The following is a list of contemporary ethnic groups. There has been constant debate over the classification of ethnic groups. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be associated with shared ancestry, history, homeland, language or dialect and cultural heritage; where the term "culture" specifically includes aspects such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing (clothing) style and other factors.

By the nature of the concept, ethnic groups tend to be divided into subgroups, which may themselves be or not be identified as independent ethnic groups depending on the source consulted.

Ethnic groups

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (April 2022)

See also: List of languages by number of native speakers

The following groups are commonly identified as "ethnic groups", as opposed to ethno-linguistic phyla, national groups, racial groups or similar.

Ethnicity Language & Origin Primary homeland Subgroups, tribes & castes Majority (plurality) religion and sect
Abazins Northwest CaucasianAbazgiAbaza Abazinia (Russia) Significant populations in Turkey, Egypt and Ukraine Islam → Sunni Islam
Abkhazians Northwest CaucasianAbazgiAbkhaz Abkhazia (Georgia) [note 1] Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy, Islam → Sunni Islam
Acehnese AustronesianChamicAcehnese Aceh (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Acholi Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoAcholi Acholiland (Uganda, South Sudan) Christianity
Adjoukrou Niger–CongoKwaAdjukru Dabou (Ivory Coast) Christianity
Afar AfroasiaticCushiticAfar Afaria (Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea) Islam
Afemai Niger–CongoEdoidAfenmai Edo State (Nigeria) Christianity
African-Americans Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Louisiana Creole, Gullah United States Gullah, Creoles of color, Black Seminoles Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism
Afrikaners Indo-EuropeanGermanicAfrikaans South Africa Boers Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism
Afro-Caribbean Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishEnglish Creole, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCaribbean Spanish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchFrench Creole, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchSurinamese Dutch, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguesePapiamento, Niger–CongoYoruba, Niger–CongoIgbo Caribbean Afro-Antiguan and Barbudan, Afro-Aruban, Afro-Bahamian, Afro-Barbadian, Afro-Bermudian, Afro-Colombians, Afro-Costa Ricans, Afro-Cuban, Afro-Curaçaoans, Afro-Dominican (Dominica), Afro-Dominican (Dominican Republic), Afro-Grenadian, Afro-Guatemalan, Afro-Guyanese, Afro-Haitians, Afro-Hondurans, Afro-Jamaican, Afro-Kittian and Nevisian, Afro-Mexicans, Afro-Nicaraguan, Afro-Panamanian, Afro-Puerto Ricans, Afro-Saint Lucian, Afro-Salvadoran, Afro-Surinamese, Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians, Afro-Venezuelan, Afro-Vincentian, Christianity, Islam, Rastafari, Obeah, Santería, Orisha, Trinidad Orisha, Yoruba, Vodou, Traditional African religion, Afro-American religion, Baháʼí
Agaw AfroasiaticCushiticAgaw[note 2] Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea)[note 3] Bilen, Ximre, Awi, Qemant Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Ahom Kra–DaiTaiAhom[note 4] Assam (India) Hinduism
Aimaq Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianAimaq Afghanistan Aimaq Hazara, Firozkohi, Jamshidi, Kipchak, Timuri, Taymani Islam → Sunni Islam
Ainus Ainu languages[note 2] Hokkaido, Tōhoku region (Japan), Sakhalin, Kamchatka Peninsula, Khabarovsk Krai (Russia), Kuril Islands (Russia or Japan) Hokkaido Ainu, Tokyo Ainu, Sakhalin Ainu AnimismAinu folk religion, Buddhism → Nichiren Shōshū, Shinto, Christianity → Eastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Aja Niger–CongoKwaGbeAdja Benin, Togo Traditional African religions
Akan Niger–CongoKwaCentral Tano,[note 2][note 5] Niger–CongoKwaAvikamAlladian,[note 2] Niger–CongoKwaAvatime, Niger–CongoKwaAbé, Niger–CongoKwaAbidji, Niger–CongoKwaAttié, Niger–CongoKwaM'Bato, Niger–CongoKwaAbure Gold Coast (Ghana)[note 6] Twi (including Ashanti and Akuapem), Fante, Abbé, Abidji, Ahafo, Ahanta, Akwamu, Akyem, Anyi, Aowin, Assin, Attie, Avatime, Avikam, Baoulé, Brong, Chakosi, Evalue, M'Bato, Nzema, Sefwi, Tchaman, Wasa, Abure, Alladian Christianity
Akha Sino-TibetanLoloishHaniAkha Yunnan (Pu'er and Xishuangbanna)[note 7] Akeu Animism
Alawites Afro-AsiaticSemiticArabicLevantine Arabic Syria, Lebanon IslamAlawite
Albanians Indo-EuropeanPaleo-BalkanAlbanian[note 2] Albania, Kosovo, Ilirida (North Macedonia), Chameria (Greece), Preševo Valley (Serbia) Ghegs (including Arbanasi and Kosovars), Tosks (including Arbëreshë, Cham Albanians, Arvanites), along with significant populations in Turkey, Egypt, Syria, France, the United Kingdom Italy, Spain, Germany, the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Nordic countries, Switzerland, Greece (including Western Thrace), Ukraine, Romania, Hungary, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Australia, Canada, and the United States Islam and Christianity
Aleuts Eskimo-AleutAleut Aleutian Islands (United States) ChristianityOrthodox Christianity
Altaians TurkicKipchakSouthern Altai, TurkicSiberian TurkicNorthern Altai Altai Republic and Altai Krai (Russia), Altai Mountains (Mongolia), Altay Prefecture (China) Altai faith
Alur Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoAlur West Nile sub-region (Uganda), Ituri (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity
Ambonese AustronesianMalayicMalayAmbonese Malay Ambon Island (Indonesia) Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism
Ambundu Niger–CongoBantuKimbundu Angola Christianity, Traditional African religions
Americo-Liberians Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishMerico, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishLiberian Kreyol
Amhara AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicAmharic Amharia (Ethiopia) Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Amis AustronesianFormosanAmis Taiwan (Taitung and Hualien Counties) Animism, Christianity
Anaang Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio-EfikAnaang Akwa Ibom State (Nigeria) Christianity
Andalusians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishAndalusian Spanish Andalusia ChristianityCatholicism
Aneuk Jamee AustronesianMalayicMinangkabauAneuk Jamee[note 8] Aceh (Indonesia)
Anuak Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoAnuak Anuakia (Ethiopia), Boma (South Sudan) Christianity
Apache Dené–YeniseianNa-DeneApachean[note 9] Apacheria (United States) Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains Apache, Western Apache Native American religionNative American Church
Appalachians Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishAppalachian English Appalachia (United States) ChristianityProtestantismBaptist
Arabs AfroasiaticSemiticArabic[note 2] Arabian peninsula, Syrian Desert and West Asia[note 10] Bedouins, Shirazis (including Zanzibaris, Comorians and Maores), Baggara, Arab-Berbers (including Algerians, Libyans, Mauritanians, Moroccans, Sahrawis and Tunisians), Bahrainis, Sudanese, Egyptians, Iraqis (including Marsh Arabs), Palestinians, Lebanese, Kuwaitis, Omanis (including Dhofaris), Qataris, Saudis (including Rashaida, Hejazis, and Najdis), Syrians, Jordanians, Emiratis, Yemenis (including Hadhrami, Taʽizzi-Adenis, Akhdam, Sanʽani, and Tihami), along with significant populations in Brazil, Indonesia, Iran, Turkey, Pakistan (including Mugheri), Venezuela, Afghanistan, and the United States Islam
Arapaho AlgicAlgonquianArapahoanArapaho Colorado, Wyoming (United States) Christianity, Native American Church
Aragonese Indo-EuropeanRomanceAragonese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish Aragon (Spain) ChristianityCatholicism
Argobba AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicArgobba[note 11] Ethiopia (Afar, Harari, Amhara, and Oromia Regions)[note 3] Islam → Sunni Islam
Armenians Indo-EuropeanArmenian[note 2] Greater Armenia (Armenia, Republic of Artsakh, Turkey)[note 12] Turkish Armenians (including Armenians in Istanbul, Hemshin and Hidden Armenians), Cherkesogai, Armeno-Tats, Hayhurum Karabakhis, along with significant populations in Russia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Serbia, Poland, Greece, Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Ukraine (including Crimea), Cyprus, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, France, Spain, the United Kingdom Sweden, Switzerland, Italy, Malta, Georgia (including Samtskhe–Javakheti, Abkhazia, and Tbilisi), Azerbaijan, (including Baku), Egypt, Lebanon, Pakistan, Iran, Qatar, Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, Israel, Jordan, Ethiopia, China, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Singapore, Australia, Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Aromanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceAromanian Balkans (Greece, Albania, North Macedonia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania)[note 3] Significant populations in Greece, Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, and North Macedonia, along with diaspora populations Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Arrernte Pama-NyunganArandicArrernte Arrernte Land (Australia) Alcheringa
Assyrians AfroasiaticSemiticNeo-Aramaic[note 13] Assyria (Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey)[note 14] Iraqi Assyrians, Turkish Assyrians, Syrian Assyrians and Iranian Assyrians. Groupings include Chaldean Assyrians from Nineveh and Bohtan, Syriac Assyrians from Tur Abdin, Hakkari and Urmia tribes including; Tyari, Jilu, Baz, Tkhuma, Nochiya. Majority in diaspora Christianity → Syriac Christianity
Asturians Indo-EuropeanRomanceAsturleoneseAsturian, Indo-EuropeanRomanceGalician and AsturleoneseEonavian[note 15] Asturias ChristianityCatholicism
Atayals AustronesianFormosanAtayal Taiwan Animism, Christianity
Atoni AustronesianTimoricUab Meto West Timor (Indonesia), Oecusse (East Timor) Amarasi Christianity
Atyap Niger–CongoPlateauAtyap Kaduna State (Nigeria) Christianity
Austrians Indo-EuropeanGermanicBavarian Austria, South Tyrol Significant populations in United States, Canada, and Australia Christianity → Catholicism
Avars Northeast CaucasianAvar Dagestan (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Awadhis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniAwadhi Awadh (India) Barhai Hinduism
Aymara AymaranAymara Bolivia, Peru, Chile Mestizos such as Bolivians Christianity → Catholicism
Azerbaijanis TurkicOghuzAzeri Azerbaijan, Iranian Azerbaijan (Iran) Ayrums, Bayat, Karadaghis, Qajars, Küresünni, Padar, Qarapapaqs, Shahsevan, Terekeme, Yeraz, Afshar, Iranian Azeris, along with significant populations in Georgia and Russia Islam → Shia Islam
Bahnar AustroasiaticBahnar Central Highlands, Vietnam Animism
Bai Sino-TibetanBai Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture (China) Buddhism
Bakossi Niger–CongoBantuAkoose Bakossi Mountains (Cameroon) Christianity → Catholicism
Balanta Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianBalanta[note 2] Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, The Gambia Traditional African religions
Balinese AustronesianBalinese Bali (Indonesia) Bali Aga Hinduism → Balinese Hinduism
Balkars TurkicKipchakBalkar Kabardino-Balkaria (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Balochs Indo-EuropeanIranianBalochi Balochistan (Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan) Askani, Bajkani, Bangulzai, Barazani, Bhurgari, Bugti, Buledi, Chandio, Darzada, Dehwar, Dodai, Dombki, Gabol, Ghazini, Jamali, Jatoi, Kalmati, Khetran, Kunara, Langhani, Lango, Lashkrani, Loharani, Lund, Marri, Mazari, Mengal, Mirali, Mugheri, Muhammad Shahi, Mullazai, Nothazai, Pitafi, Qaisrani, Rind, Sadozai, Sethwi, Shaikhzadah, Talpur, Tauki, Umrani, Yarahmadzai, Zardari, Makrani, along with significant populations in the United Arab Emirates (including Al Balushi) and Turkmenistan Islam → Sunni Islam
Balti Sino-TibetanTibeticBalti Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) Islam → Shia Islam
Bamars Sino-TibetanBurmese Myanmar Taungyo, Yaw, Intha, Danu, Anglo-Burmese Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Bambara Niger–CongoMandeMandingBambara Mali Haratin Islam
Bamileke Niger–CongoGrassfieldsBamileke[note 2] Cameroon (West and Northwest regions) Mengaka, Ngiemboon, Ngombale, Ngomba, Ngwe, Yemba, Fe'fe', Ghomala', Kwaʼ, Nda’nda', Medumba Christianity
Bamum Niger–CongoGrassfieldsBamum West Region (Cameroon) Islam
Banda Niger–CongoUbangianBanda[note 2] Central African Republic, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo Central Banda, South Banda, West Banda Christianity
Banjarese AustronesianMalayicMalayBanjarese South Kalimantan (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Bari Nilo-SaharanNiloticBari Central Equatoria (South Sudan), Uganda Pojulu, Kakwa, Nyangwara, Mandari, Kuku Christianity
Bariba Niger–CongoGurBariba Borgu (Benin, Nigeria) Islam
Bashkirs TurkicKipchakBashkir Bashkortostan (Russia) Islam
Basques Basque[note 16] Basque Country (Spain, France) Navarreans, Northern Basques, along with significant populations in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Venezuela, and Uruguay Christianity → Catholicism
Bassa Niger–CongoKruBassa Bassaland (Liberia) Christianity → ProtestantismAnglicanism
Batak AustronesianNorthwest Sumatra–Barrier IslandsBatak[note 2] North Sumatra (Indonesia) Angkola, Karo, Mandailing, Pakpak, Simalungun, Toba, Alas, Kluet, Singkil Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Beja AfroasiaticCushiticBeja Sudan, Egypt, Eritrea Bishari, Ababda, Hadendoa, Hedareb, Amarar, Beni-Amer Islam → Sunni Islam
