli (including Toongo), Ali, Mandja, Gbaya-Bossangoa, Bozom, Mbodomo, Gbanu, Bangandu Islam
Gedeo Afro-AsiaticCushiticGedeo Gedeo Zone (Ethiopia) Christianity → ProtestantismP'ent'ay
Gelao Kra–DaiKraGelao[note 1][note 35] Guizhou (China) Taoism, Buddhism
Georgians Kartvelian languages,[note 1] Northeast CaucasianNakhBats, Georgian Sign Georgia, Azerbaijan (Saingilo) Adjarians, Mingrelians, Svans, Tushetians, Meskhetians, Imerkhevians, Ingiloys, Bats,[note 36] with significant populations in Turkey (including Chveneburi, France, Belgium, Poland, Russia, Spain, Ukraine, the United States, and Iran Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Germans Indo-EuropeanGermanicHigh German,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanGermanicLow German,[note 1] DGSicGerman Sign, Swiss-German Sign Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Liechtenstein, Eastern Belgium, South Tyrol Bavarians, Franconians, Hessians, Hunsriks, Upper Saxons, Lower Saxons, Swabians (including Danube Swabians (including Banat Swabians)), Rhinelanders (including Colognians), Alsatians, Deutschschweizer, Liechtensteiners, Pomeranians, Black Sea Germans, Volga Germans, Baltic Germans, Silesian Germans, Caucasus Germans, Carpathian Germans, North Schleswig Germans, Eastern Belgians, Transylvanian Saxons, Walsers, Bukovina Germans, Halcnovians, and Nordschleswiger, along with significant populations in the United States (including German Texans), Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela (including Colonia Tovar Germans) Canada, Chile, Kazakhstan, Australia, Poland, Denmark, and New Zealand. Christianity
Ghorbati Indo-EuropeanIranianPersian, Ghorbati[note 1] Central Asia Muğat
Gibraltarians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishLlanito, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishGibraltarian English, BANZSLBritish Sign[7] British Overseas Territories (Gibraltar) Significant populations in the United Kingdom ChristianityCatholicism
Gilaks Indo-EuropeanIranianGilaki Gilan (Iran) IslamTwelver Shi’ism
Gitxsan TsimshianicGitxsan Canada (Skeena Country) Native American religion
Goan Catholics Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKonkaniGoan Konkani India (Goa) ChristianityRoman Catholicism
Gogo Niger–CongoBantuGogo Dodoma Region, Tanzania
Gola Niger–CongoGola Liberia, Sierra Leone Islam
Gonds DravidianGondi[note 1][note 37] India (Gondwana) Godha, Madia Gonds, Muria, Koya Hinduism
Gorani Indo-EuropeanSlavicTorlakianGorani Gora (Kosovo, Albania, North Macedonia) IslamSunni Islam
Gorals Indo-EuropeanSlavicLechiticGórolski[note 38] Southern Poland, northern Slovakia, Cieszyn Silesia (Poland, Czech Republic) Silesian Gorals ChristianityCatholicism, ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Gorontalo AustronesianPhilippineGorontaloan Gorontalo (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Great Andamanese Great Andamanese[note 1] Great Andaman (India) Animism
Greeks Indo-EuropeanHellenic,[note 1] TurkicKipchakUrum, Indo-EuropeanRomanceAromanian, Indo-EuropeanRomanceMegleno-Romanian, Indo-EuropeanAlbanianArvanitika, FrancosignFrench Sign and American SignGreek Sign, Cypriot Sign Greece, Cyprus Greek Cypriots, Pontic Greeks, Cappadocian Greeks, Sarakatsani, Urums, Grikos, Macedonian Greeks, Anatolian Greeks, Tsakonians, Maniots, Antiochian Greeks, Caucasus Greeks, Cretan Muslims, Rand also sizeable populations of Arvanites, Aromanians and Megleno-Romanians who identify as ethnic Greeks, along with significant populations in Albania (including Northern Epirotes), Turkey, Ukraine, Georgia, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, France, Italy (including Grikos), Malta, and Canada ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Gros Ventre AlgicAlgonquianGros Ventre Montana (United States)
Guajajara TupianTenetehara Maranhao (Brazil) Shamanism
Guan Niger–CongoKwaGuang[note 1] Ghana (Brong-Ahafo and Volta Regions) Gonja, Kyode, Cherepon, Efutu, Anyanga, Larteh, Chumburung, Krache, Anum-Boso Christianity
Guaraní TupianGuarani Paraguay, Misiones (Argentina), Bolivia Chiriguanos, along with Mestizos such as Paraguayans Christianity → Catholicism
Gujarati Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujarati Gujarat (India) Koli, Bharwad, Khoja, Patidar, Sunni Bohra, Lohana, Vagri, Kharva, Charan, Baria, Momna, Ghanchi, Shenva, Bhambi Khalpa, Zarabes, Bhoi, Luso-Indians, Gujarati Americans Hinduism, Islam, Jainism
Gujjar / Gurjar Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujari Primarily Pakistan & India, also Afghanistan at smaller numbers Khatana, Solanki, Parihar, Tanwar, Parmar, chandel, Chauhan, Bhadana, Bhatti, Kohli, Tomar, Panwar, Pawar, Bainsla, Bagri, Hans, etc. Islam, Hinduism
Gumuz Nilo-SaharanGumuz Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia) Traditional African religion
Guna ChibchanKuna Guna Yala (Panama) Native American religion
Gurage Afro-AsiaticSemiticEthiopicGurage[note 1] Guragia (Ethiopia) Kistane, Zay, Inor, Mesqan, Sebat Bet (including Chaha and Muher) Christianity
Gurma Niger–CongoGurGourmanché Gurmaland (Burkina Faso, Ghana) Ntcham, Bimoba Islam
Gurungs Sino-TibetanGurung Nepal, Sikkim (India), West Bengal (India) Ghale, Gurung Hinduism, Buddhism
Gurunsi Niger–CongoGurGurunsi[note 1] Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo Lukpa, Kabye, Tem, Lamba, Delo, Bago-Kusuntu, Chala, Lyélé, Nuna, Kalamsé, Pana, Kassena, Winye, Deg, Puguli, Paasaal, Sisaala, Chakali, Siti, Tamprusi, Vagla Traditional African religions
Gwich'in Na-DeneAthabaskanGwich'in Yukon Territory, Northwest Territories (Canada), Alaska (United States) Native American religion
Ha Niger–CongoBantuHa Kigoma Region (Tanzania) Animism
Hadiya Afro-AsiaticCushiticHadiyya Hadiya (Ethiopia) Islam
Hadza Hadza language Karatu District (Tanzania) Hadza mythology
Haida Haida Haida Gwaii (Canada) Haida Traditional Faith
Haisla WakashanHaisla British Columbia (Canada) Native American religion
Hän Na-DeneAthabaskanHän Yukon Territory (Canada, Alaska (United States) Native American religion
Han Chinese Sino-TibetanSiniticChinese,[note 1] CSLic,[note 1] JSLicTaiwan Sign, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishManglish, AustronesianMalayicMalayBazaar MalayBaba Malay Mainland China, Macau (China), Hong Kong (China), Taiwan, Singapore, Kokang (Myanmar) Subei, Cantonese (including Punti, Taishanese (including Taishanese Hongkongers), Hongkongers (including Hong Kong Americans, Hong Kong Canadians, Hong Kong Britons, Hong Kong Australians, and Hongkongers in the Netherlands), Macau, Namshun, Cantonese Cambodians, and Chuanqing), Tankas (including Dan and Fuzhou Tanka), Hui, Fujianese (including Fuzhounese (including Fuzhounese Americans), Hoklo (including Hoklo Taiwanese, Hoklo Cambodians, and Hoklo Americans), Hui'an maidens, Putianese, Fujianese Hongkongers, Fokien, and Teochew (including Teochew Cambodians)), Gaoshan Han, Gan, Tunbao, Pinghua (including Northern Pinghua and Southern Pinghua), Hakka (including Ngái (including Dan), Hakka Mauritians, Hakka Cambodians, and Hakka Americans), Hainanese (including Hainanese Cambodians), Hebei, Hunanese, Jianghuai, Shandong, Sichuanese, Wu (including Shanghainese, Ningbonese, and Wenzhounese (including Wenzhounese French)), Kokang Chinese, Han Taiwanese (including Hoklo Taiwanese), Sino-Singaporeans (including Straits Chinese), along with significant populations in the United States (including Hoklo Americans, Hong Kong Americans, Fuzhounese Americans, and Hakka Americans), Mongolia, Malaysia (including Penangite Chinese, Straits Chinese, and Peranakans (including Baba-Nyonya and Kiau–Seng)), Thailand, Indonesia (including Benteng), Myanmar, Canada (including Hong Kong Canadians), the Philippines (including Sangleys), Peru, Australia (including Hong Kong Australians), Vietnam (including Chinese Nùng and Ngái (including Dan)), Japan, Russia, France (including Chinois and Wenzhounese French), the United Kingdom (including Hong Kong Britons), South Africa, Italy, Bulgaria, Germany, Korea (including North Korea and South Korea), Fiji, Finland, Spain, India, Laos, Brazil, the Netherlands (including Hongkongers in the Netherlands), Argentina, Panama, Madagascar, Mauritius (including Namshun, Fokien, Hakka Mauritians, and Sino-creoles), Seychelles, Venezuela, Cambodia (including Teochew Cambodians, Cantonese Cambodians, Hainanese Cambodians, Hoklo Cambodians, and Hakka Cambodians), Belgium, Denmark, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Czech Republic, Chinese Bangladeshis, the Caribbean (including Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, Belize, Suriname, and Guyana), Chile, Costa Rica, Brazil, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Portugal, Mozambique, Romania, Samoa, Serbia, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Verde, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Namibia, Nigeria, the Republic of Congo, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and New Zealand Chinese folk religion, Buddhism, Taoism, no religion (see also Religion in China and Religion in Taiwan)
Hangaza Niger–CongoBantuHangaza Kagera Region, Tanzania
Hani Sino-TibetanLoloishHani Yunnan (China) Animism
Harari Afro-AsiaticSemiticEthiopicHarari Hararia (Ethiopia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Haratin Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicMaghrebi Arabic Mauritania IslamSunni Islam
Hausa Afro-AsiaticChadicHausa Hausaland (Niger, Nigeria, Ghana) Islam → Sunni Islam
Hawaiians AustronesianPolynesianHawaiian,[note 39] Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish CreoleHawaiian Pidgin, Hawaiʻi Sign, Hawaiʻi Sign and American SignCreole Hawaiʻi Sign Hawaii (United States) Christianity
Haya Niger–CongoBantuHaya Kagera Region, Tanzania Christianity, Ruhanga
Hazaras Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianHazaragi Hazarajat (Afghanistan) Aimaq Hazaras, Tatar Hazaras, Muhammad Khwaja, Attarwala, with significant populations in Australia, India, Indonesia, and Europe Islam → Twelver Shi’ism
Hehe Niger–CongoBantuHehe Iringa Region, Tanzania
Heiltsuk Wakashan → Northern Wakashan → Heiltsuk-OowekyalaHeiltsuk Central Coast Regional District (Canada) Native American religion
Herero Niger–CongoBantuHerero Hereroland (Namibia), Angola OvaHimba, Ovambanderu Christianity
Highland Travellers Indo-EuropeanCelticScottish GaelicBeurla Reagaird Scottish Highlands (Scotland)
Hinukh Northeast CaucasianTsezicHinuq Tsuntinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Hmong Hmong–MienHmongic[note 1] Guizhou (China)[note 40] A-Hmao, Gha-Mu, Xong, Pa-Hng, Hmong Americans Hmong folk religion
Hopi Uto-AztecanHopi Hopi Reservation (United States) Christianity, Native American Church
Huli Trans–New GuineaEnganHuli Southern Highlands Province (Papua New Guinea) Christianity
Hungarians UralicUgricHungarian, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Hungarian Sign Hungary, Székely Land (Romania), Felvidék (Slovakia) Palóc, Matyó, Magyarabs, Hungarian Cumans, along with significant populations in Romania (including Székelys (including Bukovina Székelys) and Csángós), Slovakia, Serbia, Ukraine, Croatia, Slovenia, Germany, the United States, and Canada Christianity → Catholicism
Hunzibs Northeast CaucasianTsezicHunzib Tsuntinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Hutterites Indo-EuropeanGermanicHutterite German Great Plains ChristianityAnabaptism
Hutu Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesRwanda-Rundi[note 41] Rwanda, Burundi, Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity
Iban AustronesianMalayicIban Malaysia (Sarawak) Mualang Christianity
Ibanag AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranIbanag Philippines (Isabela, Cagayan) ChristianityCatholicism
Ibibio Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio, Niger–CongoCross RiverAnaang, Niger–CongoCross RiverEket, Nigeria (Akwa Ibom State) Eket, Anaang, Oron Christianity
Icelanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicIcelandic Iceland ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Idoma Niger–CongoIdomoidIdoma Benue State (Nigeria) Agatu, Alago, Yala Christianity
Igbo Niger–CongoIgbo Nigeria (Igboland) Anioma, Aro, Edda, Ekpeye, Etche, Ezaa, Ika, Ikwerre, Ikwo, Isu, Izzi, Mbaise, Mgbo, Ngwa, Nri-Igbo, Ogba, Ohafia, Ohuhu, Onitsha-Ado, Ukwuani, Waawa, Igbo Jews Christianity
Igede Niger–CongoIdomoidIgede Nigeria (Benue State) Christianity
Igorot AustronesianPhilippineCordilleran[note 1] Cordillera Administrative Region (Philippines) Balangao, Bontoc, Ibaloi, Ifugao (including Kalanguya), Isnag, Kalinga, Kankanaey Anitism