Belarusians Indo-EuropeanSlavicBelarusian[note 17] Belarus Significant populations in the United States, Ukraine, and Russia Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Belizean Creoles Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishBelizean Creole Belize ChristianityProtestantism
Bemba Niger–CongoBantuBemba Zambia (Northern, Luapula, and Copperbelt Provinces), Katanga Province (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity → Protestantism
Bembe Niger–CongoBantuBembe Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania Christianity
Bena Niger–CongoBantuBena Njombe Region (Tanzania)
Bengalis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBengali Bengal (Bangladesh, India) Bengali Muslims, Bengali Hindus, Bangladeshis, along with the Bengali Hindu diaspora, (British Bangladeshis, Middle Eastern Bangladeshis, Malaysian Bangladeshis, Bangladeshi Canadians, Italo-Bangladeshis, Polish Bangladeshis, Bangladeshi New Zealanders, Bangladeshi Australians, Maldivian Bangladeshis, Japanese Bangladeshis, Bengali Americans and Bangladeshi Americans), Bangals, Ghotis, Dhakaiyas Islam → Sunni Islam, Hinduism
Berbers AfroasiaticBerber,[note 2] AfroasiaticSemeticArabic[note 2] Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya) Brabers, Chaouis, Kabyle, Sahrawi, Chenouas, Ghomaras, Hawwara, Jerbis, Matmatas, Mozabite, Nafusis, Rifian, Sanhaja de Srair, Shilha, Siwi, Tuaregs, Awjila, Arab-Berbers (including Algerians, Libyans, Moroccans, Sahrawis, Mauritanians, and Tunisians), along with significant populations in France, Belgium, and the Netherlands Islam → Sunni Islam
Berom Niger–CongoPlateauBerom Plateau State (Nigeria) Christianity
Berta Nilo-SaharanBerta Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia), South Sudan Islam
Betawis AustronesianMalayicMalayBetawian Jakarta (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Beti Niger–CongoBantuBeti[note 18] Cameroon Ewondo, Eton Christianity
Bezhta Northeast CaucasianTsezicBezhta Tsuntinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Bhils Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBhil[note 2] India (Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra) Barda, Bhagalia, Bhilala, Bhil Gametia, Bhil Garasia, Bhil Kataria, Bhil Mama, Bhil Mavchi, Dholi Bhil, Dungri Bhil, Damor, Dungri Garasia, Mewasi Bhil, Nirdhi Bhil, Rawal Bhil, Tadvi Bhil, Vasava, Bhil Meena, Chaudhri Hinduism
Bhojpuris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariBhojpuri India, Nepal Paswan, Thakur, Teli Hinduism
Bhumijs AustroasiaticMundaBhumij[note 19] India (West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand) Sarnaism
Bicolanos AustronesianPhilippineBikol[note 2] Bicol Region (Philippines) Central Bikol, Sorsoganons, Catandunganons, Rinconada, Albayanon Christianity → Catholicism
Bidayuh AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianLand Dayak[note 2] Sarawak (Malaysia) Kendayan, Selako, Bakatiʼ, Sara Bakati', Laraʼ, Bukar –Sadong, Biatah, Tringgus, Jagoi, Jangkang, Kembayan, Semandang, Ribun, Nyaduʼ, Sanggau Christianity
Bilala Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicNaba Lake Fitri (Chad) Islam
Bishnupriya Manipuris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBishnupriya Manipuri Manipur (India), Bangladesh Hinduism
Bissa Niger–CongoMandeBissa Burkina Faso Islam
Blaan AustronesianPhilippineBlaan Soccsksargen (Philippines) Anitism
Blackfoot AlgicAlgonquianBlackfoot Alberta (Canada), Montana (United States) Kainai Nation, Piegan Blackfeet, Piikani Nation, Siksika Nation Native American Church, Christianity
Boa Niger–CongoBantuBoa Bas-Uélé (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity
Bodo Sino-TibetanSalBodo Bodoland (India) Mech, Kachari Bathouism, Hinduism
Bondei Niger–CongoBantuSuetaBondei Pangani District (Tanzania)
Bosniaks Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-CroatianBosnian Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sandžak (Serbia, Montenegro) Significant populations in Serbia, Turkey, Austria, Germany and the United States Islam → Sunni Islam
Bouyei Kra–DaiTaiBouyei Guizhou (China) Giáy Moism
Bozo Niger–CongoMandeBozo Mali Islam
Brahuis DravidianBrahui Balochistan (Pakistan) Raisani, Jhalawan, Sarawan, Mengal (including Zagar and Zakria Zae), Sasoli Islam → Sunni IslamHanafi
Bretons Indo-EuropeanCelticBreton[note 20] Brittany (France) Significant populations in Canada and the United States Christianity → Catholicism
Bru AustroasiaticKatuicBru Savannakhet province (Laos), Vietnam (Quảng Bình and Quảng Trị provinces) Animism
Bubi Niger–CongoBantuBube Bioko (Equatorial Guinea) Christianity → Catholicism
Budu Niger–CongoBantuBudu Wamba Territory (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity
Buduma AfroasiaticChadicYedina Lake Chad (Chad, Nigeria, Cameroon) Islam
Buginese AustronesianSouth SulawesiBuginese South Sulawesi (Indonesia) Islam
Bulgarians Indo-EuropeanSlavicBulgarian, FrancosignBulgarian Sign Bulgaria Pomaks, Paulicians, Macedonian Bulgarians, along with significant populations in Turkey, Ukraine and Moldova, Romania and Serbia, Croatia, Germany, Spain, and the United States Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Burghers Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSinhala, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseSri Lankan Portuguese Creole Sri Lanka Dutch Burghers, Portuguese Burghers Christianity
Burushos Burushaski Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) Islam → Shia IslamIsma'ilism
Butonese AustronesianCelebicButonese[note 2] Buton (Indonesia) Islam
Bwa Niger–CongoGurBwa[note 2] Burkina Faso, Mali Traditional African religions
Canary Islanders Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCanarian Spanish, Silbo Gomero Canary Islands (Spain) Islenos ChristianityCatholicism
Cape Verdeans Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseCape Verdean Creole Cabo Verde ChristianityCatholicism
Carolinians AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianCarolinian Northern Mariana Islands (United States) ChristianityCatholicism
Catalans Indo-EuropeanRomanceCatalan Catalan Countries (Spain, France) Valencians, Balearics, Andorrans Christianity → Catholicism
Chaga Niger–CongoBantuChaga[note 2] Tanzania Christianity, Islam, Traditional African religions
Chagossians Indo-EuropeanBourbonnais CreoleChagossian Creole Chagos Archipelago[note 21]
Chakmas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanChakma Chittagong Hill Tracts (Bangladesh) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Chamorro AustronesianChamorro Mariana Islands (United States) Christianity → Catholicism
Chams AustronesianChamicCham[note 2] Champa (Cambodia, Vietnam) Islam → Sunni Islam
Chechens Northeast CaucasianNakhChechen Chechnya (Russia) Kists Islam → Sunni Islam
Cherokee Iroquoian → Southern Iroquoian → Cherokee[note 22] United States (North Carolina, Tennessee)[note 23] Cherokee Nation, Eastern Band, United Keetoowah Band Christianity
Chewa Niger–CongoBantuChewa Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique Christianity
Cheyennes AlgicAlgonquianCheyenne, Plains Indian Sign Language United States (Montana, Oklahoma) Native American religion, Native American Church, Christianity
Choctaw MuskogeanChoctaw[note 22] United States (Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana)[note 23] Christianity
Chokwe Niger–CongoBantuChokwe Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia Christianity
Chukchis Chukotko-KamchatkanChukchi Chukchia Chuvans Christianity → Eastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Chutiya Sino-TibetanSalDeori[note 4] Assam (India) Deori Hinduism
Chuukese AustronesianMicronesianChuukese Chuuk Lagoon (Federated States of Micronesia) Christianity → Catholicism
Chuvash TurkicOghurChuvash Chuvashia (Russia) Virjal, Anatri Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Circassians Northwest CaucasianCircassian[note 2] Circassia (Russia)[note 1] Abzakhs, Adygeans, Besleneys, Bzhedugs, Chemirgoys, Cherkess, Kabardians, Natukhajs, Shapsugs, Ubykhs Islam → Sunni Islam
Comanche Uto-AztecanNumicComanche, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Comancheria (United States) Native American Church, Christianity
Copts AfroasiaticCoptic[note 24] Egypt Sudan and Libya along with the Coptic diaspora Christianity → Coptic Orthodoxy
Cornish Indo-EuropeanCelticCornish,[note 25] BANZSLBritish Sign Cornwall (United Kingdom) Significant populations in the United States and Australia Christianity
Corsicans Indo-EuropeanRomanceCorsican[note 20] Corsica (France) Christianity → Catholicism
Cree AlgicAlgonquianCree[note 26] Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador) Innu, Naskapi, Atikamekw, James Bay Cree, Moose Cree, Swampy Cree, Woods Cree, Plains Cree, Oji-Cree Christianity
Croats Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-CroatianCroatian / Slavomolisano Croatia, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegovina) Bunjevci, Krashovani, Janjevci, Šokci, Bosnian Croats, along with significant populations in Italy (including Molise Croats), Austria, United States, Chile, Argentina, Germany, Australia and Canada Christianity → Catholicism
Crow SiouanWestern SiouanCrow Montana (United States) Christianity, Crow religion
Czechs Indo-EuropeanSlavicCzech Czech Republic Bohemians, Moravians, along with significant populations in United States and Canada Christianity → Catholicism[note 27]
Dagaaba Niger–CongoGurDagaare Ghana, Burkina Faso Christianity
Dagombas Niger–CongoGurDagbani Kingdom of Dagbon (Ghana) Islam → Sunni Islam
Damara KhoeKhoekhoe Damaraland (Namibia) Christianity
Danes Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordic → Danish Denmark Significant populations in the United States, Canada, Greenland, and Germany. Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Dargins Northeast CaucasianDargwa Dagestan (Russia) Kaitag, Kubachi, Itsari, Chirag Islam
Deccani Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniDeccani Deccan (South-Central India) Hyderabadi Islam
Dinka Nilo-SaharanNiloticDinka South Sudan Christianity
Dogon Niger–CongoDogon[note 2] Bandiagara Escarpment (Mali) Ampari Dogon Traditional African religions
Dogras Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDogri Jammu Division (India) Hinduism
Druze Afro-Asiastic → Semitic languagesArabicLevantine Arabic Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Israel) Druzism
Dubla Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBhilDubli[note 28] Gujarat (India) Hinduism
Dutch Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutch, Indo-EuropeanGermanicZeelandic, Indo-EuropeanGermanicAfrikaans, Indo-EuropeanGermanicGronings Netherlands Groningers, Mennonites (including Russian Mennonites), Zeeuws, Limburgers, and numerous colonial descendants such as Arubans, Bonairians, Curaçaoans, Sabans, St. Maarteners, St. Eustatians, Indos, Cape Coloureds, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand Christianity[note 27]
Dyula Niger–CongoMandeMandingDyula Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali Islam → Sunni Islam
Ebira Niger–CongoNupoidEbira Kogi State (Nigeria) Islam
Edo Niger–CongoEdoidEdo Edo State (Nigeria) Ika, Emai Christianity
Efik Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio-EfikEfik Cross River State (Nigeria) Christianity
Ekoi Niger–CongoBantoidJagham Nigeria, Cameroon Christianity
Emberá ChocoEmberá languages[note 2] Chocó Department (Colombia), Panama (Darién, Emberá) Shamanism
English Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, BANZSLBritish Sign England (United Kingdom)[note 29] Numerous colonial descendants include Americans, Canadians, Australians, New Zealanders, English South Africans, and significant populations in Commonwealth Caribbean, Saint Helena, Botswana, Kenya, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Pakistan, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Christianity → ProtestantismAnglicanism
Esan Niger–CongoEdoidEsan Esanland (Nigeria) Christianity
Estonians UralicFinnicEstonian, UralicFinnicSouth Estonian Estonia, Setomaa Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism[note 27]
Evenks Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Evenki Russia, China Shamanism
Evens Tungusic → Northern Tungusic → Even Kamchatka Krai, Magadan Oblast, Sakha (Russia) Shamanism
Ewe Niger–CongoKwaGbeEwe Togo, Ghana Anlo Ewe, Waci Christianity
Fang Niger–CongoBantuBetiFang Río Muni (Equatorial Guinea), Gabon Christianity
Faroese Faroe Islands Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicFaroese Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Fijians AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianFijian Fiji Fijian Americans, Fijian Australians, Fijian British Christianity → ProtestantismMethodism
Finns UralicFinnicFinnish, UralicFinnicFinnishMeänkieli, UralicFinnicFinnishKven Finland Kvens, Forest Finns, Tornedalians, Ingrian Finns (including Siberian Finns), Savonians, Tavastians, Ostrobothnians, Finnish Karelians, and Murmansk Finns, along with significant populations in Sweden, Switzerland, Australia, United States (including Findians), Argentina, and Canada (including Findians). Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Fipa Niger–CongoBantu (Zone M) → Fipa, Niger–CongoBantuMambwe-Lungu Rukwa Region, Tanzania (Sumbawanga Rural District, Nkasi District) Christianity → Catholicism
Flemings Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchFlemish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicWest Flemish, Indo-EuropeanGermanicZeelandic, Francosign → Belgian Sign → Flemish Sign Flanders (Belgium), French Flanders, Zeelandic Flanders Christianity → Catholicism
Fon Niger–CongoKwaGbeFon Dahomey (Benin) Egun Christianity → Catholicism
French Indo-EuropeanRomanceLangues d'oïl,[note 2] Indo-EuropeanRomanceArpitan, Indo-European languagesRomanceFaetar, FrancosignFrench Sign, FrancosignSwiss-French Sign, Francosign → Belgian Sign → French Belgian Sign France, Romandy (Switzerland), Aosta Valley (Italy) Arpitans (including Faetani and Cellese), Burgundians, Champenois, Comtois, Gallo, Lorrainers, Normans (including Channel Islanders such as Jèrriais, Guernésiais, and Sercquiais), Picards, Poitevins (including Saintongeais), Barthélemoise, Saint-Martinois, French Guianese, Caldoche, Réunionese (including Zoreilles), Huguenots (including Huguenots in South Africa), Saint-Pierrais, along with numerous colonial descendants such as Pieds-Noirs, French Canadians (including Quebecers, Acadians, Franco-Ontarians, Franco-Manitobans, Franco-Newfoundlanders, Franco-Ténois, Franco-Albertans, Franco-Yukonnais, Franco-Columbians, Muskrat French, Fransaskois, and Brayons), French Haitians, French Malagasy, Franco-Mauritians, and Franco-Seychellois Christianity → Catholicism
Frisians Indo-EuropeanGermanicFrisian languages,[note 2] Indo-EuropeanGermanicEast Frisian Low Saxon, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchWest Frisian Dutch Frisia (Netherlands, Germany, historically Denmark) Westlauwers Frisians (including Terschelling Frisians, Schiermonnikoog Frisians, and Hindeloopen Frisians), East Frisians, North Frisians, Saterland Frisians, with significant populations in the United States Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism, Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Friulians Indo-EuropeanRomanceFriulian Friuli (Italy) Christianity → Catholicism
Fula Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianFula West Africa (Guinea, Senegal, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger, Burkina Faso, Benin, Chad)[note 30] Wodaabe, Haratin, Fula Jalon, Fulakunda, Maasina Fulfulde Islam
Fur Nilo-SaharanFur Darfur (Sudan) Islam → Sunni Islam
Fuyu Kyrgyz TurkicSiberian TurkicFuyu Kyrgyz Fuyu County (Qiqihar, Heilongjiang, China)
Ga-Adangbe Niger–CongoKwaGa–Dangme[note 2] Greater Accra (Ghana) Ga, Adangbe Christianity
Gabrieleños Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish, Uto-AztecanTakicGabrieleño[note 31] Native American religion, Christianity
Gagauz TurkicOghuzGagauz Gagauzia (Moldova), Budjak (Ukraine) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Galicians Indo-EuropeanRomanceGalician Galicia (Spain) Christianity → Catholicism
Gamilaraay Pama-NyunganWiradhuricGamilaraay New South Wales, Queensland (Australia) Alcheringa
Ganda Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesLuganda Buganda (Uganda) Abayudaya Christianity
Garhwalis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGarhwali Uttarakhand (India) Hinduism
Garifuna ArawakanTa-ArawakanGarifuna[note 32] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[note 33] Christianity → Catholicism
Garos Sino-TibetanSalGaro Garo Hills (India) Christianity
Gayonese AustronesianNorthwest Sumatra–Barrier IslandsGayo Indonesia (Bener Meriah, Central Aceh, and Gayo Lues Regencies) Islam
Gbagyi Niger–CongoNupoidGwari Nigeria Traditional African religions
Gbaya Niger–CongoUbangianGbaya[note 2] Central African Republic, Cameroon Bokoto, Kàrà, Buli (including Toongo), Ali, Mandja, Gbaya-Bossangoa, Bozom, Mbodomo, Gbanu, Bangandu Islam
Gedeo AfroasiaticCushiticGedeo Gedeo Zone (Ethiopia) Christianity → ProtestantismP'ent'ay
Gelao Kra–DaiKraGelao[note 2][note 34] Guizhou (China) Taoism, Buddhism
Georgians Kartvelian languages,[note 2] Northeast CaucasianNakhBats Georgia Adjarians, Mingrelians, Svans, Tushetians, Meskhetians, Bats[note 35] Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Germans Indo-EuropeanGermanicHigh German languages,[note 2] Indo-EuropeanGermanicLow German[note 2] Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Liechtenstein, Eastern Belgium, South Tyrol Bavarians, Franconians, Hessians, Hunsriks, Upper Saxons, Lower Saxons, Swabians (including Danube Swabians), Rhinelanders (including Colognians), Alsatians, Deutschschweizer, Liechtensteiners, Pomeranians, Volga Germans, Baltic Germans, Silesian Germans, Carpathian Germans, North Schleswig Germans, Eastern Belgians, Transylvanian Saxons, Amish (including Pennsylvania Dutch), Hutterites, Mennonites (including Russian Mennonites), Walsers, Bukovina Germans, along with significant populations in the United States (including German Texans), Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Canada, Chile, Kazakhstan, Australia, and New Zealand. Christianity
Gogo Niger–CongoBantuGogo Dodoma Region, Tanzania
Gilaks Indo-EuropeanIranianGilaki Gilan, Iran Islam → Twelver Shi’ism
Gola Niger–CongoGola Liberia, Sierra Leone Islam
Gonds DravidianGondi[note 36] Gondwana (India) Godha, Madia Gonds, Muria, Koya Hinduism
Gorani Indo-EuropeanSlavicGorani Gora (Kosovo, Albania, North Macedonia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Gorals Indo-EuropeanSlavicLechiticGórolski Southern Poland, northern Slovakia, Cieszyn Silesia (Poland, Czech Republic) Silesian Gorals Christianity → Catholicism, Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Gorontalo AustronesianPhilippineGorontaloan Gorontalo (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Greeks Indo-EuropeanHellenic,[note 2] TurkicKipchakUrum, Indo-EuropeanRomanceAromanian, Indo-EuropeanRomanceMegleno-Romanian, Indo-EuropeanAlbanianArvanitika, FrancosignFrench Sign and American SignGreek Sign Greece, Cyprus Greek Cypriots, Pontic Greeks, Cappadocian Greeks, Sarakatsani, Urums, Griko, Macedonian Greeks, Anatolian Greeks, Tsakonians, Antiochian Greeks and also sizeable populations of Arvanites, Aromanians and Megleno-Romanians who identify as ethnic Greeks, along with a significant diaspora in Albania (including Northern Epirotes), Turkey, Ukraine, Georgia, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, and Canada Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Guajajara TupianTenetehara Maranhao (Brazil) Shamanism
Guan Niger–CongoKwaGuang[note 2] Ghana (Brong-Ahafo and Volta Regions) Gonja, Kyode, Cherepon, Efutu, Anyanga, Larteh, Chumburung, Krache, Anum-Boso Christianity
Guaraní TupianGuarani Paraguay, Misiones (Argentina), Bolivia Chiriguanos, along with Mestizos such as Paraguayans Christianity → Catholicism
Gujarati Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujarati Gujarat (India) Koli, Bharwad, Khoja, Patidar, Sunni Bohra, Lohana, Vagri, Kharva, Charan, Baria, Momna, Ghanchi, Shenva, Bhambi Khalpa, Zarabes, Bhoi, Luso-Indians, Gujarati Americans Hinduism, Islam
Gujjar / Gurjar Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujari Primarily Pakistan & India, also Afghanistan at smaller numbers Khatana, Solanki, Parihar, Tanwar, Parmar, chandel, Chauhan, Bhadana, Bhatti, Kohli, Tomar, Panwar, Pawar, Bainsla, Bagri, Hans, etc. Islam, Hinduism
Gumuz Nilo-SaharanGumuz Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia) Traditional African religion
Gurage AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicGurage[note 2] Guragia (Ethiopia) Kistane, Zay, Inor, Mesqan, Sebat Bet (including Chaha and Muher) Christianity
Gurma Niger–CongoGurGourmanché Gurmaland (Burkina Faso, Ghana) Ntcham, Bimoba Islam
Gurungs Sino-TibetanGurung Nepal, Sikkim (India), West Bengal (India) Ghale, Gurung Hinduism, Buddhism
Gurunsi Niger–CongoGurGurunsi[note 2] Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo Lukpa, Kabye, Tem, Lamba, Delo, Bago-Kusuntu, Chala, Lyélé, Nuna, Kalamsé, Pana, Kassena, Winye, Deg, Puguli, Paasaal, Sisaala, Chakali, Siti, Tamprusi, Vagla Traditional African religions
Ha Niger–CongoBantuHa Kigoma Region (Tanzania) Animism
Hadiya AfroasiaticCushiticHadiyya Hadiya (Ethiopia) Islam
Han Chinese Sino-TibetanSiniticChinese languages,[note 2] CSLic languages,[note 2] JSLicTaiwan Sign Mainland China, Macau (China), Hong Kong (China), Taiwan, Singapore, Kokang Subei, Cantonese (including Taishanese, Hongkongers, Tankas, and Chuanqing) Hui, Fujianese (including Fuzhounese, Hoklo, Hui'an maidens, Putianese, and Teochew), Gaoshan Han, Gan, Hakka (including Ngái), Hebei, Hunanese, Jianghuai, Shandong, Sichuanese, Wu (including Shanghainese, Ningbonese, and Wenzhou), Han Taiwanese, Sino-Singaporeans, along with significant populations in the United States, Malaysia (including Peranakan), Thailand, Indonesia, Myanmar, Canada, the Philippines (including Sangleys), Peru, Australia, Vietnam, Japan, Russia, France (including Chinois), the United Kingdom, South Africa, Italy, Germany, Korea, Spain, India, Laos, Brazil, the Netherlands, Panama, Venezuela and New Zealand Chinese folk religion, Buddhism, Taoism, no religion (see also Religion in China and Religion in Taiwan)
Hangaza Niger–CongoBantuHangaza Kagera Region, Tanzania
Hani Sino-TibetanLoloishHani Yunnan (China) Animism
Harari AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicHarari Hararia (Ethiopia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Hausa AfroasiaticChadicHausa Hausaland (Niger, Nigeria, Ghana) Islam → Sunni Islam
Hawaiians AustronesianPolynesianHawaiian[note 37] Hawaii (United States) Christianity
Haya Niger–CongoBantuHaya Kagera Region, Tanzania Christianity, Ruhanga
Hazaras Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianHazaragi Hazarajat (Afghanistan) Aimaq Hazara, Hazara Australians Islam → Twelver Shi’ism
Hehe Niger–CongoBantuHehe Iringa Region, Tanzania
Herero Niger–CongoBantuHerero Hereroland (Namibia), Angola OvaHimba, Ovambanderu Christianity
Hinukh Northeast CaucasianTsezicHinuq Tsuntinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Hmong Hmong–MienHmongic[note 2] Guizhou (China)[note 38] A-Hmao, Gha-Mu, Xong, Pa-Hng, Hmong Americans Hmong folk religion
Hopi Uto-AztecanHopi Hopi Reservation (United States) Christianity, Native American Church
Huli Trans–New GuineaEnganHuli Southern Highlands Province (Papua New Guinea) Christianity
Hungarians UralicUgricHungarian Hungary, Székely Land (Romania), Felvidék (Slovakia) Palóc, Matyó, along with significant populations in Romania (including Székelys and Csángós ), Slovakia, Serbia, Ukraine, Croatia, Slovenia, Germany, the United States, and Canada Christianity → Catholicism
Hunzibs Northeast CaucasianTsezicHunzib Tsuntinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Hutu Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesRwanda-Rundi[note 39] Rwanda, Burundi, Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Christianity
Iban AustronesianMalayicIban Sarawak (Malaysia) Mualang Christianity
Ibanag AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranIbanag Philippines (Isabela, Cagayan) Christianity → Catholicism
Ibibio Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio-EfikIbibio Akwa Ibom State (Nigeria) Eket, Aro Christianity
Icelanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicIcelandic Iceland Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Idoma Niger–CongoIdomoidIdoma Benue State (Nigeria) Agatu, Alago, Yala Christianity
Igbo Niger–CongoIgbo Igboland (Nigeria) Anioma, Aro, Edda, Ekpeye, Etche, Ezaa, Ika, Ikwerre, Ikwo, Isu, Izzi, Mbaise, Mgbo, Ngwa, Nri-Igbo, Ogba, Ohafia, Ohuhu, Onitsha-Ado, Ukwuani, Waawa Christianity
Igede Niger–CongoIdomoidIgede Benue State (Nigeria) Christianity
Igorot AustronesianPhilippineCordilleran[note 2] Cordillera Administrative Region (Philippines) Balangao, Bontoc, Ibaloi, Ifugao (including Kalanguya), Isnag, Kalinga, Kankanaey Anitism
Ijaw Niger–CongoIjaw[note 2] Nigeria (Rivers, Bayelsa, and Delta States) Bille, Engenni, Ibani, Kalabari, Kula, Nkoro, Nkoroo, Obolo Christianity
Ili Turks TurkicKarlukIli Turki Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture (China), Kazakhstan Islam → Sunni Islam
Ilocano AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranIlocano Ilocos Region (Philippines) Christianity → Catholicism
Indo-Caribbean Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishEnglish Creole, Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishCaribbean Spanish, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchFrench Creole, Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchSurinamese Dutch, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguesePapiamento, Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniCaribbean Hindustani, DravidianTamil Caribbean Indo-Barbadian, Indo-Dominican, Indo-Grenadians, Indo-Guadeloupeans, Indo-Haitians, Indo-Jamaicans, Indo-Martiniquais, Indo-Kittitians and Indo-Nevisians, Indo-Saint Lucian, Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonian, Indo-Vincentian, Indo-Belizeans, Indo-Guyanese, Indo-Surinamese Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Baháʼí
Ingush Northeast CaucasianNakhIngush Ingushetia (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Inuit Eskimo–AleutInuit[note 2] Greenland (Denmark), Canada (Nunavut, Nunatsiavut, Nunavik, NunatuKavut), Alaska (United States) Greenlandics (including Kalaallit, Tunumiit, Inughuit and Greenlandic Danes), Iñupiat, Inuktitut, Inuvialuit Christianity
Iranun AustronesianPhilippineIranun Mindanao (Philippines) Islam → Sunni Islam
Iraqw AfroasiaticCushiticIraqw Tanzania Christianity
Irish Indo-EuropeanCelticIrish,[note 25] Indo-EuropeanCeltic and GermanicShelta, FrancosignIrish Sign, BANZSLBritish SignNorthern Ireland Sign Language Ireland (Republic of Ireland, United Kingdom)[note 40] Irish Travellers, Ulster Irish, Irish Catholics, Irish-Scots, along with significant populations in the United States, Australia, Canada, Argentina, Mexico, Great Britain, and New Zealand Christianity → Catholicism