Ijaw Niger–CongoIjaw[note 1] Nigeria (Rivers, Bayelsa, and Delta States) Bille, Engenni, Ibani, Kalabari, Kula, Nkoro, Nkoroo, Obolo Christianity
Ili Turks TurkicKarlukIli Turki Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture (China), Kazakhstan IslamSunni Islam
Ilocano AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranIlocano Ilocos Region (Philippines) ChristianityCatholicism
Indo-Caribbean Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishEnglish Creole, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCaribbean Spanish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchFrench Creole, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchSurinamese Dutch, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguesePapiamento, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniCaribbean Hindustani, DravidianTamil–KannadaTamil Caribbean Indo-Barbadian, Indo-Dominican, Indo-Grenadians, Indo-Guadeloupeans, Indo-Haitians, Indo-Jamaicans, Indo-Martiniquais, Indo-Kittitians and Indo-Nevisians, Indo-Saint Lucian, Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonian, Indo-Vincentian, Indo-Belizeans, Indo-Guyanese, Indo-Surinamese Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Baháʼí
Indo-Fijians Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniFiji Hindi, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, DravidianTamil–KannadaTamil, AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicFijian Fiji significant populations in Australia, New Zealand, United States, Canada, and United Kingdom Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism
Indo-Mauritians Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchMauritian Creole, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBhojpuri, DravidianTamil Mauritius Hinduism, Islam
Indus Kohistanis Indo-EuropeanDardicIndus Kohistani Kohistan (Pakistan)
Ingush Northeast CaucasianNakhIngush Ingushetia (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Innu AlgicAlgonquianInnu-aimun, AlgicAlgonquianNaskapi Canada (Labrador, Quebec) Naskapi
Inuit EskaleutInuit,[note 1] Inuit Sign Denmark (Greenland), Canada (Nunavut, Nunatsiavut, Nunavik, NunatuKavut), United States (Alaska) Greenlandics (including Kalaallit, Tunumiit, Inughuit and Greenlandic Danes), Iñupiat (including Nunamiut_, Inuktitut, Inuvialuit, Iglulik Inuit (including Aivilingmiut) Christianity
Iranun AustronesianPhilippineIranun Mindanao (Philippines) IslamSunni Islam
Iraqw Afro-AsiaticCushiticIraqw Tanzania Christianity
Irish Indo-EuropeanCelticIrish,[note 25] FrancosignIrish Sign, BANZSLBritish SignNorthern Ireland Sign Ireland (Republic of Ireland, United Kingdom)[note 42] Ulster Irish, Irish Catholics, Irish-Scots, along with significant populations in the United States, Australia, Canada, Argentina, Mexico, Great Britain, Russia, and New Zealand ChristianityCatholicism
Irish Travellers Indo-EuropeanShelta Ireland Significant populations in the United Kingdom, and the United States ChristianityCatholicism
Isan Kra–DaiTaiLaoIsan Thailand (Isan) BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Isoko Niger–CongoEdoidIsoko Nigeria (Isoko region) Christianity
Istro-Romanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceIstro-Romanian Croatia (Istria) ChristianityCatholicism
Italians Indo-EuropeanRomanceItalo-Dalmatian,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanRomanceGallo-Italic,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlavomolisano, Francosign → LISic → Italian Sign, Francosign → LISic → Swiss-Italian Sign Italy, Switzerland (Ticino) Waldensians, Lazians, Marchigianos, Tuscans, Umbrians, Emilians, Romagnol (including Sammarinese (including Sammarinese Americans)), Trentinis, Ligurians (including Niçard Italians, Monégasques (including Monégasque Americans)), Lombards (including Lombards of Sicily), Piedmontese, Apulians, Calabrians, Neapolitans (including Abruzzans, Molisans (including Molise Croats), Lucanians, and Campanians), Venetians (including Talians and Chipileños), Vastese, Istrian Italians (including Istriots), Dalmatian Italians, along with significant populations in Argentina, Brazil, the United States (including Sammarinese and Monégasques), Venezuela, Canada, France, Peru, Uruguay, Australia, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, Croatia, Crimea, Romania, Chile and the United Kingdom ChristianityCatholicism
Itawes AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranItawis Philippines (Cagayan Valley) ChristianityCatholicism
Itelmens Chukotko-KamchatkanKamchatkanItelmen Russia (Kamchatka Peninsula) Shamanism
Izhorians UralicFinnicIngrian Russia (Ingria) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Jamaican Maroons Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishJamaican Patois, Jamaican Maroon Creole Jamaica Kumfu
Japanese JaponicJapanesic,[note 1][note 44] JaponicHachijō, JSLicJapanese Sign, Miyakubo Sign Japan Kantō, Kansai, Hokkaido, Tōhoku, Hōnichi, Satsugū, Chūgoku, Echigo, Tōkai, Shinshuu, Hokuriku, Hachijō, Miyakubo, Tsugaru, and Nikkei Brazilians in Japan, along with significant populations in Brazil, the United States (including Hawaii), Canada, the Caribbean (including Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Jamaica), Mexico, Argentina, Uruguay, Venezuela, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, China (including Hong Kong), Belgium (including Brussels), Spain, Turkey, Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Chile, Egypt, India, Indonesia, North Korea, South Korea, Malaysia, Nepal, New Zealand, Australia, Pakistan, the Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, South Africa, Singapore, the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Palau, Thailand, Papua New Guinea, the United Arab Emirates, and the Philippines. Shinto, Tenrikyo, Buddhism[note 45]
Jarai AustronesianChamicJarai Vietnam (Central Highlands) Animism
Jarawas OnganJarawa India (South Andaman, Middle Andaman) Animism
Javanese AustronesianJavanesic[note 1] Indonesia (Java) Cirebonese, Osing, Tenggerese, Boyanese, Banyumasan, along with significant populations in Malaysia, Suriname, China, Sri Lanka, French Guiana, New Caledonia, and Saudi Arabia IslamSunni Islam
Jews Afro-AsiaticSemiticHebrew,[note 46] Jewish languages,[note 1][note 47] DGSicIsraeli Sign Israel[note 48] Ashkenazim (including Galitzianers, Yekke, Litvaks, Udmurt and Tatar Jews), Sephardim (including Eastern Sephardim, Moroccan Jews, Algerian Jews, Tunisian Jews, Libyan Jews, Amazonian Jews, Iberian Jews, Sephardic Bnei Anusim, and Toshavim), Mizrahim (including Bukharim, Juhurim, Syrian Jews, Afghan Jews, Baghdadi Jews, Teimanim, Sharʿabi Jews, Habbanim, Banu al-Harith, Adeni Jews, Persian Jews, Mashhadi Jews, and Kaifeng Jews), Beta Israel (including Beta Abraham), Italkim (including San Nicandro Jews), Rusape Jews, Romaniotes, Constantinopolitan Karaites, Crimean Karaites, Krymchaks, Gruzim, Benei Sión, Bene Israel, Kochinim, Paradesi, Lishanid Noshan, Israeli Jews (including Turkish Jews in Israel), B'nai Moshe, Xuetes, Bnei Menashe, Urfalim, Meshuchrarim, Abayudaya, Shaposhniki, Karaimites, African-American Jews, and Bene Ephraim, along with significant populations in the United States (including Puerto Rico), Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Russia, Belarus, Czechia, Ukraine, Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Austria, Italy, Greece, Switzerland, Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, France, Monaco, the United Kingdom, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. Judaism
Jingpo Sino-TibetanSalJingpho China (Yunnan), India (Northeast India), Myanmar (Kachin State) Animism
Jita Tanzania (Mara Region)
Jola Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianJola[note 1] Senegal (Jolaland) Banjaal, Bayot, Gusilay, Fogni, Karon, Kasa, Kuwaataay, Mlomp Traditional African religions
Jukun Niger–CongoJukun Takum[note 49] Nigeria (Wukari) Wannu Traditional African religions
Kadazan-Dusun AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianDusunic[note 1] Malaysia (Sabah) Kadazan, Dusun, Dumpas, Ida'an, Kwijau, Lotud, Mangka'ak, Maragang, Minokok, Orang Sungai, Rumanau, Rungus, Tambanuo Christianity
Kafwe Twa Niger-CongoBantuTonga Zambia (Kafue Flats) Traditional African Religion
Kaguru Niger–CongoBantuKagulu Tanzania (Ukaguru Mountains)
Kaingang Macro-JêJeKaingang[note 1] Brazil (Parana, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Sao Paulo) Shamanism
Kalanga Niger–CongoBantuShonaKalanga Zimbabwe, Botswana Nambya Christianity
Kalash Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKalasha Pakistan (Chitral District) Hinduism
Kalenjin Nilo-SaharanNiloticKalenjin[note 1] Kenya (Rift Valley Province) Keiyo, Tugen, Marakwet, Nandi, Kipsigis, Sabaot, Pökoot, Okiek, Terik Christianity
Kalinago Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish,[note 50] ArawakanTa-ArawakanKalinagoGarifuna, Vincentian Creole Lesser Antilles ChristianityCatholicism
Kamba Niger–CongoBantuKamba Kenya (Ukambani) Christianity
Kamëntsá Camsá language Colombia (Putumayo) Christianity
Kanaks AustronesianKanak[note 1] France (Kanakia) Haveke, Ajië, Arhâ, Xârâgurè, Haeke ChristianityCatholicism
Kannadigas DravidianTamil–KannadaKannada IndiaKarnataka) Vokkaliga Hinduism, Jainism
Kanuri Nilo-SaharanSaharanKanuri Kanuriland (Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon) Kanembu, Yerwa Kanuri Islam
Kapampangans AustronesianPhilippineKapampangan Pampanga (Philippines) ChristianityCatholicism
Kapsiki Afro-AsiaticChadicKapsiki Mandara Mountains (Nigeria, Cameroon) Islam
Karamanlides TurkicOghuzTurkishKaramanli Turkish Turkey (Karaman Province, Cappadocia)[14] Christianity → Eastern OrthodoxyGreek Orthodoxy
Karachays TurkicKipchakKarachay Russia (Karachay-Cherkessia) IslamSunni Islam
Karakalpaks TurkicKipchakKarakalpak Uzbekistan (Karakalpakstan) IslamSunni Islam
Karategin Uzbeks TurkicKarlukSouthern Uzbek Afghanistan IslamSunni Islam
Karbi Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–NagaKarbic[note 1] India (Karbi Anglong district) Amri Hinduism
Karelians UralicFinnicKarelian, UralicFinnicLudic, UralicFinnicLivvi-Karelian Karelia (Finland, Russia) Tver Karelians, Olonets Karelians ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Karen Sino-TibetanKarenic[note 1] Myanmar (Karen State, Kayah State, Pa'O Self-Administered Zone), Thailand S'gaw Karen, Pwo Karen, Karenni (including Kayan), Pa'O BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Karuk Karuk language United States (California) Christianity
Kashmiris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDardicKashmiri Kashmir (India, Pakistan) Kashmiri Pandits, Kashmiris in Punjab IslamSunni Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism
Kashubians Indo-EuropeanSlavicKashubian Kashubia (Poland) Krubans, Slovincians, and Gochans, along with significant populations in the United States Christianity → Catholicism
Kaska Dena Na-DeneAthabaskanKaska British Columbia, Yukon Territory (Canada) Native American religion
Kawesqar AlacalufanKawesqar Chile (Chilean Patagonia, Wellington Island) ChristianityProtestantism
Kayapo Macro-JêKayapo Brazil (Pará, Mato Grosso)
Kazakhs TurkicKipchakKazakh Kazakhstan Argyn, Kerei, with significant populations in China, Iran, Canada, the United States, and Russia IslamSunni Islam
Kereks Chukotko-KamchatkanChukotkanKerek Russia (Chukotka) Shamanism
Keres Keresan languages,[note 1] Keresan Sign Language United States (Sandoval County and Cibola County, New Mexico)
Kerewe Niger–CongoBantuKerewe Ukerewe Island (Tanzania)
Kerinci AustronesianMalayicKerinci Kerinci Regency (Indonesia)
Ket Dene-YeniseianYeniseianKet Krasnoyarsk Krai (Russia) Shamanism
Khakas TurkicSiberian TurkicKhakas Khakassia (Russia) Christianity → Eastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy, ShamanismTengrism
Khalaj TurkicCommon TurkicKhalaj Iran
Khanty UralicUgricKhanty[note 1] Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (Russia)
Khas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanNepali Nepal, India (Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Assam, West Bengal) Chhetri, Thakuri, Rana, Vaisya, Kami, Damai, Sarki, Sunar, Gandarbha Hinduism
Khinalugs Northeast CaucasianKhinalug Khinalug (Azerbaijan) IslamSunni Islam
Khmer AustroasiaticKhmer Cambodia, Mekong Delta, Isan Northern Khmer people, Khmer Krom and Significant populations in the United States Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Khoja significant population in East Africa IslamShia Islam → Ismaili'sm → Nizari Isma'ilism
Khonds DravidianKui Kandhamal (India) Hinduism