Iroquois Iroquoian[note 41] United States, Canada Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora Longhouse Religion
Isan Kra–DaiTaiLaoIsan Isan (Thailand) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Isoko Niger–CongoEdoidIsoko Isoko region (Nigeria) Christianity
Istro-Romanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceIstro-Romanian Istria (Croatia) Christianity → Catholicism
Italians Indo-EuropeanRomanceItalian Italy, Ticino (Switzerland) Camminanti, Waldensians, Lazians, Marchigianos, Tuscans, Umbrians, Emilian, Romagnol (including Sammarinese), Trentinis, Ligurians (including Monégasque), Lombards, Piedmontese, Apulians, Calabrians, Neapolitans (including Abruzzans, Molisans, Basilicatans, and Campanians), Venetians along with significant populations in Argentina, Brazil, the United States, Venezuela, Canada, France, Peru, Uruguay, Australia, Germany, Chile and the United Kingdom Christianity → Catholicism
Itawes AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranItawis Cagayan Valley (Philippines) Christianity → Catholicism
Izhorians UralicFinnicIngrian Ingria (Russia) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Japanese JaponicJapanese, JaponicHachijō, JSLicJapanese Sign, Miyakubo Sign Japan Kantō, Kansai, Hokkaido, Tōhoku, Hōnichi, Satsugū, Chūgoku, Echigo, Tōkai, Shinshuu, Hokuriku, Hachijō, along with significant populations in Brazil, the United States and the Philippines. Shinto, Buddhism[note 42]
Jarai AustronesianChamicJarai Central Highlands, Vietnam Animism
Javanese AustronesianJavanesic[note 2] Java (Indonesia) Cirebonese, Osing, Tenggerese, Boyanese, Banyumasan, along with significant populations in Malaysia, Suriname, China, Sri Lanka, French Guiana, New Caledonia, and Saudi Arabia Islam → Sunni Islam
Jews AfroasiaticSemiticHebrew,[note 43] Indo-EuropeanGermanicYiddish,[note 2] Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanMarathiJudeo-Marathi, AfroasiaticSemeticArabicEgyptian ArabicJudeo-Egyptian Arabic, AfroasiaticSemeticArabicJudeo-Moroccan Arabic, AfroasiaticSemeticArabicJudeo-Iraqi Arabic, AfroasiaticCushiticQimantKayla, AfroasiaticCushiticQimantQwara, KartvelianKarto-ZanGeorgianJudaeo-Georgian, DGSicIsraeli Sign, AfroasiaticSemiticArabicJudeo-Yemeni Arabic, AfroasiaticSemiticArabicTunisian ArabicJudeo-Tunisian Arabic, AfroasiaticSemiticArabicJudeo-Tripolitanian Arabic, TurkicKipchakKrymchak, TurkicKipchakKaraim, Algerian Jewish Sign, Indo-EuropeanHellenicYevanic, DravidianMalayalamoidJudeo-Malayalam Israel[note 44] Ashkenazim, Sephardim (including Moroccan Jews, Algerian Jews, Tunisian Jews, and Toshavim), Mizrahim (including Bukharim, Juhurim, Syrian Jews, Teimanim, Persian Jews, and Kaifeng Jews), Beta Israel, Italkim, Romaniotes, Constantinopolitan Karaites, Crimean Karaites, Krymchaks, Gruznim, Bene Israel, Kochinim, Paradesi, Lishanid Noshan, Israelis, along with significant populations in the United States, France, Canada, the United Kingdom, Argentina, Egypt, Russia, Germany, and Australia Judaism
Jingpo Sino-TibetanSalJingpho Kachin State (Myanmar), Yunnan (China) Northeast India Animism
Jita Mara Region (Tanzania)
Jola Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianJola[note 2] Jolaland (Senegal) Banjaal, Bayot, Fogni, Gusilay, Karon, Kasa, Kuwaataay, Mlomp Traditional African religions
Jukun Niger–CongoJukun Takum[note 45] Wukari (Nigeria) Wannu Traditional African religions
Kadazan-Dusun AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianDusunic[note 2] Sabah (Malaysia) Kadazan, Dusun, Dumpas, Ida'an, Kwijau, Lotud, Mangka'ak, Maragang, Minokok, Orang Sungai, Rumanau, Rungus, Tambanuo Christianity
Kaguru Niger–CongoBantuKagulu Ukaguru Mountains (Tanzania)
Kaingang JeKaingang Parana, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Sao Paulo Shamanism
Kalanga Niger–CongoBantuShonaKalanga Zimbabwe, Botswana Nambya Christianity
Kalash Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKalasha Chitral District (Pakistan) Hinduism
Kalenjin Nilo-SaharanNiloticKalenjin[note 2] Rift Valley Province (Kenya) Keiyo, Tugen, Marakwet, Nandi, Kipsigis, Sabaot, Pökoot, Okiek, Terik Christianity
Kalinago Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish,[note 46] ArawakanTa-ArawakanKalinagoGarifuna, Vincentian Creole Lesser Antilles Garifuna (including Garifuna Americans) Christianity → Catholicism
Kamba Niger–CongoBantuKamba Ukambani (Kenya) Christianity
Kanaks AustronesianKanak[note 2] Kanakia (France) Haveke, Ajië, Arhâ, Xârâgurè, Haeke Christianity → Catholicism
Kannadigas DravidianKannada Karnataka (India) Vokkaliga Hinduism
Kanuri Nilo-SaharanSaharanKanuri Kanuriland (Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon) Kanembu, Yerwa Kanuri Islam
Kapampangans AustronesianPhilippineKapampangan Pampanga (Philippines) Christianity → Catholicism
Kapsiki AfroasiaticChadicKapsiki Mandara Mountains (Nigeria, Cameroon) Islam
Karachays TurkicKipchakKarachay Karachay-Cherkessia (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Karakalpaks TurkicKipchakKarakalpak Karakalpakstan (Uzbekistan) Islam → Sunni Islam
Karbi Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–NagaKarbi Karbi Anglong district (India) Amri Hinduism
Karelians UralicFinnicKarelian, UralicFinnicLudic, UralicFinnicLivvi-Karelian Karelia (Finland, Russia) Tver Karelians, Olonets Karelians Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Karen Sino-TibetanKarenic[note 2] Karen State, Kayah State, Pa'O Self-Administered Zone (Myanmar), Thailand S'gaw Karen, Pwo Karen, Karenni (including Kayan), Pa'O Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Karuk Karuk California (United States) Christianity
Kashmiris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDardicKashmiri Kashmir (India, Pakistan) Kashmiri Pandits, Kashmiris in Punjab Islam → Sunni Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism
Kashubians Indo-EuropeanSlavicKashubian Kashubia (Poland) Christianity → Catholicism
Kazakhs TurkicKipchakKazakh Kazakhstan Significant populations in China, and Russia Islam → Sunni Islam
Kereks Chukotko-KamchatkanChukotkanKerek Chukotka (Russia) Shamanism
Kerewe Niger–CongoBantuKerewe Ukerewe Island (Tanzania)
Kerinci AustronesianMalayicKerinci Kerinci Regency (Indonesia)
Khakas TurkicSiberian TurkicKhakas Khakassia (Russia) Christianity → Eastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy, ShamanismTengrism
Khanty UralicUgricKhanty[note 2] Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (Russia)
Khas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanNepali Nepal, India (Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Assam, West Bengal) Chhetri, Thakuri, Rana, Vaisya, Kami, Damai, Sarki, Sunar, Gandarbha Hinduism
Khinalugs Northeast CaucasianKhinalug Khinalug (Azerbaijan) IslamSunni Islam
Khmer AustroasiaticKhmer Cambodia, Mekong Delta, Isan Northern Khmer people, Khmer Krom and Significant populations in the United States Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Khonds DravidianKui Kandhamal (India) Hinduism
Khorasani Turks TurkicOghuzKhorasani Turkic Khorasan (Iran) Islam → Shia Islam
Khwarshi Northeast CaucasianTsezicKhwarshi Tsumadinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Kiga Niger–CongoBantuNkore-KigaKiga Uganda, Rwanda Christianity → Catholicism, Christianity → Protestantism
Kikuyu Niger–CongoBantuKikuyu Central Province (Kenya) Christianity
Kilba AfroasiaticChadicHuba Hong (Nigeria) Christianity
Kinga Niger–CongoBantuKinga Kipengere Range (Njombe Region, Tanzania) Christianity, Traditional African religion
Kiowa TanoanKiowa Oklahoma (United States) Christianity, Native American Church
Kirantis Sino-TibetanKiranti[note 2] Eastern Region (Nepal) Limbu, Sunuwar, Yakkha (including Athpare), Rai (including Kulung, Bantawa, and Bahing) Kirat Mundhum
Kiribati AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianGilbertese Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) Christianity
Kissi Niger–CongoWest AtlanticMelKissi Guinea, Sierra Leone Christianity
Kofyar AfroasiaticChadicKofyar Plateau State (Nigeria) Traditional African religions
Komi UralicPermicKomi Russia (Komi Republic, Permyakia) Komi-Zyrians, Komi-Permyaks, Izhma Komi Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Kongo Niger–CongoBantuKongo Kongoland (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Angola) Lari, Vili, Yombe, Suundi, Dondo, Hangala, Kugni, Manyanga, Beembe Christianity
Konjo Niger–CongoBantuKonjo Rwenzori Mountains (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda) Nande Christianity
Konkani Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKonkani Konkan (India) Luso-Indians Hinduism
Konso AfroasiaticCushiticKonso Konso (Ethiopia) Traditional African religions
Koreans Koreanic languages,[note 2] JSLicKorean Sign Korea (North Korea, South Korea) North Koreans (including North Koreans in South Korea), South Koreans, Jeju Islanders, Koryo-saram, Sakhalin Koreans, Zainichi Koreans, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Cuba, Guatemala, Russia (including North Koreans, Koryo-saram, and Sakhalin Koreans), China, Japan (including Zainichi Koreans), Vietnam, Thailand, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Mongolia, Iran, Nepal, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, India, the Arab world, Africa (including South Africa), Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Venezuela, Australia, New Zealand, Micronesia, Peru, Chile, Uruguay, Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the Czech Republic Christianity[note 27]Protestantism and Catholicism, Buddhism → Mahayana BuddhismKorean Buddhism, Korean shamanism, Cheondoism
Kosraeans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianKosraean Kosrae (Federated States of Micronesia) Christianity
Kpelle Niger–CongoMandeKpelle Liberia, Guinea Traditional African religions
Kposo Niger–CongoKwaGhana–Togo MountainKposo Plateaux (Togo), Ghana Christianity → Catholicism
Kristang Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseKristang Malaysia, Singapore ChristianityCatholicism
Kru Niger–CongoKru[note 2] Liberia (Grand Kru and Maryland Counties) Aizi, Bété, Bakwé, Grebo, Krahn (including Sapo), Kuwaa Christianity
Kulin Pama-NyunganKulinicKulin Victoria (Australia) Alcheringa
Kumandins TurkicSiberian TurkicNorthern Altai → Kumandy Russia (Altai Krai, Altai Republic) Christianity → Eastern OrthodoxyRussian Orthodoxy
Kumyks TurkicKipchakKumyk Dagestan (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Kunama Nilo-SaharanKunama Eritrea, Ethiopia Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Kurds IranianKurdish[note 2] Kurdistan Bajalan, Zazas, Feylis, Iranian Laks, Yazidis, Shabak, along with significant populations in France and Germany Islam → Sunni Islam
Kuria Niger–CongoBantuKuria Kenya, Tanzania Traditional African religions, Christianity
Kurukh DravidianKurukh Chota Nagpur Plateau (India) Kisan Sarnaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Animism
Kuteb Niger–CongoJukunoidKuteb Taraba State (Nigeria) Christianity
Kwaya Niger–CongoBantuKwaya Mara Region (Tanzania)
Kwere Niger–CongoBantuKwere Bagamoyo District (Pwani Region, Tanzania)
Kyrgyz TurkicKipchakKyrgyz Kyrgyzstan Islam → Sunni IslamHanafi
Ladins Indo-EuropeanRomanceLadin Ladinia (Italy)
Laks Northeast CaucasianLak Lakia (Russia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Lamaholot AustronesianFlores–LembataLamaholot Solor (Indonesia) Christianity → Catholicism
Lampungs AustronesianLampung Lampung (Indonesia) Islam
Lao Kra–DaiTaiLao Laos Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Larrakia Larrakia Northern Territory (Australia) Alcheringa
Latvians Indo-EuropeanBalticLatvian Latvia Latgalians, Kursenieki, Selonians Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Laz KartvelianLaz[note 47] Lazistan (Turkey, Georgia) Turkish Laz, Georgian Laz Islam → Sunni Islam
Lega Niger–CongoBantuLega Democratic Republic of the Congo Traditional African religions
Lezgins Northeast CaucasianLezgicLezgian Lezgistan (Russia, Azerbaijan) Aghuls, Archin, Budukhs, Jeks, Kryts, Rutuls, Tabasarans, Tsakhurs Islam → Sunni Islam
Lhoba Adi, Bokar, Idu Mishmi[note 48] Tibet (Arunachal Pradesh) Nishi, Na, Galo, Mishmi people, Tagin, Adi Animism, Buddhism
Li Kra–DaiHlai[note 2] Hainan (China) Islam → Sunni Islam
Limba Niger–CongoLimba Sierra Leone (Bombali and Koinadugu Districts) Christianity
Lisu Sino-TibetanLoloishLisu China, Myanmar Lipo Christianity → ProtestantismLisu Christianity
Lithuanians Indo-EuropeanBalticLithuanian Lithuania Samogitians, Aukstaitians, Lietuvninkai, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Brazil, Poland and the United Kingdom Christianity → Catholicism
Livonians UralicFinnicLivonian Latvia, Estonia Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Louisiana Creoles Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchLouisiana Creole, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrench, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Louisiana (United States) Cajuns, Creoles of color, Alabama Creoles ChristianityCatholicism, Louisiana Voodoo
Luba Niger–CongoBantuLuban[note 2] Lubaland (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Luba-Kasai, Luba-Katanga, Hemba (including Bangubangu), Songe, Lulua Christianity
Luhya Niger–CongoBantuLuhya Western Province (Kenya) Bukusu, Idakho, Isukha, Kabras, Khayo, Kisa, Marachi, Maragoli, Marama, Nyole, Samia, Tachoni, Tiriki, Tsotso, Wanga, Christianity
Luo Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoDholuo Kenya Christianity