Khorasani Turks TurkicOghuzKhorasani Turkic Khorasan (Iran) Islam → Shia Islam
Khwarshi Northeast CaucasianTsezicKhwarshi Tsumadinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Kiga Niger–CongoBantuNkore-KigaKiga Uganda, Rwanda Christianity → Catholicism, Christianity → Protestantism
Kikuyu Niger–CongoBantuKikuyu Central Province (Kenya) Christianity
Kilba Afro-AsiaticChadicHuba Hong (Nigeria) Christianity
Kinga Niger–CongoBantuKinga Kipengere Range (Njombe Region, Tanzania) Christianity, Traditional African religion
Kiowa TanoanKiowa Oklahoma (United States) Christianity, Native American Church
Kirantis Sino-TibetanKiranti[note 1] Eastern Region (Nepal) Limbu, Sunuwar, Yakkha (including Athpare), Rai (including Kulung, Bantawa, and Bahing) Kirat Mundhum
Kiribati AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianGilbertese Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) Christianity, Baha'i Faith
Kissi Niger–CongoWest AtlanticMelKissi Guinea, Sierra Leone Christianity
Kofyar Afro-AsiaticChadicKofyar Plateau State (Nigeria) Traditional African religions
Komi UralicPermicKomi Russia (Komi Republic, Permyakia) Komi-Zyrians, Komi-Permyaks, Izhma Komi Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Kongo Niger–CongoBantuKongo Kongoland (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Angola) Lari, Vili, Yombe, Suundi, Dondo, Hangala, Kugni, Manyanga, Beembe Christianity
Konjo Niger–CongoBantuKonjo Rwenzori Mountains (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda) Nande Christianity
Konkani Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKonkani Konkan (India) Luso-Indians Hinduism
Konso Afro-AsiaticCushiticKonso Konso (Ethiopia) Traditional African religions
Koreans Koreanic languages,[note 1] JSLicKorean Sign Korea (North Korea, South Korea) North Koreans (including North Koreans in South Korea), South Koreans, Jeju Islanders, Koryo-saram, Sakhalin Koreans, Zainichi Koreans, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Cuba, Guatemala, Russia (including North Koreans, Koryo-saram, and Sakhalin Koreans), China, Japan (including Zainichi Koreans), Vietnam, Thailand, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Mongolia, Iran, Nepal, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, India, the Arab world, Africa (including South Africa), Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Venezuela, Australia, New Zealand, Micronesia, Peru, Chile, Uruguay, Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the Czech Republic Christianity[note 28]Protestantism and Catholicism, Buddhism → Mahayana BuddhismKorean Buddhism, Korean shamanism, Cheondoism, Unification Church, Juche
Koryaks Chukotko-KamchatkanChukotkanKoryak Russia (Koryak Okrug) ChristianityOrthodox Christianity, Shamanism
Kosraeans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianKosraean Kosrae (Federated States of Micronesia) Christianity
Kpelle Niger–CongoMandeKpelle Liberia, Guinea Traditional African religions
Kposo Niger–CongoKwaGhana–Togo MountainKposo Plateaux (Togo), Ghana Christianity → Catholicism
Krahô Macro-JêKrahô Brazil (Terra Indígena Kraolândia)
Kristang Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseKristang Malaysia, Singapore ChristianityCatholicism
Kru Niger–CongoKru[note 1] Liberia (Grand Kru and Maryland Counties) Aizi, Bété, Bakwé, Grebo, Krahn (including Sapo), Kuwaa Christianity
Kulin Pama-NyunganKulinicKulin Victoria (Australia) Alcheringa
Kumandins TurkicSiberian TurkicNorthern Altai → Kumandy Russia (Altai Krai, Altai Republic) Christianity → Eastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Kumyks TurkicKipchakKumyk Dagestan (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Kumzari Indo-EuropeanIndo-IranianIranianWestern IranianSouthwestern Kumzar (Oman) Islam → Ibadi Islam, Sunni Islam
Kunama Nilo-SaharanKunama Eritrea, Ethiopia Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Kurds Indo-EuropeanIranianKurdish,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanIndo-IranianZaza–Gorani,[note 1] Kurdish Sign Kurdistan (Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey, Armenia) Bajalan, Zazas, Feylis, Iranian Laks, Yazidis, Shabak, Sheylanli, Muzuri, along with significant populations in France and Germany Islam → Sunni Islam
Kuria Niger–CongoBantuKuria Kenya, Tanzania Traditional African religions, Christianity
Kurukh DravidianKurukh Chota Nagpur Plateau (India) Kisan Sarnaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Animism
Kuteb Niger–CongoJukunoidKuteb Taraba State (Nigeria) Christianity
Kwakwaka'wakw Wakashan → Northern Wakashan → Kwak'wala British Columbia (Canada) Native American religion
Kwaya Niger–CongoBantuKwaya Mara Region (Tanzania)
Kwere Niger–CongoBantuKwere Bagamoyo District (Pwani Region, Tanzania)
Kwinti Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishKwinti Suriname ChristianityMoravian Church
Kyrgyz TurkicKipchakKyrgyz Kyrgyzstan Significant populations in Turkey Islam → Sunni IslamHanafi
Ladins Indo-EuropeanRomanceLadin Italy (Ladinia)
Laks Northeast CaucasianLak Russia (Lakia) IslamSunni Islam
Lamaholot AustronesianFlores–LembataLamaholot Indonesia (Solor) ChristianityCatholicism
Lampungs AustronesianLampung Lampung (Indonesia) Islam
Lani Trans-New GuineaWestern Dani Indonesia (Central Papua, Highland Papua) Christianity, Animism
Lao Kra–DaiTaiLao Laos Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Larrakia Larrakia Northern Territory (Australia) Alcheringa
Latvians Indo-EuropeanBalticLatvian Latvia Latgalians, Kursenieki, Selonians Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Laz KartvelianLaz[note 51] Lazistan (Turkey, Georgia) Turkish Laz, Georgian Laz Islam → Sunni Islam
Lega Niger–CongoBantuLega Democratic Republic of the Congo Traditional African religions
Lemba Niger–CongoBantuVenda, Niger–CongoBantuShona Zimbabwe, South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique Christianity, Islam, Judaism
Lenape AlgonquinMunsee, Unami United States traditional Lenape religion
Lezgins Northeast CaucasianLezgicLezgian Lezgistan (Russia, Azerbaijan) Aghuls, Archin, Budukhs, Jeks, Kryts, Rutuls, Tabasarans, Tsakhurs Islam → Sunni Islam
Lhoba Adi, Bokar, Idu Mishmi[note 52] Tibet (Arunachal Pradesh) Nishi, Na, Galo, Mishmi people, Tagin, Adi Animism, Buddhism
Li Kra–DaiHlai[note 1] Hainan (China) Islam → Sunni Islam
Limba Niger–CongoLimba Sierra Leone (Bombali and Koinadugu Districts) Christianity
Lisu Sino-TibetanLoloishLisu China, Myanmar Lipo Christianity → ProtestantismLisu Christianity
Lithuanians Indo-EuropeanBalticLithuanian, Lithuanian Sign Lithuania Samogitians, Aukstaitians, Lietuvninkai, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Brazil, Poland and the United Kingdom Christianity → Catholicism
Livonians UralicFinnicLivonian Latvia, Estonia ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Lom Indo-EuropeanArmenian and Indo-AryanLomavren, Indo-EuropeanArmenian Armenia, Georgia, Turkey
Lori Balochistan
Louisiana Creoles Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchLouisiana Creole, Indo-EuropeanRomanceLouisiana French, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Louisiana (United States) Cajuns, Creoles of color, Alabama Creoles ChristianityCatholicism, Louisiana Voodoo
Luba Niger–CongoBantuLuban[note 1] Lubaland (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Luba-Kasai, Luba-Katanga, Hemba (including Bangubangu), Songe, Lulua Christianity
Lubu AustronesianMalayicLubu Indonesia (Sumatra)
Luhya Niger–CongoBantuLuhya Western Province (Kenya) Bukusu, Idakho, Isukha, Kabras, Khayo, Kisa, Marachi, Maragoli, Marama, Nyole, Samia, Tachoni, Tiriki, Tsotso, Wanga, Christianity
Luo Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoDholuo Kenya Christianity
Lurs Indo-EuropeanIranianLuri Iran (Lorestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Khuzestan, Bushehr, and Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Provinces) Bakhtiari, Iranian Laks Islam → Shia Islam
Luritja Pama-NyunganWatiLuritja Northern Territory (Australia) Alcheringa
Luxembourgers Indo-EuropeanGermanicMoselle FranconianLuxembourgish Luxembourg, Arelerland (Belgium) Significant populations in Brazil and the United States Christianity → Catholicism
Maasai Nilo-SaharanNiloticMaasai Maasailand (Tanzania, Kenya) Samburu, Arusha, Kwavi Traditional African religions
Macanese Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseMacanese Patois, Sino-TibetanSiniticCantonese Macau (China) ChristianityCatholicism
Macedonians Indo-EuropeanSlavicMacedonian North Macedonia Torbesh, Mijaks, along with significant populations in Australia, Germany, Italy, Switzerland and Greece Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Macushi CaribanMacushi Rupununi (Guyana), Roraima (Brazil) Shamanism
Madi Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicMa'di Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda Christianity
Madurese AustronesianMadurese Madura (Indonesia)[note 53] Boyanese Islam → Sunni IslamShafi'i
Mafa Afro-AsiaticChadicMafa Cameroon Christianity
Magahi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariMagahi Magadha (India) Hinduism
Magars Sino-TibetanMagar[note 54] Nepal Ale, Gharti, Chantayal, Saru, Pun Hinduism, Buddhism
Maguindanao AustronesianPhilippineMaguindanao Maguindanao (Philippines) Islam
Maithils Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariMaithili Mithila (India, Nepal) Karan Kayastha, Brahmin, Chhetri, Vaisya Hinduism
Makah WakashanMakah Washington (United States) Native American religion
Makassarese AustronesianSouth SulawesiMakassarese South Sulawesi (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Makonde Niger–CongoBantuMakonde Tanzania, Mueda Plateau (Mozambique) Machinga Islam
Makua Niger–CongoBantuMakhuwa Mozambique Lomwe, Chuwabu, Moniga, Koti, Nathembo Traditional African religions
Malagasy AustronesianMalagasy Madagascar, Comoros, Mayotte, Réunion, Mauritius Merina, Sihanaka, Betsileo, Zafimaniry, Antaifasy, Antemoro, Antaisaka, Antambahoaka, Tandroy, Antankarana, Antanosy, Bara, Betsimisaraka, Bezanozano, Mahafaly, Makoa, Mikea, Sakalava, Tanala, Tsimihety, Vezo Christianity
Malayali DravidianMalayalamoidMalayalam Kerala (India) Ambalavasi, Dheevara, Nair, Paravar, Mappilas, Ezhava, Latheen Mappilas, St. Thomas Christians along with significant populations in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait and Bahrain Hinduism, Islam, Christianity
Malays AustronesianMalayicMalay, AustronesianMalayicBrunei Malay AustronesianMalayicJambi Malay, AustronesianMalayicPahang Malay, AustronesianMalayicTerengganu Malay, AustronesianMalayicKelantan-Pattani Malay, AustronesianMalayicKedah Malay, AustronesianMalayicReman Malay, FrancosignASLicMalaysian Sign, AustronesianMalayicMalaySri Lanka Malay Malay world (Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei) Bruneians, Kedahans, Pattani, Pahang, Pontianaks, Terengganuarians, Kelantanese, Perakians, Berau, Loloan Malays, Batin, Proto-Malay (including Orang Kuala, Jakun, Orang Rimba, Orang Seletar, and Temuan) Cape Malays, Cocos Malays, Bangka Malays, Thai Malays, Burmese Malays, Sri Lankan Malays IslamSunni Islam
Maldivians Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanMaldivian Maldives, Minicoy Mahls Islam → Sunni Islam
Maltese Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicMaltese Malta Gozitans Christianity → Catholicism
Mambai AustronesianTimoricMambai Dili District (East Timor) ChristianityCatholicism
Mambila Niger–CongoMambila Mambilla Plateau (Nigeria, Cameroon) Somyev Traditional African religions
Manchus Tungusic → Southern Tungusic → Manchu[note 55] Manchuria Significant populations in Taiwan Shamanism
Mandaeans Afro-AsiaticSemiticAramaicMandaic Southern Mesopotamia Iraq, Iran Mandaeism
Mandarese AustronesianSouth SulawesiMandar West Sulawesi (Indonesia) Islam
Mandinka Niger–CongoMandeManding[note 1] Mali, The Gambia, Guinea, Senegal Bolon Islam
Mangalorean Catholics Indo-European languges → Indo-AryanKonkani Karnataka (India) ChristianityRoman Catholicism
Manggarai AustronesianSumba–FloresManggarai Manggarai (Indonesia) Christianity
Manjak Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianManjak Guinea-Bissau, Senegal Traditional African religions
Manx Indo-EuropeanCelticManx Isle of Man (Crown Dependency) Significant populations in the United States Christianity → Protestantism
Māori AustronesianPolynesianNew Zealand Māori,[note 56] AustronesianPolynesianCook Islands Māori, AustronesianPolynesianPenrhyn, AustronesianPolynesianRakahanga-Manihiki, AustronesianPolynesianPukapukan New Zealand Cook Islanders, Māori Indians, with significant populations in the United Kingdom, Australia, and the United States Christianity
Mapuche Araucanian languages[note 1][note 57] Chile (Araucanía), Argentina Huilliche, Moluche, Pehuenche, along with Mestizos such as Chileans Christianity
Maranao AustronesianPhilippineMaranao Philippines (Lanao) Islam
Marathi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanMarathi India (Maharashtra) Mahar, Maratha, Kunbi, Dhangar, Bhoi Hinduism, Jainism
Maris UralicMari[note 1] Russia (Mari El) Meadow Mari, Hill Mari, Northwestern Mari, Eastern Mari, Mountain Mari ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, Mari Native Religion
Maronites Afro-AsiaticSemiticWestern Aramaic[note 1][note 58] Lebanon Significant populations in Syria, Cyprus and Israel along with the greater Lebanese diaspora Christianity → Maronite Catholicism
Marquesas Islanders AustronesianMalayo-Polynesian languages|Malayo-PolynesiansPolynesianMarquesan France (Marquesas Islands) Christianity
Marshallese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianMarshallese Marshall Islands ChristianityProtestantism
Masa Afro-AsiaticChadicMasana Cameroon, Chad Christianity, Islam[citation needed]
Masalit Nilo-SaharanMasalit Sudan, Chad Islam → Sunni Islam
Matagi Ani, Shirakami-Sanchi (Japan)
Matawai Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishSaramaccan Suriname ChristianityMoravian Church
Mauritian Creoles Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchMauritian Creole Mauritius ChristianityCatholicism, Rastafari
Maya Mayan,[note 1] Mayan Sign Guatemala, Belize, Mexico (Yucatán, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Chiapas) Maya, Achi, Chuj, Chʼortiʼ, Itza, Kʼicheʼ, Qʼeqchiʼ, Xinca, Tektitek, Huastecan, Mopan, Lacandon, Chontal, Akatek, Jakaltek, Qʼanjobʼal, Tzeltal, Mochoʼ, Tojolab'al, Mam, Ixil, Tzotzil, Poqomam, Yucatecan Maya, Motozintlecos, Awakatek, Kaqchikel, Sakapultek, Sipakapense, Uspantek, Ch'ol, Tzʼutujil, along with Mestizos such as Guatemalans (including Hispanic Belizeans) and Mexicans Christianity → Catholicism
Mazahua Oto-MangueanOto-PameanMazahua State of Mexico (Mexico) Christianity → Catholicism
Mazandaranis Indo-EuropeanIranianWestern IranianMazanderani Mazandaran, Iran Islam → Shia Islam
Mazatec Oto-MangueanPopolocanMazatecan[note 1] Mexico (Oaxaca) Ayautla ChristianityCatholicism
Mbaka Niger–CongoUbangianMbaka Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo ChristianityCatholicism
Megleno-Romanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceMegleno-Romanian Greece (Almopia) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, IslamSunni Islam
Mehri Afro-AsiaticSemiticMehri Oman (Dhofar Governorate), Yemen (Al Mahrah Governorate, Socotra) Islam
Meitei Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–NagaMeitei India (Manipur) Loi HinduismVaishnavism
Melanau AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianMelanau Malaysia (Sarawak) Islam
Mende Niger–CongoMandeMende Sierra Leone (Southern and Eastern Provinces) Islam
Mennonites Russian Mennonites, Old Order Mennonites, Old Colony Mennonites ChristianityAnabaptism
Métis Indo-European and AlgicRomance and AlgonquianFrench and Plains CreeMichif, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchMétis French, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishBungi Canada (Canadian Prairies) Anglo-Métis Christianity
Mien Hmong–MienMienic[note 1] China (Hunan, Guizhou), Vietnam Iu Mien, Kim Mun, Dzao Min, Biao Min, Bunu, Lakkia, Biao Mon, San Diu Yao folk religion
Mijikenda Niger–CongoBantuMijikenda Kenya (Coast Province) Chonyi, Giriama, Digo, Segeju, Rabai Christianity
Minahasan AustronesianPhilippineMinahasan,[note 1] AustronesianMalayicMalay-based creoleManado Malay Indonesia (Minahasa Peninsula) Tonsawang, Tontemboan, Tondano, Tombulu, Tonsea ChristianityProtestantism
Minangkabau AustronesianMalayicMinangkabau Indonesia (Minangkabau Highlands) Aneuk Jamee IslamSunni Islam
Mising Sino-TibetanTaniMising India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh) Donyi-Polo
Miskito MisumalpanMiskito Mosquito Coast (Nicaragua, Honduras) Including Miskito Sambu Christianity → ProtestantismMoravian Church
Mixe Mixe–ZoqueMixe[note 1] Oaxaca (Mexico) Christianity → Catholicism
Mixtec Oto-MangueanMixtecanMixtec La Mixteca (Mexico) Triqui, Cuicatecs, Amoltepec Christianity → Catholicism
Miꞌkmaq AlgicAlgonquianMiꞌkmaq[note 26] Miꞌkmaꞌki (Canada) Christianity → Catholicism
Mohawk Iroquoian → Northern Iroquoian → Mohawk Quebec, Ontario (Canada), New York (United States) Animism, Christianity
Moldovans Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomanianMoldovan, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Moldova Sign Moldova Significant populations in Romania, Ukraine, Russia, Italy and the United States Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Molokans Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian Russia ChristianitySpiritual Christianity
Mon AustroasiaticMon Mon State (Myanmar) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Monacans SiouanOhio Valley SiouanTutelo[note 59]
Mongo Niger–CongoBantuMongo Democratic Republic of the Congo (Équateur, Tshuapa, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi, Sud-Ubangi) Bolia, Ntomba, Ngando, Iyaelima, Mbole, Mpama, Nkutu, Sengele, Hendo, Dengese, Tetela Christianity
Mongols Mongolic,[note 1] Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Mongolian Sign China (Inner Mongolia, Dorbetia, Bayingolin, Dzungaria, Subei-Mongolia, Santania, Kharchinia), Mongolia, Russia (Buryatia, Ust-Orda, Aginia, Kalmykia) Khalkha, Buryats (including Barga), Oirats, Kalmyks, Daur, Moghols, Hamnigan, Tsagaan, Yugur, Khatso, Bonan, Sart Kalmyks, Sichuan Mongols, Sogwo Arig, Altai Uriankhai, Ordos, Kanja, Sogwo Arig, Mughals, Santa, Naimans, Dariganga, Khorchin, Kharchin, Köke Nuur, Chaharian, Jalairs, Gorlos, Sartuul, Myangad, Tubalar, Uzemchin, Uradian, Tumed, Baarins, Tofalar, Zakhchin, Hishigten, Dorbet, Muumyangan, Jalaids, Abaganar, Chantuu, Olot, Sunud, Eastern Dorbet, Aohans, Onnigud, Khoshut, Abagas, Khotons, Alasha, Khoid, Eljigin, Choros, Qaidam, Fujin Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism,
Mongondow AustronesianPhilippineMongondow Mongondowia (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Montenegrins Indo-EuropeanSlavicShtokavianMontenegrin Montenegro Significant populations in Serbia and the United States Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Moravians Indo-EuropeanSlavicCzechMoravian Moravia (Czech Republic) ChristianityCatholicism
Mordvins UralicMordvinic[note 1] Mordovia (Russia) Erzyas, Mokshas, Qaratays, Teryukhans, Tengushev, Shoksha Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Moriori AustronesianPolynesianTahitic → Māori–Moriori → Moriori[note 60] Chatham Islands (New Zealand) Christianity including Rātana
Mormon[16] English Mountain States (United States) Mormonism
Mossi Niger–CongoGurMossi Mossiland (Burkina Faso) Islam
Mosuo Sino-TibetanNaishNa China (Sichuan and Yunnan) Daba, Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Motu AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianMotu Central Province (Papua New Guinea) Christianity, Shamanism
Mumuye Niger–CongoAdamawaMumuye Taraba State (Nigeria) Traditional African religions
Munanese AustronesianCelebicMunanese[note 1] Muna (Indonesia) Islam
Mundas AustroasiaticMundaMundari India (Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal) Sabar, Mahali Sarnaism
Murut AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianMurutic[note 1] Murutia (Malaysia) Okolod, Keningau, Tagal, Paluan, Selungai, Timugon, Serudung, Sembakung, Tidong, Kalabakan, Bulungan, Bookan Christianity → Catholicism
Muscogee Muskogean → Eastern Muskogean → Muscogee,[note 21] Muskogean → Eastern Muskogean → Mikasuki, Yuchi language United States (Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia)[note 22] Coushatta, Alibamu, Hitchiti, Natchez, Seminoles (including Black Seminoles and Mascogos), Yuchi, Shawnee, Creoles of color, Miccosukee Native American religionCreek mythology
Musgum Afro-AsiaticChadicMusgu Cameroon (Far North Region), Chad (Chari-Baguirmi, Mayo-Kebbi Est) Islam
Muslimani Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-Croatian[note 1][note 27] Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, North Macedonia Islam
Mwera Niger–CongoBantuMwera Tanzania (Mtwara and Ruvuma Regions) Islam
Nagas Sino-TibetanTibeto-BurmanKuki-Chin–Naga[note 1][note 61] India (Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam), Myanmar (Naga Self-Administered Zone) Angami, Ao, Chakhesang (including Chokri and Khezha), Chang, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Lotha, Mao, Maram, Maring, Nocte, Phom, Pochury, Poumai, Rengma, Sangtam, Sümi, Tangkhul, Tangsa, Tikhir, Wancho, Yimkhiung, Zeliangrong (Zemi, Liangmei, Rongmei/Kabui), Lamkang Naga Christianity → ProtestantismBaptists
Nagpuri Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariSadri Chota Nagpur Plateau (India) Chik Baraik Hinduism
Nahuas Uto-AztecanNahuanNahuatl Mexico Huasteca Nahuas, Mexicaneros, Sierra Puebla Nahuas, Guerrero Nahuas, Orizaba Nahuas, Southeastern Puebla Nahuas, Central Nahuas, Pipil, along with Mestizos such as Mexicans Christianity → Catholicism
Nakoda SiouanWestern SiouanStoney Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan) Wood Stoney, Mountain Stoney
Nama KhoeKhoekhoe Namibia (Namaland), South Africa Oorlams Christianity
Nanai TungusicNanai, TungusicKili Russia, China Shamanism
Naso ChibchanTalamancaTeribe Panama (Bocas del Toro) Native American religion
Nauruans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianNauruan Nauru Christianity → Protestantism
Navajo Dené–YeniseianNa-DeneApacheanNavajo, Navajo Family Sign Navajo Nation (United States) Christianity → Catholicism
Newars Sino-TibetanNewar Kathmandu Valley (Nepal) Rajupadhaya, Rajbhandari, Pradhan, Malla, Shrestha, Shakya, Chitrakar Hinduism, Buddhism
Nez Perce Plateau PenutianSahaptianNez Perce, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Idaho, Washington (United States) Waashat Religion, Christianity
Ngabe ChibchanGuaymi Ngabe-Bugle Comarca (Panama) ChristianityCatholicism
Ngaju AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianBaritoNgaju Central Kalimantan (Indonesia) Bakumpai, Meratus Kaharingan
Ngalop Sino-TibetanTibeticDzongkha Bhutan Kheng, Bumthang Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Ngbandi Niger–CongoUbangianNgbandi Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic Yakoma Christianity
Nias AustronesianNorthwest Sumatra–Barrier IslandsNias Nias (Indonesia) Christianity
Nicobarese AustroasiaticNicobarese Nicobar Islands (India) Christianity, Animism
Niueans AustronesianMalayo-PolyesianPolynesianNiuean New Zealand (Niue) ChristianityProtestantismCalvinism
Nivkhs Nivkh languages[note 1] Khabarovsk Krai, Sakhalin Oblast (Russia) Shamanism
Nkole Niger–CongoBantuNkore-KigaNkore Ankole, Uganda Christianity, Ruhanga
Nogais TurkicKipchakNogai Stavropol Krai, Dagestan (Russia) Ak Nogai, Karagash Islam → Sunni Islam
Norfolk Islanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish CreolesPitcairn-NorfolkNorfuk Norfolk Island (Australia) Irreligion, Christianity → ProtestantismAnglicanism[17]
Northern Tutchone Na-Dene → Athabaskan → Tutchone Yukon Territory (Canada) Native American religion
Norwegians Indo-EuropeanGermanicNorwegian Norway Kola Norwegians, Svalbarders, along with Significant populations in the United States, and Norwegian Canadians Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Nubians Nilo-SaharanNubian[note 1] Nubia (Egypt, Sudan) Nobiin, Mattokki, Dongolawi, Midob, Birgid, Hill Nubians (including Dilling, Debri, Ghulfan, Kadaru, Karko, and Wali) Islam → Sunni Islam
Nuer Nilo-SaharanNiloticNuer Nuerland (South Sudan) Traditional African religions
Nùng Kra–DaiTaiZhuangNung Vietnam, Guangxi (China) Animism
Nuristanis Indo-EuropeanNuristani[note 1] Nuristan (Afghanistan) Safed-Posh Kaffirs (including Askunis), Kamkata-viris (including Kata and Kom) Islam → Sunni Islam
Nuu-chah-nulth WakashanNuu-chah-nulth British Columbia (Canada) Native American religion
Nuxalk SalishanNuxalk British Columbia (Canada) Native American religion
Nyambo Niger–CongoBantuNyambo Karagwe District, Kagera Region, Tanzania
Nyishi Sino-TibetanTaniNishi Arunachal Pradesh (India) Christianity
Ōbeikei Islanders English creolesBonin English Bonin Islands (Japan) Christianity, Buddhism, Shintoism
Occitans Indo-EuropeanRomanceOccitan,[note 19] Indo-EuropeanRomanceGardiol Occitania (France, Italy, Spain) Aranese, Auvergnats, Provençals, Languedociens, Gascons, Niçois Christianity