Lurs Indo-EuropeanIranianLuri Iran (Lorestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Khuzestan, Bushehr, and Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Provinces) Bakhtiari, Iranian Laks Islam → Shia Islam
Luritja Pama-NyunganWatiLuritja Northern Territory (Australia) Alcheringa
Luxembourgers Indo-EuropeanGermanicGermanLuxembourgish Luxembourg, Arelerland (Belgium) Significant populations in Brazil and the United States Christianity → Catholicism
Maasai Nilo-SaharanNiloticMaasai Maasailand (Tanzania, Kenya) Samburu, Arusha, Kwavi Traditional African religions
Macanese Indo-EuropeanRomancePortugueseMacanese Patois Macau (China) ChristianityCatholicism
Macedonians Indo-EuropeanSlavicMacedonian North Macedonia Torbesh, Mijaks, along with significant populations in Australia, Germany, Italy, Switzerland and Greece Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Macushi CaribanMacushi Rupununi (Guyana), Roraima (Brazil) Shamanism
Madi Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicMa'di Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda Christianity
Madurese AustronesianMadurese Madura (Indonesia)[note 49] Boyanese Islam → Sunni IslamShafi'i
Mafa AfroasiaticChadicMafa Cameroon Christianity
Magahi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariMagahi Magadha (India) Hinduism
Magars Sino-TibetanMagar[note 50] Nepal Ale, Gharti, Chantayal, Saru, Pun Hinduism, Buddhism
Maguindanao AustronesianPhilippineMaguindanao Maguindanao (Philippines) Islam
Maithils Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariMaithili Mithila (India, Nepal) Karan Kayastha, Brahmin, Chhetri, Vaisya Hinduism
Makassarese AustronesianSouth SulawesiMakassarese South Sulawesi (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Makonde Niger–CongoBantuMakonde Tanzania, Mueda Plateau (Mozambique) Machinga Islam
Makua Niger–CongoBantuMakhuwa Mozambique Lomwe, Chuwabu, Moniga, Koti, Nathembo Traditional African religions
Malagasy AustronesianMalagasy Madagascar, Comoros, Mayotte, Réunion, Mauritius Merina, Sihanaka, Betsileo, Zafimaniry, Antaifasy, Antemoro, Antaisaka, Antambahoaka, Tandroy, Antankarana, Antanosy, Bara, Betsimisaraka, Bezanozano, Mahafaly, Makoa, Mikea, Sakalava, Tanala, Tsimihety, Vezo Christianity
Malayali DravidianMalayalamoidMalayalam Kerala (India) Ambalavasi, Dheevara, Nair, Paravar, Saint Thomas Christians (including Knanayas), Mappilas, Ezhava, along with significant populations in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait and Bahrain Hinduism
Malays AustronesianMalayicMalay Malay world (Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei) Bruneians, Kedahans, Pattani, Pahang, Musi, Palembangese, Pontianaks, Terengganuarians, Kelantanese, Perakians, Berau, Proto-Malay (including Orang Kuala, Jakun, Orang Rimba, Orang Seletar, and Temuan), Lubu, Palembangnese, Cape Malays, Cocos Malays, Bangka Malays Islam → Sunni Islam
Maldivians Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanMaldivian Maldives, Minicoy Mahls Islam → Sunni Islam
Maltese AfroasiaticSemiticArabicMaltese Malta Gozitans Christianity → Catholicism
Mambila Niger–CongoMambila Mambilla Plateau (Nigeria, Cameroon) Somyev Traditional African religions
Manchus Tungusic → Southern Tungusic → Manchu[note 51] Manchuria Shamanism
Mandaeans AfroasiaticSemiticAramaicMandaic Southern Mesopotamia Iraq, Iran Mandaeism
Mandarese AustronesianSouth SulawesiMandar West Sulawesi (Indonesia) Islam
Mandinka Niger–CongoMandeManding[note 2] Mali, The Gambia, Guinea, Senegal Bolon Islam
Manggarai AustronesianSumba–FloresManggarai Manggarai (Indonesia) Christianity
Manjak Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianManjak Guinea-Bissau, Senegal Traditional African religions
Manx Indo-EuropeanCelticManx Isle of Man (Crown Dependency) Christianity → Protestantism
Māori AustronesianPolynesianMāori[note 52] New Zealand Cook Islanders Christianity
Mapuche Mapudungun[note 53] Araucanía (Chile, Argentina) Huilliche, along with Mestizos such as Chileans Christianity
Maranao AustronesianPhilippineMaranao Lanao (Philippines) Islam
Marathi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanMarathi Maharashtra (India) Mahar, Maratha, Kunbi, Dhangar, Bhoi Hinduism
Maris UralicMari[note 2] Mari El (Russia) Meadow Mari, Hill Mari, Northwestern Mari, Eastern Mari, Mountain Mari Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy, Mari Native Religion
Maronites AfroasiaticSemiticWestern Aramaic[note 2][note 54] Lebanon Significant populations in Syria, Cyprus and Israel along with the greater Lebanese diaspora Christianity → Maronite Catholicism
Marshallese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianMarshallese Marshall Islands ChristianityProtestantism
Masa AfroasiaticChadicMasana Cameroon, Chad Christianity, Islam[1]
Masalit Nilo-SaharanMasalit Sudan, Chad Islam → Sunni Islam
Mauritian Creoles Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchMauritian Creole Mauritius ChristianityCatholicism, Rastafarianism
Maya Mayan[note 2] Guatemala, Belize, Mexico (Yucatán, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Chiapas) Maya, Achi, Chuj, Chʼortiʼ, Itza, Kʼicheʼ, Qʼeqchiʼ, Xinca, Tektitek, Huastecan, Mopan, Lacandon, Chontal, Akatek, Jakaltek, Qʼanjobʼal, Tzeltal, Mochoʼ, Tojolab'al, Mam, Ixil, Tzotzil, Poqomam, Yucatecan Maya, Motozintlecos, Awakatek, Kaqchikel, Sakapultek, Sipakapense, Uspantek, Ch'ol, Tzʼutujil, along with Mestizos such as Guatemalans (including Hispanic Belizeans) and Mexicans Christianity → Catholicism
Mazahua Oto-MangueanOto-PameanMazahua State of Mexico (Mexico) Christianity → Catholicism
Mazandaranis Indo-EuropeanIranianWestern IranianMazanderani Mazandaran, Iran Islam → Shia Islam
Mazatec Oto-MangueanPopolocanMazatecan[note 2] Oaxaca (Mexico) Ayautla Christianity → Catholicism
Mbaka Niger–CongoUbangianMbaka Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo Christianity → Catholicism
Megleno-Romanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceMegleno-Romanian Almopia (Greece) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy, Islam → Sunni Islam
Mehri AfroasiaticSemiticMehri Mahra (Yemen, Oman) Islam
Meitei Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–NagaMeitei Manipur (India) Loi Hinduism → Vaishnavism
Melanau AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianMelanau Sarawak (Malaysia) Islam
Mende Niger–CongoMandeMende Sierra Leone (Southern and Eastern Provinces) Islam
Metis Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchMichif, Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrench language, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Canadian Praries (Canada) Christianity
Mien Hmong–MienMienic[note 2] China (Hunan, Guizhou), Vietnam Iu Mien, Kim Mun, Dzao Min, Biao Min, Bunu, Lakkia, Biao Mon Yao folk religion
Mijikenda Niger–CongoBantuMijikenda Coast Province (Kenya) Chonyi, Giriama, Digo, Segeju Christianity
Minahasan AustronesianPhilippineMinahasan[note 2] Minahasa Peninsula (Indonesia) Tonsawang, Tontemboan, Tondano, Tombulu, Tonsea Christianity → Protestantism
Minangkabau AustronesianMalayicMalayMinangkabau Minangkabau Highlands (Indonesia) Aneuk Jamee Islam → Sunni Islam
Mising Sino-TibetanTaniMising India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh) Donyi-Polo
Miskito MisumalpanMiskito Mosquito Coast (Nicaragua, Honduras) Christianity → ProtestantismMoravian Church
Mixe Mixe–ZoqueMixe[note 2] Oaxaca (Mexico) Christianity → Catholicism
Mixtec Oto-MangueanMixtecanMixtec La Mixteca (Mexico) Triqui, Cuicatecs, Amoltepec Christianity → Catholicism
Miꞌkmaq AlgicAlgonquianMiꞌkmaq[note 26] Miꞌkmaꞌki (Canada) Christianity → Catholicism
Moldovans Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomanianMoldovan Moldova Significant populations in Romania, Ukraine, Russia, and the United States Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Mon AustroasiaticMon Mon State (Myanmar) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Mongo Niger–CongoBantuMongo Democratic Republic of the Congo (Équateur, Tshuapa, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi, Sud-Ubangi) Bolia, Ntomba, Ngando, Iyaelima, Mbole, Mpama, Nkutu, Sengele, Hendo, Dengese, Tetela Christianity
Mongols Mongolic[note 2] Inner Mongolia, Dorbetia, Bayingolin, Dzungaria, Subei-Mongolia, Santania, Kharchinia (China), Mongolia, Buryatia, Ust-Orda, Aginia, Kalmykia

(Russia)

Khalkha, Buryats, Barga, Oirats, Kalmyks, Daur, Moghols, Hamnigan, Tsagaan, Yugur, Khatso, Bonan, Sart Kalmyks, Soyot, Sichuan Mongols, Sogwo Arig, Altai Uriankhai, Ordos, Kanja, Sogwo Arig, Mughals, Santa, Naimans, Dariganga, Khorchin, Kharchin, Köke Nuur, Chaharian, Jalairs, Gorlos, Sartuul, Myangad, Tubalar, Uzemchin, Uradian, Tumed, Baarins, Tofalar, Zakhchin, Hishigten, Dorbet, Muumyangan, Dukhan, Jalaids, Abaganar, Chantuu, Olot, Sunud, Eastern Dorbet, Aohans, Onnigud, Khoshut, Abagas, Khotons, Alasha, Khoid, Eljigin, Choros, Qaidam, Fujin Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism,
Mongondow AustronesianPhilippineMongondow Mongondowia (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Montenegrins Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-CroatianMontenegrin Montenegro Significant populations in Serbia and the United States Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Mordvins UralicMordvinic[note 2] Mordovia (Russia) Erzyas, Mokshas, Qaratays, Teryukhans, Tengushev, Shoksha Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Moriori Tahitic → Māori–Moriori → Moriori[note 55] Chatham Islands (New Zealand) Christianity including Rātana
Mossi Niger–CongoGurMossi Mossiland (Burkina Faso) Islam
Mumuye Niger–CongoAdamawaMumuye Taraba State (Nigeria) Traditional African religions
Munanese AustronesianCelebicMunanese[note 2] Muna (Indonesia) Islam
Mundas AustroasiaticMundaMundari India (Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal) Sabar, Mahali Sarnaism
Murut AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianMurutic[note 2] Murutia (Malaysia) Okolod, Keningau, Tagal, Paluan, Selungai, Timugon, Serudung, Sembakung, Tidong, Kalabakan, Bulungan, Bookan Christianity → Catholicism
Muscogee MuskogeanMuscogee[note 22] United States (Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia)[note 23] Coushatta, Alibamu, Hitchiti, Natchez, Seminoles (including Black Seminoles), Yuchi, Shawnee, Creoles of color, Miccosukee Native American religionCreek mythology
Musgum AfroasiaticChadicMusgu Far North Region (Cameroon), Chad (Chari-Baguirmi, Mayo-Kebbi Est) Islam
Mwera Niger–CongoBantuMwera Tanzania (Mtwara and Ruvuma Regions) Islam
Naga Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–Naga[note 56] India (Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam), Myanmar (Naga Self-Administered Zone) Angami, Ao, Sangtam, Yimkhiung, Lotha, Chakhesang (including Chokri and Khezha), Mao, Pochury, Rengma, Tangkhul, Maring, Zemi, Liangmei, Kabui, Maram, Konyak, Chang, Wancho, Phom, Khiemnungan, Tangsa, Nocte Christianity → ProtestantismBaptists
Nagpuri Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariSadri Chota Nagpur Plateau (India) Chik Baraik Hinduism
Nahuas Uto-AztecanNahuanNahuatl Mexico Huasteca Nahuas, Mexicaneros, Sierra Puebla Nahuas, Guerrero Nahuas, Orizaba Nahuas, Southeastern Puebla Nahuas, Central Nahuas, Pipil, along with Mestizos such as Mexicans Christianity → Catholicism
Nama KhoeKhoekhoe Namaland (Namibia), South Africa Oorlams Christianity
Nauruans AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianNauruan Nauru Christianity → Protestantism
Navajo Dené–YeniseianNa-DeneApacheanNavajo, Navajo Family Sign Navajo Nation (United States) Christianity → Catholicism
Newars Sino-TibetanNewar Kathmandu Valley (Nepal) Rajupadhaya, Rajbhandari, Pradhan, Malla, Shrestha, Shakya, Chitrakar Hinduism, Buddhism
Nez Perce Plateau PenutianSahaptianNez Perce, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Idaho, Washington (United States) Waashat Religion, Christianity
Ngaju AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianBaritoNgaju Central Kalimantan (Indonesia) Bakumpai, Meratus Kaharingan
Ngalop Sino-TibetanTibeticDzongkha Bhutan Kheng, Bumthang Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Ngbandi Niger–CongoUbangianNgbandi Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic Yakoma Christianity
Nias AustronesianNorthwest Sumatra–Barrier IslandsNias Nias (Indonesia) Christianity
Nkole Niger–CongoBantuNkore-KigaNkore Ankole, Uganda Christianity, Ruhanga
Nogais TurkicKipchakNogai Russia (Stavropol Krai, Dagestan) Ak Nogai, Karagash Islam → Sunni Islam
Norwegians Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicNorwegian Norway Kola Norwegians, Svalbarders, Indigenous Norwegian Travellers, along with Significant populations in the United States, and Norwegian Canadians Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Nubians Nilo-SaharanNubian[note 2] Nubia (Egypt, Sudan) Nobiin, Mattokki, Dongolawi, Midob, Hill Nubians (including Dilling, Debri, Ghulfan, Kadaru, Karko, and Wali), Birgid, Ja'alin (including Bedaria), Shaigiya Islam
Nuer Nilo-SaharanNiloticNuer Nuerland (South Sudan) Traditional African religions
Nùng Kra–DaiTaiZhuangNung Vietnam, Guangxi (China) Animism
Nuristanis Indo-EuropeanNuristani[note 2] Nuristan (Afghanistan) Safed-Posh Kaffirs (including Askunis), Kamkata-viris (including Kata and Kom) Islam → Sunni Islam
Nyambo Niger–CongoBantuNyambo Karagwe District, Kagera Region, Tanzania
Nyishi Sino-TibetanTaniNishi Arunachal Pradesh (India) Christianity
Ōbeikei Islanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish languageBonin English Bonin Islands (Japan) Christianity, Buddhism, Shintoism
Occitans Indo-EuropeanRomanceOccitan[note 20] Occitania (France, Italy, Spain) Aranese, Auvergnats, Provençals, Languedociens, Gascons Christianity