Odawa AlgicAlgonquianOttawa Ontario (Canada), Oklahoma, Michigan (United States)
Odia Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanOdia Odisha (India) Utkala Brahmins, Khandayat, Bonaz, Badu; Bairagi (Oriya); Barika; Chaikwa; Chatarkheya; Dhobi, Oriya; Ganrar; Ghantarghada; Girigiria; Gond (Oriya); Haddi; Jhodia; Kobari; Koraga; Kuliya; Lohar, Oriya; Mali, Oriya; Malia; Panka (Oriya); Paroja; Patra; Radhi; Sannyasi; Teli, Oriya; Thanapati; Thoria Hinduism
Ogoni Niger–CongoCross RiverOgoni[note 1] Ogoniland (Nigeria) Baan, Eleme, Gokana, Tẹẹ Christianity
Ogu Niger–CongoKwaGbeGun Lagos, Ogun State (Nigeria), Benin
Oji-Cree AlgicAlgonquianOji-Cree Ontario, Manitoba (Canada)
Ojibwe AlgicAlgonquianOjibwe[note 1][note 62] Anishinaabeland (Canada, United States) Mississaugas, Findians Midewiwin
Oku Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish CreoleKrio, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Sierra Leone, The Gambia Islam
Oneida Iroquoian → Northern Iroquoian → Oneida Ontario (Canada), New York, Wisconsin (United States)
Onge OnganOnge India (Little Andaman Island) Animism
Onondaga Iroquoian → Northern Iroquoian → Onondaga Canada (Ontario), United States (New York)
Orochs Tungusic → Udegheic → Oroch Russia (Khabarovsk Krai, Magadan Oblast, Sakhalin Oblast, Primorsky Krai)
Oromo Afro-AsiaticCushiticOromo Ethiopia (Oromia), Kenya Boorana, Barento, Salale, Machaa, Arsi, Wollo Islam → Sunni Islam
Oroqens Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Oroqen China (Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia)
Ossetians Indo-EuropeanIranianOssetian[note 1] Ossetia (Russia, Georgia) Iron, Digor, Jasz, Kudar, Trialeti Ossetians ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Ot Danum AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOt Danum Indonesia (West and Central Kalimantan) Lawangan, Ma'anyan Kaharingan
Otomi Oto-MangueanOtomianOtomi Mexico (Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz, State of Mexico, Querétaro) ChristianityCatholicism
Ovambo Niger–CongoBantuOvambo Namibia (Ovamboland), Angola ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Ovimbundu Niger–CongoBantuUmbundu Angola Christianity
Palau AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianPalauan Palau Christianity, Modekngei
Palawa Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Palawa kani, formerly Tasmanian languages[note 1] Australia (Tasmania) Alcheringa
Palembangese AustronesianMalayicPalembang Indonesia (South Sumatra)
Palula Indo-EuropeanDardicPalula Pakistan (Chitral District)
Pamiris Indo-EuropeanIranianPamir[note 1] Pamir Mountains (Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China) Shughni, Sarikoli (including Tajiks of Xinjiang), Yazghulami, Munji, Yidgha, Sanglechi, Ishkashimi Islam → Shia IslamIsma'ilism
Pangasinese AustronesianPhilippinePangasinan Pangasinan (Philippines) Christianity → Catholicism
Papel Niger–CongoAtlanticSenegambianPapel Biombo Region (Guinea-Bissau) Christianity → Catholicism
Paramaccan Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishNdyuka Pamacca (Suriname) Winti
Pare Niger–CongoBantuPare Pare Mountains (Tanzania) Islam
Parsis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujaraticGujarati Indian subcontinent India and Pakistan Zoroastrianism
Pashayi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDardicPashayi[note 1] Afghanistan (Laghman, Kapisa and Nangarhar Provinces) Islam
Pashtuns Indo-EuropeanIranianPashto[note 1] Pashtunistan (Afghanistan, Pakistan) Kakar, Ghilji (including Lodi (including Niazi, Hotak (including Babai), and Lohani (including Marwat))), Punjabi Pathans (including Malerkotla Pathans and Multani Pathans), Tareen, Bettani (including Shirani), Afridi, Bangash, Durrani, with significant populations in the United States, India, Sri Lanka, Islam → Sunni Islam
Pataxo MaxakalianPataxo Bahia (Brazil) Shamanism
Pedi Niger–CongoBantuSotho–TswanaSepedi Limpopo (South Africa) Christianity
Pende Niger–CongoBantuPende Democratic Republic of the Congo Christianity
Pennsylvania Dutch Indo-EuropeanGermanicGermanPennsylvania Dutch Pennsylvania (United States) Schwenkfelders, River Brethren (including Yorker Brethren), New York Dutch ChristianityProtestantism
Persians Indo-EuropeanIranianPersian Iran Arab-Persians, along with significant populations in the United States, the United Arab Emirates, Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom, Bahrain, Australia, and Sweden Islam → Shia Islam
Pitcairn Islanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish CreolesPitcairn-NorfolkPitkern British Overseas Territories (Pitcairn Islands) Significant population in Norfolk Island, along with a diaspora in Australia, and New Zealand[18] ChristianityProtestantism
Pitjantjara Pama-Nyungan → Wati → Pitjantjara Central Australia Alcheringa
Podlashuks Indo-EuropeanSlavicUkrainian or BelarusianPodlachian Podlachia (Poland) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy, Christianity → Catholicism
Pohnpeian AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianPohnpeian Pohnpei (Federated States of Micronesia) Christianity
Poles Indo-EuropeanSlavicPolish Poland Podlachians, Masurians, Greater Polish, and Warmians, as well as Significant populations in the United States, Brazil, Germany, Canada, Iceland, Sweden, France, the United Kingdom, Argentina, Belarus, Russia, Australia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Ireland, and Norway Christianity → Catholicism
Portuguese Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceMinderico, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese and SpanishBarranquenho, SSLicPortuguese Sign Portugal Alentejans, Algarveans, Azoreans, Barranquenhos, Beirões, Madeirans, Mindericos, Minhotos, Ribatejanos, Transmontanos, with significant populations in Africa (including Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, South Africa), Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Indonesia, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sweden, Trinidad and Tobago, the United Kingdom, the United States, Uruguay, and Venezuela ChristianityCatholicism
Potawatomi AlgicAlgonquianPotawatomi Canada (Ontario), United States (Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Oklahoma, Wisconsin)
Potiguara TupianPotiguara, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese Brazil (Paraiba) Shamanism
Punjabis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanPunjabi Punjab (Pakistan, India) Arain, Awan, Gujjars, Jat, Khatris, Punjabi Rajputs, Sikhs, along with significant populations in the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States. IslamSunni Islam, IslamSunni IslamAhmadiyya, Hinduism, Sikhism
Purépecha Purépecha Mexico (Michoacán) ChristianityCatholicism
Qashqai TurkicOghuzQashqai Iran (Fars Province) IslamShia Islam
Qiang Sino-TibetanQiangic[note 1] China (Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture) Qiang folk religion
Quechua Quechuan[note 1] Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, Argentina Ayacucho, Cajamarca-Cañaris, Central, Chachapoyas, Cusco, Inga, Kichwa, Lamas, North Bolivian, Pacaraos, Puno, Santiagueño, South Bolivian ChristianityCatholicism
Quileute ChimakuanQuileute United States (Washington) Native American religion
Rabari India (Kutch District) Hinduism
Qulla Quechan → Southern Quecha Argentina, Bolivia, Chile ChristianityCatholicism
Rade AustronesianChamicRade Central Highlands, Vietnam Christianity
Raizal Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishSan Andres-Providencia Creole Colombia (Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina) Christianity
Rajasthanis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanRajasthani[note 1] India (Rajasthan) Charan, Kachhi, Marwari, Meena, Rajputs (including Chandels, Mahyavanshi, and Molesalam) Hinduism, Jainism
Rajbongshi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKamtapuri India (Assam, West Bengal), Bangladesh Hinduism
Rakhine Sino-TibetanBurmeseArakanese Myanmar (Rakhine State) Marma BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Ramkokamekrá Macro-JêCanela Brazil (Northeast Region)
Ranquel AraucanianMapudungun → Ranquel Argentina (La Pampa Province)
Rapa Nui AustronesianPolynesianRapa Nui Chile (Easter Island) ChristianityCatholicism
Reisende Norway Christianity
Rejangese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianRejang Indonesia (Rejang Lebong Regency) IslamSunni Islam
Rendille AfroasiaticCushiticRendille Kenya (Eastern Province) Waaq
Rohingyas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanRohingya Myanmar (Rakhine State) Islam
Roma Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanRomani,[note 1] Para-Romani[note 1][note 63], Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomanianBoyash Europe, Turkey, Cyprus[note 31] Kalderash, Iberian Calés (including Spanish Calés, Portuguese Calés, Brazilian Calés), Erromintxela, Finnish Kale, Welsh Kale, Romanichal (including Scottish Romanichal Travellers), Lowland Scottish Travellers, Sinti (including Manouches), Belaruska Roma, Litovska Roma, Lotfitka Roma, Ruska Roma, Gurbeti, Xoraxane Roma (including Turkish Roma, Zargari, and Arlije), Romanisæl, Bergitka Roma, Polska Roma, Cascarots, Ursari, Romanlar (including Turkish Roma, Sepetçi, Ayjides, Yerli, and Çerge), Wallachian Roma, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians, Servitka Roma, Lovari, Boyash, along with significant populations in Albania, Algeria, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Colombia, Croatia, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Mexico, Montenegro, Morocco, the Netherlands, North Macedonia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Uruguay Christianity
Romanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomanian Romania, Moldova Wallachians (including Oltenians and Muntenians), Moldavians, along with significant populations in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Romansh Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomansh Switzerland (Grisons) Christianity
Rotenese AustronesianTimoricRotenese[note 1] Indonesia (Rote Island) Dela, Oenale Christianity
Russians Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian, FrancosignRussian Sign Russia Cossacks, Pomors, Lipovans, Subbotniks, Molokans (including Subbotnik Molokans) along with significant populations in Azerbaijan, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, China (including Hong Kong), Estonia, France, Germany, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Taiwan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, the United States, Uzbekistan ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Rusyns Indo-EuropeanSlavicRusyn Carpathian Ruthenia (Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland)[note 64] Pannonian Rusyns, Lemkos, Hutsuls, Boykos Christianity
Ryukyuans JaponicRyukyuan,[note 1][note 65] Koniya Sign Japan (Ryukyu Islands) Amami (including Kikai, Amami Ōshima (including Setouchi), Tokunoshima, Okinoerabu, and Yoron), Okinawans (including Kunigami) Miyakoans, Tarama, Yaeyama, Yonaguni, with significant populations in Bolivia, Brazil, and the United States (including Hawaii) Ryukyuan religion
Saho Afro-AsiaticCushiticSaho Eritrea, Ethiopia IslamSunni Islam
Sahrawis Afro-AsiaticSemiticHassaniya Arabic Western Sahara Reguibat, Oulad Delim, Oulad Tidrarin, Laaroussien, Tekna IslamSunni Islam
Saint Thomas Christians DravidianMalayalam Kerala (India) Knanayas ChristianitySaint Thomas Christianity
Sakizaya AustronesianEast FormosanSakizaya Hualien County (Taiwan) Animism, Christianity
Salar TurkicOghuzSalar China (Qinghai, Gansu) Islam → Sunni Islam
Sama-Bajau AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianBaritoSama–Bajaw[note 1] Maritime Southeast Asia (Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei)[note 31] Sama (including Banguingui), Bajaw, Abaknon Islam → Sunni Islam
Samaná Americans Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishSamaná English Samaná Province (Dominican Republic) Christianity → ProtestantismMethodism
Samaritans Afro-AsiaticSemiticHebrew Israel Samaritanism
Sambal AustronesianPhilippineSambalic[note 1] Zambales (Philippines) Bolinao, Botolan (including Banguingui) Christianity → Catholicism
Sámi UralicSámi[note 1] Sápmi (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia) Inari Sámi, Kildin Sami, Lule Sami, Northern Sami, Pite Sami, Skolt Sami, Southern Sámi, Ter Sami, Ume Sámi ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Samoans AustronesianPolynesianSamoan Samoan Islands (Samoa, American Samoa) American Samoans Christianity