Odia Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanOdia Odisha (India) Utkala Brahmins, Khandayat, Bonaz, Badu; Bairagi (Oriya); Barika; Chaikwa; Chatarkheya; Dhobi, Oriya; Ganrar; Ghantarghada; Girigiria; Gond (Oriya); Haddi; Jhodia; Kobari; Koraga; Kuliya; Lohar, Oriya; Mali, Oriya; Malia; Panka (Oriya); Paroja; Patra; Radhi; Sannyasi; Teli, Oriya; Thanapati; Thoria Hinduism
Ogoni Niger–CongoCross RiverOgoni[note 2] Ogoniland (Nigeria) Baan, Eleme, Gokana, Tẹẹ Christianity
Ojibwe AlgicAlgonquianOjibwe[note 57] Anishinaabeland (Canada, United States) Oji-Cree, Odawa, Potawatomi, Mississaugas, Findians Midewiwin
Oromo AfroasiaticCushiticOromo Oromia (Ethiopia), Kenya Boorana, Barento, Salale, Machaa, Arsi, Wollo Islam → Sunni Islam
Ossetians Indo-EuropeanIranianOssetian South Ossetia, North Ossetia–Alania (Russia) Iron, Digor, Jasz, Kudar, Trialeti Ossetians Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Ot Danum AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOt Danum Indonesia (West and Central Kalimantan) Lawangan, Ma'anyan Kaharingan
Otomi Oto-MangueanOtomianOtomi Mexico (Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz, State of Mexico, Querétaro) Christianity → Catholicism
Ovambo Niger–CongoBantuOvambo Ovamboland (Namibia), Angola Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Ovimbundu Niger–CongoBantuUmbundu Angola Christianity
Palau AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianPalauan Christianity, Modekngei
Palawa Tasmanian languages Alcheringa
Pamiris Indo-EuropeanIranianPamir[note 2] Pamir Mountains (Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China) Shughni, Sarikoli (including Tajiks of Xinjiang), Yazghulami, Munji, Yidgha, Sanglechi, Ishkashimi, Wakhi Islam → Shia IslamIsma'ilism
Pangasinese AustronesianPhilippinePangasinan Pangasinan (Philippines) Christianity → Catholicism
Papel Niger–CongoAtlanticSenegambianPapel Biombo Region (Guinea-Bissau) Christianity → Catholicism
Pare Niger–CongoBantuPare Pare Mountains (Tanzania) Islam
Parsis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujarati languagesGujarati Indian subcontinent India and Pakistan Zoroastrianism
Pashayi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDardicPashayi[note 2] Afghanistan (Laghman, Kapisa and Nangarhar Provinces) Islam
Pashtuns Indo-EuropeanIranianPashto Pashtunistan (Afghanistan, Pakistan) Pashtun Americans, Kakar Islam → Sunni Islam
Pataxo MaxakalianPataxo Bahia (Brazil) Shamanism
Pedi Niger–CongoBantuSotho–TswanaSepedi Limpopo (South Africa) Christianity
Pende Niger–CongoBantuPende Democratic Republic of the Congo Christianity
Persians Indo-EuropeanIranianPersian Iran Tat, along with significant populations in the United States, the United Arab Emirates, Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom, Bahrain, Australia, and Sweden Islam → Shia Islam
Pitcairn Islanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishPitkern Pitcairn Island Significant population in Norfolk Island, along with a diaspora in Australia, and New Zealand[2] ChristianityProtestantism
Pitjantjara Pama-Nyungan → Wati → Pitjantjara Central Australia Alcheringa
Pohnpeian AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianPohnpeian Pohnpei (Federated States of Micronesia) Christianity
Poles Indo-EuropeanSlavicPolish Poland Podlachians, Masurians, Greater Polish, and Warmians, as well as Significant populations in the United States, Brazil, Germany, Canada, Iceland, Sweden, France, the United Kingdom, Argentina, Belarus, Russia, Australia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Ireland, and Norway Christianity → Catholicism
Portuguese Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceMinderico, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese and SpanishBarranquenho, SSLicPortuguese Sign Portugal Azoreans, Madeirans, Barranquenhos, along with numerous colonial descendants such as Brazilians (including Ribeirinhos and Pardo Brazilians), gSão Toméans, Portuguese Angolans, Portuguese Mozambicans, Luso-Indians Christianity → Catholicism
Potiguara TupianPotiguara, Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese Paraiba (Brazil) Shamanism
Punjabis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanPunjabi Punjab (Pakistan, India) Sikhs, Gujjars, Jat, Khatris, Arain, Awan, along with significant populations in the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States. Islam → Sunni Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism
Purépecha Purépecha Michoacán (Mexico) Christianity → Catholicism
Qashqai TurkicOghuzQashqai Fars Province (Iran) Islam → Shia Islam
Qiang Sino-TibetanQiangic[note 2] Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture (China) Qiang folk religion
Quechua Quechuan[note 2] Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador Yaru, Cusco, Ayacucho, along with Mestizos such as Peruvians, Ecuadorians, and Bolivians Christianity → Catholicism
Rade AustronesianChamicRade Central Highlands, Vietnam Christianity
Rajasthanis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniRajasthani Rajasthan (India) Banjara, Gurjars, Rajputs (including Mahyavanshi, Chandels, and Molesalam), Marwari, Charan, Kachhi, Meena Hinduism
Rajbongshi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKamtapuri India (Assam, West Bengal), Bangladesh Hinduism
Rakhine Sino-TibetanBurmeseArakanese Rakhine State (Myanmar) Marma Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Rapa Nui AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicPolynesianRapa Nui Easter Island (Chile) Catholicism
Rejangese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianLand DayakRejang Rejang Lebong Regency (Indonesia) Islam → Sunni Islam
Rohingyas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanRohingya Rakhine State (Myanmar) Islam
Roma Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanRomani Europe (Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, North Macedonia, Serbia, Slovakia, Czech Republic)[note 30] Roma (including Austrian Roma), Iberian Kale, Finnish Kale, Welsh Kale, Romanichal, Sinti, Manush, Romanisæl, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians, Boyash, Lom, Dom (including Halebi, Lori, and Madari), along with significant populations in the United States, and Brazil. Christianity
Romanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomanian Romania, Moldova Wallachians (including Oltenians and Muntenians), Moldavians, along with significant populations in Italy, Germany, Spain, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, France, and the United States. Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Romansh Indo-EuropeanRomanceRomansh Grisons (Switzerland) Christianity
Russians Indo-EuropeanSlavicRussian Russia, Donetsk, Luhansk Cossacks, Pomors, Lipovans, along with significant populations in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Germany, the United States, Uzbekistan, Israel, Brazil, Belarus, Canada, Latvia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Estonia, Turkmenistan, France, Lithuania and Azerbaijan. Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Rusyns Indo-EuropeanSlavicRusyn Carpathian Ruthenia (Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland)[note 58] Pannonian Rusyns, Lemkos, Hutsuls, Boykos Christianity
Ryukyuans JaponicRyukyuan,[note 2]All Ryukyuan speakers are seen as one ethnicity; however, due to a history of forced assimilation by the Japanese government, the majority can only speak Japanese. Koniya Sign Ryukyu Islands (Japan) Amami (including Kikai, Amami Ōshima, Tokunoshima, Okinoerabu, and Yoron), Okinawan (including Kunigami) Miyako, Yaeyama, Yonaguni Ryukyuan religion
Saho AfroasiaticCushiticSaho Eritrea Islam
Salar TurkicOghuzSalar China (Qinghai, Gansu) Islam → Sunni Islam
Sama-Bajau AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianBaritoSama–Bajaw[note 2] Maritime Southeast Asia (Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei)[note 30] Sama (including Banguingui), Bajaw, Abaknon Islam → Sunni Islam
Samaritans Afro-AsiaticSemiticHebrew Israel Samaritanism
Sambal AustronesianPhilippineSambalic[note 2] Zambales (Philippines) Bolinao, Botolan (including Banguingui) Christianity → Catholicism
Sámi UralicSámi[note 2] Sápmi (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia) Inari Sámi, Kildin Sami, Lule Sami, Northern Sami, Pite Sami, Skolt Sami, Southern Sámi, Ter Sami, Ume Sámi Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Samoans AustronesianPolynesianSamoan Samoan Islands (Samoa, American Samoa) American Samoans Christianity
Sangirese AustronesianPhilippineSangirese Sangihe Islands (Indonesia) Christianity → Protestantism
Santal AustroasiaticMundaSantali India (West Bengal, Jharkhand, Odisha)[note 3] Christianity → Catholicism
Sara Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicSara[note 2] Chad, Central African Republic Ngambay, Doba, Laka, Kabba, Sar, Mbay, Ngam, Dagba, Gulay Traditional African religions
Sardinians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSardinian,[note 2] Indo-EuropeanRomanceSassarese, Indo-EuropeanRomanceGallurese Sardinia (Italy) Logudorese, Campidanese, Sassarese, Gallurese Christianity → Catholicism
Sasak AustronesianSasak Lombok (Indonesia) Islam
Savu AustronesianSumba–FloresSumbaHawu Savu (Indonesia) Christianity → Protestantism
Scots Indo-EuropeanGermanicScots, Indo-EuropeanCelticScottish Gaelic,[note 25] Indo-EuropeanCelticBeurla Reagaird, BANZSLBritish Sign Scotland (United Kingdom) Ulster Scots, Orcadians, Shetlanders, Highlanders, Lowlanders, Highland Travellers, along with significant populations in the United States (including Scotch-Irish Americans), Canada (including Scotch-Irish Canadians), Australia, Argentina, Russia, and the Bahamas Christianity → ProtestantismCalvinism
Semnanis Indo-EuropeanIranianWestern IranianSemnani Semnan, Iran Islam → Shia IslamTwelver Shi'ism
Senufo Niger–CongoSenufo[note 2] Mali, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso Nafana, Minyanka Traditional African religions
Serbs Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-CroatianSerbian Serbia, Republika Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Montenegro Kosovo Serbs, Triestine Serbs, along with significant populations in Croatia, Germany, Austria, France, and Sweden Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Serer Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianSerer Senegal Laalaa, Ndut, Niominka, Serer-Noon, Palor, Saafi Islam
Setos UralicFinnicSouth EstonianSeto Setomaa (Setomaa Parish, Estonia and Pechorsky District, Russia) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy, Folk religion
Seychellois Creoles Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchSeychellois Creole Seychelles ChristianityCatholicism
Shan Kra–DaiTaiShan Shan State (Myanmar) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Sharchops Sino-TibetanTshangla Bhutan (Lhuntse, Mongar, Pemagatshel, Samdrup Jongkhar, Trashigang, and Trashiyangtse Districts) Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Sherbro Niger–CongoAtlanticMelSherbro Sherbro Island (Sierra Leone) Traditional African religions
Shilluk Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoShilluk South Sudan Gule Christianity → Catholicism
Shina Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDardicShina Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) Islam
Shona Niger–CongoBantuShona Mashonaland (Zimbabwe) Manyika, Ndau Christianity
Shopi Indo-EuropeanSlavicBulgarian Shopluk (Bulgaria, Serbia, North Macedonia)
Shoshone Uto-AztecanNumicShoshoni Wyoming, Idaho, Nevada, Utah (United States) Eastern Shoshone, Northern Shoshone, Western Shoshone, Goshute Native American Church, Christianity
Sibe TungusicXibe[note 51] China (Liaoning, Jilin, Xinjiang)[note 3] Shamanism[note 27]
Sicilians Indo-EuropeanRomanceSicilian Sicily (Italy) ChristianityCatholicism
Sidama AfroasiaticCushiticSidaama Sidamia (Ethiopia) Christianity
Siddi Niger–CongoBantuSwahili[note 59]Sidi Pakistan (Baluchistan, Sindh), India (Karnataka, Gujarat, Hyderabad) Islam
Sierra Leone Creoles Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishKrio, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishPichinglis Sierra Leone Gambian Creoles, Saros, Krio Fernandinos Christianity
Sika AustronesianFlores–LembataSika Sikka Regency (Indonesia) Christianity → Catholicism
Silesians Indo-EuropeanSlavicSilesian, Indo-EuropeanGermanicHigh German languagesSilesian German Silesia (Poland, Germany, Czech Republic) Christianity → Catholicism, Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Siltʼe AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicGurage → Siltʼe Siltia (Ethiopia) Islam
Sindhis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSindhi Sindh (Pakistan) Jat, Memon, Arain, Indian Sindhis Islam → Sunni IslamHanafi, Hinduism
Sinhalese Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSinhala Sri Lanka Dewa, British Sri Lankans, Burghers (including Portuguese Burghers and Dutch Burghers) Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Sioux SiouanSioux[note 60] Lakotah (United States) Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Native American religion
Slovaks Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlovak Slovakia significant populations in Czech Republic, Serbia, Hungary, United States and Canada Christianity → Catholicism
Slovenes Indo-EuropeanSlavicSlovene Slovenia Significant populations in the United States, Canada, Australia, Carinthia, Hungary, Uruguay, Venezuela, Argentina, Croatia, and Italy Christianity → Catholicism
Soga Niger–CongoBantuSoga Busoga (Uganda) Christianity, Traditional African religions
Somalis AfroasiaticCushiticSomali Greater Somalia (Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya) Hawiye, Darod (including Majeerteen), Isaaq, Dir, Rahanweyn, Madhiban, Yibir, Ajuran along with significant populations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Canada Islam → Sunni IslamShafi'i
Songhai Nilo-SaharanSonghai Mali, Niger Zarma Islam
Soninke Niger–CongoMandeSoninke Mali Haratin Islam → Sunni IslamMaliki
Sonsorolese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicMicronesianSonsorolese Sonsorol Christianity
Soqotris AfroasiaticSemiticSoqotri Socotra (Yemen) Islam
Sorbs Indo-EuropeanSlavicSorbian[note 2] Lusatia (Germany), (Poland) Upper Sorbs, Lower Sorbs ChristianityCatholicism
Sotho Niger–CongoBantuSotho–TswanaSotho Free State (South Africa), Lesotho Christianity
Spaniards Indo-EuropeanRomanceCastilian languages,[note 2] Indo-EuropeanRomanceAsturleonese languages,[note 61] Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese and SpanishBarranquenho, Spanish Sign Spain[note 62] Castilians, Leonese, Cantabrians, Riojans, Manchegans, Madrilenians, Extremadurans, Murcians, Mirandese, Criollos, Mercheros, Barranquenhos, along with numerous colonial descendants such as Floridanos, Hispanos (including Californios, Tejanos, and Neomexicanos), Mexicans (including Chicanos), Guatemalans (including Hispanic Belizeans), Salvadorans, Hondurans, Nicaraguans, Costa Ricans, Panamanians, Colombians, Venezuelans, Ecuadorians, Peruvians, Bolivians, Paraguayans, Chileans, Argentines, Uruguayans, Cubans, Dominicans, Puerto Ricans (including Nuyoricans), Fernandinos, Spanish Filipinos, Spanish Hawaiians, and Hispanic and Latino Americans Christianity → Catholicism
Sui Kra–DaiKam–SuiSui Sandu Shui Autonomous County (China) Animism
Sukuma Niger–CongoBantuSukuma Tanzania Christianity → Catholicism
Sumba AustronesianSumba–FloresSumba[note 2] Sumba (Indonesia) Anakalangu, East Sumbanese, Kodi, Lamboya, West Sumbanese, Mamboru, Wanukaka Christianity → Protestantism
Sumbawa AustronesianSumbawa Sumbawa (Indonesia) Islam
Sundanese AustronesianSundanese Java (Indonesia) Bantenese, Baduy, Cirebonese Islam → Sunni Islam
Surma Nilo-SaharanSurmic[note 2] Ethiopia, South Sudan Me'en, Mursi, Kichepo Traditional African religions
Susu Niger–CongoMandeSusu Guinea, Kambia (Sierra Leone) Islam
Swahili Niger–CongoBantuSwahili Swahili coast (Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Comoros) Shirazi (including Zanzibaris, Comorians and Maore) Islam
Swazi Niger–CongoBantuNguniSwazi Mpumalanga (South Africa), Eswatini Christianity → African Zionism
Swedes Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicSwedish Sweden Scanians, Jamtish, Gutnish, along with significant populations in Finland (including Åland Swedes), the United States, Canada, Argentina and the United Kingdom Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Sylhetis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanSylheti Sylhet Division, Bangladesh IslamSunni Islam
Tagalogs AustronesianPhilippineTagalog Philippines Filipino Americans Christianity → Catholicism
Tahitians AustronesianPolynesianTahitian[note 20] Tahiti (France) Christianity
Tajiks Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianTajik Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Chagatai Islam → Sunni Islam
Talysh Indo-EuropeanIranianTalysh Azerbaijan, Iran Islam → Shia Islam
Tama Nilo-SaharanTama Chad, Sudan Islam
Tamangs Sino-TibetanTamang Nepal, Sikkim Waiba, Lopchan, Thokar, Lama Hinduism, Buddhism
Tamil DravidianTamil Tamil Nadu (India), Sri Lanka (Northern and Eastern Provinces) Indian Tamils (including Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka[note 63]), Sri Lankan Tamils (including Sri Lankan Moors),[note 63] along with significant populations in Malaysia, South Africa, the United States, Singapore, Canada, the United Kingdom, and France (including Malbars) Hinduism
Tampuans AustroasiaticBahnaricTampuan Ratanakiri (Cambodia) Animism
Tarok Niger–CongoPlateauTarok Plateau State (Nigeria) Christianity
Tatars TurkicKipchakTatar, TurkicKipchakCrimean Tatar, TurkicKipchakSiberian Tatar Tatarstan (Russia) Volga Tatars (including Astrakhan Tatars, Kryashens, Nağaybäks), Crimean Tatars (including Yaliboylu), Lipka Tatars, Siberian Tatars (including Baraba Tatars, Chats, Eushta Tatars, Kalmak Tatars, Siberian Bukharans, and Zabolotnie Tatars), Mishar Tatars, Finnish Tatars, Dobruja Tatars, Chinese Tatars, Lithuanian Tatars with diaspora populations (including the Crimean Tatar diaspora) in Canada, Japan, Ukraine, Bulgaria, and Turkey Islam → Sunni Islam
Tausūg AustronesianPhilippineBisayanTausug Sulu Archipelago (Philippines) Islam → Sunni Islam
Tboli AustronesianPhilippineTboli South Cotabato (Philippines) Anitism
Telugu DravidianTelugu India (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana) Kamma, Reddy, Velama, Kapu, Raju, Madiga, Mala Hinduism
Temne Niger–CongoWest AtlanticMelTemne Northern Sierra Leone (Sierra Leone) Islam
Terena ArawakanTerena Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul (Brazil) Shamanism
Thais Kra–DaiTaiThai Thailand Southern Thai, Khorat, Lanna, Tai Lue, Thai Americans Buddhism → Theravada Buddhism
Tharus Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanTharu Terai Region (India, Nepal) Kathariya, Danuwar, Lampucchwa, Kochila, Sonha, Dangaura, Rana Hinduism, Buddhism
Tibetans Sino-TibetanTibetic[note 2] Tibet (China), Nepal, Bhutan Amdolese (including Golok and Tebbu), Khams, Ü-Tsang (including Ngari and Walung), Changpa, Baima Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Ticuna Ticuna-Yuri → Ticuna Amazonas (Brazil) Shamanism
Tigrayans AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicTigrinya Eritrean Highlands (Eritrea), Tigrayia (Ethiopia) Christianity → Oriental Orthodoxy
Tigre AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicTigre Eritrea Islam
Tiv Niger–CongoTiv Benue State (Nigeria) Christianity
Tiwa Sino-TibetanSalTiwa[note 4] India (Assam, Meghalaya) Hinduism
Tiwi Tiwi Tiwi Islands (Australia) [[Dreamtime|Alcheringa
Tlapanec Oto-MangueanTlapanec Guerrero (Mexico) Christianity → Catholicism
Tokelauans Austronesian languagesMalayo-Polynesian languagesTokelauan language Tokelau Christianity → Congregationalism
Toraja AustronesianSouth SulawesiToraja Tana Toraja (Indonesia) Christianity → Protestantism
Toro Niger–CongoBantuTooro Tooro Kingdom, Uganda Christianity, Ruhanga
Torres Strait Islanders Pama-NyunganKalaw Lagaw Ya, Eastern Trans-FlyMeriam, Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish → Torres Strit Creole Torres Strait Islands (Australia)
Toubou Nilo-SaharanSaharanTebu[note 2] Toubouland (Chad, Niger, Sudan, Libya) Daza, Teda Islam → Sunni Islam
Toucouleur Niger–CongoWest AtlanticSenegambianFulaPulaar Futa Tooro (Senegal) Islam
Tripuri Sino-TibetanSalKokborok Tripura (India) Jamatia, Murasing Hinduism
Tsez Northeast CaucasianTsezicTsez Tsuntinsky District (Russia) IslamSunni Islam
Tsonga Niger–CongoBantuTsonga Mozambique (Maputo City and Maputo Province, Gaza Province), South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga) Christianity → Catholicism
Tswana Niger–CongoBantuTswana Botswana, South Tswanaland (South Africa) Balete, Mangwato, Bangwaketse, Bakwena, Batlokwa, Bahurutshe, Bakgatla, Rolong Christianity
Tujia Sino-TibetanTujia[note 64] Wuling Mountains (China) Nuo folk religion
Tuluvas Tulu Karnataka(India) Hinduism
Tupuri Niger–CongoAdamawaTupuri Far North Region (Cameroon), Mayo-Kébbi (Chad) Christianity
Turkana Nilo-SaharanNiloticTurkana Turkanaland (Kenya) Christianity → Catholicism
Turkmens TurkicOghuzTurkmen Turkmenistan, Turkmen Sahra, Afghanistan Islam → Sunni Islam
Turks TurkicOghuzTurkish Turkey, Northern Cyprus Turkish Cypriots, Meskhetian Turks, Yörüks, along with significant populations in Bulgaria, Greece, North Macedonia, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Sweden, the United States, Syria, and Iraq Islam → Sunni Islam
Tutsi Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesRwanda-Rundi[note 39] Rwanda, Burundi, Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Banyamulenge Christianity, Islam
Tuvans TurkicSiberianTuvan Tuva (Russia) Tozhu Tuvans Buddhism → Tibetan Buddhism
Udis Northeast CaucasianLezgicCaucasian AlbanianUdi Azerbaijan ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Udmurts UralicPermicUdmurt Udmurtia (Russia) Besermyan Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Ukrainians Indo-EuropeanSlavicUkrainian Ukraine Poleshuks, Cossacks, Litvins, along with significant populations in the United States, Brazil, Kazakhstan, Germany, Canada, Italy, Argentina, the Czech Republic, and Romania Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Urhobos Niger–CongoEdoidUrhobo Delta State (Nigeria) Christianity
Ute Uto-AztecanNumic → Colorado River Numic → Ute Colorado, Utah Native American Church, Christianity
Uyghurs TurkicKarlukUyghur Uyghuristan (China) Uyghurs in Kazakhstan Islam → Sunni Islam
Uzbeks TurkicKarlukUzbek Uzbekistan Uzbeks in Russia Islam → Sunni Islam
Venda Niger–CongoBantuTshivenda Vendaland (South Africa) Christianity, Traditional African religions
Vepsians UralicFinnicVeps Former Veps National Volost (Republic of Karelia, Russia)
Vietnamese AustroasiaticVieticVietnamese Vietnam Muong, Gin, Phen, Chứt, Thổ, Nùng, Giáy, along with significant populations in the United States, Cambodia, France, Australia, Canada, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, Germany and Laos Buddhism → Mahayana
Vilamovians Indo-EuropeanGermanicWymysorys Wilamowice (Poland)
Visayans AustronesianPhilippineVisayan[note 2] Visayas (Philippines) Aklanon, Butuanon, Cebuano (including Boholano and Eskaya), Caluyanon, Capiznon, Cuyunon, Hiligaynon, Karay-a, Masbateños, Negrenses, Porohanon, Romblomanon (including Bantoanons), Waray Christianity → Catholicism
Võros UralicFinnicSouth EstonianVõro Võru County (Estonia) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy, Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Votians UralicFinnicVotic Ingria (Russia) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy, Christianity → ProtestantismLutheranism
Wa AustroasiaticPalaungicWa Wa State (Myanmar) Buddhism, Animism
Walloons Indo-EuropeanRomanceWalloon, Francosign → Belgian Sign → French Belgian Sign Wallonia (Belgium) Christianity → Catholicism
Waxiang Sino-Tibetan → Chinese → Waxiang Chinese Hunan (China) Chinese folk religion
Welayta AfroasiaticOmoticWolaitta Wolayitia (Ethiopia) Christianity → ProtestantismP'ent'ay
Welsh Indo-EuropeanCelticWelsh,[note 25] BANZSLBritish Sign Wales (United Kingdom) significant populations in Argentina, the United States, Canada, and Australia. Christianity → Protestantism
Wolof Niger–CongoAtlanticSenegambianWolof Senegambia (Senegal, The Gambia) Lebu Islam → Sunni IslamSufismMouride
Xavante JeXavante Mato Grosso Shamanism
Xhosa Niger–CongoBantuNguniXhosa Xhosaland (South Africa) Christianity
Yakan AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianBaritoSama–BajawYakan Basilan (Philippines) Islam → Sunni Islam
Yakö Niger–CongoCross RiverYakö Yakurr Local Government (Nigeria) Christianity
Yakuts TurkicSiberianYakut Yakutia (Russia) Christianity → Eastern Orthodoxy
Yanomami Yanomaman Southeastern Venezuela, and northern Brazil Shamanism
Yao Niger–CongoBantuYao Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania (Ruvuma and Mtwara Regions) Islam and AnimismYao Folk Islam
Yapese AustronesianMalayo-PolynesianOceanicYapese Yap Christianity
Yenish Indo-EuropeanGermanicYenish Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Belgium, and France
Yi Sino-TibetanLoloish[note 2] China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi)[note 3] Phù Lá, Azha Bimoism
Yoa-Lokpa Niger–CongoGurOti–VoltaYom, Niger–CongoGurGurunsiLukpa Donga Department (Benin)
Yoruba Niger–CongoYoruba Yorubaland (Nigeria, Benin, Togo) Egun, Ijesha, Egba, Yewa, Igbomina, Awori, Akoko, Okun, Ana, Ekiti, Ilaje, Ijebu, Oyo, Ondo, Ife, Oku Islam, Christianity, Yoruba religion
Yupik Eskimo-AleutEskimoYupik Alaska (United States), Chukchi Peninsula (Russia) Alutiiq, Yup'ik, Siberian Yupik, ChristianityOrthodox Christianity, Shamanism
Zaghawa Nilo-SaharanSaharanZaghawa Chad, Sudan Islam → Sunni Islam
Zamboaguenos Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanishChavacano Zamboanga City (Philippines) ChristianityCatholicism
Zande Niger–CongoZande Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan Barambu Christianity
Zapotecs Oto-MangueanZapotec[note 2] Oaxaca (Mexico) Ixtlán Christianity → Catholicism
Zhuang Kra–DaiTaiZhuang[note 2] Zhuangia (China) Moism
Zomi Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–Naga[note 56] Zogam (Myanmar, Bangladesh, India) Thadou, Paite, Simte, Zou, Lamkang, Kom, Lushai, Hmar, Koireng, Mizo, Aimol, Mru, Mrucha (including Anu-Hkongso), Bawm, Biate, Chin people Asho Christianity
Zulu Niger–CongoBantuNguniZulu KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) Northern Ndebele Christianity
Zuni Zuni language New Mexico (United States) Catholicism, Native American Church

Lists of ethnic groups

by status:
regional lists:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Following the Caucasian War, the majority of Circassians and Abkhazians were deported to Turkey.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm Language family; with some exceptions, all speakers of the various languages within this family are typically seen as one singular ethnicity.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Non-contiguous homeland. Throughout most of its history (if not its entire history), this ethnic group has lived in separate, isolated communities scattered throughout the countries/subdivisions listed.