Sandawe Sandawe Tanzania (Chemba District) Traditional African Religion, Islam
Sangirese AustronesianPhilippineSangirese Sangihe Islands (Indonesia) Christianity → Protestantism
Santal AustroasiaticMundaSantali India (West Bengal, Jharkhand, Odisha)[note 3] Christianity → Catholicism
Sara Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicSara[note 1] Chad, Central African Republic Ngambay, Doba, Laka, Kabba, Sar, Mbay, Ngam, Dagba, Gulay Traditional African religions
Saramaka Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishSaramaccan Suriname Winti, ChristianityMoravian Church
Sardinians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSardinian,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanRomanceSassarese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceGallurese Italy (Sardinia) Logudorese, Campidanese, Sassarese, Gallurese ChristianityCatholicism
Sasak AustronesianSasak Indonesia (Lombok) Islam
Saurashtras Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSaurashtra South India (India) HinduismVaishnavism, HinduismShaivism
Savu AustronesianSumba–FloresSumbaHawu Savu (Indonesia) Christianity → Protestantism
Scots Indo-EuropeanGermanicScots, Indo-EuropeanCelticScottish Gaelic,[note 25] Indo-EuropeanCelticBeurla Reagaird, BANZSLBritish Sign Scotland (United Kingdom) Ulster Scots, Orcadians, Shetlanders, Highlanders, Lowlanders, along with significant populations in the United States (including Scotch-Irish Americans), Canada (including Scotch-Irish Canadians), Australia, Argentina, Russia, and the Bahamas Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism
Semnanis Indo-EuropeanIranianWestern IranianSemnani Semnan, Iran Islam → Shia IslamTwelver Shi'ism
Seneca Iroquoian → Northern Iroquoian → Seneca Ontario (Caanada), New York, Oklahoma (United States)
Sentinelese Sentinelese North Sentinel Island (India)
Senufo Niger–CongoSenufo[note 1] Mali, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso Nafana, Minyanka Traditional African religions
Serbs Indo-EuropeanSlavicShtokavianSerbian Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republika Srpska), Montenegro Kosovo Serbs, Triestine Serbs, Serb Muslims, along with significant populations in Croatia, Germany, Austria, France, and Sweden Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Serer Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianSerer Senegal Laalaa, Ndut, Niominka, Serer-Noon, Palor, Saafi Islam
Seychellois Creoles Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchSeychellois Creole Seychelles ChristianityCatholicism
Shan Kra–DaiTaiShan Shan State (Myanmar) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Sharchops Sino-TibetanTshangla Bhutan (Lhuntse, Mongar, Pemagatshel, Samdrup Jongkhar, Trashigang, and Trashiyangtse Districts) Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Sherbro Niger–CongoAtlanticMelSherbro Sherbro Island (Sierra Leone) Traditional African religions
Shilluk Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoShilluk South Sudan Gule Christianity → Catholicism
Shina Indo-EuropeanDardicShina, Indo-EuropeanDardicKohistani Shina Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) Kohistani Shina Islam
Shirazi Niger-CongoAtlantic-CongoBantuSwahili Swahili Coast (Tanzania), (Kenya), (Mozambique), (Comoros) Zanzibaris, Comorians and Maore IslamSunni Islam
Shiriana ArawakanShiriana, Arutani language Brazil (Amazonas, Amazon rainforest), Venezuela (Amazon rainforest) Auaké
Shompen Shompen Great Nicobar Island (India) Animism
Shona Niger–CongoBantuShona Mashonaland (Zimbabwe) Manyika, Ndau Christianity
Shopi Indo-EuropeanSlavicBulgarian Shopluk (Bulgaria, Serbia, North Macedonia)
Shors TurkicSiberian TurkicShor Russia (Kemerovo Oblast) ChristianityEastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy, ShamanismShor Shamanism
Shoshone Uto-AztecanNumicShoshoni Wyoming, Idaho, Nevada, Utah (United States) Eastern Shoshone, Northern Shoshone, Western Shoshone, Goshute Native American Church, Christianity
Sibe TungusicXibe[note 55] China (Liaoning, Jilin, Xinjiang)[note 3] Shamanism[note 28]
Siberian Yupik Eskaleut → Eskimo → Siberian Yupik, Eskaleut → Eskimo → Naukan Russia (Chukchi Peninsula), United States (St. Lawrence Island) Naukan Shamanism
Sicilians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSicilian Italy (Sicily) Significant populations in the United States ChristianityCatholicism
Sidama Afro-AsiaticCushiticSidaama Ethiopia (Sidamia) Christianity
Siddi Niger–CongoBantuSwahili[note 66]Sidi Pakistan (Baluchistan, Sindh), India (Karnataka, Gujarat, Hyderabad) Islam
Sierra Leone Creoles Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishKrio, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishPichinglis Sierra Leone Gambian Creoles, Saros, Krio Fernandinos, with significant populations in the United States Christianity
Sika AustronesianFlores–LembataSika Sikka Regency (Indonesia) Christianity → Catholicism
Silesians Indo-EuropeanSlavicSilesian, Indo-EuropeanGermanicHigh GermanSilesian German Silesia (Poland, Germany, Czech Republic) Significant populations in the United States (including Texas) Christianity → Catholicism, Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Siltʼe Afro-AsiaticSemiticEthiopicGurageSiltʼe Siltia (Ethiopia) Islam
Sindhis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSindhi Sindh (Pakistan) Jat, Memon, Arain, Indian Sindhis Islam → Sunni IslamHanafi, Hinduism
Sinhalese Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSinhala Sri Lanka Dewa, British Sri Lankans, Burghers (including Portuguese Burghers and Dutch Burghers) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Siona TucanoanWestern TucanoanSiona Sucumbios (Ecuador), Putumayo (Colombia) Animism
Sioux SiouanWestern SiouanSioux[note 1][note 67] Lakotah (United States) Lakota (including Brulé, Oglala, Sans Arc, Hunkpapa, Miniconjou, Two Kettles, and Sihasapa) and Dakota (including Mdewakanton) Native American religion
Sirenik Eskaleut → Eskimo → Siberian Yupik[note 68] Sireniki (Russia)
Slovaks Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlovak Slovakia significant populations in Czech Republic, Serbia, Hungary, United States and Canada Christianity → Catholicism
Slovenes Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlovene Slovenia Significant populations in the United States, Canada, Australia, Carinthia, Hungary, Uruguay, Venezuela, Argentina, Croatia, and Italy Christianity → Catholicism
Soga Niger–CongoBantuSoga Busoga (Uganda) Christianity, Traditional African religions
Somalis Afro-AsiaticCushiticSomali Greater Somalia (Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya) Hawiye, Darod (including Majeerteen), Isaaq, Dir, Rahanweyn, Madhiban, Yibir, Ajuran along with significant populations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Canada Islam → Sunni IslamShafi'i
Songhai Nilo-SaharanSonghai Mali, Niger Zarma Islam
Soninke Niger–CongoMandeSoninke Mali Haratin Islam → Sunni IslamMaliki
Sonsorolese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianSonsorolese Sonsorol Christianity
Soqotris Afro-AsiaticSemiticSoqotri Socotra (Yemen) Islam
Sorbs Indo-EuropeanSlavicSorbian[note 1] Lusatia (Germany), (Poland) Upper Sorbs, Lower Sorbs ChristianityCatholicism
Sotho Niger–CongoBantuSotho–TswanaSotho Free State (South Africa), Lesotho Christianity
Soyots TurkicSiberian TurkicSoyot-Tsaatan → Soyot Russia (Okinsky District) Shamanism
Spaniards Indo-EuropeanRomanceCastilian,[note 1] Indo-EuropeanRomanceAsturleonese,[note 1][note 69] Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese and SpanishBarranquenho, Spanish Sign Spain[note 70] Castilians, Leonese, Cantabrians, Riojans, Manchegans, Madrilenians, Extremadurans, Murcians, Mirandese, Criollos, Mercheros, Barranquenhos, along with numerous colonial descendants such as Floridanos, Hispanos (including Californios, Tejanos, and Neomexicanos), Mexicans (including Chicanos), Guatemalans (including Hispanic Belizeans), Salvadorans, Hondurans, Nicaraguans, Costa Ricans, Panamanians, Colombians, Venezuelans, Ecuadorians, Peruvians, Bolivians, Paraguayans, Chileans, Argentines, Uruguayans, Cubans, Dominicans, Puerto Ricans (including Nuyoricans), Fernandinos, Spanish Filipinos, Spanish Hawaiians, and Hispanic and Latino Americans ChristianityCatholicism
Sri Lankan Chetties DravidianTamil–KannadaTamil, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSinhala Sri Lanka Christianity → Catholicism, Christianity → ProtestantismAnglicanism, Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism
Sri Lanka Kaffirs Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese CreoleSri Lankan Portuguese Creole ChristianityCatholicism, BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Sui Kra–DaiKam–SuiSui Sandu Shui Autonomous County (China) Animism
Sukuma Niger–CongoBantuSukuma Tanzania Christianity → Catholicism
Sumba AustronesianSumba–FloresSumba[note 1] Sumba (Indonesia) Anakalangu, East Sumbanese, Kodi, Lamboya, West Sumbanese, Mamboru, Wanukaka Christianity → Protestantism
Sumbawa AustronesianSumbawa Sumbawa (Indonesia) Islam
Sundanese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianSundanese-Baduy[note 1] Java (Indonesia) Bantenese, Baduy, Cirebonese Islam → Sunni Islam
Surma Nilo-SaharanSurmic[note 1] Ethiopia, South Sudan Me'en, Mursi, Kichepo Traditional African religions
Susu Niger–CongoMandeSusu Guinea, Kambia (Sierra Leone) Islam
Swahili Niger–CongoBantuSwahili Swahili coast (Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Comoros) Shirazi (including Zanzibaris, Comorians and Maore) Islam
Swazi Niger–CongoBantuNguniSwazi Mpumalanga (South Africa), Eswatini Christianity → African Zionism
Swedes Indo-EuropeanGermanicSwedish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDalecarlian, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEast DanishScanian, Indo-EuropeanGermanicGutnish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicNorrlandic, Indo-EuropeanGermanicJamtska, SSLicSwedish Sign Sweden Scanians, Jamtish, Gutnish, Dalecarlians, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Estonia, Argentina, and the United Kingdom Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Sylhetis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSylheti Bangladesh (Sylhet Division), India (Barak Valley) IslamSunni Islam
Tagalogs AustronesianPhilippineTagalog Philippines Filipino Americans ChristianityCatholicism
Tahitians AustronesianPolynesianTahitian[note 19] France (Tahiti) Christianity
Tahtacı Turkey (Aegean Region, Mediterranean Region) Islam and ShamanismShia Islam and ShamanismAlevism and Shamanism
Taino ArawakanTaino Greater Antilles Native American Religion
Tajiks Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianTajik, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Russian Sign → Tajik Sign Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Chagatai, Kharduri IslamSunni Islam
Talysh Indo-EuropeanIranianTalysh Azerbaijan, Iran IslamShia Islam
Tama Nilo-SaharanTama Chad, Sudan Islam
Tamangs Sino-TibetanTamang Nepal, India (Sikkim) Waiba, Lopchan, Thokar, Lama Hinduism, Buddhism
Tamils DravidianTamil–KannadaTamil, AustronesianMalayicMalayMalay Chetty India (Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka (Northern and Eastern Provinces) Indian Tamils (including Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka[note 71]), Sri Lankan Tamils (including Sri Lankan Moors and Negombo Tamils),[note 71] Chitty, along with significant populations in Malaysia, South Africa, the United States, Singapore, Canada, the United Kingdom, and France (including Malbars) Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism
Tampuans AustroasiaticBahnaricTampuan Cambodia (Ratanakiri) Animism
Tao Malayo-PolynesianPhilippineBatanic →Yami-Itbayat Taiwan (Orchid Island) Christianity, Anitism
Tarok Niger–CongoPlateauTarok Nigeria (Plateau State) Christianity
Tatars TurkicKipchakTatar, TurkicKipchakCrimean Tatar, TurkicKipchakSiberian Tatar Russia (Tatarstan) Volga Tatars (including Astrakhan Tatars, Kryashens, Nağaybäks), Crimean Tatars (including Yaliboylu), Lipka Tatars, Siberian Tatars (including Baraba Tatars, Chats, Eushta Tatars, Kalmak Tatars, Siberian Bukharans, and Zabolotnie Tatars), Mishar Tatars, Finnish Tatars, Dobruja Tatars, Chinese Tatars, Lithuanian Tatars with diaspora populations (including the Crimean Tatar diaspora) in Canada, Japan, Ukraine, Bulgaria, and Turkey IslamSunni Islam
Tausūg AustronesianPhilippineBisayanTausug Philippines (Sulu Archipelago) IslamSunni Islam
Tboli AustronesianPhilippineTboli Philippines (South Cotabato) Anitism
Tehuelche AraucanianMapudungun, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish
Teke Niger-CongoAtlantic-CongoBantuTeke Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Telengits TurkicKipchakSouthern Altai → Telengit Russia (Altai Republic) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, Shamanism, Burkhanism
Telugu DravidianTelugu India (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana) Kamma, Reddy, Velama, Kapu, Raju, Madiga, Mala Hinduism, Islam, Christianity
Temne Niger–CongoWest AtlanticMelTemne Sierra Leone (Northern Sierra Leone) Islam
Terena ArawakanTerena, Brazilian Sign, Terena Sign Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul (Brazil) Shamanism
Thais Kra–DaiTaiThai Thailand Southern Thai, Khorat, Lanna, Tai Lue, Thai Americans Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Tharus Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanTharu Terai Region (India, Nepal) Kathariya, Danuwar, Lampucchwa, Kochila, Sonha, Dangaura, Rana Hinduism, Buddhism
Tibetans Sino-TibetanTibetic,[note 1] Tibetan Sign Tibet (China), Nepal, Bhutan Amdolese (including Golok and Tebbu), Khams, Ü-Tsang (including Ngari and Walung), Changpa, Baima, Kachee Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Ticuna Ticuna-Yuri → Ticuna Amazonas (Brazil) Shamanism
Tigrayans Afro-AsiaticSemiticEthiopicTigrinya Eritrean Highlands (Eritrea), Tigrayia (Ethiopia) Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Tigre Afro-AsiaticSemiticEthiopicTigre Eritrea Islam
Tiv Niger–CongoTiv Benue State (Nigeria) Christianity
Tiwa Sino-TibetanSalTiwa[note 4] India (Assam, Meghalaya) Hinduism
Tiwi Tiwi Tiwi Islands (Australia) Alcheringa
Tlapanec Oto-MangueanTlapanec Guerrero (Mexico) Christianity → Catholicism
Tlingit Na-DeneTlingit British Columbia, Yukon Territory (Canada), Alaska, Washington (United States) Alaska Native Religion
Tokelauans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianTokelauan Tokelau Christianity → Congregationalism
Tongans AustronesianPolynesianTongan Tonga Tongan Hawaiians Christianity
Toraja AustronesianSouth SulawesiToraja Tana Toraja (Indonesia) Christianity → Protestantism
Toro Niger–CongoBantuTooro Tooro Kingdom, Uganda Christianity, Ruhanga
Torres Strait Islanders Pama-NyunganKalaw Lagaw Ya, Eastern Trans-FlyMeriam, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishTorres Strait Creole Torres Strait Islands (Australia)
Toubou Nilo-SaharanSaharanTebu[note 1] Toubouland (Chad, Niger, Sudan, Libya) Daza, Teda Islam → Sunni Islam
Toucouleur Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianFulaPulaar Futa Tooro (Senegal) Islam
Trawara Indo-EuropeanDardicMankiyali Danna, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan)
Tripuri Sino-TibetanSalKokborok Tripura (India) Jamatia, Murasing Hinduism
Tsez Northeast CaucasianTsezicTsez Tsuntinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Tsimshian TsimshianicTsimshian British Columbia (Canada), Alaska (United States) Alaskan Native Faith
Tsonga Niger–CongoBantuTsonga Mozambique (Maputo City and Maputo Province, Gaza Province), South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga) Christianity → Catholicism
Tswana Niger–CongoBantuTswana Botswana, South Tswanaland (South Africa) Balete, Mangwato, Bangwaketse, Bakwena, Batlokwa, Bahurutshe, Bakgatla, Rolong Christianity
Tuamotuans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianPolynesianTuamotuan France (Tuamotus) Christianity
Tujia Sino-TibetanTujia[note 1][note 72] Wuling Mountains (China) Nuo folk religion
Tuluvas Tulu Karnataka (India) Hinduism
Tupuri Niger–CongoAdamawaTupuri Far North Region (Cameroon), Mayo-Kébbi (Chad) Christianity
Turkana Nilo-SaharanNiloticTurkana Turkanaland (Kenya) Christianity → Catholicism
Turkmens TurkicOghuzTurkmen Turkmenistan, Iran (Turkmen Sahra), Afghanistan Teke, Yomut, Bayandur, Afshar, Ersari, Chowdur, Saryk, Iranian Turkmens, Afghan Turkmens, with significant populations in Pakistan, Russia, the United Kingdom IslamSunni Islam
Turks TurkicOghuzTurkish, Turkish Sign Turkey, Northern Cyprus Turkish Cypriots, Meskhetian Turks, Yörüks, along with significant populations in Bulgaria, Greece, North Macedonia, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Sweden, the United States, Syria, and Iraq Islam → Sunni Islam, Alevism
Tuscarora Iroquoian → Northern Iroquoian → Tuscarora Ontario (Canada), New York, North Carolina (United States)
Tutsi Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesRwanda-Rundi[note 41] Rwanda, Burundi, Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Banyamulenge Christianity, Islam
Tuvaluans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianPolynesianTuvaluan Tuvalu Christianity
Tuvans TurkicSiberianTuvan, TurkicSiberian TurkicDukhan Russia (Tuva), Mongolia (Khövsgöl Province) Tozhu Tuvans (including Dukha) Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Udis Northeast CaucasianLezgicCaucasian AlbanianUdi Azerbaijan ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Udmurts UralicPermicUdmurt Udmurtia (Russia) Besermyan Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Ukrainians Indo-EuropeanSlavicUkrainian, Francosign → Austro-Hungarian Sign → Ukrainian Sign Ukraine Poleshuks, Cossacks, Litvins, Pinchuks along with significant populations in the United States, Brazil, Kazakhstan, Germany, Canada, Italy, Argentina, the Czech Republic, and Romania Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Ulchi Tungusic → Southern Tungusic → Ulch Russia (Ulchsky District)
Ulster Protestants Indo-EuropeanGermanicScots, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Ulster (United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland) ChristianityProtestantism
Umatilla Plateau PenutianSahaptianUmatilla Oregon (United States) Native American religion
Urhobos Niger–CongoEdoidUrhobo Delta State (Nigeria) Christianity
Ute Uto-AztecanNumic → Colorado River Numic → Ute Colorado, Utah Native American Church, Christianity
Uyghurs TurkicKarlukUyghur, TurkicKarlukTor Uyghur Uyghuristan (China) Kashgartsy and Tor Uyghurs, with significant populations in Kazakhstan Islam → Sunni Islam
Uzbeks TurkicKarlukUzbek[note 1] Uzbekistan Significant populations in Russia, Pakistan, Canada, the United States, and Turkey Islam → Sunni Islam
Vaqueiros de alzada Indo-EuropeanRomanceAsturleonese Spain (Asturias, Province of León) Christianity and traditional folk religionRoman Catholicism and traditional folk religionVaqueiro religion
Vedda Sinhala creoles → Vedda language Sri Lanka Coast Veddas, Anuradhapura Veddas, Bintenne Veddas Animism
Venda Niger–CongoBantuTshivenda Vendaland (South Africa) Christianity, Traditional African religions
Vepsians UralicFinnicVeps Former Veps National Volost (Republic of Karelia, Russia)
Vietnamese AustroasiaticVieticVietnamese Vietnam Muong, Gin, Phen, Chứt, Thổ, Nùng, Giáy, along with significant populations in the United States, Cambodia, France, Australia, Canada, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, Germany, Hong Kong, and Laos Buddhism → Mahayana, Vietnamese folk religion, Caodaism, Hoa Hao
Vilamovians Indo-EuropeanGermanicWymysorys[note 73] Wilamowice (Poland)
Visayans AustronesianPhilippineVisayan[note 1] Visayas (Philippines) Aklanon, Butuanon, Cebuano (including Boholano and Eskaya), Caluyanon, Capiznon, Cuyunon, Hiligaynon, Karay-a, Masbateños, Negrenses, Porohanon, Romblomanon (including Bantoanons), Waray Christianity → Catholicism
Votians UralicFinnicVotic Ingria (Russia) ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy, ChristianityProtestantismLutheranism
Wa AustroasiaticPalaungicWa Wa State (Myanmar) Buddhism, Animism
Wakhi Indo-EuropeanIranianWakhi Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, China IslamShia IslamIsma'ilismNizari Isma'ilism
Walla Walla Plateau PenutianSahaptin → Walla Walla Oregon, Washington (United States) Waashat Religion
Walloons Indo-EuropeanRomanceWalloon, Francosign → Belgian Sign → French Belgian Sign Wallonia (Belgium) Significant populations in the United States (including Wisconsin) and the Netherlands Christianity → Catholicism
Waropen AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianWaropen Waropen Regency (Indonesia) Christianity
Waxiang Sino-TibetanSiniticWaxiang Chinese Hunan (China) Chinese folk religion
Welayta Afro-AsiaticOmoticWolaitta Wolayitia (Ethiopia) Christianity → ProtestantismP'ent'ay
Welsh Indo-EuropeanCelticWelsh,[note 25] BANZSLBritish Sign Wales (United Kingdom) significant populations in Argentina, the United States, Canada, and Australia. Christianity → Protestantism
Wolof Niger–CongoAtlanticSenegambianWolof Senegambia (Senegal, The Gambia) Lebu Islam → Sunni IslamSufismMouride
Wuikinuxv Wakashan → Northern Wakashan → Heiltsuk-OowekyalaOowekyala British Columbia (Canada) Native American religion
Xalimegos Indo-EuropeanRomanceFala Jálama Valley (Spain)
Xavante Macro-JêXavante Brazil (Mato Grosso) Shamanism
Xerente Macro-JêXerénte Brazil (Tocantins)
Xhosa Niger–CongoBantuNguniXhosa South Africa (Xhosaland) Christianity
Xokleng Macro-JêXokleng Brazil (Santa Catarina)
Yaghnobis Indo-EuropeanIranianYaghnobi, Indo-EuropeanIranianTajik Tajikistan (Sughd Region) Islam → Sunni Islam
Yahgan Yahgan, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish Tierra del Fuego (Argentina, Chile) ChristianityProtestantism
Yakan AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianBaritoSama–BajawYakan Basilan (Philippines) Islam → Sunni Islam
Yakö Niger–CongoCross RiverYakö Yakurr Local Government (Nigeria) Christianity
Yakuts TurkicSiberianYakut Yakutia (Russia) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Yali Trans-New GuineaYali Indonesia (Baliem Valley) Christianity, Animism
Yanomami Yanomaman Southeastern Venezuela, and northern Brazil Shamanism
Yao Niger–CongoBantuYao Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania (Ruvuma and Mtwara Regions) Islam and AnimismYao Folk Islam
Yapese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicYapese Yap Christianity
Yenish Indo-EuropeanGermanicYenish Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Belgium, and France
Yi Sino-TibetanLoloish[note 1] China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi)[note 3] Phù Lá, Azha Bimoism
Yoa-Lokpa Niger–CongoGurOti–VoltaYom, Niger–CongoGurGurunsiLukpa Donga Department (Benin)
Yoruba Niger–CongoYoruba, Yoruba Sign Yorubaland (Nigeria, Benin, Togo) Ijesha, Egba, Yewa, Igbomina, Awori, Akoko, Okun, Ana, Ekiti, Ilaje, Ijebu, Oyo, Ondo, Ife, Nagos, with significant populations in the United States and Canada Islam, Christianity, Yoruba religion
Yugambeh Pama-NyunganBandjalangic → Yugambeh Queensland (Australia) Alcheringa
Yugoslavs Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-Croatian,[note 1][note 27] Indo-EuropeanSlavicMacedonian, Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlovene Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Croatia Significant populations in Serbia, Canada, and the United States
Yukaghir Yukaghir languages[note 1] Russia (Yakutia) Shamanism
Yup'ik Eskaleut → Eskimo → Yup'ik Alaska (United States) Nunivak Cup'ig, Chevak Cup'ik Christianity, Shamanism
Zaghawa Nilo-SaharanSaharanZaghawa Chad, Sudan Islam → Sunni Islam
Zamboangueños Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishChavacano Zamboanga City (Philippines) ChristianityCatholicism
Zande Niger–CongoZande Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan Barambu Christianity
Zapotecs Oto-MangueanZapotec[note 1] Oaxaca (Mexico) Ixtlán Christianity → Catholicism
Zhuang Kra–DaiTaiZhuang[note 1] Zhuangia (China) Moism
Zomi Sino-TibetanTibeto-BurmanKuki-Chin–Naga,[note 1][note 61] Sino-TibetanMruic[note 1] Zogam (Myanmar, Bangladesh, India) Thadou (including Telngoh), Paite, Zou, Kom, Koireng, Mizo (including Khiangte, Hmar (including Saihriem and Zote), Renthlei, Chawngthu, Miu-Khumi, and Ralte), Aimol, Sukte, Bawm, Lai, Biate, Chin (including Asho, Mro-Khimi, Mru (including Anok, Tshüngma, Dömrong, Dopteng, and Rümma), Anu, Chho, Cumtu Chin, and Hkongso (including Kasang, Htey, Kamu, Ngan, Gwa, Hteikloeh, Ngai, Rahnam, Kapu, Kasah, Namte, Krawktu, and Namluek)), Kuki (including Vaiphei, Khelma, Halam (including Korbong), Mate, and Simte) Gangte, and Bnei Menashe Christianity
Zulu Niger–CongoBantuNguniZulu KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) Northern Ndebele Christianity
Zuni Zuni language New Mexico (United States) Catholicism, Native American Church

Lists of ethnic groups

by status:
regional lists:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef Language family; with some exceptions, all speakers of the various languages within this family are typically seen as one singular ethnicity.
  2. ^ a b Following the Caucasian War, the majority of Circassians and Abkhazians were deported to Turkey.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Non-contiguous homeland. Throughout most of its history (if not its entire history), this ethnic group has lived in separate, isolated communities scattered throughout the countries/subdivisions listed.
  4. ^ a b c Assamese ethnic group; the vast majority only speak Assamese.
  5. ^ Although Akan is the principal language of the Akan people, the Akan language has only recently been standardized. The majority of Akan people still speak their local dialects, which are usually considered by linguists to be separate languages altogether.
  6. ^ Due to historical migrations, about half of the Akan population reside in Ivory Coast.
  7. ^ Some time around 1860s, many Akha have been migrating to Myanmar, Laos, and Thailand. Today, the majority reside outside of China.
  8. ^ Due to the influence of assimilation into Acehnese culture, most Aneuk Jamee people use Acehnese as their everyday language.
  9. ^ With the exception of Navajo, all Apachean speakers are seen as one ethnicity. However, due to a history of forced assimilation by the American government, the majority can only speak English.
  10. ^ The Argobba have typically been a merchant community and usually trades with other ethnic groups; recently, these factors have resulted in the majority only speaking Amharic or Oromo.
  11. ^ During the Armenian genocide that occurred in the Turkish part of Greater Armenia (usually called Western Armenia), many Armenians fled to Russia, France, and the United States. Today, the majority reside outside of Greater Armenia, and Western Armenia no longer has an openly Armenian population (the Hemshin largely avoid identifying themselves as being Armenian, while the vast majority of people that are openly Armenian in Turkey reside in Istanbul, which is not a part of Western Armenia).
  12. ^ The Aramaic language morphed into the Neo-Aramaic languages around 1200 AD. Whether the majority of the Assyrians are still speaking these languages is unclear, however.
  13. ^ Modern Assyria have seen long periods of violence throughout the region, some of which (such as the Assyrian genocide and the Persecution of Christians by ISIL) have been directed against the Assyrians themselves. This has caused many to flee to places such as the United States and Sweden; it is believed that the majority now reside outside of the Middle East.
  14. ^ Eonavian is variously classified as a dialect group of Galician, a transitional variety between Galician and Asturian, and as a separate linguistic group.
  15. ^ Due to the widespread presence of both Spanish and French, the majority of Basques only have a passive knowledge of their language.
  16. ^ Unlike the rest of the Soviet republics, who were able to maintain their native language despite the de facto Russianization during the Soviet era, the Russian language has largely replaced Belarusian in everyday use.
  17. ^ The Beti and the Fang form the Beti-Pahuin peoples. While the term Beti is sometimes used interchangeably to refer to the Beti-Pahuin people, the Beti ethnicity is specifically limited to Ewondo and Eton speakers.
  18. ^ Due to their historical low status in India, the majority only speak Bengali.
  19. ^ a b c d Due to France's long history of promoting the French language at the expense of others, the vast majority only speak French.
  20. ^ Due to the Expulsion of the Chagossians, there are no Chagossians living on the Chagos Archipelago. The majority of Chagossians now live in the United Kingdom, Mauritius, and Seychelles.
  21. ^ a b c Due to the a long history of forced assimilation by the American government, the vast majority only speak English.
  22. ^ a b c Following the passage of the Indian Removal Act, the Cherokee, the Choctaw, and the Muscogee were all forced to relocate their entire population to Oklahoma.
  23. ^ The last of the Chumashan languages went extinct in 1965 but revival efforts have been ongoing since 2010.
  24. ^ The original Egyptian language, which morphed into the Coptic language around the 1st century AD, died out as a spoken language around the 17th century and is now only used for religious ceremonies. Today, the Egyptians, including the Copts, speak Egyptian Arabic.
  25. ^ a b c d Due to a long history of English dominance within Great Britain, the Celtic languages within the islands have seen steady decline in use, with some of them eventually going extinct. Although all of them have since seen major language revival movements, English continues to be main language for the majority of this group.
  26. ^ a b Due to the a long history of forced assimilation by the Canadian government, the vast majority can only either speak English.
  27. ^ a b c Shtokavian, Chakavian, Kajkavian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slavomolisano are often considered separate languages depending on classification, but Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin are typically considered Shtokavian varieties rather than distinct languages due to high degrees of mutual intelligibility.
  28. ^ a b c d e Largest practiced religion; the majority/plurality of this group are actually non-religious.
  29. ^ Due to their historical low status in India, the majority only speak Gujarati.
  30. ^ Between 1583 and 1997, the English, via being the dominant ethnic group in the United Kingdom, created the largest empire in the world, setting up settler colonies in areas such as what is now the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. Today, the majority of the Anglosphere is outside of the United Kingdom.
  31. ^ a b c This ethnic group is largely a nomadic or semi-nomadic one and do not have a particular area to claim as a primary homeland; these countries are listed here due to having a significant population.
  32. ^ The Gabrieleño language went extinct around 1900, but revival efforts have been ongoing since the 2000s. Most are fluent in English and/or Spanish
  33. ^ Like its speakers, the Garifuna language is the only remnant of the Island Carib language.
  34. ^ Following the Second Carib War, the majority of the Garifuna were deported to Honduras, where they later spread to Guatemala, Belize, and Nicaragua. Since then, Honduras has seen high murder rates, causing many to flee to United States.
  35. ^ Many of the Gelao dialects are mutually unintelligible; they are known to intermarry with other ethnic groups; recently, these factors have resulted in most of the populations speaking only Chinese.
  36. ^ Although a Nakh people, they are heavily assimilated into Georgian society.
  37. ^ Due to their historical low status in India, the majority only speak Hindi.
  38. ^ Górolski is not a distinct language, but rather a group of Lechitic dialects spoken by Gorals that fall into various Lechitic languages.
  39. ^ Since Hawaii's annexation into the United States, English has almost completely supplanted Hawaiian.
  40. ^ Following the suppression of Miao Rebellion of 1854–1873, the majority of the Hmong fled further south to Guangxi, Yunnan, Vietnam, and Laos.
  41. ^ a b Refers specifically to the Kinyarwanda and Kirundi dialects. The other speakers of the dialects within the Rwanda-Rundi continuum are considered to be separate from the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa peoples.
  42. ^ During the Great Famine, many Irish people fled to places like Argentina, Mexico, and the United States. Today, the majority of people claiming Irish ethnicity resides outside of Ireland.
  43. ^ The ResearchGate mirror (archive) contains metadata about the presentation.
  44. ^ Due to a lack of mutual intelligibility with other Japanese varieties, the Kagoshima/Satsugū[8][9][10] and Tsugaru[11][note 43] varieties are considered to be distinct languages from other Japanese varieties within a Japanesic language family by the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology within their Glottolog database.[12][13]
  45. ^ The majority of the Japanese practiced a syncretised form of Shinto and Buddhism called Shinbutsu-shūgō.
  46. ^ Despite the successful revival of the Hebrew language, many Jews continue to speak the various languages that have developed by the diaspora populations, including Yiddish, Ladino, and Judeo-Arabic. In addition, English serves as the lingua franca of Israel.
  47. ^ Though many Jewish languages are not genetically related to each other, they are all known to be ethnolects developed by the Jewish diaspora.
  48. ^ While Jews originate in the Land of Israel, they were primarily a diaspora ethnicity from the late antique period until 1948, with the Jewish identity being claimed mostly by descendants of those that left Israel following the First Jewish–Roman War. Despite some entire Jewish communities migrating back to Israel, Israeli Jews make up only 30-40% of the worldwide Jewish population.
  49. ^ The Wapan language have largely replaced Jukun Takum as the main language.
  50. ^ The indigenous Kalinago language became extinct in the 1920s. However, an offshoot of it known as Garifuna is still spoken today.
  51. ^ Due to both Turkification and the tendency among Georgia-residing Laz to see themselves as being a Georgian subgroup, the majority of Laz either speak Turkish or Georgian.
  52. ^ The Lhoba speak a variety of Sino-Tibetan languages, all of which may or may not be mutually intelligible.
  53. ^ Due to poor soil condition in Madura, the majority now live on Java.
  54. ^ The majority of the Magars have recently switched to Nepali.
  55. ^ a b The majority of the Tungusic languages are endangered, and many Tungusic ethnic groups now mostly speak only Russian or Chinese depending on the location of their homeland.
  56. ^ Although the Māori have been able to halt the extinction of their language, the majority still only speak English fluently.
  57. ^ Due to gradual Hispanicization following the Occupation of Araucanía, the majority of Mapuche can only speak Spanish.
  58. ^ Most Maronites today speak Arabic since a language shift around the 17th century with Syriac in liturgical use, however some Maronites in Jish are reviving Aramaic.
  59. ^ Tutelo went extinct in 1982, leading most Monacans, Saponi, and Occaneechi to speak English. There has been some interest in reviving Tutelo in the 21st century.[15]
  60. ^ The Moriori language went extinct in 1898 but revival efforts have been ongoing since 2001.
  61. ^ a b The Kuki-Chin–Naga language grouping (it is unclear whether the Kuki-Chin–Naga form an actual language family) consists of five to eight branches. Except for Karbi and Meitei, the Kuki-Chin–Naga is divided between the Chin and the Naga. The Mruic and most of the Kuki-Chin speakers are seen as Chin, while speakers of the remaining Kuki-Chin–Naga branches (Ao, Angami–Pochuri, Tangkhulic, and Zeme) and the speakers Northwestern Kuki-Chin are seen as Naga.
  62. ^ Due to a long history of forced assimilation by both American and Canadian governments, the vast majority can only speak English.
  63. ^ Though many Para-Romani languages are not genetically related to each other beyond having a Romani substrate, they are all known to be ethnolects developed by the Romani diaspora.
  64. ^ The Rusyn identity is mostly limited to those residing outside of Carpathian Ruthenia. Within Carpathian Ruthenia itself (especially in the Ukrainian region), the majority of its residents identify themselves as being Ukrainian.
  65. ^ All Ryukyuan speakers are seen as one ethnicity; however, due to a history of forced assimilation by the Japanese government, the majority can only speak Japanese.
  66. ^ The Siddi now speak the dominant language of their region.
  67. ^