  4. ^ a b c Assamese ethnic group; the vast majority only speak Assamese.
  5. ^ Although Akan is the principal language of the Akan people, the Akan language has only recently been standardized. The majority of Akan people still speak their local dialects, which are usually considered by linguists to be separate languages altogether.
  6. ^ Due to historical migrations, about half of the Akan population reside in Ivory Coast.
  7. ^ Some time around 1860s, many Akha have been migrating to Myanmar, Laos, and Thailand. Today, the majority reside outside of China.
  8. ^ Due to the influence of assimilation into Acehnese culture, most Aneuk Jamee people use Acehnese as their everyday language.
  9. ^ With the exception of Navajo, all Apachean speakers are seen as one ethnicity. However, due to a history of forced assimilation by the American government, the majority can only speak English.
  10. ^ Between 632 and 861, the Arabs controlled most of West Asia and North Africa, with Bedouin tribes forming in what is now Algeria, Sudan, and Iraq. Today, the majority of the Arab world is outside of Arabia.
  11. ^ The Argobba have typically been a merchant community and usually trades with other ethnic groups; recently, these factors have resulted in the majority only speaking Amharic or Oromo.
  12. ^ During the Armenian genocide that occurred in the Turkish part of Greater Armenia (usually called Western Armenia), many Armenians fled to Russia, France, and the United States. Today, the majority reside outside of Greater Armenia, and Western Armenia no longer has an openly Armenian population (the Hemshin largely avoid identifying themselves as being Armenian, while the vast majority of people that are openly Armenian in Turkey reside in Istanbul, which is not a part of Western Armenia).
  13. ^ The Aramaic language morphed into the Neo-Aramaic languages around 1200 AD. Whether the majority of the Assyrians are still speaking these languages is unclear, however.
  14. ^ Modern Assyria have seen long periods of violence throughout the region, some of which (such as the Assyrian genocide and the Persecution of Christians by ISIL) have been directed against the Assyrians themselves. This has caused many to flee to places such as the United States and Sweden; it is believed that the majority now reside outside of the Middle East.
  15. ^ Eonavian is variously classified as a dialect group of Galician, a transitional variety between Galician and Asturian, and as a separate linguistic group.
  16. ^ Due to the widespread presence of both Spanish and French, the majority of Basques only have a passive knowledge of their language.
  17. ^ Unlike the rest of the Soviet republics, who were able to maintain their native language despite the de facto Russianization during the Soviet era, the Russian language has largely replaced Belarusian in everyday use.
  18. ^ The Beti and the Fang form the Beti-Pahuin peoples. While the term Beti is sometimes used interchangeably to refer to the Beti-Pahuin people, the Beti ethnicity is specifically limited to Ewondo and Eton speakers.
  19. ^ Due to their historical low status in India, the majority only speak Bengali.
  20. ^ a b c d Due to France's long history of promoting the French language at the expense of others, the vast majority only speak French.
  21. ^ Due to the Expulsion of the Chagossians, there are no Chagossians living on the Chagos Archipelago. The majority of Chagossians now live in the United Kingdom, Mauritius, and Seychelles.
  22. ^ a b c Due to the a long history of forced assimilation by the American government, the vast majority only speak English.
  23. ^ a b c Following the passage of the Indian Removal Act, the Cherokee, the Choctaw, and the Muscogee were all forced to relocate their entire population to Oklahoma.
  24. ^ The original Egyptian language, which morphed into the Coptic language around the 1st century AD, died out as a spoken language around the 17th century and is now only used for religious ceremonies. Today, the Egyptians, including the Copts, speak Egyptian Arabic.
  25. ^ a b c d Due to a long history of English dominance within Great Britain, the Celtic languages within the islands have seen steady decline in use, with some of them eventually going extinct. Although all of them have since seen major language revival movements, English continues to be main language for the majority of this group.
  26. ^ a b Due to the a long history of forced assimilation by the Canadian government, the vast majority can only either speak English.
  27. ^ a b c d e Largest practiced religion; the majority/plurality of this group are actually non-religious.
  28. ^ Due to their historical low status in India, the majority only speak Gujarati.
  29. ^ Between 1583 and 1997, the English, via being the dominant ethnic group in the United Kingdom, created the largest empire in the world, setting up settler colonies in areas such as what is now the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. Today, the majority of the Anglosphere is outside of the United Kingdom.
  30. ^ a b c This ethnic group is largely a nomadic or semi-nomadic one and do not have a particular area to claim as a primary homeland; these countries are listed here due to having a significant population.
  31. ^ The Gabrieleño language went extinct around 1900, but revival efforts have been ongoing since the 2000s. Most are fluent in English and/or Spanish
  32. ^ Like its speakers, the Garifuna language is the only remnant of the Island Carib language.
  33. ^ Following the Second Carib War, the majority of the Garifuna were deported to Honduras, where they later spread to Guatemala, Belize, and Nicaragua. Since then, Honduras has seen high murder rates, causing many to flee to United States.
  34. ^ Many of the Gelao dialects are mutually unintelligible; they are known to intermarry with other ethnic groups; recently, these factors have resulted in most of the populations speaking only Chinese.
  35. ^ Although a Nakh people, they are heavily assimilated into Georgian society.
  36. ^ Due to their historical low status in India, the majority only speak Hindi.
  37. ^ Since Hawaii's annexation into the United States, English has almost completely supplanted Hawaiian.
  38. ^ Following the suppression of Miao Rebellion of 1854–1873, the majority of the Hmong fled further south to Guangxi, Yunnan, Vietnam, and Laos.
  39. ^ a b Refers specifically to the Kinyarwanda and Kirundi dialects. The other speakers of the dialects within the Rwanda-Rundi continuum are considered to be separate from the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa peoples.
  40. ^ During the Great Famine, many Irish people fled to places like Argentina, Mexico, and the United States. Today, the majority of people claiming Irish ethnicity resides outside of Ireland.
  41. ^ With the exception of Cherokee, all Iroquoian speakers are seen as one ethnicity. However, due to a long history of forced assimilation by both American and Canadian governments, the vast majority can only speak English.
  42. ^ The majority of the Japanese practiced a syncretised form of Shinto and Buddhism called Shinbutsu-shūgō.
  43. ^ Despite the successful revival of the Hebrew language, many Jews continue to speak the various languages that have developed by the diaspora populations, including Yiddish, Ladino, and Judeo-Arabic. In addition, English serves as the lingua franca of Israel.
  44. ^ While Jews originate in the Land of Israel, they were primarily a diaspora ethnicity from the late antique period until 1948, with the Jewish identity being claimed mostly by descendants of those that left Israel following the First Jewish–Roman War. Despite some entire Jewish communities migrating back to Israel, Israeli Jews make up only 30-40% of the worldwide Jewish population.
  45. ^ The Wapan language have largely replaced Jukun Takum as the main language.
  46. ^ The indigenous Kalinago language became extinct in the 1920s. However, an offshoot of it known as Garifuna is still spoken today.
  47. ^ Due to both Turkification and the tendency among Georgia-residing Laz to see themselves as being a Georgian subgroup, the majority of Laz either speak Turkish or Georgian.
  48. ^ The Lhoba speak a variety of Sino-Tibetan languages, all of which may or may not be mutually intelligible.
  49. ^ Due to poor soil condition in Madura, the majority now live on Java.
  50. ^ The majority of the Magars have recently switched to Nepali.
  51. ^ a b The majority of the Tungusic languages are endangered, and many Tungusic ethnic groups now mostly speak only Russian or Chinese depending on the location of their homeland.
  52. ^ Although the Māori have been able to halt the extinction of their language, the majority still only speak English fluently.
  53. ^ Due to gradual Hispanicization following the Occupation of Araucanía, the majority of Mapuche can only speak Spanish.
  54. ^ Most Maronites today speak Arabic since a language shift around the 17th century with Syriac in liturgical use, however some Maronites in Jish are reviving Aramaic.
  55. ^ The Moriori language went extinct in 1898 but revival efforts have been ongoing since 2001.
  56. ^ a b The Kuki-Chin–Naga language grouping (it is unclear whether the Kuki-Chin–Naga form an actual language family) consists of five to eight branches. Except for Karbi and Meitei, the Kuki-Chin–Naga is divided between the Chin and the Naga. The Mruic and most of the Kuki-Chin speakers are seen as Chin, while speakers of the remaining Kuki-Chin–Naga branches (Ao, Angami–Pochuri, Tangkhulic, and Zeme) and the speakers Northwestern Kuki-Chin are seen as Naga.
  57. ^ Due to a long history of forced assimilation by both American and Canadian governments, the vast majority can only speak English.
  58. ^ The Rusyn identity is mostly limited to those residing outside of Carpathian Ruthenia. Within Carpathian Ruthenia itself (especially in the Ukrainian region), the majority of its residents identify themselves as being Ukrainian.
  59. ^ The Siddi now speak the dominant language of their region.
  60. ^ Due to a history of forced assimilation by the American government, the majority can only speak English.
  61. ^ Asturleonese is sometimes considered a language family comprising Asturleonese (also commonly known as Asturian-Leonese and Asturian-Leonese-Cantabrian), Extremaduran, Mirandese, and Eonavian depeding on classification.
  62. ^ Between 1492 and 1833, the Spaniards controlled most of the Americas, with Mestizo communities forming in areas such as what is now Mexico, Colombia, Chile, and Argentina. Today, the majority of the Hispanosphere is outside of Spain.
  63. ^ a b The Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka are distinct subgroups. The former are descended from the Tamil community that has lived in Sri Lanka since at least the 2nd century BCE, while the latter are the descendants of 19th- and 20th-century immigrants from South India. Also, most of the Indian Tamil population lives in the country's central highland region, while the native Tamils typically live in the Northern and Eastern Provinces.
  64. ^ Due to the widespread presence of Chinese, the majority of Tujia only have a passive knowledge of their language.

References

  1. ^ "Masa People". Joshua Project. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  2. ^ "2013 Census ethnic group profiles: Pitcairn Islander". Retrieved 29 July 2020.